Young explorers: a brief history of writing

Writing it helps us perform all sorts of activities everyday Easy to assume that writing has always been
around but like most things it had to be invented Have you ever written something down so you
can remember it later on Maybe here a good song on the radio and you decide to write it down on a piece
of paper or perhaps you’re going shopping and you decide
to write a shopping list Well in a sort of similar way this is why people started to write thousands of years
ago The earliest examples of writing are probably on clay tablets like these written with the
script Cuneiform They were made in the Middle East in what
is now Iraq about five thousand years ago If you were a leader of a big old city you probably want to keep track of what’s
going on So you’re going to write things down like how much money you’re giving people or how much stuff you got in storage Well this tablet here does just that It’s a record of all the beer rations given
to workers and look here this is somebody drinking some
beer Tell you what I bet my dad would like to get
paid in beer One of the most famous types of ancient writing is of course hyeroglyphs used by the Egyptians thousand of years ago Like other early forms of writing the hyeroglyphs look like pictures but they’re actually mostly signs that represent the sounds of the Egyptian language And I’m going to meet a modern day scribe to find out how they did it Hello Paul how you doing? Good Thank you very much for letting me come to
your studio Could you show me through what you got here So this is papyrus and I have a selection of different tools used
for writing reeds, woody reeds, bamboo, quills and rushes which is what we’re going to use for writing And this is what they wrote with? Possibly What I’ll do is I’ll just dip some of this
ink in and hold the tube vertically and that gives you a nice edge Do you think I could make one with you? Yes so a few things to remember keep the rush vertical and very lightly don’t squeeze it and gently write on… Let it flow Right, here we go Oh my goodness. It’s really big , what’s happening
now?! It’s a set up I blame my tools Oh yes So what are you thinking Paul? Do you think
I make a good a scribe? I think you should quit while you’re ahead Some types of writing become forgotten
over time and can no longer be read No one knows what is written on these small
stone seals They come from a great ancient civilisation that existed about three thousand five hundred years ago in the Indus valley, in what is now known
as India and Pakistan I wonder what they say Another type of script in use across the world
today is Arabic like this example we have here Now Arabic is the language of the Islamic
holy book, the Quran and unlike what you might be used to Arabic reads right to left One thing about Arabic is it can be very beautiful and artists have used it for hundreds of years to make paintings, to cover objects in wood and to decorate buildings like these tiles from Iran used in mosques,
palaces and shrines Did you know the oldest type of writing still
in use today is Chinese it’s thousands of years old Because we can understand written messages
from the past we can often read about things that were never
intended to be seen by others like these Roman tablets found in the North
of England Some of them are just personal notes like
an invite to a birthday party or announcing the delivery of some socks or
pants The amazing thing about writing is that it
has allowed humans to do something quite special and that is to record different ideas, events,
messages and emotions without having somebody to be physically there
to communicate them And like the messages we can read from the past perhaps what you write today could also be read in hundreds or thousands of years time in the future Hey! Unknown error, what?! You must restart your computer Can’t believe it!

Comments 14

  • 5:46 In America, we only see messages like this in English. Is this a British thing (error message displayed in several languages, I mean)?

  • .thank you for the amazing presentation of the most ancient languages on earth
    شكرا لك لعرضك الرائع لاقدم اللغات على وجه الارض

  • Thank you.

  • GREAT VIDEO BUT WAY TO BRIEF , THANK GOD FOR WIKI '' The Phoenician alphabet, called by convention the Proto-Canaanite alphabet for inscriptions older than around 1050 BC, is the oldest verified alphabet. The Phoenician alphabet contains 22 letters, all of which are consonants, and is described as an abjad,[3] with matres lectionis being used for some vowels in certain late varieties. It was used for the writing of Phoenician, a Northern Semitic language, used by the civilization of Phoenicia.
    The Phoenician alphabet is derived from Egyptian hieroglyphs [4] and became one of the most widely used writing systems, spread by Phoenician merchants across the Mediterranean world, where it evolved and was assimilated by many other cultures. The Paleo-Hebrew alphabet was directly derived from Phoenician. Another derivative script is the Aramaic alphabet, which was the ancestor of the modern Arabic script. The Modern Hebrew script is a stylistic variant of the Aramaic script. The Greek alphabet (and by extension its descendants such as the Latin, the Cyrillic, and the Coptic) was also derived from Phoenician.

  • Cool video!

  • I want to be a professional Egyptian scribe ! How do I become one ?!

  • The scribe was so chill

  • Please stop hiring people simply because they're extraverted. It clearly doesn't predict talent.

  • This guy doesn't know how to follow instructions

  • What an annoying wanker.

  • Thank you so much. You've just saved me so much time in lesson preparation for tomorrow!

  • thias is a good vid

  • Genesis 11: 1…..the world was of one language…..
    Genesis 1: 14….the stars shall be for signs….
    Google, the Northern Cross, by Aquilla Fleetwood, youtube!
    Google, Paleo-Hebrew Word Pictures, by Aquilla Fleetwood, youtube!

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