World War II: Crash Course World History #38

Hi, I’m John Green. This is Crash Course
World History and today we’re going to talk about World War II. Finally, a war with some
color film! So, here at Crash Course we try to make history reasonably entertaining, and fortunately,
World War II was hilarious…said no one ever. Mr. Green, Mr. Green! Is this, like, gonna
be one of the unfunny ones where you build to the big melodramatic conclusion about how
I have to imagine the world more complexly? Me from the Past, as long as you have that
eighth rate soup-strainer, I’m not even going to acknowledge your existence. [theme music] Right, so you’ve probably heard a lot about
World War II from movies and books, The History Channel, before it decided that Swamp People
were History, the incessant droning of your grandparents, etc. We’re not gonna try to
give you a detailed synopsis of the war today. Instead, we’re going to try to give a bit
of perspective on how the most destructive war in human history happened, and why it
still matters globally. So one of the reasons history classes tend
to be really into wars is that they’re easy to put on tests. They start on one day and
they end on another day. And they’re caused by social, political, and economic conditions
that can be examined in a multiple choice kind of manner. Except, not really. Like, when did World War II start? In September
1939, when the Nazis invaded Poland? I’d say no – it actually started when Japan invaded
Manchuria in 1931, or at the very latest when the Japanese invaded China in 1937, because
they didn’t stop fighting until 1945. Then again, you could also argue 1933, when Hitler took power, or
1941, when America started fighting. It’s complicated. But anyway, in China the fighting was very
brutal, as exemplified by the infamous rape of Nanking, which featured the slaughter of
hundreds of thousands of Chinese people and is still so controversial today that:
1. It affects relations between Japan & China and
2. Even though I have not described it in detail, you can rest assured that there will be angry
comments about my use of the word “slaughter.” But the World War II we know the most about
from movies and TV is primarily the war in the European theater, the one that Adolf Hitler
started. Hitler is the rare individual who really did make history – specifically he
made it worse – and if he hadn’t existed, it’s very unlikely that World War II would’ve
ever happened. But he did exist, and after coming to power in 1933, with the standard
revolutionary promises to return the homeland to its former glory, infused with quite a
bit of paranoia and anti-Semitism, Germany saw rapid re-militarization and eventually,
inevitably, war. In the beginning, it was characterized by
a new style of combat made possible by the mechanized technology of tanks, airplanes,
and especially, trucks. This was the Blitzkrieg, a devastating tactic combining quick movement
of troops, tanks, and massive use of air power to support infantry movements. And in the
very early years of the war, it was extremely effective. The Nazis were able to roll over
Poland, Norway, Denmark, the Netherlands, and then all of France, all within about 9 months
between the fall of 1939 and the summer of 1940. So after knocking out most of central Europe,
the Nazis set their sights on Great Britain, but they didn’t invade the island, choosing
instead to attack it with massive air strikes. I mean, you look at this poster and think,
“Man, the Queen wants me to finish my term paper, so I can do it,” but when this poster
was first produced in 1939, it was to quell terror in the face of bombardment. The Battle of Britain was a duel between the
Royal Air Force and the Luftwaffe, and while the RAF denied the Nazis total control of
British airspace, the Nazis were still able to bomb Great Britain over and over again
in what’s known as the Blitz. STAN, NO. NO JOKES this time. Yes, the Blitz. Meanwhile, Europeans were also fighting each
other in North Africa. The Desert campaigns started in 1940 and lasted through 1942 – this
is where British general “Monty” Montgomery outfoxed German general Irwin “the Desert
Fox” Rommel. It’s also the place where Americans first fought Nazis in large numbers.
But most importantly, it’s where Indiana Jones discovered the Ark of the Covenant.
Okay, let’s go to the Thought Bubble. 1941 was a big year for World War II. First,
the Nazis invaded Russia, breaking a non-aggression pact that the two powers had signed in 1939.
This hugely escalated the war, and also made allies of the most powerful capitalist countries
and the most powerful communist one, an alliance that would stand the test of time and never end… until
like three seconds after the defeat of the Nazis. The Nazi invasion of Russia opened the war
up on the so-called Eastern Front, although if you were Russian, it was the Western Front,
and it led to millions of deaths, mostly Russian. Also, 1941 saw a day that would “live in infamy”
when the Japanese bombed Pearl Harbor, hoping that such an audacious attack would frighten
the United States into staying neutral, which was a pretty stupid gamble because:
1. The U.S. was already giving massive aid to the Allies and was hardly neutral and
2. The United States is not exactly famed for its pacifism or political neutrality. 1941 also saw Japan invading much of Southeast
Asia, which made Australia and New Zealand understandably nervous. As part of the British
commonwealth, they were already involved in the war, but now they could fight the Japanese
closer to home. And shut up about how I never talk about you Australians. I just gave you
1.5 sentences. But by the time the Americans and Australians
started fighting the Japanese, it was already a World War. Sometimes this meant fighting
or starving or being bombed; other times, it meant production for the war – you don’t
think of Argentina as being a World War II powerhouse, for instance, but they were vital
to the Allies, supplying 40% of British meat during World War II. Thanks, Thought Bubble. So, not to sound jingoistic, but the entry
of the U.S. into the war really did change everything, although I doubt the Nazis could’ve
taken Russia regardless. No one conquers Russia in the wintertime, unless you are – wait for
it – the Mongols. Okay, we’re going to skip most of the big
battles of 1942 – like the Battle of Midway, which effectively ended Japan’s chance of
winning the war – and focus on the Battle of Stalingrad. The German attack on Stalingrad,
now known as Volgograd because Stalin sucks, was one of the bloodiest battles in the history
of war, with more than two million dead. The Germans began by dropping more than 1,000
tons of bombs on Stalingrad, and then the Russians responded by “hugging” the Germans,
staying as close to their front lines as possible so that German air support would kill Germans
and Russians alike. This kind of worked, although the Germans
still took most of the city. But then, a Soviet counterattack left the sixth army of the Nazis
completely cut off. And after that, due partly to Hitler’s overreaching megalomania and
partly to lots of people being scared of him, the sixth army slowly froze and starved to
death before finally surrendering. And of the 91,000 Axis POWs from Stalingrad, only
about 6,000 ever returned home. Stalingrad turned the war in Europe and by
1944, the American strategy of “island hopping” in the Pacific was taking GIs closer and closer
to Japan. Rome was liberated in June by Americans and Canadians; and the successful British,
Canadian, and American D-Day invasion of Normandy was the beginning of the end for the Nazis.
Oh, it’s time for the Open Letter? An Open Letter to Canada. But first, let’s
see what’s in the secret compartment today. Oh, it’s Canadian mittens. I wanna thank
the Canadian Crash Course fans, who sent us these mittens. Canadians are just so nice,
Stan. Like, all we ever do on this show is make fun of them, and they’re just like, “It’s so
kind of you to mention us. Here’s some mittens!” Dear Canada, We’re not always nice to you here on
Crash Course, but you are awesome. I’m pointing, but you can’t tell because I’m wearing
mittens. 45,000 Canadians died fighting for the Allies in World War II, which means that, per capita,
Canada lost more people than the United States. You fought with the Royal Air Force to defend
Great Britain from the beginning of the war and you were there on D-Day, successfully
invading Juno Beach. And, as many of you have pointed out in comments, you defeated the
United States in the War of 1812, meaning that, arguably, Canada, you are the greater
military power. Plus, you have lumberjacks, and excellent
beer, and hockey, and universal healthcare, and Justin Bieber. I’m jealous! That’s what
it is – I’m jealous! Best Wishes, John Green. So, by the end of 1944, the Allies were advancing
from the West and the Russian Red Army was advancing from the East and then, the last-ditch
German offensive at the battle of the Bulge in the winter of 1944-1945 failed. Mussolini
was executed in April of 1945. Hitler committed suicide at the end of that month. And, on
May 8, 1945 the Allies declared victory in Europe after Germany surrendered unconditionally. Three months later, the United States dropped
the only two nuclear weapons ever deployed in war, Japan surrendered, and World War II
was over. The war had a definite cause: unbridled military
expansion by Germany, Japan, and, to a small extent, Italy. Now, it’s easy to claim that
Hitler was crazy or evil, and, in fact, he was certainly both, but that doesn’t explain
the Nazis decision to invade Russia, and it sure doesn’t explain Japan’s decision
to bomb Pearl Harbor. And there are many possible explanations beyond
mere evil; but the most interesting one, to me, involves food. Hitler had a number of
reasons for wanting to expand Germany’s territory, but he often talked about Lebensraum
or living space for the German people. German agriculture was really inefficiently organized
into lots of small farms, and that meant that Germany needed a lot of land in order to be
self-sufficient in food production. The plan was to take Poland, the Ukraine,
and Eastern Russia, and then resettle that land with lots of Germans, so that it could
feed German people. This was called the Hunger Plan because the plan called for 20 million
people to starve to death. Many would be the Poles, Ukrainians, and Russians who’d previously
lived on the land. The rest would be Europe’s Jews, who would be worked to death. Six million Jews were killed by the Nazis,
many by starvation, but many through a chillingly planned effort of extermination in death camps.
These death camps can be distinguished from concentration camps or labor camps in that
their primary purpose was extermination of Jews, Roma people, communists, homosexuals,
disabled people, and others that the Nazis deemed unfit. Some historians believe that
the Nazis opened the death camps because the Jews weren’t dying as fast as The Hunger
Plan had intended. This was a sickening plan, but it made a kind
of demented sense. Rather than becoming more involved in global trade, as the British had,
the Germans would feed themselves by taking land and killing the people who’d previously
lived there. Similarly, Japan, at the beginning of the
war, was suffering from an acute fear of food shortage because its agricultural sector was
having trouble keeping up with population growth. And the Japanese too, sought to expand
their agricultural holdings by, for instance, resettling farmers in Korea. So while it’s tempting to say that World
War II was about the Allies fighting for democratic ideals against the totalitarian militaristic
imperialism of the fascist Axis powers, it just doesn’t hold up to scrutiny. For instance,
a hugely important Allied power, Stalin’s Soviet Union, was, like, the least democratic
place, ever. Stan just said that was hyperbole, but it’s not. Stalin’s Soviet Union is
tied with all of the other completely undemocratic countries for last place on the democracy
scale. It’s a big community there, at last place, but they’re definitely in there somewhere. And, by far, the biggest imperialists of the
war were the British. They couldn’t have fed or clothed themselves – or resisted the
Nazis – without their colonies and commonwealth. So, why is World War II so important? Well
first, it proved the old Roman adage homo homini lupus: Man is a wolf to man. This is seen most clearly
in the Holocaust, but all the statistics are staggering. More than a million Indian British subjects
died, mainly due to famine that could have been avoided if the British had redistributed
food. And their failure to do so helped convince Indians that the so-called superior civilization
of the British was a sham. More than a million Vietnamese died, mainly due to famine. 418,000
Americans. More than a million noncombatants in both Germany and Japan. And 20 million
people in the Soviet Union, most of them civilians. These civilians were targeted because they
helped sustain the war, mostly through industrial and agricultural production. In a total war,
when a nation is at war, not just its army, there is no such thing as a non-military target.
From the firebombing of Dresden to Tokyo to Hiroshima, the line between soldier and civilian
blurred. And then, of course, there is the Holocaust,
which horrifies us because the elements of Western progress – record-keeping, industrial
production, technology – were used to slaughter millions. World War II saw modern industrial
nations, which represented the best of the Enlightenment and the Scientific Revolution,
descend into once unimaginable cruelty. And what makes World War II such a historical
watershed is that in its wake, all of us – in the West or otherwise – were forced to question
whether Western dominance of this planet could, or should, be considered progress. Thanks for watching. I’ll see you next week. Crash Course is produced and directed by Stan
Muller. Our script supervisor is Meredith Danko. Our associate producer is Danica Johnson.
The show is written by my high school history teacher, Raoul Meyer, and myself. And our
graphics team is Thought Bubble. Last week’s phrase of the week was “an
end to history.” If you want to guess at this week’s phrase of the week or suggest
future ones, you can do so in comments, where you can also ask questions about today’s
video that will be answered by our team of historians. If you enjoy Crash Course, make sure you’re
subscribed. Thanks for watching, and as we say in my hometown, Don’t Forget To Be Awesome.

Comments 100

  • Japan’s last words:

    Let’s poke the yanks

  • Hitler, Mussolini, and Hirohito never even met. They didn’t even get along on most issues.

  • Look at those thumbs down. I think I’ll join them.

  • (Angry comments about the use of the word slaughter)

  • I am 11 years old and i mostly know what happend in the war

  • //The victors write the history. If anyone cares to get the loser's side of the story see “Europa The Last Battle” at a.r.c.h.i.v.e.o.r.g/While you still can (whole documentary not permitted/censored onYT)//

  • “Pearl Harbor… would frighten the United States into submission.”

    Lol. That turned out great. Nice try Japan.

  • no one said that ww2 started when america joined

  • Moment of silence for my man at 4:01

  • Russia: killed millions
    Germany: killed millions
    Japan: killed millions
    Italy: "is the safety off?"

  • Thank u for honoring the best country in the world. Take it from the Canadian.

  • it's funny how you have a sticker that says 'this machine kills fascists' but you're actually an anti-communist. you remind me of that song 'love me i'm a liberal' by phil ochs.

  • We got celine dion, drake and also madonna who got french canadian heritage from her mom side and probably others ! I made a dna test and i'm also a french canadian but i got more relatives in usa

  • I don't really know how Hitler is considered the bad guy

  • 日本については詳しくないのかな?

  • Do u think Hitler single handedly caused the war? Or wud it happen even if it wasn't for him.

  • Have you done one about greek history ?

  • 3:13 Wuwalftuer not luftwaffe

  • Challenge: Take Paris before France surrenders

  • and defended the north Atlantic

  • crash course is awesome.

  • He just said Canadians are better than Americans
    This man is obviously autistc

  • Don't forget the 201st fighter squadron aka the Aztec Eagles and their minimum but important aid to the Allies after the Nazis attacked a Mexican oil ships.

  • I’d love to hear your take on how we started hitlers ideology with eugenics

  • Thank God for John Green, I have a history exam tomorrow that I didn't study for

  • The huge damage Hitler did was that eugenics was totally discredited. You could say it was a pseudo-science as they believed many things that weren't true, but so did cosmologists of the time. Around WW1 cosmologists were arguing if the galaxies they could see were simply part of the Milky Way. I think it is our duty to improve humanity not only through more technology and information, but genetically as well. Clearly, present day man cannot solve problems like Climate Change or Interstellar travel, but a race of humans with an average IQ of 160 probably could.

  • Justin bieber isn't a plus.

  • Thanks for start World War 2 at the second Sino-Japan War and recognize the existence of the slaughter of Nanking

  • Haha he got a shape up .. not real footages

  • One reason for the war was food. I had absolutely no clue.

  • Y'all are arguing over what wasn't said that should have been in this video while JG said that, "We're not gonna try to give you a detailed synopsis of the war today."

  • thank you aced my test

  • The Americans introduced concentration camps first in the Philippines, closely followed by the British in South Africa. P

  • If I wanted to hear someone say it’s complicated I would watch Tim pool

  • I'm Canadian. And we lost so many men in history

  • At 1:39 you can see someone carrying a swastika flag, but I though Germany and Japan only agreed to defend eachother, not to fight on eachother's fronts?

  • Wow, no breath brakes. take a break.

  • Nobody:
    Me: dude you look like Stalin

  • Why did US have a Naval Military base on Hawaii? See, Crash Course can ask the Japan Emperor why did they bomb it in ww2!! Easy to answer!!

  • Crash Course: no one beats Russia in winter accept the mongols
    Artemis Fowl: am I a joke to you

  • Battle of Kursk?

  • This dude is delusional if he thinks canada is stronger lmao.

  • "World War I didn't need to happen" and had few, if any, positive outcomes. Toxic masculinity and using young men as cannon fodder need to go!

  • At the time America definitely was known to be skeptical and hesitant to join any war, at least in the sense of boots on the ground fighting. This is because the world took notice of their hesitation in joining both ww1 and ww2. So your comment at 4:30 (#2) is kinda wrong.

  • Great video… except with a disagreement on your last comment where you questioned the effects of Western domination. I'm no westerner, but Knowing how Mao killed millions ( death tolls higher than both world wars put together) , how Japanese butchered their way thru Asia mercilessly, how ottoman armies tookover and force-converted nations to islam and took away rights of women minority ethnic-religious groups etc etc… Yes, western domination is still a better solution overall than any others ! Agree with you they're not perfect in anyway, but just better than the rest that might have liked to (or tried to) dominate the world…

  • What a dumb stupid vid. Not even close to overview what actually happened.
    For example he keeps saying "Russia", although russia was NON existing at the time. There was a soviet union, in which Russia was only a part.
    Shame on You crash course for such bull poop.

  • Actually the small Finnish army won over the Russians, in the Finnish winter war, after the WW2 … so no, not only just the Mongolians!

  • I support the motherland!

  • Does he really thinks World War II wouldn't happen if it's not for the Hitler? But what about the Soviet Russia? And Italy? And Japan? They would all still be in the war. Not to mention controlling the entire Germany, thanks to a legal, democratic means is pretty unlikely, if most of the population don't want to do the things you want to do, at least to some serious extent

  • Why was a black soldier used for pacifism?

  • many people forget that although hitler was an evil dude, the allies powers forced the formation of the nazi party due to the german economy crippling treaty of Versailles that ended WWI.

  • The only war that I would fight in. Nazis are evil

  • you said your name is who?

  • Jelly of universal health care? Fightin for the commies? lol

  • Stephan Bathory, Prince of Transylvania and King of Poland DID conquer Russia in winter.
    Or at least some of Russia, and he undoubtedly fought a victorious winter war against them

  • No mention about where have the nuclear bombs exploded? You said that it was during war, but they were used to kill civilians. Dont be so laughy.

  • I’m watching this before my history exam because I haven’t been to class in 2 weeks. Big yikes

  • What an unbearable clown.

  • This was fun

  • Why did japan started war on united states ?

  • stalin dont sucks

  • 2020 john green gets 6 pack abs

  • Watch the Greatest Story Never Told and Europa The Last Battle

  • Kinda disappointed to hear "The Ukraine" in an educational video. While talking about Ukraine as a part of Soviet Union, it is more reasonable to use "Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic" (the official name of the country during the Soviet times), but in case of using "Ukraine", it should be used without an article.

  • Why didnt germany tried to trade and improved its agriculture insted of extenuating millions?
    Where they that short sighted?
    Also i understand there was a severe food shortage during the war, but was food scarcity common before the war?

  • The NSDAP (NAZIS) was a political party not a military force. Do you refer to the Americans as The Republicans?

  • 20 million Russians? Oh, please! It was the Soviet Union! There were 15 socialistic republics in it! 15 independent nations today! And all of those 15 nations went to fight the Nazis. Don't you call them only "Russians"

  • I disagree with the idea the second Sino-Japanese war was the start of WW2 because it didn't become part of the theatres that constituted the wars until Japan attack the colonial powers to the south.

  • Right sorry but please read up on that famine. The British sent food from Australia and that did nothing. Investigations by the imperial govt showed it was down to Indian officials (idk if that is brits in india or just Indians) being corrupt and hoarding so we suspended shipments. What you should be talking about is our retreat from japan and how we left no white troops behind.

  • Not too good.

  • canada defended antwerp port too!!! 😛

  • Russia number 1

  • best episod thank you who translated to Arabic

  • “Which was a pretty stupid gamble” 😂😎

  • The nazis also killed lesbians and bisexual women including the lgbt community

  • The last sentence was so dam hit me hard, "… whether the western dominance of the world should really be called progress!!"

    I feel all the Nations before the 1st & 2nd world war, or infact before colonization of lands, were truly sufficient, great and magnificent in their own ways! In the end, let's all be HUMANS again and uplift each other!! 🤝

  • Hey I have a child he is 17 he failed at painting now he wants to get into politics and he started saying kill the jews

  • America destroyed the Canadian Capital and it was British soldiers who set the fire to the white house but Canada has almost no war achievements so I'll give it to them out of pity.

  • Isn't it disturbing how people speak about wars the same way they'd speak about sport teams loosing or winning games. It's a disaster. So many people lost their lives, some in my family. They would be ashamed in seeing the lame and childish way so many people talk about their sacrifice. So much ignorance, so much stupidity, and way too much prosperity.

  • lol i wish this was on a power point or something

  • So who captured Berlin in Ww2?

  • We can't joke about anything.
    Unless, of course, we joke about the Mongols

  • British kingdom was no different than Germans….. They tortured India , plundered it. When the queen came to India, it was facing the biggest famine of century. Even then tons of food was wasted..but nobody cared.

  • They didn't mention the Treaty of Versailles

  • Liberal propaganda

  • I know like I'm going to sound like a pretentious prick by commenting this but IMO the reason that Germany started ww2 was to unite all German people, and later for said Lebensraum to give the Aryan race a place to live. Before the war had started, Hitler had annexed (what is known as "Anschluss") Austria in order to reunite those people there back into German borders, and later with the Sudetenland and Czechoslovakia, which housed many ethnic Germans. He had also claimed a small area just east of Prussia from Lithuania, this region being Memel. After annexing/subjugating these areas (The Czechs were puppeted into Reichskommissariat states, being Bohen-Maren and Slovakia), they demanded that Poland cede them the city of Danzig, otherwise known as the Polish Corridor, which ALSO contained many ethnic Germans. Afterward, he did just invade countries for Lebensraum. And, say what you want about Winter, the Soviet Union didn't win just because of the Winter. Yes, it was a contributing factor, but the main reason was due to the Soviet Union implementing "Scorched Earth" tactics. What this was is that as the Red Army retreated, they would destroy all the infrastructure (i.e. railroads, equipment, roads, etc. etc.) to keep the Germans from being able to resupply themselves during their invasion. Another problem that the Germans faced was their INCREDIBLY bad tank designs. What I mean by bad is that the reliability issues they were plagued with reliability issues, like the Panthers meme worthy transmission. This was mainly due to the fact that the Soviet Unions roads were mostly comprised of dirt, which while being flung up from tank tracks, made their way into said transmission, making the reliability of those tanks even worse. The way the Soviets were able to combat and exploit this weakness was with the t-34 tank. Just for a quick comparison, the Germans main tanks were the Panzer IV and Panzer III. The Panzer III used a 50 mm cannon and was used for anti tank purposes. The Panzer IV was armed with a 75 mm cannon meant for Anti Infantry purposes (im still confused on why they used the smaller gun for anti tank). Both of these tanks, correct me if I'm wrong, used completely flat frontal armor which was around 90 mm thick, and at its time was able to survive a few shots from British Anti Tank weapons, like the QF-2 pounder, but would later be beaten out by the larger 17 pounder. However, this tank would struggle defeating the Soviet t-34 tank, which had armor that was around 45 mm thick sloped back at about 66 degrees, which increased its effective thickness, and being armed with a 76 mm cannon which was less effective as an anti tank weapon for reasons that are unknown to me. However, the sloped armor on the t34 was its saving grace, confusing and scaring German tank crews as they didn't know how to destroy the tank, as any shell they fired bounced off the sloped armor. The germans later created newer tank designs to retaliate the onslaught of t34s the Russians were throwing at them, and created this "Third Generation" of German tanks (The first being Panzer I and II, and the second being the III and IV), which were the Panzer V and VI and VI (B), otherwise known as the Panther, Tiger, and Tiger II or King Tiger if you prefer to call it that. These had tremendous amounts of armor, again correct me if im wrong, but with about 120 mm of armor on the Tiger, 185 on the Tiger II, and 80 mm on the Panther (Sloped back, drastically increasing its effective thickness to about 140 mm). However, these tanks were incredibly expensive to produce, and only about 1k Tiger 1's were produced throughout the entire war (Not Tiger II's, even less of those were produced) While the t34 was still one of the cheapest of the war. And, if you look at statistics, a tanks average life span on the Eastern Front was just about a few weeks. And so, with little quality in mind, the Soviets created a tank that instead of lasting as long as possible with good reliability and great fighting power, decided to use a tank that would meed those few weeks life span before breaking down, which was something the Germans tried to avoid, trying to make every tank as good as possible. This allowed the Soviets to outproduce the Germans by a massive margin, with about 12,000 Panzers produced by the Germans throughout the entire war, with the Soviets rolling out 37,000 in the first few days of Operation Barbarossa. So, with this production difference and overall lack of knowledge on the Germans part, the Soviets were able to beat back the Germans to Berlin with help from different factors, and not just the winter like everybody believes.

  • Progress and Western counties doesn't fit in the same sentence

  • Hetalia was better

  • Who cares about history? We never learn.

  • Someone should explain the battle of the bulge better.. John??👀

  • I think you forgot to mention the 8M Soviet military deaths and 21M soviet civilian deaths. As well as the 8M Indian deaths that were caused by British imperialism

  • Now that this is showing up on my feed I'm REALLY worried


  • who's here not preparing for a test but preparing for the third world war lmaoo

  • You should look up THE TRANSFER AGREEMENT.

  • The Philippines suffered 527,000 casualties.
    Poland: 6,000,000


  • Bombing the US to keep us out of a war is like punching a hornet's nest so they don't sting you. That's just not how ANY of this works. Maybe it was Japanese opposite day.

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