Yemen – summary of 28 years of history


In just 28 years of existence, insurrections,
conflicts, riots, terrorist attacks and wars have weakened and divided this country which
is the poorest in the Middle East. Let’s retrace on a map, since its creation,
the history of the Republic of Yemen. We begin in 1988 when Yemen was divided in two. In the south, there is People’s Democratic
Republic of Yemen, whose capital is Aden. It is the only communist country in the Middle
East, led by a single party and allied with the USSR. Although the country is vast, it is mostly
desert and populated by approximately 2 and a half million inhabitants. In the north, the Arab Republic of Yemen,
with its capital Sanaa is an Islamic state. The country has 7 million inhabitants
and is more prosperous. As the Cold War draws to a close, the USSR is weakened, causing it to reduce financial aid to South Yemen. This pushes the country closer to its neighbor,
paving the way for reunification talks. Two years later, in 1990, the Republic of
Yemen is born. The former president of North Yemen, Ali Abdullah
Saleh, who was already in power for 11 years, took the reins of the new country. While the former president of South Yemen,
Ali Salem al-Beidh, became vice president. Sana’a becomes its capital and the population
is majority Muslim with about 35 percent Zaidi Shiite and 65 percent Sunnis. Soon after independence, the country takes a stand
against intervention in Iraq during the Gulf War. In response the West and Arab countries cut
off its financial support. Saudi Arabia meanwhile harasses the many Yemeni
workers on its territory. With the country in financial difficulty,
and seeing no improvement, Vice President al-Beidh leads the charge to regain independence for South Yemen. After a short civil war, the north prevails and the post of vice president is given to the Minister of Defense Abdrabbuh Mansur Hadi. In 1997, a jihadist insurgency begins with
al Qaeda in Yemen that takes aim at loyalist forces and the United States. The government launches a fight against the
terrorist organization. In 2004, Zaidi Shia tribes in the north complain
of being marginalized and begin a new insurrection. The rebels call themselves Houthis, which is the name of their leader killed the same year by the army. The group is ideologically anti-American,
anti-Semitic and anti-Zionist. In the south, there is continued frustration
caused by Yemen’s reunification. In 2007, enters the “Southern Movement,” a separatist political group, which participates in the Yemeni revolution in 2011. Encouraged by the Arab Spring, people take
to the streets to demand an end to corruption, a healthier economy and lower unemployment. Saleh tries to cling to power but is eventually
replaced by his vice president Hadi who initiates discussions exploring a more democratic restructuring of government. Two years later, the proposed reforms are weak and the Houthis feel resentful, having inherited no political power in their region. They take up arms and begin the Yemeni civil
war, this time with the support of part of the population and forces loyal to former
President Saleh who tried to return to power. Together, they conquer Sanaa, forcing Hadi
to flee to Aden and then to Saudi Arabia. The Gulf Cooperation Council condemns what
it called a coup. Against the backdrop of the regional conflict,
Saudi Arabia accuses Iran, predominantly Shiite, of militarily supporting the Houthi rebellion. In addition, the country does not want to
see the Bab El Mandeb Strait, the 4th most important global sea crossing point for oil,
in rebel hands. Saudi Arabia then sets up an international
coalition of 9 predominantly Sunni Muslim countries to restore Hadi to power. They receive support in logistics and intelligence
from the United States. The coalition begins by bombarding strategic
installations, while the UN imposes an embargo against the sale of arms to the Houthis and their allies. In July, the coalition takes over Aden, where
Hadi and his government move. The focus of the coalition advance shifts
to the gates of Taiz. Although the coalition is better equipped, its lack of experience in the field regularly results in defeat and prevents it from gaining the upper hand. When coalition military advancements dry up,
they step up aerial bombardment. Civilian populations very often become victims
and get stuck in the crossfire. In October, Haydan Hospital is bombed. The UN condemns the strikes, and calls for talks to negotiate a peace treaty which would not succeed. In addition to air strikes, the coalition imposes an embargo on ports and airports controlled by the Houthis. Only aid shipments are allowed, which prove insufficient for the population suffering a humanitarian crisis. As a result, more than 2 million people are
internally displaced in Yemen. At the end of 2016 begins a cholera epidemic that infects up to 1 million people and leaves more than 2,200 dead. The UN estimated that 7 million Yemenis, or
a quarter of the country, were close to starvation. In Sanaa, Saleh broke his alliance with the
Houthis to try a diplomatic approach with Saudi Arabia. In retaliation, he was killed a few days later
by the Houthis. In Aden, Hadi has a hard time projecting authority
and uniting the locals. The Southern Movement creates the Transitional
Council, a secessionist organization that quickly takes control of the city and the presidential palace. The group receives support from the United
Arab Emirates, which distances itself from the coalition. The Emirati let up on their fight against
the Houthis to focus on Al Qaeda and to peddle their influence on the Yemeni island of Socotra, on which they set their sights. In retaliation of ballistic missiles fired
at Saudi Arabia, the coalition further intensifies airstrikes, especially in the north. Forces loyal to Hadi attempt to retake Hodeida’s strategic port in order to cut off Houthis’ access to the sea. In Aden, the Southern Transitional Council
strengthens with Emirati support, who had to leave the island of Socotra after an intervention by Saudi Arabia. In the east of Yemen, after many drone attacks
by the United States, Al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula takes advantage of the chaos in the country and strengthens its grip on power. Other terrorist groups emerge into the fray,
including the Islamic State. The country is completely divided and it is
the Yemeni population that pays the ultimate price with more than 10,000 dead in 4 years. According to the UN, the blockade imposed on the country has caused the worst humanitarian crisis on the planet. All this, while the sale of arms to Saudi
Arabia and the United Arab Emirates increases, resulting in big profits mainly for the United
States, Great Britain and France.

Comments 100

  • They lost control over agreed and power. They should have given the houthies some automamy and the southern part. Even to split the country back into 2. This is about agree and power. Yemen did it to itself and now it's just kaos and too many players. Now everybody just wants to win at any cost.

  • Moral of the story ;they had oil.

  • Any good geopolitic channels worth subscribing to.? Besides cold fusion, southfront and Caspian report? Thanks.

  • Long live Jemen from north Eritrea

  • Very unbaised and fair. I learned what I was looking for in a long time.
    Conclusion, though, was clear from the beginning. Uk , Us and France do everything to please sAUDI aRABIA while milking its resources.

  • Great video but the music choice is bad and wrong. Makes it seem like you are giving us a tour of a house or something.

  • Thank you for this clear explanation which, from a distance, has been very confusing. Also, thank you for differentiating between anti-Zionism and anti-Semitism, a very important distinction.

  • Houthies are the main reason of sequale that Yemen suffers from

  • It’s not a civil war
    It’s a war between corrupt radical hashemite houthis and the Yemeni people but Hadi government and army are also corrupt.
    Those who fight for houthis are forced to do so because of extreme poverty caused by the Saudi and Emirati intervention which benefited the houthis on a huge scale

  • WHEN I TRY TO SEE WHAT'S TIME IN YEMAN SANA'A THEN WHY IT'S SHOWING SANA'A,INDIA NOT YEMEN

  • Middle east is conquered by a tribal ideology from 7th century. Every country imported that ideology went downhill ever since. It creates only hate, destruction and nothing good to people.

  • c'mon! the United Yemen has no basis in History & local culture since it was devided between the Colony of Aden & the southernmost province of the Ottoman Empite!

  • Saudi Arabia( terrorist ) must stop bombing kid's and Innocent people

  • The Arab Vietnam

  • Oman side is so silet btw i am from oman

  • التحالف العربي
    هو اغبى تحالف وجد على مدار التاريخ

  • So you want Saudi Arabia to stop supporting the government of Hadi and the huthies who’re model is death to America and death to Jews to take over the country? Smart

  • My friend you dont know the houthis they r pro isreal and like iran they love isreal they get financial support from isreal through iran

  • We should seperate south for the southerners because we were subjugated by the north for 24 years we were third class citizens and the northerners stole all our wealth we should have federal system and every province should keep its wealth for its province i dont want to change from northern coloniser to adeni coloniser i want my sultan back i was never a part only after 1967 after britain left us the people of hadramawt id rather haver a northerner rule me then a adeni yafiei or Abyan or indian adeni ruling me the only peaceful course is a federal system no more taking our wealth oil and our children are jobless in our capital mukalla enough is enough

  • So basically:
    -We all agree that Al Quaeda and other Islamic extremist groups are the bad guys
    -There is a movement that wants independence in the North, who is antisemetic and anti-American
    -There is a military president who is trying to fight off both of the above with the help of and Arab coalition
    -Lastly there is a group in Yemen who think the president isn’t fighting hard enough against the other groups, so they start fighting those groups on their own, and receive help from the UAE.

    The Middle East is a clusterfuck, but at least this video shows us who the sides are

  • Hi! May I request a geo history of the Philippines, thanks!

  • Stop the war

  • صدق الإمارات لها أطماع في اليمن من امارات الساعه ان دوله مثل الخيم السبع تحاول أن تتحكم في اليمن

  • American involvement in the Yemen War began under the Obama Regime.

  • i guess they are better off as 2 countries

  • the signs of qiyamah is near

  • I’m from Yemen 🇾🇪💗

  • I’m from Oman in south Oman we had war now we made them go back to yemen

  • History teacher: well you can’t learn history from anywhere else

    Oversimplified, simple history, geo history: hold our beers

  • Great video, just the straight facts. No bias

  • As a Researcher on yemen, i use your vedio for my presentation.. it is awsome..

  • Saudi wahabbies are war crime and they killed lots of children. USA and France and Germany and others who help them are crime war too. Saudis can not do any shit in 4 years and now houthis are winning

  • And only winners America Britain and France because they get what they love the most them god (money)

  • Why didn't the Saudi air striked Al-Qaeda instead of airstriking houthis

  • Ad.en

  • Great video. Peace to the Middle-East.

  • مهما حاولوا إسكات الصرخة فهيئ ستصل إلى نيويورك

    Allah is the greatest
    death to America
    Death to Israel
    Fuck the Jews
    Victory for Islam

    This cry will reach America, God's creation

  • 2:46
    How could they be anti-Semitic ? They themselves are sematic lol

  • I love the middle east circus, where there are muslim countries, they are always at war, always fighting eachother, sure USA is much to blame, but you gotta notice how stupid those countries are, they have 21st centry technology, but their brain and way of thinking is still locked in the 10th century.

  • When when💔💔😞 🏚yemen

  • Yemen didnt have 35% shia dumbass

  • I fell bad for Yemen, admit the only reason they don’t have to much of a good government and economy is because everyone hated them

  • 1990 كان يوم اسود على الجنوب 🌚☻

  • What’s the explanation for the border change in 2000?

  • Piece of shit worthless muslim country

  • Why should USA stop the war if they profit from the war? Selling weapons to Saudi Arabia and Arab Emirates continiously and receiving money for protection against Iran (historical enemy of Arabs).

    Yemen became like Afghanistan.

  • The Yemenis ( being Arab) are of mixed Semite and Hamite origin. By definition they cannot and are not anti-Semites. You are parroting Israeli propaganda calling them anti-Semites when they are simply as the overwhelming majority of Arabs anti-Israeli/anti-Zinonist. Moreover, northern Yemenis do not call themselves Houthies, their party's name is AnsarAllah. Get your facts and terminology right wiseguy.

  • Has child marriage and spousal rape always been legal in Yemen? How can anyone be proud of a country that legally allows child rape?

  • as always it starts with the west

  • US, GB, France don't want that the war in Yemen comes to the end! .. they want to sell more and more weapon

  • So for a little political benefit, so many countries unite to bombard and starve innocent muslims?!
    May Allah give them what they deserve!

  • Love from India

  • I agree UAE and Saudi Arabia deviated from the goal of the Alliance.

    Stop the war!

  • Hundreds of years ago, Yemenis were the rulers in this planet , sooner or later.. the war will come to an end anyway, they'll live peacefully and finally will be the rulers again if god willing 🇾🇪🇾🇪

  • But the Question is how houthis are getting weapons because they have drones, missiles which are modern weapons

  • اليمن دوله جميله يجب على التدخل الإيراني و التدخل الخليجي ان يخرجا من اليمن ويحكم الشعب اليمني نفسه بنفسه

  • Those countries who sell armed, don't want peace at all especially usa, uk, france and Israel because their economies lies on it ,they have to sell it to make profit

  • I can't go to Yemen.. I'm an analyst.

  • Wtf you are not Muslim
    How can you speak a bout sunaa and shiaa in yemen😂😂😂
    You smoking 😂😂😂😂

  • no islam no wars

  • So glad I discovered this channel! It's amazing! Thank you! Can I ask where you get all of your sources from though – I would love to inform myself about other geopolitical issues 🙂

  • Yemen has existed longer than 28yrs.

  • This is a disaster and some evil people are making money from it.

  • If it was Israel Bombing the Yemeni's the way the horrible Saudis are, they will be roundly condemned but everyone is quiet because its those fools in Saudi.

  • There are details left out that create misconceptions and a misleading understanding of how all this came to be. It gives a good general idea of how many sides are involved in the war, however. It also gives perhaps only the direct deaths caused by the war and not the total number of deaths caused by this chaos.

  • As a Muslim I hate Saudi , They are all wahabis and hates other Muslims .

  • I remember something about yemen from my childhood
    Yemen ka shahzada hatim

  • al qaeda is totally supported by US.UN only wants peace in jews and christian countries russia US france england india israel they all are brothers. russia and america just provaked a civil war in a country just like in vanzzuella Syria and korea

  • Yemen got bombed everyday. And united nation does not see it

  • Coalition: Our mission is just destroy the Houthis
    Al-Qaeda: Am i a Joke for you??
    Coalition: We undirectly helping you for expand so we will leave you alone When the Houthis Dies And then kill Yemenis civillians
    Houthis: Ummmm….. What is your real TARGET!??
    UAE: I left the coalition to colonize socatra Island

  • Or maybe the US thinks radical Islamic rebellion is terrible and are in favor of the democratic values that those thirsty for war and power in Yemen refuse to accept?? Two way street there

  • Are you serious. Yemen is more than 3000 yrs old. Secondly Yemen was divided in 1988 into North and South. Boy go study history before u spew non sense

  • This is misleading information, there was a civil war on 1994.
    Hothies don't represent the Ziadis in the north.
    Hothies starts thier war in 2014 to occupy the country not for other reasons

  • Hothies think they have the right to rule the country as they are Hashemites (descent of prophet Mohammed) they are the Shiat version of Alqaeda.

  • Suni shiite garbage always fighting and arguing with eachother while the other arab are droppn bombs from the ski

  • stupid muslims

  • Yemen will be the Graveyards for the War Criminal Leaders of the Saudi-UAE-USA-UK,France -Israeli -Sudanese Mercenaries.

  • Russian Language ?and Translate?

  • Maybe if they could figure out where 'north' and 'south' were, we wouldn't be in this mess!

  • More like Libya and Somalia now…

  • nice to see arapigs in their natural habitat

  • Its officially been a year since this great video was uploaded to the internet.

  • Can I ask two questions
    Does Yemen have internet
    And can u move to other country if u born in Yemen

  • Are Houthis antisemitic? Where that comes from?

  • The United Nations bshhshshs
    More like America

  • How can the Houthis be anti-Semitic when by definition, they are Semetic people too. That is an oxymoron.

  • The ballistic missals were fired in 2017.

  • Freedom for "South Arabia/South Yemen"

  • Saudi Arabia, America and UK make innocent people's lives dead

  • Pretty much answers my question why they united + future events. Although Id like to see history before unification.

  • كسم يمن

  • I need to make a correction: we, arabs and arabs descendants, can't be anti-Semitic simply because WE ARE SEMITICS TOO!!🤦

  • This video misses the contribution and association of the Indian Bohra community with Yemen.
    Peace and Progress to Yemen.

  • https://youtu.be/cvDLl_TRfJA

    🇾🇪Yemen Affairs & Solutions🇾🇪

  • Poor country fell sorry for them

  • Stop Sharma I think it's ok.

  • Send all indian muslim there

  • Please skip the shitty music

  • So you are Indian version of Geography now!

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