Why You Need A BOMB SHELTER And How To Build One

Nuclear war. It’s going to happen and you and everyone
you know and love are going to die a horrible, terrible death. Including your pets. Well, maybe it’s not 100% for sure that the
world will go up in nuclear flames, but for some people having a bomb shelter is as necessary
as having a kitchen, and if the worst comes to pass, it’ll be them who are left laughing
while we burn in a radioactive wasteland. Then when the smoke clears, it’ll be those
prepared who rise up from their shelters to take back the world from the feral ghouls
we’ve all become. But today we’re going to teach you how to
avoid this horrible fate, because today we’re taking a look at how to build a bomb shelter. First, what are just a few of the ways a one
megaton nuclear explosion can turn your day very, very bad? Well in the first half of a second of a nuclear
detonation, anyone caught looking in the direction of the blast and within a radius of up to
three miles- depending on the yield of the bomb- will have their eyes seared by a blinding
white light, resulting in permanent blindness. Anyone outside of this radius who happens
to be looking in the direction of the blast may experience everything from temporary blindness
to permanent vision loss. At the same time ultraviolet light will sear
all exposed flesh, instantly causing third degree burns. In the next nanosecond, deadly gamma rays
bombard the body and slam into cells, ripping them to shreds and penetrating deeper into
the body. In the next nanosecond after that the ambient
air temperature has skyrocketed to thousands of degrees- though not yet as hot as it will
very soon get. This dramatic spike in temperature immediately
combusts all clothing, flesh, and other flammable objects. At the end of the first second, a heat wave
resonating outwards from the explosion point will slam into everything within a half mile
to three mile radius- again depending on the yield of the bomb- with temperatures in excess
of 540,032 degrees fahrenheit (300,000 C). All flesh and flammable objects are immediately
vaporized into atomic dust in the intense heat, and metal melts and pools along the
ground. A shockwave then resonates out just behind
the heat wave, crushing buildings and cars. If you’re within a few miles of the blast,
the shockwave can crush your chest cavity and the superheated air shred your lungs. Then winds at speeds in excess of 400 mph
(644 kmh) slam into anything left standing, and if you’ve somehow miraculously survived
all of the previous effects, you’ll be Fus-Roh-Dah’d clear across a few city blocks. A dramatic change in air pressure crushes
any remaining buildings, toppling them down onto any survivors. For anyone not instantly killed or within
the 3-mile death radius, those up to seven miles away can suffer second to third degree
burns, ruptured organs, and shattered ear drums. The intense heat can also make breathing so
difficult that many will asphyxiate. The pulse of ultraviolet light generated by
the blast can also sear flesh down to the bone, resulting in the need to amputate entire
limbs for those who survive. Thankfully victims will experience no pain
from this, as the burning happens so quickly that pain nerves are destroyed before they
can register the pain. For anyone up to 53 miles away, the flash
of the explosion and its resulting temporary blindness would leave tens of thousands of
drivers blind in an instant and result in thousands of deadly accidents. All technology within a potential radius of
up to hundreds of miles would be instantly rendered useless as electromagnetic radiation
overloads the circuits inside and makes devices inoperable. Power grids across entire states would shut
down and never be turned on again, requiring the total replacement of the complete power
grid from the ground up. For weeks after wards radioactive fallout
will pose a deadly risk for anyone within a few hundred miles of the blast site- especially
if the explosion was a ground burst, which would kick up much more radioactive debris
into the atmosphere. Those affected will die slow, lingering deaths
as their dna breaks down at the molecular level and infection and disease set in to
eat their bodies alive. So, think you need a bomb shelter now? We thought so. Unfortunately most people don’t have the
room to physically build a bomb shelter for themselves, as most people tend to live in
densely populated cities where the living conditions are predominantly apartments. If this is the case for you then all is not
lost, and you can still successfully shelter in place long enough for the worst effects
of a nuclear detonation to pass by. If stuck at home you can dramatically increase
your odds of survival by duct-taping all of the windows, making sure that you seal any
possible openings through which radioactive contaminants could leak in. If possible you should head to the lowest
level of an apartment building, such as a parking garage, though figuring out a way
to stop the airflow in from big garage gates would be critical to survival. The deeper you can get, the better your odds
of survival, though admittedly they’re pretty slim as is already. But let’s say you’re one of the lucky ones
and you have your own property and the ability to build whatever you want there, including
a bomb shelter. Well, in that case congratulations because
you’ll soon be one of the last of humanity’s survivors, fighting to retake earth from hordes
of deathclaws and super mutants. If you look online you can find a variety
of websites telling you how to build a good fallout shelter, but most of those require
an extensive knowledge of construction and materials as well as many thousands of dollars
and specialized equipment. Today we’ll teach you how to build a fallout
shelter that may be labor intensive, but even the poorest vault-dweller-to-be can afford. We hope you’ve got a shovel, because you’re
going to be doing a lot of digging. And remember, the Infographics Show is purely First you want to identify a suitable location
for your fallout shelter. You ideally want to find somewhere semi-remote
but that you can realistically get to in time to save yourself from a nuclear bomb, with
a thirty minute flight path from Russia to the US, you want to plan on having no more
than 15 minutes travel distance from where you live to your shelter. You’ll also want to make sure there’s no underground
pipes or wires where you plan on building your shelter. Digging into one of these by accident can
result in you getting drenched by fresh sewage, getting the electric shock of your life, or
with a very hefty fine from your local city government. You need to call ahead to your town hall or
local utility and inquire on the location of any underground infrastructure before you
start digging to save you the pain and worries later. Now that you’ve chosen your spot, you’re going
to want to start digging downwards at a fairly steep angle until you reach a depth of at
least twelve to fifteen feet- this is going to be your primary entry point into the shelter,
though you’ll end up building two. Next, you want to start digging straight ahead
for approximately three to four feet, and then angle sharply up for another three to
four feet. The end result will be an entry shaft that
plunges down into the earth, levels off for a few feet, and then begins to rise up a few
feet again. The point of this is simple- without expensive
entryway materials and technology, you’re going to have to rely on the same techniques
that the Viet Cong used in Vietnam to protect your home under the ground from blastwaves
and water leaking in from the outside. Unlike in vietnam though, the water that does
leak down into your shelter will be radioactive, and so you want to create an area where the
water can pool and soak into the ground without ever flooding your living space, hence the
slope upwards. Your upwards shaft should stop at a total
depth of about ten feet though, and this is because you will need at minimum three feet
of solid earth between you and the bomb above to protect you from the burst of gamma radiation,
so at a depth of ten feet you’ll be able to carve out a comfortable seven foot ceiling
shelter and maintain adequate overhead protection. You’re not quite ready to start digging your
living area though, as you have another major hazard to worry about in the aftermath of
a nuclear explosion, and that’s radioactive particles being carried by the wind. In order to protect yourself you’ll once more
take inspiration from the Vietcong, who built their tunnels to protect from napalm and gas
attack by American troops. At a depth of ten feet you want to dig straight
a few feet and then make a very sharp right turn, dig straight a few more feet and make
a very sharp left turn. Dig ahead a few feet and make another sharp
left turn and you’ve essentially made a U-bend in your tunnel, As wind from the outside rushes
down into your shelter, the bend will severely weaken the strength of the blowing wind and
help deposit the heavier radioactive dust and other particles on the floor before they
reach you. To be safe though you’re going to repeat this
construction one more time, so in total your entry shaft should have two U-bends in it
made up of very sharp right and left turns. Once those are complete, congratulations because
you’re finally ready to start building your actual living area, although we warn you-
it’s not going to be a palace. You’ll want to make sure your shelter is as
small as possible in order to keep it strong enough to withstand the initial blast, but
you’ll need at least twenty square feet per person who plans to inhabit the shelter for
their personal needs and supplies. If you’re handy you can craft beds for everyone
to occupy, but piles of blankets can make do in a pinch. You’ll also want to make sure that you have
a toilet area which is easily accessible and can store a few weeks worth of waste- an underground
poop closet if you will. The toilet should either be a shaft a few
feet deep or a hole lined with plastic which can be sealed up and stored away until it
can be safely disposed of later. It’s not going to smell very nice in there,
but better to breathe in your best friend’s poop fumes than radioactive wind. Congratulations, you’ve built yourself a fallout
shelter on a budget which will give you a better than zero chance of survival. To top it off you want to make sure you store
at least three weeks worth of food and water, as this is when the danger of radioactive
fallout is at its greatest. After this initial period it should be safe
enough to exit your shelter as long as you keep your skin covered and wear a breathing
device- most military surplus stores sell gas masks which are more than adequate at
keeping out fine dust and other particles. You’ll also want to line the entry point to
the underground living area with many heavy blankets, creating layers of protection against
any remaining wind that makes it past your double U-bends. You may not be living in luxury, nor living
in the most secure bomb shelter ever made, but in your tiny self-made shelter you’ll
have a far better chance of survival than us non-mole people too proud to dig for our
lives. Then again though as with any fallout shelter
owner you really have to ask yourself one question: is it worth surviving a global thermonuclear
war? With climate change turning the earth into
a giant snowball for at least a few decades and disease and starvation rampant, your odds
of survival even after the bombs fall are nearly nil if the world decides to go all-in
on nuclear destruction, and that’s before the global radiation superstorms that will
poison every square inch of land and water on the planet. In our humble opinion if the US and Russia
decide to let loose with their hundreds of high-yield nuclear weapons, it’s probably
just best to step outside and perhaps call a few loved ones on your cell phone before
it and you are atomic dust. You can reflect on the fact that from our
observations of the universe intelligent life is astonishingly rare, if not impossible outside
of earth, and as the bombs scream down around you, you can laugh at the fact that we dodged
gamma ray bursts, asteroid impacts, and all matter of interstellar phenomenon to beat
the odds- but couldn’t survive each other. So stop worrying and learn to love the bomb. Think you could build a shelter and survive
a nuclear war? Which Vault experiment would you run? Let us know in the comments! And as always if you enjoyed this video don’t
forget to Like, Share, and Subscribe while you still can!

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