Why Do People With Schizophrenia See Things (Schizophrenia Explained)?

Today, the works of Vincent Van Gogh are highly
prized, known for their short, textured strokes and use of bright, vibrant colors. However, his personal life was a dark and
lonely one, plagued by rejection, isolation, and illness. With time, failure both real and imagined,
took its toll. On December 23, 1888, following a disagreement
with a fellow artist, Van Gogh sliced off his ear. It was the first of many breaks with reality
until his suicide on July 29, 1890. Some believe he was schizophrenic, let’s
see if the facts agree in this episode of the Infographics Show – Schizophrenia Explained. Schizophrenia is a disorder that affects intellectual,
emotional, and behavioral health. Many who have it experience difficulty forming
relationships and succeeding in school or at work. Coping with schizophrenia is hard, and suicide
is, unfortunately, not uncommon. Individuals may have psychotic episodes when
they break with reality completely and show drastic behavior or personality changes to
the shock of those around. Fortunately, the frequency of these episodes
should decrease with age. Between them symptoms may improve, or alternatively,
they may get worse. While there is a lot of variation, people
who develop signs earlier will usually have a more serious form of the condition. Some psychotic illnesses may appear soon after
birth; this is not the case with schizophrenia. In fact, many can go their whole childhood
without anyone suspecting a thing. Cases have been seen among children over the
age of 5, but it is much more likely to strike during or after adolescence. The average age that signs appear varies somewhat
by gender. Most men experience symptoms between their
later teenage years and early 20s, while a majority of women show signs in their late
20s to early 30s. It is uncommon for someone to be diagnosed
who is much younger or older than this. Many will go through a prodromal period where
the condition has begun but before it’s fully developed. This can last as little as days or as long
as years and, due to its subtlety, is hard to notice. It generally involves some struggle with friends
and academics as well as challenges with sleep, focus and mood. Many will isolate themselves or withdraw from
those around them as they experience strange thoughts and fears. Over time, the condition will grow worse. Symptoms must be serious and last long enough
for an official diagnosis. There are many different symptoms that can
be present. These are grouped by category and are either
positive, negative, or cognitive. In most instances, the positive symptoms of
hallucinations and delusions alone are sufficient to indicate schizophrenia. Positive symptoms are things that are added
to an individual’s personality and, contrary to what their name suggests, have negative
consequences. These include hallucinations, or when someone
either hears, sees, feels, tastes, or smells things that are not actually there. Although others can understand these things
are not real, the one who is hallucinating cannot. This is often accompanied by the additional
positive symptom of delusions, or unusual things that the individual is convinced are
true despite facts to the contrary. Delusions may be in part due to difficulties
with recalling, focusing on, or processing information. Disorganization is yet another positive symptom
where an individual may think, talk, and write in nonsensical or illogical ways. Slow, laborious movements or repetitive behaviors,
indecisiveness or forgetfulness, and an inability to process stimuli are also manifestations
of disorganization. The final symptom in this category is catatonia. This is when someone remains unmoving in one
position for prolonged periods of time. Negative symptoms are things that are not
added to an individual’s personality, but lost. While similar to depression, they are not
the same thing. To an outsider, someone suffering from negative
symptoms will present themselves as lacking emotion or with a limited ability to feel. Individuals will also struggle to follow through
with tasks, lose enthusiasm for life, and fail to make meaningful connections with others. It is not uncommon for people to stop taking
proper care of themselves as some point, resulting in poor personal hygiene and an overall disheveled
appearance. Finally, many will display significant issues
with their thought process and show cognitive symptoms as well. They may lack the ability to recall recent
memories, to make meaning out of information, or focus in order to get anything done. Most are unable to separate themselves from
their symptoms in a meaningful way to understand they have them, and so remain unaware that
there is a problem. This can make treatment difficult. The causes of schizophrenia remain a mystery. However, there are believed to be many contributing
factors. One of these is genetics. Without a close family member such as a parent
or sibling having the disorder, odds are less than one percent that anyone will go on to
develop it themselves. In contrast, this percentage increases to
ten percent for those who have a strong family history. An identical twin will have as high as a 50%
chance if his or her sibling is diagnosed. However, some may also develop schizophrenia
without any affected family at all, and others will remain symptom-free despite the diagnosis
of more than one relative. While there is clearly a genetic influence,
it is likely tied to more than one gene and may be expressed only under certain conditions,
making it impossible to predict based on genetics alone. There are also more than genes at play. Environmental factors, such as prenatal stressors,
contribute to schizophrenia development as well. This includes when a pregnant mother comes
down with a virus or lacks proper nutrition, especially during the first two trimesters
of her pregnancy. Impaired in-utero brain development could
be a contributor as well. Substance abuse is another possibility, as
marijuana use has been found to increase the chances of developing schizophrenia. In fact, the sooner and more often it is used
the greater the odds become. Stressors in general have been found to trigger
schizophrenia in those already predisposed to the condition. This is also supported by its timeline of
development, which is during many great changes in the adolescent to young adult stages of
life. Another cause could be abnormal circuitry
within the brain. Neurotransmitters, which allow the cells of
the brain to communicate, may not be properly regulated and thus lead to problems with message
transmission. This is believed to impact the brain’s response
to various stimuli which could in turn explain why some process loud noises or bright lights
with difficulty. This may be linked to both hallucinations
and delusions as well. Of course, some could experience the symptoms
of schizophrenia and not have the disorder at all. A stroke or tumor, for example, could be an
alternate cause that could result in a misdiagnosis. So could the abuse of an illicit substance
such as cocaine. For this reason, medical professionals often
rule out these possibilities before coming to a conclusion. Blood analysis and brain imaging will ensure
there is not another reason, either physical or chemical, to blame. If nothing is found, it will be up to a psychiatrist
or psychologist for diagnosis. Once a diagnosis is made, treatment can begin. Treatments are not a cure; however, they can
manage symptoms. Options for treatment include medications
such as antipsychotics. Therapy to learn coping techniques and hospitalization
for those who need it are additional options as well. In addition to these, electroconvulsive therapy
and deep brain stimulation are alternative procedures in which the brain is shocked or
stimulated to change and improve its function. Unfortunately, most with schizophrenia will
live a shorter life. This is in part due to a high incidence of
conditions developing along with it, such as diabetes or heart disease. This is also because of a tendency for those
with the disease to become suicidal and engage in self-harm. In fact, suicide is the leading cause of premature
death among the schizophrenic population. Even with this information, the question of
whether or not Vincent Van Gogh suffered from schizophrenia cannot be determined with absolute
certainty. However, an educated guess can be made by
looking at his life and the accounts of those who knew him. Evidence suggests he had problems when just
a teen and the beginning signs of the disorder. At the age of 14 he dropped out of school,
never to go back, and left his friends behind. He was dismissed from his a job at an art
dealership and, although he did work as a preacher for a time, his contract was not
extended. He tried to study theology but could not focus
long enough to succeed. Unable to keep a job or continue his education,
he relied on his brother for support. He also went back and forth between moving
in with his parents. His love life was less than a success as well
and he struggled to connect with others. He fell for his cousin who did not return
his affection and after a failed relationship with a prostitute lived with his parents once
more. Eventually he moved to the French countryside
where he hoped others would come to stay. Only one did, Paul Gauguin, who quickly wanted
to leave. Vincent took this abandonment to heart, and
hearing voices in his head, he sliced off his ear in what was likely a psychotic break. Following treatment, he admitted himself into
a psychiatric hospital where he had another episode and ate paint. After Vincent left the hospital, he began
to worry about his financial future as well as his health. On July 27, 1890 the stress was too much. He walked to a wheat field and shot himself
in the chest, dying two days later. Like many with schizophrenia have done, he
took his own life to bring himself peace. For these reasons and more, many think Vincent
displayed the traits of a schizophrenic. Do you agree? Let us know in the comments! Also, be sure to check out our other video
called Why Do People Go Crazy In Solitary Confinement?! Thanks for watching, and, as always, don’t
forget to like, share, and subscribe. See you next time!

Comments 100

  • Thank you for showing the world, 4 years now since 19 now 23 and thanks to new medication thriving! Never give up!

  • wait waaaait.

  • Had a great grandmother with it we think. Grandfather in his compassionate discharge application mentioned she would run into the street at 1 in the morning screaming for his younger brother.

  • Do you know Doraemon the Character Named Nobita?
    litterally they named the character base on a Kid Named Nobita has this schizophrenia after 2 days he committed suicide becouse of mental pain

  • If someones deaf and they obtain schizophrenia can they hear the voices since its in their head?

  • 統合失調症の方は大変だと思います。

  • …. I'm worried that I should be worried about being worried…. Slightly rethinking my life now.

  • My mother has schizophrenia, my brother has ADHD, and idk what’s wrong with my grandma. I’m scared I have a mental illness or will develop one. I really hope not 😥

  • I talk to myself alot…….😶. Even when I'm around others.

  • now i’m scared i will develop schizophrenia in the future.

  • U forgot the nightmares they are tooooo graphic just me maybe but I think it's the hardest part of having schizophrenia

  • 0:20 that's much for a Dutch.

  • Got diagnosed when I was 20. Now I'm 30. For the past decade it's been a ride. Schizophrenia becomes how you treat it. If you treat it as an illness and let the system dictate and label whats happening to you, it becomes very bogus. But if you treat it as a gift and stick to your guns, it's definitely a blessing. Kinda like the X-Men mutants. Their mostly shunned by society because they are different. But they are fighting the battles that the majority of the masses are not. Some very interesting stuff indeed. Word..

  • Hello, I'm a Christian and I'm schizophrenic

  • My dad's dad's dad had schizophrenia, whose cousin also had schizophrenia. My dad and eldest sister (who also has OCD) have major depression, and I have schizoaffective and OCD. Two of my cousins have OCD.

  • I see dead people . People who have lost their consciousness.

  • Can you do social anxiety I have it and I would like more people to know about it

  • Skitzo people need love and affection more than others. Give that support, they need it

  • May I ask what research you have behind this video or is this purely speculative?

  • I have bipoler disorder at times in a episode I struggle w schizophrenic symtoms but I dont have it

  • is it weird I was crying

  • I got really scared when they were explaining the symptoms I gotta check in with a doctor

  • I wanna write a story about a girl who's schizophrenic. Any ideas?

  • Okay…well i am diagnosed with this..also anxiety, bipolar, and difiant disorder. How . Sad. It runs in my dads family. Ughhhhhhhhhhh. Help. I was half diagnosed at age 13. My therapist and specialist psychology guy said i have it but cant "properly" diagnose until i am 16 where i live but they say i have it. it is very common in my family

  • Schizophreniac people lives in dream dimensions where everything impossible is possible and random.( Inception movie)

    Is it possible for schizophreniac people to imagine themselves as " Batman"??

  • I think I have it along with my dad and my mother tells me to stop acting like this but she doesn’t understand that I can’t control it

  • What happens when your cranky cause u can't "smoke" and it's overhead that your complaining about having less privacy than a Maximum security inmate cause of cameras, and the person who over hears u is either not smart enough to realize there are cameras in the house, or they r simply gaslighting u , which in and of itself (gaslighting) is signs of severe mental illnesses lol! Anyway I'm just curious if complaining about a complete violation of your human rights in your own home is considered a schitzo "epesisode"? Or just being reasonably upset ?

  • My friend gave schizophrenia and he acts totally normal his name Robert

  • If we talk to ourselves is that schizophrenia?

  • I agree with everything but the marijuana, the relationship has to be so marginal. I have schizophrenia but I'm the only one out of many people that I've smoked with.

  • 8:35 (turn on the English captions)
    'Like many with schizophrenia have done, he took his own life to bring himself at peace'. But the narrator didn't say the words, '-to bring himself to peace'. But instead the video skips to the end.

    Am I schizophrenic and seeing things or is this something everyone can see?

  • Apparently I have schizophrenia.

  • Is it bad I want to hear voices so i'm not lonely? XD

  • I probably don’t have it but I hear dead people at night

  • I have been diagnosed with schizofrenia years ago but never had visual or auditive hallucination just obsesive thoughs like i was in war with my mind,contradictions,feel like people control my mind, fortunately those thoughs have passed

  • I dont have that and i sometimes talk to myself

  • i have schizophrenia and add and anxiety. schizophrenia is frustrating because some people don't believe me. it's also sometimes hard to show emotions, sometimes i will have such a difficult time that i just freeze. i also don't deal well with stress, it drives me crazy

  • The infographics show, so thankful for this channel. Educating the masses worldwide.

  • Wow. I can't believe how much Vincent Van Gogh and I have in common…

  • “Your imaginary friend isn’t real!”
    Ma’am, it’s called imaginary for a reason.

  • 50% of the comments are schizophrenics

    50% other

  • Im 14 and i have Schizophrenia
    i don't tell my parents because im too scared

  • I been seeing signs of my life is this another part of it telling it right now, watching the video half way and this feels like what is happening., shutnstanding for a few seconds or more and others he said is exactly what i remember happen earky on, i knew injad depression but before that, it wss different thennwhstni am feeling today like 10 times worst then it was before.

  • I experience like everything he said

  • Reminds me of Nobita😢😢😢😢

  • Please Please Please stop calling people who suffer with schizophrenia "schizophrenics"!!!!! When someone has cancer, we don't refer to them as cancerous…. They are people with an illness. In your great video, you put the word schizophrenic on the people's foreheads. What a negative way to label someone. Other than that, I think the video was done well.

  • That is terrifying, i have psychtic features, it is a scary powerful thing. I cannot imagine having schitzophenia. It takes strength.

  • Sometimes when i feel like im going thru a mental breakdown, i watch videos about mind and all of that then i regret it bc then my mind plays games and thinks i have an issues or place this video in my mind and ask my self do i have it

  • The animation of little demons portraying the symptoms of schizophrenia is a nice touch


  • The entire GTA SA story but CJ schizophrenia

  • "Until his suicide on…"
    Buzzfeed Unsolved fans: hm… yeah… suicide

  • I'm 17 years old with schizophrenia and growing up with it was a major struggle! this video has both helped me mentally and physically! I learned more about my own condition! Its scary and I'm honestly scared of myself. I'm working on getting better but it's very hard because none of my family has been known to history and my voices hurt me and help me! I consistently have to be in a constant challenge and only knowing more seems to help me keep control of my voices.

  • My boyfriend of 5 years has schizophrenic family members (grandma on mother's side, mother, older brother, some cousins and second cousins. It feels like passing on the genes is higher than 10%. They all receive treatment (anti-psychotics and therapy) but they still get hospitalized from time to time. It's a neverending cycle despite the treatments and family support. We're scared to have kids because of the daily struggles his family experiences.

    On the bright side, I've learned to practice treating strangers more kindly despite their possible outbursts or misdemeanours because you never know what they're going through.

    Also, from my interactions with schizophrenics, it's NOT what they see, it's what they HEAR. They hear voices and are aware that the voices are not real but over time, they may believe the manipulative voices are saying the truth.

  • I think I'm schizophrenic but I'm not really sure 'cause I also think I have a bipolar disorder, or maybe I can't tell the diffrence between the 2

  • My childhood was awesome that is only thing i know.

  • Van gogh didn't commit suicide he was killed the gun was shot at five meters distance by the gunner

  • Prayers to all who live with this 🙏🏿

  • Ad about sunglasses : if someone you know has a face
    Me: what if I know Slenderman?

  • My thoughts are all over.also I can't sleep at night's because of the what ifs behind those thoughts. what's up with mental illness 🙁 it's pretty scary

  • 2:41 The blue monster on the left is definitely real, it's facebook

  • This is beyond sad…

  • im scared that i might have mild schizophrenia.. about 3 years ago, i remember eating a third oreo, looked down and saw that i have not. mom said i spaced out all of a sudden. then just yesterday, i thought i saw my friends by the escalator and waited for them to come over but they apparently weren't there. oh gosh.

  • What on earth would ever make you cut off your ear?

  • If you are not detached from reality, then you obviously know what it is that you are in touch with, since you are in touch with reality, thus you know more about reality than do today's physicists know about reality.

  • The symptoms you mentioned are worrying me 🙁

  • The schizophrenic symptoms kinda sound relatable and is kind of terrifying…

  • im not do sure what is my symptons bipolar or Schizophrenia. I talk alot to outside world. And cut out from families and friends.

  • There is no evidence that marijuana use causes schizophrenia in any way (which is what the animation seemed to suggest, even though the word "marijuana" was never mentioned.) Marijuana does, however, greatly reduce your risk of getting cancer (when used chronically, according to the Surgeon General in 2015). It also helps kids with epilepsy, and prevents them from having seizures, apparently..

  • I need to go to the doctor

  • I know I've had auditory hallucinations along with visual hallucinations since I was around 6. When I was 13 they had to put me into a hospital because I had an intense episode. I still deal with it to this day.

  • They don't know why. Only can take a guess.

  • So by this definition it means that Society itself is schizophrenic.

  • I was taught in Art class he sliced his ears of and sent it to his ex girlfriend

  • I have a fobia of schizophrenia and im afraid it will occur any time even tho no one from my family had it

  • He shot himself in the chest and died two days later? That sounds horrible.

  • I was diagnosed at a hospital with severe ocd. I heard that schizophrenia is more likely to manifest in me

  • So since I smoke herb, I can develop schizophrenia? Should've happened years ago

  • So Christians are Schizophrenic? That's what you video depicted. Can you clarify your position?

  • What does diabetes and heart disease have to do with schizophrenia?

  • Third grade lecture

  • Okay but he actually only cut off part of his ear though… 👀

  • This made me cry I have been in the Mental Hospital 6 times in my life. 😖😔😟😢

  • Is this the right video to make?


  • Can u make more vidoes on mental disorders

  • What is the name of the Piano Piece in the background ? I love it, and it goes nice with the video too!

  • You described symptoms of schizophrenia… But you never described why people with schizophrenia see things…. Getting tired of your clickbait

  • I stopped the video at 5:18, no thanks

  • schizophrenia would be alot easier to cope with if it didnt still carry the stigma it has. …..

  • i believe it is a defensive mechanism….that the brain uses to protect itself….though…obviously it has a genetic component…but…that can be the result..of the brain changing the bodies chemistry


  • You should talk about Cotard’s Syndrome (The Walking Corpse Syndrome) or social anxiety.

  • wth I think I have schizophrenia now after watching this, I just clicked in this vedio, watched it and realised I have all these symptoms and always thought they were normal and i was just weird. What do I do know. I'm young and dumb.

  • Person scrolling through comments, have an amazing day! Watch my videos!

  • I have a TRAUMATIC BRAIN INJURY and can relate with social life isolation

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