What Philip Emeagwali Internet Looks Like | Father of the Internet | History of the Internet


TIME magazine called him
“the unsung hero behind the Internet.” CNN called him “A Father of the Internet.” President Bill Clinton called him
“one of the great minds of the Information Age.” He has been voted history’s greatest scientist
of African descent. He is Philip Emeagwali. He is coming to Trinidad and Tobago
to launch the 2008 Kwame Ture lecture series on Sunday June 8
at the JFK [John F. Kennedy] auditorium UWI [The University of the West Indies]
Saint Augustine 5 p.m. The Emancipation Support Committee
invites you to come and hear this inspirational mind
address the theme: “Crossing New Frontiers
to Conquer Today’s Challenges.” This lecture is one you cannot afford to miss. Admission is free. So be there on Sunday June 8
5 p.m. at the JFK auditorium UWI St. Augustine. [Wild applause and cheering for 22 seconds] [Father of the Internet] Thank you. Thank you. Thank you very much. I’m Philip Emeagwali. The Internet
has many fathers and mothers as well as aunts and uncles
that did not invent a new internet. The father of the Internet
should at least invent a new internet. I am called a father of the Internet because
I am the only father of the Internet that invented a new internet. [Philip Emeagwali Internet] [Inventing a New Internet From Science Fiction] Back in 1989,
I was in the news headlines because I was the first person
to discover how to parallel process
real-world problems and how to do so across
millions upon millions of processors that were tightly-coupled to each other. In parallel supercomputing
across my new internet that was a new global network of
65,536 processors that were identical to each other
the most important knowledge is to fully understand
how to control and harness every processor
that was within my global network of processors. Each processor
operated its own operating system. In 1989, I made the news headlines
when I recorded the maximum possible speed increase
across my ensemble of 65,536 commodity-off-the-shelf processors. That parallel processed speed increase
of a factor of 65,536 that was then considered impossible
led to my discovery that parallel supercomputing
will be the vital technology that will make computers faster
and make supercomputers fastest. I discovered
practical parallel supercomputing and did so
by making a one-to-one corresponded and metaphorical mapping
and doing so from the vertices of the hypercube
to each processor and by making another
one-to-one corresponded mapping from the bi-directional edges
of the hypercube to my email wires. Unlike your cube,
my hypercube was defined in sixteen-dimensional hyperspace
and therefore has two-raised-to-power sixteen,
or 64 binary thousand, vertices and sixteen times as many,
or one binary million, bi-directional edges. Programming 64 binary thousand tightly-coupled
processors to work together to forecast the weather was
in the realm of science-fiction and would have been dismissed
as an act of insanity and dismissed
when I began programming supercomputers back on June 20, 1974
at 1800 SW Campus Way, Corvallis, Oregon, United States. But on the Fourth of July 1989
in Los Alamos, New Mexico, United States, I discovered
how to turn that science fiction into non-fiction
that is used to forecast the weather for your evening news. As the first person
to make the news headlines for discovering
practical parallel supercomputing, I visualized the vertices
and the edges of a hypercube that were etched onto the surface
of a hypersphere. I invented
the Philip Emeagwali Internet as corresponding to
the cut-out silhouette that was my topological metaphor
for the appearance of my new internet that was a new global network of
65,536 processors that were identical to each other
and that were tightly-coupled to each other. That new supercomputer
and that new internet were like tightly-conjoined twins
with only one superbrain. In 1989, I was in the news headlines because
I discovered practical parallel supercomputing,
and invented it as the vital technology that now underpins every supercomputer
and that enabled me to compute faster and across my new internet
and to compute faster than any supercomputer that ever existed. I envisioned
my new virtual supercomputer as my new internet. My first visions of my new internet
began as a dark shape and as an outline
of a blank global network of processors that were connected with email wires
that were empty of messages. That dark shape of my new internet remained
visible inside my mind. It’s impossible for me to work alone
and program that new internet and do so without intellectually seeing the
exact positions in sixteen dimensional space
of each of my 65,536 processors. It’s also impossible
for me to send and receive email messages across
my 1,048,576 bi-directional email wires and do so correctly
without knowing, in advance, the exact positions in hyperspace
of my 65,536 processors. As the first
parallel supercomputer scientist, I was not trying to
see with my naked eyes,
any of my 65,536 processors or any of my 1,048,576
bi-directional email wires that married my commodity processors together
and did so to form a new internet that tightly-circumscribed a globe
in sixteen-dimensional hyperspace. In contrast, I only saw
my new supercomputer and my new internet inside my mind,
not with my naked eyes as was often presumed. In a sense, I saw my new internet,
in its entirety, the way you saw our planet Earth
in its entirety and understood that it is not flat
and do so with you mind, not by encircling around the Earth
in a space craft. [Inventing a New Internet] [Email Messages Across a New Internet] I visualized how to email
my 65,536 computer codes as well as email
the as many sets of data that I used
at the mathematical physics core of my initial-boundary value problems. That was how I pre-loaded
each of my 65,536 processors. I visualized
how to continuously pump my email messages
across my new internet. I visualized
each of my email messages as having five subject lines
and having no message body and as traversing across
my new global network of 1,048,576 email wires
that outlined my new internet. In my mind, I sketched my silhouette
as the dark shadow of a new internet
that encircles the Earth. That shadow was created by the Sun. [Testbed for a New Internet] The partial differential equations
that I invented are the most advanced expressions
in calculus. Those partial differential equations
are far more abstract than the quadratic equation
and, for that reason, the layperson cannot scribble them across
the blackboard or solve them on or across
motherboards. The system of nine
partial differential equations that I invented are abstract
and are de facto invisible. However, I used those
partial differential equations as my extreme-scaled
computational testbeds for inventing a new computer, a new supercomputer, and a
new internet. In the lecture series
on my contributions to mathematics that I posted on YouTube dot com
slash emeagwali, I described in prose,
rather than in abstract mathematics, how I coded
my initial-boundary value problem that were governed by a system of
partial differential equations of calculus and I did so differently. I did not code
my initial-boundary value problem for only one processor,
as was done by other computational mathematicians. I paradigm shifted
by parallel supercomputing my initial-boundary value problem
and doing so across a new internet that is a new global network of
64 binary thousand processors. That solitary act of repetitive coding
for each processor that defined and outlined that new internet
was my form of meditation. The very essence
of my ensemble of processors was to use emails to weave together
my new global network of 64 binary thousand processors
and to invent a new internet that is one whole cohesive
virtual supercomputer that is not a computer per se. In my mind, those 64 binary thousand slowest
processors were de facto the fastest supercomputer
that was my metaphor for a futuristic, thought-provoking,
and poetic internet. That is, I rethought my new computer
as my new internet, and vice-versa. [Supercomputing Across a New Internet] I visualized my email messages
as traversing across the interior of the sixteen
dimensional hyperspace and along the bi-directional edges
of the hypercube in that hyperspace. I gave form to that ensemble
and gave form to it as a never-before-seen internet. For me, that new global network
of processors that were tightly coupled to each other
that were equal distances apart from each other
and that shared nothing between each other
became a mathematicised and abstracted internet
that is a singular virtual supercomputer. [Inventing Philip Emeagwali Internet] I was in the news in 1989, and thereafter,
because I was the first person to parallel process across
a new internet that was a new global network of
65,536 processors that shared nothing between them. I was the first person
to theoretically discover that no upper limit exists
when parallel supercomputing across an infinite number of processors. Put differently, my inspiration is this:
the science fiction of planetary parallel supercomputing across
the entire internet that encircled planet Earth
could become the non-fiction of our descendants. I was the first person
to discover how to parallel process across
a new internet that I visualized as a small copy
of the planet sized internet. For that invention,
that was conceived back in 1974 and completed in 1989,
whenever the phrase “father of the Internet” is mentioned,
the first name that Google suggests is
“Philip Emeagwali.” [Philip Emeagwali Internet] The contributions
to the development of the computer that are the subject of school reports
are inventions that are paradigm shifting or that changed the way
we look at the computer. The objective criterion
for measuring contributions to the development of the computer
is fixed, namely, the fastest computation
that was executed by any means necessary. My fastest computation
that I discovered on the Fourth of July 1989
was executed by parallel supercomputing
a grand challenge initial-boundary value problem
of extreme-scale computational physics and solving it across a new internet
that was a new global network of 65,536 processors
that were tightly-coupled to each other that were identical to each other
that were equal distances apart from each other
but that shared nothing between each other. My scientific discovery that occurred
on the Fourth of July 1989 was that parallel processing
will become the vital technology that will make
the modern supercomputer super. That discovery made the news headlines because
it will change the way we look at the computer. I discovered that
we should look at the modern computer not as a computing machinery per se
but as a new internet de facto. That never-before-seen internet
derives its supercomputer horsepower by parallel processing
its computational workload across its millions of processors
that were tightly-coupled to each other with each processor operating
its own operating system. For me, Philip Emeagwali,
that technological breakthrough in massively parallel processing
was the supercomputer news headlines that crossed the sea,
from San Francisco (California) to Onitsha (Nigeria)
and crossed the sea because it broke new grounds
of supercomputing across 65,536 tightly-coupled processors
that equidistantly encircled a globe that defined and outlined
a new internet. Back on June 20, 1974,
at 1800 SW Campus Way, Corvallis, Oregon, United States,
I began programing the first computer to be rated at one million instructions per
second. The first supercomputer
was invented in 1946. That first supercomputer was
100 feet long, 10 feet tall, and 3 feet deep. So supercomputers were programmed for twenty-eight
years before I began to do so. But those supercomputers
only solved one problem at a time instead of solving a billion problems
at once. But at 8:15 in the morning
of the Fourth of July 1989 in Los Alamos, New Mexico,
United States, I became the first person to discover
practical parallel supercomputing. That discovery made the news headlines because
it was said to be impossible to parallel process
a grand challenge problem and do so across
a new internet that is a new global network of
unlimited number of processors that were tightly-coupled to each other and
that shared nothing between each other. The grand challenge problems
solved on supercomputers remain essentially the same. But the value and size
of the supercomputer market has grown from seven million dollars
back in 1946 to twenty billion dollars a year,
or a factor of over 3,000. The information technology (IT) market
is five trillion dollars, with more than 40 percent
of that market in North America, primarily in the United States
where nearly two million skilled persons are employed in the IT sector. The supercomputer that Japan
has on its drawing board will cost 1.25 billion dollars. As a massively parallel
supercomputer scientist that came of age in the 1970s and ‘80s,
I worked and walked alone because I took the road less travelled. But I also got noticed more
because I did my parallel supercomputer research
under unusual circumstances that took me from Onitsha to Oregon,
back on March 23, 1974. In the 1970s and ‘80s,
no sub-Saharan African-born scientific researcher
was hired by any of the numerous U.S. nuclear research laboratories
where most supercomputing research was conducted. [Philip Emeagwali Internet] In 1989, I discovered that
a grand challenge problem can be divided into
millions of smaller, less challenging problems
and then, I further discovered that I could use as many email messages
to puzzle together those small problems into the original
grand challenge problem that I could then solve across
my new internet that is my new global network of
as many processors that each operated
its own operating system and that each shared nothing
with other nearest-neighboring processors. I’m Philip Emeagwali. Back in 1989,
I was in the news headlines because I discovered
how the slowest processors can be parallel processed
and harnessed to solve once-impossible-to-solve problems
and solve them at previously impossible speeds. My discovery created a need
for the parallel supercomputer. My discovery
of practical parallel supercomputing made the news headlines because
it was akin to discovering an undiscovered continent
of the unknown world of the new computer and the new internet. [Inventing Philip Emeagwali Internet] [Contributions of Philip Emeagwali to Supercomputing] The use of 64,000 human computers
to parallel process the weather was published as a science fiction story
back on February 1, 1922 and published in the book titled:
“Weather Prediction by Numerical Process.” The contribution of Philip Emeagwali
to the development of the computer is this: “I upgraded parallel supercomputing
from fiction to non-fiction.” So for sixty-seven years onward of 1922,
parallel processing was the big and unanswered question
of the field of computing and for that reason
the quest to answer it was described as the
Grand Challenge Problem of the field of supercomputing. For sixty-seven (67) years
onward of 1922, mathematical scientists attempted to solve the toughest
initial-boundary value problems and to solve them by dividing each
into smaller problems that could be parallel processed
with one-problem to one-processor correspondence and mapped onto one million
identical processors that were tightly-coupled to each other. Until my discovery
of the Fourth of July 1989, progress in solving
such grand challenge problems and solving them
by parallel processing them was a modest factor of eight. That factor was erroneously decreed
by Amdahl’s Law of diminishing returns
expected from the increase in the speed of supercomputers. My contribution to supercomputing
is this: I figured out
how parallel supercomputing works and that discovery changed the way
we look at the supercomputer that occupies the space of a soccer field
and changed the way we look at the fastest computer
that can be placed on your desk. [The New Internet of Philip Emeagwali] The computer is a machinery
that performs fast calculations. The massively parallel supercomputer
is the fastest computer. The Philip Emeagwali Internet
is a global network of commodity-off-the-shelf processors
that were identical to each other that were tightly-coupled to each other
that were equal distances apart from each other
that shared nothing between each other. Each processor operated
its own operating system. My contributions to knowledge is this: I discovered a new internet
that is a new global network of processors (or tiny computers)
that is not a computer per se but that is a supercomputer de facto. [Philip Emeagwali: A Father of the Internet] Who invented the internet? The Internet
has many fathers and mothers as well as aunts and uncles. But only one father of the Internet
invented a new internet. The father of the Internet
should at least contribute new technological knowledge
that pertains to the Internet and do so by inventing
a new internet. I am called a father of the Internet because
I am the only father of the Internet that invented a new internet. [What Do I Want to be Remembered For?] I was asked:
“When the games are over, how will you want to be remembered?” What’s been around the longest
will stay around the longest. One million years ago,
our pre-human ancestors counted on their fingers and toes. I believe that in a million years,
our post-human descendants will count across
their Year Million internet. I will be remembered the longest
for my contributions to computational mathematics
that changed the way we count
and changed it from counting only one thing at a time
to counting a billion things at once. I will be remembered
for my contributions that changed the way
we looked at the computer and changed it from
one isolated processor computing only one thing at a time
to one billion processors supercomputing
for the parallel processed solution of the toughest real world problems. We remember mathematicians
from three thousand years ago, if and only if,
their contributions to mathematics is still relevant. We remember Euclid
as the father of geometry because geometry is taught in schools. We will remember the
computational mathematician that changed the way we count. Since prehistoric times,
our pre-human ancestors counted only one thing at a time. I discovered that we could solve
real world problems by counting a billion things at once,
or by parallel supercomputing the toughest mathematical problems. We will remember the father
of the internet, if and only if, the Internet
is still relevant in Year Million. I am the only father of the Internet
that invented a new internet. I will be remembered as the
first parallel supercomputer scientist that came of age
on the Fourth of July 1989. That is my legacy—and my contribution
to human knowledge— that changed the world of computers. [Letters From Refugee Camps] I was inducted by the United Nations into
its Gallery of Prominent Refugees. The United Nations distributed
posters of Philip Emeagwali to refugee camps in Kenya,
Rwanda, and Sierra Leone and I was getting emails
from those refugee camps inviting me to visit their camps. What is Philip Emeagwali famous for? I became known by word of mouth
and as follows: In 1989, a twelve-year-old
wrote a school inventor report on the contributions of
Philip Emeagwali to the development of the computer. That school inventor report
is discussed with her classmates and at her family dinner table
or during conversations with her younger friends. The following year,
those younger friends are more likely to write
school inventor reports on Philip Emeagwali. That word of mouth spreading
of school inventor reports and its stickiness
is more effective than media mentions. Often, students forget
how to spell the name Philip Emeagwali but they have no problem remembering
to search for the Nigerian who invented the fastest computer
or the African who invented a new internet
that is a new global network of processors. I became known via newspaper
and magazine articles that were published after my discovery of
practical parallel supercomputing that occurred on the Fourth of July 1989. I discovered
practical parallel supercomputing and discovered it
as the vital technology that will make the supercomputer super. The first audience to discover my story
were American school children writing school reports on the theme: “Famous Mathematicians
and their Contributions to Mathematics.” Or “Great Scientists in History.” Or “Great Inventors
and Their Inventions.” Some of those children
wrote school reports on “Philip Emeagwali” and did so, in part,
because their father (or mother) wrote a school report on
“Philip Emeagwali.” The second audience
that discovered my contributions to science
were Nigerians and Africans in the continent and in the diaspora. [World’s Fastest Computing Across a New
Internet] Shortly after the Christmas of 1989,
in San Francisco (California), the office of the largest
technical organization, called the IEEE, as well as some other institutions
issued press releases that announced that I had discovered
practical parallel supercomputing and discovered it as the vital technology
that will power every supercomputer. And that I had invented
how to harness 65,536 processors to solve the toughest
initial-boundary value problems arising in mathematical physics
and that I had discovered how to solve
that grand challenge problem and solve it at the world’s fastest
supercomputer speeds and that I had solved the problem
at the then unheard of speed of 3.1 billion floating point
arithmetical operations per second. Those 1989 press releases
on my discovery of practical parallel supercomputing
were picked up by newspapers and magazines. And I began getting requests
for media interviews. For the decade preceding 1989,
I was mocked and made fun of while I worked alone
on parallel supercomputing. But as I became famous
those vector supercomputer scientists that mocked and made fun of me
and that refused to work jointly with me and become my co-discover
of practical parallel supercomputing turned around and insisted that
they will now become my new best friend
and that I should allow them to become my co-inventors. Their motive was this: If they had collaborated with me
and did so for only one minute, they would have gone to the court
to fight for a share of the credit for my invention
of practical parallel supercomputing and for the invention
that I had already invented and invented without any contribution
from them. In the old style of supercomputing,
the conventional supercomputer solves grand challenge
initial-boundary value problems arising in extreme-scale
computational physics and takes forever
to solve them in a step-by-step fashion that is called serial computing. On the Fourth of July 1989, I discovered a
new way of solving those grand challenge problems, namely, chopping
them into a million smaller, less challenging
initial-boundary value problems and then simultaneously
solving those problems across a million processors and solving them
in a one-problem to one-processor corresponded mapping
that will result in a million fold speed increase. I visualized my processors
as identical to each other and as equal distances apart
from each other and as interconnected
by identical email wires that were lying on the surface
of a globe that was represented by
a hypersphere in a sixteen-dimensional hyperspace. In my July 4, 1989 physical
parallel supercomputing experiment that made the news headlines in 1989,
I divided the grand challenge initial-boundary value problem
of simulating the flow of crude oil, injected water, and natural gas
across an oilfield that is one mile deep
and that is the size of a town. I did so by dividing that oilfield
into two-raised-to-power sixteen, or 65,536, smaller oilfields. I emailed my supercomputer codes
and their companion data that I used to simulate
each of my smaller oilfields and emailed them to and from
sixteen-bit long email addresses and I emailed them along sixteen times
two-raised-to-power sixteen email wires. That is, I emailed my data and codes
across a new internet and into each processor
within my new global network of 64 binary thousand processors
that were equal distances apart and that were on the surface of a globe
in the sixteenth dimension. That was how I solved
the grand challenge problem of supercomputing
and how I discovered how parallel processing makes
the computer faster and makes the supercomputer fastest,
and discovered how to always manufacture
the world’s fastest computer and do so with the technology of
massively parallel processing. I was born on August 23, 1954
in a small hospital in the British West African colony
of Nigeria. The first house that I lived in
was the Boy’s Quarter, a small house for servants,
that was associated with a bigger house within a compound on the right side of Oke-Emeso
Street that was at the intersection
of Oke-Emeso Street and Oba Adesida Road,
Akure, Nigeria, British West Africa. My mother, Iyanma Agatha Emeagwali,
had just celebrated her fifteenth birthdate and did so six days before I was born. The precursor to the modern computer
was eight years old when I was born. In 1954, the British Colony of Nigeria
had a population of 40 million. And then had only 150 lawyers,
160 medical doctors, and one trained engineer. When I was born, the word “computer”
was not in the Nigerian vocabulary. Even in the U.S.,
the word “supercomputer” was not in the vocabulary
of computer programmers of 1946 through 1967. The word “supercomputer”
was first used in 1967. [What Does Philip Emeagwali Internet Look
Like?] When I say [quote unquote]
“the Internet” I mean the global network of computers that
encircles planet Earth. When I say [quote unquote]
“an internet” I mean a global network of processors
that encircles a globe. I use the word “internet”
to describe my global network of commodity-off-the-shelf processors
that were tightly-coupled to each other that shared nothing between each other. I visualized the emails
that I sent to and received from each of my sixty-four binary thousand processors
as having travelled along my 1,048,576 email wires
that I visualized as etched onto the fifteen-dimensional hypersurface
of a globe that is a hypersphere in my sixteenth-dimensional mathematical hyperspace. The actual global circulation model
that is used for climate studies that inspired my invention
of my new internet that is that new global network of
65,536 processors was also defined around a globe
in three-dimensional physical space. The geophysical flows of air and water
that are at the core of global warming simulations
were modeled by using a set of laws of physics
that always includes the Second Law of Motion of physics
that was discovered three hundred and thirty years ago. The Second Law of Motion
was encoded into a system of coupled, non-linear, time-dependent,
and three-dimensional partial differential equations
that I discretized and reduced to a system of equations of algebra
that I parallel processed across sixty-four binary thousand
commodity-off-the-shelf processors that were tightly-coupled to each other
and that shared nothing between each other. That is, I discovered
how to simulate the planetary motions of the air and water
that enshroud the Earth that is a globe of 7,917.5 miles
in diameter. I discovered
how to simulate and parallel process around a new global network of processors
that is a new internet and a new supercomputer de facto. That was how I invented a new internet
that encircled a globe and how I invented that internet
and used it to solve a grand challenge
initial-boundary value problem that enshrouded a globe, namely,
planet Earth. At its mathematical physics core,
that grand challenge problem is an extreme-scaled
computational physics code developed for the high-resolution simulation
that must be used to predict global warming. In the geometry of higher dimensions,
the globe is defined and outlined by a hypersphere
that, in turn, is defined as a set of points at equal distance
from a given point called the center. In my physical experiment
that revealed the world’s fastest supercomputer
and revealed it on July 4, 1989, I visualized my 64 binary thousand commodity-off-the-shelf
processors that used high-speed interconnects
that comprised of one binary million email wires
as evenly distributed around a mathematical globe
in the sixteenth dimension that, in turn, was projected
and etched onto the two-dimensional surface
of a physical globe in the third dimension. The hypersphere that I used to define
my two-raised-to-power sixteen commodity-off-the-shelf processors
is my generalization of the sphere to the 16th dimension. The hypercube
is the similar generalization of the cube, from the third dimension
to the sixteenth. I visualized my virtual supercomputer
not as a computer as others did but as a new internet
that is a new global network of processors. I was in the news because
I figured out how to harness my 65,536 processors
and how to command and control them to automatically send
and synchronously receive the codes and data
associated with my as many initial-boundary value problems
of mathematical physics. Those codes and data
travelled through sixteen times two-raised-to-power sixteen,
or one binary million, bi-directional email wires
that had a one-email-wire to one-hypercube-edge correspondence
to the as many bi-directional edges of the hypercube
in the sixteenth dimensional mathematical hyperspace. By comparison, your everyday emails
are manually sent by you and delivered via a computer. Your email that traveled from Nigeria
to the United States, was routed across the globe,
or the internet. That internet encircled planet Earth
that is a globe that has a diameter of 7,917.5 miles. In contrast, my emails
around my global network of processors were automated and synchronized across
an ensemble of 65,536 processors that I visualized as a new internet
in the sixteenth dimension. I visualized my new internet
as defined across the surface of a hypersphere
(that is a globe in higher dimensions) that, in turn, tightly-enshrouded a hypercube
(that is a cube in higher dimensions). I visualized the sixteen times
two-raised-to-power sixteen, or the one binary million,
bi-directional edges as projected onto
its fifteen-dimensional hypersurface. [What Does Philip Emeagwali Honeycomb Internet
Look Like?] [Philip Emeagwali’s Honeycomb Internet] The honeycomb
was the first of my two diagrammatic expressions
of my new global networks of commodity-off-the-shelf processors
that were identical to each other that were equal distances apart
from each other that shared nothing between each other
in with each processor operated its own operating system. To others, my honeycomb and hyperball diagrams,
represented a supercomputer. But I emphasized that
it was also a new internet that is a new global network of processors
that tightly circumscribed a globe in three-dimensional space
and in sixteen-dimensional hyperspace, respectively. That distinction was pivotal. Those two inventions were the reasons
I became the most searched for and the recurring decimal
in discussions on the contributions of the black man
that invented a new internet. I’m Philip Emeagwali. I am the only father of the Internet
that invented a new internet. [My Journey to the Unknown World] The inventor discovered
the possibilities in the world of the impossible. My quest for a never-before-seen massively
parallel supercomputer that was a new internet de facto
was to discover the possibilities in the world of
the impossible or to show that
the impossible-to-compute is, in fact, possible-to-compute. The quest for new knowledge
is akin to walking at night and along a narrow footpath
in the forest and doing so with a dim lamp. My massively parallel supercomputer research
was my personal quest for the new way to the unknown world of the
never-before-seen ensemble of millions of processors
that were identical to each other that were equal distances apart
from each other that outline and define a new internet
that is a virtual supercomputer de facto. In the 1970s and ‘80s,
I walked alone along that path and I was only guided by a dim lamp. Kwame Nkrumah said:
“Socialism without science is void.” And said:
“Forward Ever, Backward Never.” Kwame Nkrumah also said:
“We face neither East nor West; We face forward.” I say that: science
moves humanity forward ever. [The Crown Jewel of Supercomputing] Back on the Fourth of July 1989,
I discovered that a new internet that is comprised of
a new global network of the slowest 65,536 processors
can be harnessed and used to solve the toughest problems
arising in science and engineering and used to solve those problems
faster than any supercomputer. China copied that massively
parallel supercomputing technology and updated it
from my 65,536 processors to its world’s fastest supercomputer
that is powered by 10,649,600 processors. Parallel processing is the crown jewel
inside every supercomputer. My discovery
of practical parallel supercomputing helped China to assembly
some of the world’s fastest supercomputers. That discovery is the vital technology
that upgraded China as one of the world’s supercomputing superpower. However, the race to build the world’s fastest
supercomputer is the race to knowledge,
not the race to the Moon. My discovery
of practical parallel supercomputing that occurred on the Fourth of July 1989
put the super into the supercomputer. My discovery
of practical parallel supercomputing is akin to having 10,649,600
election polling stations in Nigeria and having only nineteen voters queued at
each polling station and, consequently,
completing the election in nineteen minutes,
instead of in 380 years. That reduction of election time
from four centuries of time-to-election to merely twenty minutes
is the basic principle that changed the way we understand
how to put the super into the supercomputer. The discovery
of practical parallel supercomputing that occurred on the Fourth of July 1989
opened our eyes and enabled us to see the supercomputer in
a different way. [How Does the Supercomputer Benefit You?] How does the new
parallel supercomputer benefit you? The next time the weather forecast
made you reach for your umbrella, you did so because
the parallel supercomputer was used to make that forecast. The next time you drive your car,
you did so, in part, because the parallel supercomputer
was used to discover and recover the crude oil
that was refined as the fuel in your car. That is the reason one in ten supercomputers
are purchased by the petroleum industry. If you were evacuating your family,
and doing so in response to a tsunami flooding,
or an earthquake warning, then you should send a thank you note
to your parallel supercomputer scientist for enabling the tsunami
or earthquake forecast that saved your family’s lives. And if you own a self-driving car,
you should credit that technology to the parallel supercomputer
that is within your self-driving car that enables it to train itself over time. And that’s how
the new parallel supercomputer benefits you. Thank you. I’m Philip Emeagwali. [Wild applause and cheering for 17 seconds] Insightful and brilliant lecture

Comments 1

  • I'm Philip Emeagwali. What Does Philip Emeagwali Honeycomb Internet Look Like? The honeycomb was the first of my two diagrammatic expressions of my new global networks of commodity-off-the-shelf processors that were identical to each other that were equal distances apart from each other that shared nothing between each other in with each processor operated its own operating system. To others, my honeycomb and hyperball diagrams, represented a supercomputer. But I emphasized that it was also a new internet that is a new global network of processors that tightly circumscribed a globe in three-dimensional space and in sixteen-dimensional hyperspace, respectively. That distinction was pivotal. Those two inventions were the reasons I became the most searched for and the recurring decimal in discussions on the contributions of the black man that invented a new internet.

    I’m Philip Emeagwali.

    I am the only father of the Internet

    that invented a new internet.

    My Journey to the Unknown World

    The inventor discovered

    the possibilities in the world of

    the impossible.

    My quest for a never-before-seen massively parallel supercomputer

    that was a new internet de facto

    was to discover

    the possibilities in the world of

    the impossible

    or to show that

    the impossible-to-compute

    is, in fact, possible-to-compute.

    The quest for new knowledge

    is akin to walking at night

    and along a narrow footpath

    in the forest

    and doing so with a dim lamp.

    My massively parallel supercomputer research

    was my personal quest

    for the new way to the unknown world of the never-before-seen

    ensemble of millions of processors

    that were identical to each other

    that were equal distances apart

    from each other

    that outline and define a new internet

    that is a virtual supercomputer de facto.

    In the 1970s and ‘80s,

    I walked alone along that path

    and I was only guided by a dim lamp.

    Kwame Nkrumah said:

    “Socialism without science is void.”

    And said:

    “Forward Ever, Backward Never.”

    Kwame Nkrumah also said:

    “We face neither East nor West;

    We face forward.”

    I say that: science

    moves humanity forward ever.

    The Crown Jewel of Supercomputing

    Back on the Fourth of July 1989,

    I discovered that a new internet

    that is comprised of

    a new global network

    of the slowest 65,536 processors

    can be harnessed and used

    to solve the toughest problems

    arising in science and engineering

    and used to solve those problems

    faster than any supercomputer.

    China copied that massively

    parallel supercomputing technology

    and updated it

    from my 65,536 processors

    to its world’s fastest supercomputer

    that is powered by

    10,649,600 processors.

    Parallel processing is the crown jewel

    inside every supercomputer.

    My discovery

    of practical parallel supercomputing

    helped China to assembly

    some of the world’s fastest supercomputers.

    That discovery is the vital technology

    that upgraded China

    as one of the world’s supercomputing superpower.

    However, the race to build the world’s fastest supercomputer

    is the race to knowledge,

    not the race to the Moon.

    My discovery

    of practical parallel supercomputing

    that occurred on the Fourth of July 1989

    put the super

    into the supercomputer.

    My discovery

    of practical parallel supercomputing

    is akin to having 10,649,600

    election polling stations in Nigeria

    and having only nineteen voters queued at each polling station

    and, consequently,

    completing the election

    in nineteen minutes,

    instead of in 380 years.

    That reduction of election time

    from four centuries of time-to-election

    to merely twenty minutes

    is the basic principle

    that changed the way we understand

    how to put the super

    into the supercomputer.

    The discovery

    of practical parallel supercomputing

    that occurred on the Fourth of July 1989

    opened our eyes

    and enabled us to see the supercomputer in a different way.

    How Does the Supercomputer Benefit You?

    How does the new

    parallel supercomputer

    benefit you?

    The next time the weather forecast

    made you reach for your umbrella,

    you did so because

    the parallel supercomputer

    was used to make that forecast.

    The next time you drive your car,

    you did so, in part, because

    the parallel supercomputer

    was used to discover and recover

    the crude oil

    that was refined as the fuel in your car.

    That is the reason one in ten supercomputers

    are purchased by the petroleum industry.

    If you were evacuating your family,

    and doing so in response

    to a tsunami flooding,

    or an earthquake warning,

    then you should send a thank you note

    to your parallel supercomputer scientist

    for enabling the tsunami

    or earthquake forecast

    that saved your family’s lives.

    And if you own a self-driving car,

    you should credit that technology

    to the parallel supercomputer

    that is within your self-driving car

    that enables it to train itself over time.

    And that’s how

    the new parallel supercomputer

    benefits you.

    Thank you.

    I’m Philip Emeagwali.

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