World War 2: A History of WWII (Part 1) – Full Documentary


(somber music) – On the morning of September 3rd 1939 millions of people all over Britain came down as usual to their
traditional Sunday breakfast. Little did they know that that was to be
their last peacetime meal for the next six long years. The British nation was under arms for longer than any other
sovereign country in World War II. But for many people all over the world, in China, Ethiopia, in Spain, Austria and Czechoslovakia, that
war had began years before in the bombing of their
cities, in the occupation of their homelands. (cheering) – [Ian] November 11th, 1918. Some historians believe that World War II virtually began the day on
which World War I ended. The citizens of the
victorious Allied Nations cheered and celebrated in the streets. But it wasn’t long before unrest broke out in various parts of the world. In Italy, post-war discontent
saw the rise of fascism promoted by Benito
Mussolini who was to become the first of the great dictators. In many European cities, revolutionary and underground groups fermented strikes and civil disorder to
undermine their governments. In Russia, the troops of the White Army continued their lengthy struggle to overthrow the Bolshevik
regime and the Red Army. (booming) In 1931, the Japanese invaded Manchuria and turned it into the
puppet state of Manchukuo. Accompanied by air raids
on the north of China on defenseless civilians. (booming) In Italy, Mussolini, now in power had wanted to enlarge
his North African empire. In October 1935 he engineered an excuse to attack and invade Ethiopia, then more commonly called Abyssinia. That poor country faced modern artillery and an air force against which they had absolutely no defense. The people, many of them simple tribesmen, stood no chance against
the well armed Italians. Much of the dissatisfaction
had been brought about by the Treaty of Versailles, the treaty that was meant to bring peace and order to the world. Unfortunately, the statesmen
who had assembled at Versailles were more intent on getting
the lion’s share of reparations from a defeated Germany. – The treaty that
formally ended World War I was signed in the splendor
of Chateu of Versaille’s Great Hall of Mirrors on June 28th 1919. Its prime aim was to prevent Germany from ever again disturbing
the peace of Europe. Yet the harshness of the
treaty would give Hitler an excuse to prepare for war. For when he assumed power in 1933 the new chancellor declared that he would entertain no opposition. The world remained generally silent. Indeed there was a feeling
that perhaps Germany had suffered long enough. And that maybe the time had come for her to regain at least some
of her former status. Hitler, however wanted more than this. He was firmly fixed on the concept of a much greater Germany. And the purging of the humiliations of the Treaty of Versaille. (cheering) – [Ian] One of Hitler’s earlier objectives was to control the hearts
and minds of Germany’s young. With that in mind, he took
over the youth movement which became the Hitlerjugend. – [Ian] Everything they were
taught, boys and girls alike was directed towards
an unquestioning belief in the new Nazi state and its ideology. And invariably had a military application. In common with other countries following the world
depression of 1929 to 30, Hitler put the Germans back to work. He instituted the Autobahn program to make roads fit for future military use as well as current peacetime traffic. In contravention of the Versaille Treaty, he built up a German air force which became the instrument of destruction for countless cities. And to rival France’s Maginot line, he ordered the construction of defenses on the French border,
creating the West Wall. Or as it became better
known, the Siegfried line. The German military undertook an ambitious top secret program too
of mapping every mile of England’s south coast to the smallest detail. Not only in maps, but
profiles and photographs. So that future invading forces would know the ground that lay before them. And Germany’s factories
were also turning out the latest in tank technology. Not the lumbering old
contraptions of World War I, but the well-armed speedy
vehicles that were to spearhead the Blitzkrieg techniques being studied. And Hitler was soon to get the chance of having his tanks and
planes tried out in action. The Spanish Civil War. In July 1936, a Spanish
General Francisco Franco set up an army to overthrow
the Spanish government. His sympathizers Hitler and Mussolini were only too willing
to help him in that aim. They were happy to supply him
with their latest aircraft, especially the ME109 and
Stuka JU87 dive bomber which was to become an
instrument of terror all over Europe. (zooming) All over the world, people were shocked as they watched the newsreel showing the first aerial bombardments of cities in a European country since
the end of World War I. 6,000 people were killed in
the city of Guanica alone. And Guanica very soon became the symbol of the horrors of modern
war against civilians. The cities of China
were the next to suffer. Japan bombarded Shanghai,
Nanking and other major towns as it expanded from its occupation of Manchukuo further north. (booming) Once again the world was witness to the massacre of innocent civilians. And once again the world
through it’s League of Nations did absolutely nothing to stop it. Hitler had been seeing in
Abyssinia and Manchuria over the past few years, that aggression had been paying off. And in March 1936, he had moved his troops into the Reimand, in direct contravention of the Treaty of Versailles. In 1938, Hitler turned to Austria. He had long felt Austria should in fact be part of a greater Germany. In spite of the appeals
of the Austrian Chancellor to the League of Nations,
nothing was done. And his troops simply marched into Austria without a shot being fired. From that moment, Austria ceased to exist. The western democracies remained silent. Even while he was occupying Austria, he laid claims to
Czechoslovakian territory, the Sudetenland along his border. Fearful of war, Britain’s
Prime Minister Chamberlain flew to see Hitler on
the 12th of September and obtained his assurance
that there would be no more demands if Hitler
were granted the Sudetenland. He was offered the German speaking parts, but Hitler wanted it all. And even that was granted
to him at a meeting a few days later in Munich without any reference to
Czechoslovakia at all. – We regard the agreement
signed last night and the Anglo-German Naval agreement as symbolic of the
desire of our two peoples never to go to war with one another again. (cheering) – [Ian] As the bystanders cheered, Chamberlain brandished the
notorious piece of paper. – His name upon it as well as mine. – [Ian] There would at
last be peace in our time. Within six months,
Hitler’s troops marched in and took over other
parts of Czechoslovakia. He annexed Bohemia and Moravia. Scarcely a word was uttered
by Britain or France. But the signs of possible
war were now becoming too ominous to ignore. Hitler had still another of his now famous last territorial demands. He demanded that Poland restore the port of Danzig to Germany. The Poles refused, and in August, signed a formal alliance with Britain. Suddenly, on the 23rd of
August, a meeting took place which completely astounded the world. The foreign ministers of
two implacable enemies, communist Russia and Nazi Germany, signed a mutual non-aggression pact. The way was now open to
Hitler to invade Poland without any fear of being
attacked by Russia in the East. Hitler could now fully
mobilize his forces. The Poles themselves also
began to prepare for war. Large units of German forces
had already moved close to the Polish border, and their plans worked out months ago. The Luftwaffe was also deployed to forward bases near the
German-Polish frontier. The crews were briefed on their
initial targets in Poland. – Sincerely but naively, the leaders of the Democratic nations of Europe hoped that the Munich agreement
had brought lasting peace. But within the year, this
illusion was rudely shattered. Just afternoon on August 31st, 1939, Hitler gave the order to invade Poland at dawn the following day. – [Ian] And so on September 1st, the German army crossed
the border into Poland. It seemed that for the second
time in a mere two decades, Europe was to be engulfed
again in Armageddon. Blitzkrieg, lightning war. The idea had already been
conceived by the Germans during the 1930s. And in fact had been tried
out to a limited extent during their involvement
in the Spanish Civil War. (guns firing) (booming) It was based on two main factors. The high speed tank on the ground in liaison with the bomber from the air. The most famous of the bombers
used was the Junkers JU87, the Stuka with its terrifying scream as it dived towards its target. Its job was to batter the
enemy soldiers on the ground, dividing them in panic,
and so carve a way through for its tanks. Those troops, once isolated could then be speedily mopped
up by the German infantry following their tanks. The first objective of the Blitzkrieg was to destroy Poland’s air force as far as possible on the ground. When they did manage to get into the air, the Poles fought with fierce courage. But their air force was just no match for the might of Germany’s
air force, the Luftwaffe. (whooshing) (crackling) The bombers struck at railways, roads and bridges incessantly, cutting communications and hindering Polish troop movements everywhere. In spite of their courageous stand, the Poles were unable to
stem the enemy advance. (hooves clacking) But the final blow came
with the sudden attack in the back from Russia, as Soviet troops poured across
her border without warning. Poland now faced the
stark reality of defeat. Since most of the Polish
Forces were concentrated on the other side of the country against Germany to the west, the Russians met with
little or no resistance and advanced at great
speed deep into Poland. Meantime, the German
army swept on eastwards, now practically unopposed. Within two days of
Russia’s surprise attack, the two invading armies
met at Brest-Litovsk, the historic place where they
had met during World War I. With the defeat of Poland now behind him, Hitler was able to turn to his main aim, to attack and occupy
the small neutral states of the low countries. And from there, to undertake the invasion of Germany’s age old enemy, France. The French were well aware
of Germany’s ambitions. And that was they’re reason
for building the Maginot line a few years before. But the problem with the Maginot line was that the French had
confined it’s construction to its border with Germany only instead of building it all
the way to the Channel. It didn’t seem to have struck them that the Germans might
overrun a neutral Belgium and attack France from her
undefended northern border. (ominous music) Somewhat late in the day,
they actually did start extending the Maginot line westward along the Franco-Belgian border
from Luxembourg to the sea. Fortunately for the Allies,
that winter of 1939-40 was unusually bitter and held up Germany’s
plans for the continuation of the Blitzkrieg. In fact, the period was
being called the Sitzkrieg or more generally, the phony war. It provided a vital
breathing space for France and Britain to improve their defenses. And for the troops to enjoy a
relatively relaxed Christmas. Winter weather didn’t of
course affect the submarine. And the German Untersee or U-boats were starting to take their
toll of allied shipping. In fact, on the very first day of the war, a German U-boat sank the
passenger liner the Athenia in Mid-Atlantic, killing over 100 people including 26 Americans. This created a storm of condemnation over their callous, unprovoked attack. Britain rapidly setup the convoy system and declared a full naval
blockade of Germany. But it took a long time
to organize efficiently. And the U-boats were able to sink more than a hundred ships
before the year was out. As soon as the worst of winter past, the Germans resumed their
plans for Blitzkrieg. On the eighth of April,
they astonished the world by a completely unexpected
attack on Norway and Denmark. They landed at points
along the Norwegian coast. Other forces landed in
the Oslo Fjord area. And parachutes were used to
secure Stevanger Airfield even while the snow was
still on the ground. The weak and totally
unprepared Norwegian forces were unable to resist
these sudden attacks. Within just 24 hours, the
Germans were in complete control of all the seven Norwegian ports where they had landed that morning. For the first time in over 200 years, the people of Norway saw
foreign invaders occupying and parading through their
capital city of Oslo. (booming) Air raids on their towns
sent defenseless civilians fleeing in total confusion. Women and children, even able bodied men poured on to any available cart to get out of their city. (crackling) Since the outbreak of the war, Norway had insisted on staying neutral. Now that neutrality had left
them isolated and defenseless. The overwhelming superiority
of the Germans in the air was the decisive factor. It isolated the few
landings which the Allies had managed to make. And it forced them under
tremendous aerial bombardment to withdraw from their
beachhead positions. Against all odds, the Allies recaptured the vital port of Navic. But by June they were
finally forced to abandon it. Once again, the German military strategy had proved triumphant. Back home, the German people were jubilant at the constant news of endless victories by their armed forces. But even more spectacular
news awaited them. Hitler had needed to
secure his vital supplies of precious iron ore from Scandinavia. But his main aim was the
conquering of the low countries and France as bases for his
planned invasion of Britain. Norway did indeed manage to hold out for another two months. Though Denmark had been
occupied from the start. But even while the struggle
for the final control of Norway was going on,
Germany struck again. This time, the Nazis
attacked Holland and Belgium. Yet, once again, the
Allies were completely taken by surprise. German troops crossed
into Holland, Belgium and Luxembourg without declaration of war. The Dutch surrendered on the 15th of May, though tragically, that
didn’t save Rotterdam from being bombed and burnt to the ground. The attack on the low countries began on Friday, the 10th of May. Something else happened that day. Something that was to prove
vital to the survival of Britain against the unstoppable might
of the Nazi war machine. The British Premier, Neville
Chamberlain resigned. His place was taken by Winston Churchill. His offer of blood, tears, toil and sweat wouldn’t normally seem
a politician’s winner. But it went down surprisingly
well with the British people. Unfortunately he came
too late to save Holland. That fell to the Germans
in only a few days. It was now up to Britain and the French. Thankfully, France had one of
the largest armies in Europe. And in any case, the
Germans had to get through the natural barrier of the Aden forest. Surely their lightning
tactics of Blitzkrieg could operate only over flat open country. The hilly, well wooded Arden forest with its numerous small rivers must severely slow down
the speeding thrust of the German tanks and troops. Well that was the theory anyway. In fact the German tanks
advanced almost unimpeded through the Arden. Preceded by well trained
battalions of engineers. They cleared pathways
for the tanks to follow. In fact, the forest proved
to be no barrier at all to the techniques of Blitzkrieg. A few days was all it
took to clear the Arden and the tanks were out
in open country again. They very quickly swept through Belgium. And the German army moved into France across the border near Sedan. The impregnable Maginot line
had simply been bypassed without it firing a single shot. The British were retreating to the channel while the Germans took
the French Coast towns of Calais and Boulogne. The BEF was now sandwiched
on the beach of Dunkirk. (ominous music) The British Commander Lord Gort decided that the evacuation
of his force back to England was the only alternative to surrender. Especially due to the intense pressure of the Allied pocket at Dunkirk. And so the British
troops began to assemble at the beaches here. For what was to become known
as the miracle of Dunkirk. Back in England, a large fleet of vessels ranging from destroyers
through cross channel ferries down to small pleasure craft had been hastily assembled. (booming) – [Reporter] That one
amazing picture symbolizes the miracle of deliverance, which in the words of the Prime Minister was achieved by valor, by perseverance, by perfect discipline. By skill and by uncomfortable vitality. All the might of the German air force failed to stop them. We beat them back, we got our armies away. And the enemy paid
fourfold for our losses. And now we’re on our way home. The ships are gliding
into our British port. (dramatic music) the men of the BEF are stepping once again under British soil. The men who were carried
out of the jaws of death. For a time also we are playing host to thousands of French soldiers. Let us show them how we feel about the way they fought side by side with us. – [Ian] The success of that evacuation has now passed into legend. In less than a week, a quarter
of a million British soldiers and over 100,000 French and Belgians were rescued from the beaches. The army had to abandon
practically all of its equipment. Tanks, vehicles, guns, ammunition. But in spite of the success
and heroism of the soldiers and their rescuers, there was no disguising the fact that the situation was
an unqualified disaster. And the outlook for Britain looked grim. Yet things were to become even worse. A fortnight later, the Germans swept across Northern Fance. The Panzer colons raced onwards with Paris now under the threat of siege. The French government
declared it an open city on the 11th of June to
avoid the devastation that Warsaw and Rotterdam had endured. Four days later, the
Germans secured the prize which had eluded them in 1914. On June 22nd, the French were brought to the armistice table in the
very same railway carriage at Compienne where the
Germans had been made to sign the November 1918
Armistice after their defeat in World War I. It was the final indignity for the French. But a moment of supreme
triumph for Adolf Hitler. Hitler had hoped that
with the fall of France, an isolated Britain would only be too glad to make the peace. When Churchill bluntly declined, Hitler decided to invade at
the earliest opportunity. The plan for Phase one was to
knock out the Royal Air Force. Then he would have control
of the air and sea lanes across the channel. Next, they would continue
their Blitzkrieg tactics. Then destroy all lines of
communication and transport. Above all, win and retain
complete control of the air. Phase II, the destruction
of the coastline defenses. Then the Luftwaffe could
drop massive detachments of parachute troops to take
over the known airfields and military installations. Phase III, the actual invasion. Panzer divisions would
cross in high speed barges under a protective umbrella
of Luftwaffe fighters. Then, spearheads of landed troops would thrust into England
to divide, surround and destroy all opposition. Back in Berlin, that was just what Hitler and his generals were discussing. The final touches were
being put to the plans of Operation Sea Lion, Hitler’s strategy for the invasion of Britain. The time had come for Phase I to begin. Goering sent in hundreds
of aircraft of all types. Bombers, fighters, dive bombers, across that 21 mile stretch of channel, a mere eight short minutes away. The first tactics were to bomb the convoys carrying food and munitions from overseas bound for the ports of Bristol,
Southhampton and London. (zooming) German planes had
already been carrying out a number of scattered raids during July. This was the first full
concentrated attack. August the 8th. The next phase of the Battle of Britain had begun in earnest. (bell dinging) A decisive new phase had just begun in the Battle of Britain. During the past few weeks,
the German Air Force, the Luftwaffe had been
concentrating their efforts on British shipping in the channel with sorties against the
south and east coasts. From the eighth of August,
the attacks took on a new intensity. During the previous night, a convoy of slow moving merchant ships
escorted by our destroyers had started through the channel. But they were detected by the Germans. And early next morning,
on the eighth of August, waves of Stukas with
escorts attacked the ships. (booming) The days of August 1940
were absolutely critical for both Britain and Germany, if not in fact for the
future of the free world. The cost to the German attackers was high and many trained pilots finished
off as prisoners of war. It was a frustrating time
for the Nazi leaders. On a 2000 mile front from Normandy, the Blitz program was being stymied because the RAF was flying. So an all out attack, not only
on airfields further inland but on factories, machine shops and anything supplying
the aircraft industry. If he couldn’t knock
out the RAF in the air, he hoped to knock it out by starvation on the assembly line. As far as the Nazi leaders were concerned, their plans for invasion
were going nowhere fast. Already, Hitler had to
postpone the proposed date of operation Sea Lion,
his plan for the invasion and the occupation of Britain. The time had come to
employ a different tactic. It began on the afternoon
of Saturday, September 7th. The siren sound that Londoners
had heard in daylight from time to time during August was now to become part of the daily and nightly life of every child, woman, and man in the capital. For more than 100 consecutive nights. Along with the drone of enemy bombers, anti-aircraft fire, and
the whistle and crunch of high explosive bombs
dropped in the thousands. For the Luftwaffe, there was no pretense of striking only military targets. (zooming) To their surprise, and the
surprise of neutral nations, sometimes to the surprise
of Londoners themselves, they steeled themselves to it. Goering now decided to
throw in the full might of his Luftwaffe in one of
the greatest air attacks ever mounted till then. It was a Sunday. The date, September 15th, 1940. A day to become one of
the most famous dates in the Battle of Britain. It was an ideal summer day when his fleet of 500 bombers and fighters flew over the channel and
crossed the English coast. – Three miles going. Plane turns three miles southwest. – Got the hostile plane
approaching from the southwest. (zooming) – [Ian] Londoners taking a Sunday stroll were unaware that an historic
three dimensional battle was being fought to the
death in the skies above them throughout the day. In a front 60 miles long, 40 wide, and five to six miles in height. It wasn’t until most people
had returned home that evening and listened to their wireless sets that they learned about the
most decisive air battle of the war. The first reports gave an overestimate of the German aircraft shot down. It wasn’t until much later that the figure was revised downwards. (guns firing) It was a mortal blow to the Luftwaffe and Hitler’s plans for invading Britain on the 17th of September,
just two days later. From that time on, the invasion
was postponed indefinitely. On the 10th of June 1940, Italian dictator Benito Mussolini finally
joined Adolf Hitler in war against Britain and France. Mussolini was jealous
and determined to make the Mediterranean his sea. At sea, the Italians began to attack British supply convoys to mortar. With both ships and aircraft. This led to a number of naval clashes. (guns firing) At sea, the struggle
to keep mortar supplied continued in the face of Italian air and naval opposition. (booming) In September, the long awaited Italian invasion of Egypt began. But halted after a 60 mile advance. Archibald Wavell, the
British Commander in Chief, decided to build on the success by launching a full scale invasion of the Italian colony of Libya. Early in January, 1941, the port of Bardia fell to the Australians
followed by Tobruk and Durner. The Australians continued along the coast road towards Benghazi whilst the tanks raced
inland, aiming to cut off the Italians as they
withdrew from Benghazi. After driving through difficult terrain, the tanks arrived just in time. Pressed by the Australians in the north, the Italians were unable to escape. (booming) Eventually, 20,000
Italians were made prisoner in this one engagement. 200 guns and 120 tanks were seized in addition to the large
amounts of weaponry and 110,000 prisoners captured since the start of the offensive. It was a spectacular victory. But one which would be short-lived. For Hitler had dispatched
a small German force under General Erwin Rommel. He was keen to take advantage
of the British weakness and in spite of Italian objections quickly deployed his forces
to the Sinaika border. Rommel’s Afrika Corps
spearheaded the axis attack which opened on the 24th of March and quickly sent the British
reeling back into Egypt with only the port of Tobruk holding out. (guns firing) Hitler invaded Greece on
the sixth of April 1941. It was a classic Blitzkrieg campaign, swift and decisive. He then turned to Yugoslavia. The Yugoslav forces were ill prepared to face such an onslaught
and were quickly overrun. The Germans entered the capital Belgrade on the 12th of April, and
Yugoslavia surrendered five days later. But on the 20th of May,
1941, the Germans launched a daring airborne attack on the eastern Mediterranean
island of Crete south of Greece. British troops had been stationed there since November 1940. And men evacuated from Greece had helped to swell the garrison. It was another spectacular German success. But the lost of transport aircraft meant that they would never again attempt a large scale airborne attack. The loss of Crete and the
fact that the Luftwaffe have now joined the
Italians in attacking mortar meant that no longer
could British convoys pass through the Mediterranean. They had to go round South Africa’s Cape of Good Hope instead. Indeed, it was barely possible
to get occasional convoys through to keep mortar supplied. – The non-aggression pact which Germany had signed with Russia
just two year earlier, and which had enabled Hitler to initiate the second World War had long
since served its purpose. His eyes were now on the oil fields and vast natural resources
of the Soviet Union. So at 15 minutes past three
on the morning of June 22nd, Hitler’s Operation Barbarossa aimed at the conquest of
Russia was ready to begin. – [Ian] The world was
amazed at Germany’s audacity in taking on an opponent as
vast as the Soviet Union. Surely this time, Hitler had bitten off more than he could chew. (booming) But the world had been
amazed one year before when the Germans attacked
both Norway and Denmark on the same day. In fact, by the end of
day two, the German tanks had already advanced no less than 50 miles inside Russian territory. The technique of
Blitzkrieg seems once more to be paying off handsomely. Counterattacks by Russian
tanks were simply thrust aside. The German strategy was
directed on three fronts. Army group north towards Leningrad, group south towards the Ukraine, and Central groups to the
capital itself, Moscow. The Russian troops were
in a state of shock and countless thousands
were soon in German hands as prisoners of war. In the countryside, many Russian civilians began to form partisan groups, forcing the Germans to
divert some of their troops away from the front. In spite of that, the Germans
pushed relentlessly ahead. By the beginning of September,
the army group north was at the gates of Russia’s
major second city Leningrad. The Germans bombed it from the air and shelled it from the ground and began the terrible
siege that cut the city off for two long years. (booming) As the Germans occupied the
Western provinces of Russia, the Nazi SS moved in behind
to impose their brutal regimes on the inhabitants. Many Jews were simply exterminated
in a series of massacres. The most infamous of which took place outside the village of Babi Yar, when 35,000 Jews were made
to dig their own graves and then put to death. As the summer of 1941 wore on, the outlook for the Allied war effort began to look extremely
serious on the Russian front. (booming) But there was at least one bright spot where the tide had begun
to turn in our favor. In North Africa three months earlier, the British General Wavell
had been unable to break through the German defenses under Rommel. (booming) On the Libyan-Egyptian
border, the key town of Tobruk stubbornly remained in German hands. Now, Wavell had been replaced
by Sir Claude Auchinleck affectionately known as the Auk. He spent the following summer months building up what was to
become one of the most famous fighting forces of World
War II, the Eight Army. Churchill had been impatient
for some good news somewhere. But the Auk bided his time, knowing Rommel had been severely stretching his resources in his lengthy eastward
drive across North Africa. Now, Auchinleck struck in
November and recaptured Tobruk pushing Rommel back west
across the whole of Libya to Tripolitania. But things were as grave as
ever on the Russian front. And by the fourth, the
Germans were a mere 19 miles from the heart of Moscow. It seemed that the city was doomed. But Stalin was determined
to defend his capital city at all costs. And he appointed General
Zhukov to organize the defense of Moscow. Zhukov sent the last of
his relatively fresh troops into the front line. And on the very next
day, they began to make a successful counterattack,
pushing the flanks of the Germans a few miles backwards. It might not have been enough, but suddenly that night,
General Zhukov received the very best of reinforcements possible, the Russian Winter. That night, the winter
temperatures plummeted to a new low that put the machinery of war virtually out of action. The German drive to Moscow
had been literally frozen in its tracks. Men and machine were at a standstill. – The German soldiers froze and floundered in the bitter December
winds blowing uninterrupted from across the vast
open plains of Siberia. For them, the headlong drive forward was coming to a stop. And half a world a way, the
scene that same December could not have been more different. A peaceful, tropical paradise
where off-duty US soldiers and their families crowded
the pacific island beaches. For them, a hard long
drive towards disaster was about to begin. (tropical music) – [Ian] During those late November days, the Pacific tropical sun had
warmed a carefree Hawaii. No one seemed to have any
sense of impending danger in spite of the deteriorating relations between their country and Japan. America had issued
demands for the Japanese to withdraw from China. Japan refused and submitted counterclaims. – The date, November 26th, 1941. At six o’clock that morning,
a fleet of 20 warships including six aircraft carriers slipped out of a harbor in Northern Japan. The destination, the
island group of Hawaii. And more specifically the islands of Oahu with is American Naval base, Pearl Harbor. The Japanese ships
reached their land point under radio silence by the end of the first week of December. And in the early morning of the seventh, 183 planes took off
from their carrier decks towards their target. – [Ian] Sunday morning,
seventh of December, six a.m. Signal flags waved down. On Japanese carriers, aircraft engines spurted into life. (zooming) And aircraft roared down
flight decks one by one amid the cheers that burst
out from the ship’s crews. Plane after plane rose from the decks glinting in the low dawn sun
just peeping over the horizon until the first wave of 183
aircraft were in the air. (planes humming) (light music) Dead ahead, on the island
of Oahu lay their targets. Open to unsuspected attacks
from the skies above, battleships, cruisers, all
laid out so neat and tidy side by side. An orderly array of planes on airfields drawn up close together. Ironically, to avoid sabotage. – At 7:53 a.m., as the
people of the island prepared for a pleasant
and relaxed Sunday morning, the planes were given
the order for attack. Tora-tora-tora. Two minutes later, the first
wave of torpedo bombers released their loads and changed the war from a strictly European affair into a war that was to engulf the world. (planes humming) – [Ian] 7:55 a.m., the
Japanese dive bombers opened their devastating
first bombardment. (zooming) (booming) The US airfields were
systematically wiped out in scarcely minutes. But what took place over the airfields was merely a prelude to
the carnage soon to descend upon the harbor itself. (booming) (booming) (whistling) Dive bombers, torpedo
bombers drop their loads upon the ships below, creating clouds of thick, dark oily smoke as the peaceful harbor was
shattered by explosions. (booming) In just that small span of time, the Japanese had immobilized or wiped out the entire air power of the Hawaii base. And then almost totally
destroyed the complete United States Pacific fleet. In barely two hours, the
key US military fortress of Pearl Harbor had
been utterly pulverized. It made the German Blitzkrieg in Europe seem almost laborious by comparison. – Yesterday, December 7th 1941, a date which will live in infamy. United States of America was suddenly and deliberately attacked by naval and air forces
of the empire of Japan. On Sunday, December 7th, 1941, a state of war has existed between the United States
and the Japanese Empire. (clapping) – The United States was now at war. Winston Churchill’s
prayers had been answered. Great Britain had a much needed ally. A few days later on the 13th of December, Churchill set sail in the
battleship, the Duke of York to meet Roosevelt for discussion
on the Allied war plan. The global situation at this time can be summed up as improved
in Europe in the Middle East, but disastrous in the
Far East and Pacific. – [Ian] Island after Pacific
Island, mainland bases fell literally day by day. Wake Island, Guam, Hong Kong, the shores of Southeast Asia. On Christmas Eve, the Japanese landed on the main island of America’s major base in the South Pacific, the Philippines. Its commander, General MacArthur
was forced to abandon it. He was ordered to
Australia to set up a new Allied Command in the region. But as he left the Philippines, he made what was to become his
famous vow, to return. Singapore was Britain’s
main Far East naval base and Military stronghold. Just across from the southern
tip of the Malayan peninsula. It was only in recent
months that the British started to strengthen its defenses on the northern landward side. Since it believed till then
that any attack on Singapore would only be from the sea. They began to train more troops to defend Malaya on land as well. Though they took it for
granted that any invasion would be not through its
interior of jungle and rivers but along the peninsula’s roads. When the Japanese invasion
of Malaya did begin, the day after Pearl Harbor, many Japanese troops were
virtually able to cycle down the peninsula because
of the negligible defenses in the north. They simply slipped into the jungle to continue their advance whenever they encountered British troops. This took the British
completely by surprise since they had thought the
jungle more or less impenetrable. And so they hadn’t bothered
to train their troops in the arts of jungle warfare. Thus the Japanese simply
outflanked the British defenders who retreated further and further south. The British finally
reached the mainland tip by the end of January
and crossed the causeway connecting it to their impregnable island fortress of Singapore. Except, it wasn’t of course
impregnable from the north. Not even after demolishing
the bridge above the causeway. The Japanese bombarded
Singapore for a full week. And then they crossed the
straits without difficulty on the eighth of February 1942 to gain their first
foothold on the island base. The city of Singapore itself was on the island’s southern end. And the battle to take
it continued relentlessly for a further week till it surrendered on the 15th of February. One of the most disastrous
days of the war for Britain and one of agonizing humiliation. In North Africa, in early January, Rommel had been pushed
back well over 100 miles to the western edge of Libya. But British confidence was short lived for he rapidly regrouped and had now received reinforcements. Scarcely two weeks after his retreat, Rommel hurtled eastward again,
pushing the British forces all the way back to the line of Tobruk. Relations with our other ally Russia were now starting to feel some strain. Mr. Molotov visited Churchill, asking him to open up a second front
to divert some of Germany’s onslaught away from Russia. But the allies were in no position yet to mount a cross-channel operation. Now, after the fall of Singapore, the Japanese were ready for
the full invasion of Burma. They carried out air raids on Rangoon as a prelude to the taking
of the capital city. They entered Rangoon at the start of march and pushed the British Army
into retreat northwards. The Chinese forces in
the area tried to help but they too were forced into retreat. The Japanese crossed beyond
the great Burmese rivers, the Irawaddy and the Chingwen, advancing upon the
subcontinent of India itself. They cut off the Burma road which had been vital in
transporting supplies from the Western Allies to the Chinese. They now had to be flown
at greater cost in manpower and materials across the hump, the name given to the mountain range bordering Burma and China. The British now faced
not only the Japanese but the misery of the summertime Monsoon. Every year from May until September, the rain, wind and mist sweep into Burma from the Bay of Bengal for
four long debilitating months. The choking dust of
summer now turns to mud. It generates malaria, typhus, dysentery. The Japanese were taking
island after island in the East Indias. And moving ever closer to Australia. They even raided the
northern port of Darwin from the air. The armed forces in Japan
now seemed unstoppable. (cheering) And so did those of Rommel’s Africa Corps. Rommel struck east across the desert again preempting the British who were also preparing an attack. He captured Benghazi and began the long, long drive towards Tobruk. Desperate tank battles ensued. (booming) But Rommel pressed hard. And after three weeks desperate fighting, the British began to retreat. By the middle of June,
he had reached Tobruk which fell to him on June 21st. He took 32,000 prisoners
with all of their equipment. Four days later, the remainder
of the British Eighth Army were back into Egypt at El Alamein. Their last defensive
position before Alexandria, Cairo and the Suez Canal. In the Pacific, the two naval
forces of Japan and the USA engaged in ocean battle for the first time on the seventh of May,
in the South Pacific area of the Coral Sea. It proved to be less a naval
battle in the normal sense, that is with battleships
firing directly at each other. It was more of a clash
between aircraft carriers, with the aircraft doing
most of the striking. Just a few weeks later
on the fourth of June, the two fleets clashed again. The encounter took place
in the Central Pacific near the appropriately
named Midway Island Group. Before they could get
many of their aircraft off the carrier decks, a
wave of American planes flashed out of the sky and crippled three of the four Japanese carriers in the space of just a few short minutes. But in spite of that
disaster, the Japanese still had plenty of retaliatory power. Their attacks forced the
American carriers to withdraw. But Midway was an undeniable
victory for the US fleet. For the first time, the
Japanese failed to achieve their objective in the Pacific. And for the first time, had to
retire to lick their wounds. This setback for Japanese
arms was not confined to the air and sea. On land too, the Japanese
yielded territory for the first time. The US Marines came ashore
on the island of Guado Canal and secured an airstrip
recently reinforced by the Japanese. It was only a very small gain. And it would take another six months before they gained the island completely. It was a start. But it showed that the
Japanese ground forces weren’t entirely invincible. (somber music)

Comments 75

  • Hitler could have made a fleet of jet fighters in 1936 but again thought he knew best..

  • Hitler could have made a fleet of jet fighters in 1936 but again thought he knew best..

  • Anyone know the song used in the intro? Thanks , would appreciate any clues

  • TOO MANY FUCIN COMMERCIALS ASSFACE

  • Who knew, who knew? The US and Britain would become de facto members of the Communist International and help defeat the anti-Comintern. Saving Private Stalinisky, anyone? Come on folks, we saved Communism and ceded a part of central and all of Eastern Europe to 50 years of Globalist murderous Communism. WTG, lets hear it for the home team !

    Read Benton Bradberry, 20 year USN aviator retired, book, "The Myth of German Villainy," and Then compare that with the indoctrination of the so-called victor's history.

    Then if you really want to get mind blown and you love documentaries see TGSNT, The Greatest Story Never Told, by David Wise a six-hour utube doc that can be seen at the Rense dot com news aggregator site.

  • Just here to count the Hitler Apology Squadron members in the comments .8 … 8 by my estimation of the nature of their rants ….3 ….3 gits who believe The Nazis were leftists

  • British homedude reads the cue-cards well 😉

  • This is a rarther “free” version when it comes to the use of clips to underline your points😉

  • Jewish and American media are the biggest fake of history

  • so sad that much of it is fake ;( wish history could be more true ;(

  • I don't know a lot English and I already have homework I'm trying my best but..I can't

  • Countries like Poland, Norway, Belgium were fools. They choose to be neutral hoping that war wont come to them, that's not virtue, that cowardice.  And all the other European countries were stupid also.

  • The Minister of Magic!

  • O I C the difference. They wore Red Arm bands instead of Red MAGA hats. I got it, nothing similar at all.

  • The world owe it's freedom to, rather ironically, GB and USSR.

  • Dresden massacre 1945…England is not so innocent is she…

  • Thanks for sharing both sides of the conflict

  • ing

  • nice documentary! Shame some people see Germany as the agressor, I am not defending sHitler but the German people..not all German were fascists, and there was a German resistence since 1929 called Die weisse Rose..and about starting war..France did..before world war 1 and world war 2..there was another war between France and Germany, guess who was killing jiddisch people back then..hint..no it was not Germany..unfortunately I need to say that since there is the art of writing we can read about attacks against jiddisch people..we are all human..one race..unite instead of fight

  • Eerie call to continue viewing these ww2 docs and this in my knowledge that they contain glaring lies and inconsistencies… How shallow are we folks??!

  • End of story, Great Britain would never have survived without the United States and the Soviet Union winning that war. No Brits want to admit it and that's why the next time they get their ass in trouble we're not going to back him up. I've never once heard a British person say thank you to me because my grandfather died saving your Island. All I've heard these delusional Brits say is we won the war by ourselves we didn't need you. Then why did Winston Churchill get on his hands and knees and beg and plead for our help? You're the most ungrateful bunch of f**** pussies I've ever seen. I hope if you ever get in trouble again we do not come to help you because you will not say thank you. Your disgraceful bunch

  • Here come the keyboard warriors…… TYPE AWAY SMH trolls

  • My ex-cable company keeps trying to get me back. Offering me 'free' trials and 'special' deals.
    I had to hang up on a girl today. I said 'Sorry, I'm busy. I got thousands of hours of free TV to watch'.

  • I think this is a good series. I have seen most of them. But this one is deffinately up there, as far as I am concerned..

    L Kyelberg
    Lamesa, Texas USA

  • I'm getting more in world war ll

  • My family is in World War Il
    Jerry Wolfe United States Navy
    Reabun Taylor Airborne Division
    Henry and Robert Youngdeer United States Marine Corps

  • Is Generalimisso Francisco Franco still dead?

  • Why is this shit blocked in my country? Well, fuck you!

  • Does Germany still Hate the French 2Day.?? Any1 Know

  • Great job on the BRITISH!+!

  • (Sigh) You mean Roman Catholic faith. After all, Hitler, Himmler, and other top Nazis were Roman Catholic. That is precisely where they got their ideas about The Jews from.

  • SERVED JOSEPH STALIN RIGHT. THE STAB IN THE BACK BY HITLER WAS THE PRICE THE RUSSIANS PAID FOR PAWNING OFF POLAND AND THAT UNFORGIVABLY GRUESOME SLAYING OF AN ESTIMATED FIVE THOUSAND POLISH SOLDIERS OUT OF PURE HATE AND GREED. RUSSIA SUFFERED IT FOR LONG, BEFORE IT EBBED.

  • The war was between protestant Christians(UK,USA) and the Catholic and Christians (GERMANY, ITALY) . Thus all the colonies got freedom. So long live war 😂

  • June 5 , 2019 ~ History is being erased in many nations and in many Not taught in the public schools. "The Basis of insanity is doing the some thing over and over and over expecting different results" : Isn't not teaching history the bases to have another World War? There's an Adolf Hitler born every 50 years! : Learn pass on and never forget!

  • 98 disliked by natzi

  • You dont even have to hear that guy at 28:28 to know he has a hella british accent i mean hella lol

  • I have to put this video at 80% speed. This guy needs some sex or benzos

  • Hitler is probably getting a pineapple shoved up his ass right now.

  • AOC sure throws around the WWll analogys!💩💩🤔💩💩

  • I like this kind of videos… very informative.

  • The war between japan militar and american-phillipines militar is it world war 2 or not. Pls answer.

  • None of this is accurate

  • My dad fout in Guadalcanal

  • interviews

  • Been watching a lot war movies lately, and to have more knowledge bout it, i decided to learn more about ww2 history..

  • maps are missing other than that this is a good video

  • Austria voted 99% to rejoin the reich. Similar to the people of Crimera voted to rejoin russia but in future history books it will read Putin invaded the Crimea..

  • 2:20 YEAH, that's a soldier getting tossed with that dirt.

  • 5:21 LMAO the village idiot!

  • You and your fckin Propaganda Documentaries. If hitler was Evil then churchill was also Evil. "History is written by the victors: Now I understand this. Before Hitler, there was a Greater Evil called The British Empire. You praise an Evil, Racist pig-like Churchill who is similar to Hitler in every way possible as Your hero.LOL. Tell the truth to the world that Both were Evil.

  • I am in 🇺🇸

  • Hahha

  • I honestly belive the world war were drom 1914-1991 will fall of USSR. Think about it. Only countrys that won were USA and U.K. no one wins in war

  • Para cuando Subtitulado en español!???

  • Man all that was that was need to make this perfect was a cup of tea the guy would occasionally sip and a chimney with a lit fire.

  • The autobahn was not a National Socialist initiative. The first stretch was built between Cologne and Bonn before the Nazis came to power.

  • Man it’s like 3 am and I’m eating a tub of ice cream I’m loving this

  • Europa the last battle part 1 -10 is all anyone needs for the truth,download or watch on bitchute👍

  • It might not have struck them that they could overrun a neutral belgium

    DOES THIS DOCUMENTARY EVEN KNOW WHAT ITS TALKING ABOUT WTF ?!?

  • Why this is age restricted vedio?

  • It's so difficult to find a good explanation of what fascism is

  • It's fine to talk about Russia coming into Poland, but what about the Allied nations, Britain and France not coming to the assistance of Poland as they were supposed to do as part of the 1939 alliance?

    Britain was still untouched at that time, and perhaps Germany could have been contained then, not having had the benefit of the land access and resources it was grabbing each country it controlled.

    P.S.

    And while bringing up horrible massacres of the Jewish people like at Babi Yar I can't even begin to stress enough how important it is to bring up the much more insideous gradual and paced degradation and dehumanization of Jews and "Other Non-Germans" that was carried out that made such atrocities possible.

  • OMG!!!

  • it was all Australia

  • Does anyone know why Russia wasn't included in the declaration of war? They invaded eastern Poland and met and shook hands with the Nazis in the middle of Poland. Technically they were Allies.

  • This has to have been produced by a Blithering Idiot. It's absolute nonsense.

  • 26:03 if nothing else, Hitler enjoys Irony

  • "Peace in Our Time" a.k.a. "Shit for Our Brains"

  • Who’s here after the infographics show

  • Minister of Magic talking about WWII? Instant fav 😀

  • අමල් හලෝ silwathgala

  • Take – Home Essay

    World War II

             War is one of the most tragic things
    in our world today. It is even sadder that usually it comes around at least
    once in our lifetime. In the 20th century alone we have already had two huge
    wars.

    These
    wars are called the World Wars simply because they involved most of the big
    countries of the world. Many people have died in these wars especially in the
    Second World War.

    The
    leader of Germany at the time of WW II and the person who most think started WW
    II was a man named Adolf Hitler. Adolf Hider was born in Austria.

    By
    the time that World War 1 started in 1914, he was living in Germany. He served
    well in the German Army and for that he earned a medal for bravery. At the end
    of the war Hider decided to take up politics. By 1921, he has already the
    founding leader of the Nazi party. Hider was an incredibly racist man and he
    had a great hate for Jews.

    By
    1933, Hider gained political power by winning the election. Soon after he made
    himself absolute dictator, calling himself the Fuhrer, which means ‘Leader’. By
    the end of the 30’s he was already sending Jews off too concentration camps to
    meet a horrible death.

    Hider
    was one of the greatest causes of World War II. Although there are many other
    reasons, he was definitely one of them. Another reason was the Treaty of
    Versailles. This was the treaty that was signed at the end of World War 1. This
    treaty outlined the rules that Germany must follow because of their defeat by
    Britain and France.

    Many
    Germans were angered by die treaty, for most of the rules in the treaty were
    unfair and Germany lost a great amount of wealth. One of the cruelest reasons
    for the war was Hitler’s racist hate for Jews. He would send them off in acted
    cars to places called concentration camps were they would be slaughtered by the
    thousands.

    World
    War II was huge and involved a lot of countries. There were thousands of
    battlefronts and war sites. The two main battlefronts were the battlefront
    between Britain and Germany and the battlefront between the Japanese and the
    Americans. These battlefronts were split up into smaller battlefronts even
    still. Many lives were lost in the air, on land and in the sea. Some of die
    most notable battles were: The Battle of Britain, The Battle of Midway and The
    Battle of the Atlantic.

    Since
    the US and Canada were at war with the Japanese, Japanese Canadians were
    treated very poorly The government had decided that all or most Japanese
    Canadians, even if they were born in Canada had either go home or go and live
    in one of the camps- These camps were made to keep all the Japanese Canadians
    together in one location. But the fact was that these camps were very dirty and
    not fair treatment.

    Also,
    the government took away all Japanese possessions and without the Japanese
    Incoming, they were auctioned off at a fraction of their original value! This
    treatment went on for all of World War II and Japanese Canadians were not
    treaty fairly for many years after. Just recently the government of Canada has
    decided to pay compensation for their losses but most agree that it doesn’t
    even come close to what they lost.

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