The Truth About Diamonds

The Truth About Diamonds An expensive meal at a fancy restaurant, a
declaration of romance, and a big, fat diamond ring- this is a pretty standard formula for
an engagement proposal. After all, it has been ingrained in all of us that a diamond
ring equals love and the bigger the diamond, the more love there must be. Well, believe
it or not, diamonds really aren’t all that rare. In fact, the reason diamonds cost so
much is more due to savvy (and sometimes unethical) business practices and incredibly successful
advertising campaigns than the actual inherent value of the stone based on supply and demand,
something anyone who has actually tried to sell a diamond quickly comes to realize. Here
now is the story of how and why we all fell in love with diamonds. The first known diamonds discovered by humans
happened about 700 or 800 BCE in India by the Dravidian people (who are still found
today in southern India and Sri Lanka). In fact, this is where we get the unit of weight
for diamonds, carats, from; they would weigh the diamonds in relation to the seeds of carob
tree. Diamonds appear in ancient tales dating back
to at least 2500 years ago, including ones involving Alexander the Great and Sinbad the
Sailor. Pliny the Elder, in his 78 AD encyclopedia Natural History, also spoke of diamonds. Eastern
traders brought them to Europe, along with silk, spices, and other exotic goods, and
they were used as valuable trade items. But those ancient diamonds weren’t the stunning,
brilliantly cut stones we know today. They were dirty, rarely cut or polished correctly,
and were often quite dull. The dazzling stones we recognize from modern times are put through
labor-intensive cutting and polishing (which is where much of the real, albeit relatively
small, value of all but the largest of diamonds actually derives from). As Joan Dickinson’s
book The Book of Diamonds puts it, diamonds could lie around unnoticed for decades in
the ground of India before a “knowledgeable eye (could) spot a diamond in the rough.”
Even with diamonds being found in the jungles of Brazil in the early 19th century, and including
India’s contribution, the entire world production of gem diamonds was only a few pounds per
year at this point. That all changed in 1869. Prior to 1869, South Africa’s main exports
were wool and sugar, nothing that was rare or native exclusive to the region. There was
really nothing there prior that interested Europe. (Hence why “The Scramble for Africa,”
the nickname for the European takeover of Africa, didn’t begin until 1881.) So what changed? In 1866, a young Boer (a
word referring to a South African farmer of Dutch or German descent) found a 22 carat
diamond (for comparison, nearly half the size of the Hope Diamond) in a stream bed near
Vaal River in modern-day South Africa. Three years later, an 83 carat diamond was found
by a shepherd boy near the Orange River in South Africa. Nicknamed the “Star of South
Africa,” the diamond touched off a rush in South Africa with the British leading the
way. Soon after, four mines were dry-dug and the largest diamond deposit ever was found.
The largest of these mines was called the Kimberley Mine, or the “Big Hole.” Diamonds came out of those mines by the ton.
The value of land in the region, and subsequently the rest of Africa due to the hope that there
were more diamonds to be found, shot up. A titanic struggle-turned-war for land began
between European powers, most notably Britain, and the Boer population who lived in the region.
For four months between December 1880 and March 1881, the First Anglo-Boer War raged.
The British would end up winning, but at a much higher cost of manpower than originally
thought. 408 British soldiers were killed, while only 41 Boers. 18 years later, the second
Anglo-Boer war would commence with even greater casualties. Meanwhile, the fighting and the sheer amount
of diamonds coming out of the South African mines were making the British owners of the
mines quite nervous. The value of their product depended on scarcity and demand. With too
many diamonds and a market fearful of the violence, the demand was dropping and value
of diamonds went down. In the late 1880s, diamonds were essentially a semiprecious stone
(equivalent to today’s turquoise or topaz) and many of the mines were at-risk of closing. Enter British native Cecil Rhodes who got
his start renting water pumps to miners in 1869 at the beginning of the South African
diamond rush. From the money earned, he bought up claims of land from smaller mining operations.
When many small operations were closing and selling land due to the over-saturation of
diamonds in the market, Rhodes was buying. Ignoring the more-established Kimberly Mine,
he made the purchase that would send him into history. The old De Beer mine was owned by
two Boer brothers, Johannes Nicolaas de Beer and Diederik Arnoldus. Rhodes bought it off
them for, at the time, a reasonable price. As Rhodes’ empire continued to grow, the
immensely wealthy Rothschild Family (or at least, their bank) providing some financial
backing (it is unclear how Rhodes and the Rothschild knew each other), and as every
other South African mine leveled off, the De Beers did not. In 1888, as diamond prices continued to fall,
there were only a few mine owners left, including Rhodes and his De Beers mine. The remaining
mine owners decided that the only way their industry would survive was, instead of competing
with one another, to consolidate and form one giant mining company. The intention was
to create a monopoly in the industry, centering all the production, mining, and lands in the
hands of one corporation. And that corporation was De Beers Consolidated Mines, Ltd headed
up by Cecil Rhodes. From that point forward, the De Beers Company was nearly the sole owner
of every single South African mine. Rhodes and De Beers created individual subsidiaries
and “trading companies,” to make it look like these were different companies operating
independently. They were not and all were part of the parent De Beers Company. Today,
these would be called shell corporations and would be illegal in most regions of the world.
Essentially, what De Beers was able to do was to set one standard, or “fixed,” diamond
price, with minimal fluctuation between their subsidiaries, and make it look like the market
set the price. Now, the actual supply and demand value didn’t matter anymore because
De Beers controlled all of the supply. As a 1982 The Atlantic article put it, “De
Beers proved to be the most successful cartel arrangement in the annals of modern commerce.” Upon Cecil Rhodes’ death in 1902, De Beers
owned ninety percent of the world’s (not just South Africa’s) diamond production,
but after years of ruthless business practices, his company was about to be outsmarted. The Premier mine (later called the Cullinan
mine, after the town it was located in) was one of the only mines not owned by De Beers,
despite overtures from the company about buying it. The owners didn’t want to contribute
to the De Beers monopoly, so instead they sold to independent dealers, the Oppenheimer
brothers. In 1905, the largest rough diamond ever found was in the Premier mine, weighing
in at an absurd 3,106 carats. Now, the Oppenheimer brothers, particularly Ernest Oppenheimer,
were in business. Ernest Oppenheimer knew that, while his own
Anglo American Corporation was doing well, no one would be able to defeat De
Beers at this time. So, he took the expression
“if you can’t beat them, join them” seriously. Using his newfound wealth, he bought
enough shares of De Beers to land himself on the board of the company. By 1926, he was
the second largest shareholder in the company, behind only Solly Joel. As it turned out,
Joel and Oppenheimer were friends and had already conceived a plan where Oppenheimer
would become chairman of the board. Oppenheimer did exactly this and renamed the company the
Diamond Corporation. The Oppenheimers would hold control of the company until 2011. In 1938, the diamond industry was again in
decline, thanks to the discovery of mines in Australia, Siberia, and Western Africa
and the Great Depression reducing sales, which again saturated the market. So, Ernest sent
his son, Harry, to New York City to meet with the ad agency N.W. Ayer, which was the same
agency that helped their financial backer Morgan Bank. Together, they realized that
the United States was a significantly under-tapped market for diamonds. They just need to figure
out a way to convince Americans to buy their product. They did just that by using the happiest
and, perhaps, occasionally most irrational of human emotions – love. Using newspapers, magazines, the new medium
of movies, and even a series of lectures at high schools across the nation centered around
diamond engagement rings, they constructed the illusion that diamonds equaled love, with
a bigger (and more expensive) diamond meaning more love. “A Diamond is Forever” was
shown in ads depicting young lovers getting married or on their honeymoon. (In truth,
diamonds are easily shattered, burnt and turned into carbon dioxide with the help of an abundant
supply of oxygen, chipped, etc.) These ads appeared everywhere, often using big name
movie actors to foster this connection. And it worked – by 1944, the sale of diamonds
had increased by 55 percent in the United States from just a few years before and were
now inexorably tied to love and marriage, as well as being seen as a highly valuable
item that would last forever. This idea of diamonds being “forever”
and to be passed on from generation to generation was a particularly important notion. You see,
as more and more diamonds were held by individuals, eventually there would be so many out there
that if people started trying to sell them, the reality of the value would be discovered
and the price of cut diamonds would also ultimately no longer be controllable by De Beers, something
not lost on the company. Thus, diamonds not only had to be forever held by the individual,
but the idea of buying a used diamond to show affection had to be firmly taboo. Harry Oppenheimer
commented on all this in 1971: A degree of control is necessary for the well-being
of the industry, not because production is excessive or demand is falling, but simply
because wide fluctuations in price, which have, rightly or wrongly, been accepted as
normal in the case of most raw materials, would be destructive of public confidence
in the case of a pure luxury such as gem diamonds, of which large stocks are held in the form
of jewelry by the general public. In any event, thanks to a virtual monopoly
and perhaps the most effective ad blitz of all time, diamonds were here to stay and,
again, De Beers could set its price, no matter if supply was high or low. In fact, the higher
the price, the more love one was now demonstrating. De Beers repeated these types of campaigns
throughout the developed world with resounding success. For instance, in Japan in 1967, diamond
engagement rings were given only 5% of the time. Within a decade, thanks to some savvy
advertising, more than half of all engagement rings in Japan had diamonds on them, with
that number rising steadily ever since. Today, thanks to a series of very recent events,
including several lawsuits and something in the way of a revolt by several diamond supplying
nations against De Beers, De Beers no longer has a stranglehold on the diamond market,
but the idea that diamonds are the traditional way to demonstrate true love and that one
should spend two months’ salary on a diamond engagement ring (an idea embedded into popular
culture via an old diamond ad campaign, first as one month’s salary, and later increased
to two with the slogan “How else could two-months’ salary last forever?”) has kept the diamond
industry remarkably profitable. After all, even for those who know all this about diamonds,
thanks to popular perception, giving the gift of a diamond is still the defacto way to convert
money into a demonstration of love, with no immediate end in sight.

Comments 100

  • Now that you know the truth about diamonds check out this video and find out about McRefugees and the Cyber-Homeless:

  • Didn't mention anything about the "lab grown" diamonds, commonly used for cutting tools. What would take the earth 1,000 years to create, can be manufactured in just a few months.

  • Diamonds are nice I suppose but bacon, now that's something special!

  • Let me teach you something Simon: The word Boer is not pronounced 'Bow-er', it's pronounced 'Boor'

  • If you want a truly beautiful, extremely rare gemstone to put in a ring, use either Alexandrite or Painite (that is, if you are able to find any Painite on the open market).

  • Yup! WORTHLESS!!!

  • Are you SURE Edward Louis Bernays DIDN'T have something to do with the Ad "Campaign"??

  • Did anyone else get an ad about the "specialness" of natural diamonds before the video?😂

  • Lol and a diamond ad comes on in the middle of this video…..

  • My husband knows I would throw him out if he ever spent that much money on something so worthless. My engagement ring had a garnet in it and cost 30$, I lost it (I can't keep up with jewelery, it gets in the way of working) and both our wedding rings together cost $150 and came from a local pawn shop. They are antique, unique and we like them. Mine does have a little Diamond in it, but that was just sort of incidental. Ladies, any and I mean ANY shmuck can spend money on a rock. Will he be a good, open, emotionally available parent and partner? Is he loyal and responsible? Is he mature? An expensive rock doesn't answer any of these questions. Don't marry a man who is willing to spend on something so pointless. And men, if she "has to have" that rock, it's really that important, you can find a smarter one.

  • Did anyone else get a commercial for Diamonds "Diamonds are real, Diamonds are rare"?

  • You really want to give your sweetie a precious gemstone? Give her a GENUINE Ruby, Saphire, Emerald engagement ring. Or really go all out and give her a NATURAL Alexandrite! But be prepared to pay handsomely. Because these stones actually are rare. And getting more rare by the day and year.

  • How appropriate… a diamond commercial before the video.

  • Seeing this old video of you actually made me chuckle 😂

  • I seriously had a diamond ad Right before this video started! “Real is Rare. Real is a Diamond”. I sell rocks, so I laughed (knowing they’re plentiful) not knowing auto-play chose This video.

  • Simon looks odd without his beard and glasses. I didn't actually recognize him at first.

  • Anyone else got a diamond ad after watching this video that talked about diamonds?

  • If it wasn't for the voice, I would barely recognize Simon without his trademark beard and glasses. That said, another great video!

  • And because major diamond dealers buy up all the diamonds off the market and basically store them and keep many off the market to make them more valuable on the market

  • The more I learn about diamonds, the more I realize we've been scammed. But I'd still be disappointed if my fiance got me a CZ ring. Evem though I've seen some beautiful CZs. It's like you want your fiance to put a little effort into buying an engagement ring. Not go broke, but at least buy something of value that shows he thinks you are worth it. I know, my thinking is not logical. 😂😢🙃

  • I wear diamonds because I don’t mind losing them.., they aren’t rare and they aren’t special

  • A cartel manipulating a market… classic American Government strategy… diamonds are not rare with an American Alaskan mine pulling over 3 million in diamonds per day these stones mostly get used in drill bits for other mines and power tools today…

  • I’ve never bought a diamond and never plan to. They are just rocks.

  • I am interested in lab grown gems rather than mined ones any way.

  • Pause…..🤔 taps on a "Truth about diamonds" video, only to wait five seconds to skip a diamond commercial….😨

  • @7:36 the same thing was said twice. @7:26 the same thing was said twice.

  • I almost didn't recognise Simon here, damn.

  • Ah the diamond trade… keeping slavery alive and well into the 21st century, and yet people actually want them for some strange reason. Also there's de Beers being a cartel, which is what turned me off to them as a kid, finding out about the children enslaved to mine them or fight wars over them just cemented it for me.

  • Johnny sins lol

  • Female friend: An engagement ring has to be diamond.
    Me: Why?
    It just has to.
    Because diamonds are the hardest substance, and therefore the most precious.
    You know DeBeers artificially creates a shortage in the world diamond market, right?
    Can it be a cubic zirconia if you can't tell the difference with the naked eye?
    Why not?
    Because cubic zirconias are cheap.
    So it's about how much he spends?
    No, diamonds are special.
    What if someday manufactured diamonds are identical in every way to mined diamonds but 1/10 the price.
    Then it is about the price, and you can't pretend different. How about I get her a manufactured diamond and write her a check for the difference?

  • Amazing the difference a beard can make 🤔😄

  • How far down your comments do you guys actually read? This is not the first video I've watched where Simon has butchered South African pronunciation (although I can't guarantee that it wasn't on Biographics or TopTenz).

    Reading through the comments, there are more than enough South African subscribers, that can help you with pronunciation… and I wasn't the only one who took issue with how you pronounce "Boer" (although your mispronunciation of "Cullinan" seems to have mostly slipped under the radar). You guys have a very loyal subscriber base so put us to use.

  • Diamond s are currently valueless in the market.

  • #truth and #Facts

  • We have allowed marketers to own us. Ridiculous.

  • Nice message and all…but too bad majority of women will brush it all off and continue to be obsessed with and will still demand these shiny dense chunks of carbon.
    This video is a Cry on Deaf Ears

  • oh those jews..

  • Wow. No glasses or beard ? Who is this guy ?

  • It's still just a rock

  • Interestingly, the diamond prices have dropped significantly since this video was made. Especially if you are trying to sell one that you own, of course. My father recently wanted to sell a diamond ring with over one carat (a family heirloom) and the estimated value of the ring dropped almost two thirds from when it was appreciated last time about 10 years ago.

  • I hate diamonds they're a waste of fucking money.

  • for women- Diamonds are a girls best friend….. for men- a dog is your best friend.

  • Fascinating episode.

  • Gaaaah! Hairless Whistler from 3 years ago!

  • Diamonds make my wifes pussy drip!, there worth every penny.

  • The British did NOT win the first Anglo Boer war…Know your facts

  • Wish we had a carrot tree when I was a kid. We had to dig them out of the ground.

  • I'd be much more attracted to a pearl, mis shapen of fine but I'd have to have found it myself. Or a nicely shaped piece of turquoise.
    I have nothing against diamonds but those that are attracted to them repel me

  • Was there a glitch in the matrix at 7:21 or did you repeat yourself word for word but with a different background?

  • Should be one in every Crackerjack box…..

  • So the real value of diamonds is to make cutting tool bits, and saw blades. Crush all the lesser diamonds, keeps the value of the gem quality ones high.

  • Can we stop antagonizing De Beers? People want to make profit all the time and it's natural. Diamond's demand is high because of its extreme durability and is the resson why its price is so high. They're being sold for the wrong reason.

  • The South African land take over began in 1600 when the natives were massacred and their land and livestock taken by force. Gold and diamond were always at the natives disposal. There are no clean diamonds coming from South African mines.

  • How is a chunk rock absurd?!

  • A "two month" diamond is a warning sign. Get as far away from that kind of epic stupidity as quickly as possible. Do you want to spend the rest of your life with someone that irresponsible? Had my husband asked with a ring like that I'd have slapped the stupid out of him.

  • Do you mean when the European went and murder the south afrcans for their own rock's?

  • 7:16 Thought i heard this wrong before i skipped back lol.

  • I'm from Kimberly South Africa. Here the diamonds are so vast, that we don't use currency. We tried directly with diamonds

  • Today you found out that 'Boer' is pronounced like door 'boor' or more like boowr and means farmer. Just so you know. 😀

  • You lost me at "BCE"

  • I grew up in Kimberly South Africa and the town has so much history but has seen so little development.

    Diamonds came out by the ton and yet poverty and unemployment are still issues faced by South Africans
    I guess its just another African story

  • Beautiful colourful opals from Oz are much prettier than those transparent rocks.

  • wow, i think i like the new look, dont hide those nice eyes behind glasses again

  • "DeBeers no longer has a stranglehold on the diamond market"…LOL! That's rich. I'm sure in your research, you read that somewhere, but trust me, they are in full control of the gem quality diamond industry. They also deal in diamond powder, which is probably the best in the world in it's own right and probably "pound for pound" more valuable that the stones. At least the natural.

    If you've ever been to a gravel yard, you'll get this next comparison: DeBeers has warehouses where diamonds are piled up like gravel or sand in a gravel yard. Piles that look like small mountains. This allows them to control the price of the stones and whether you think so or not, yes, they do in fact still control the prices. They have very deliberate practices where they will sneak into NYC and literally smuggle in the finest diamonds and sell a small amount and that will be it for as much as a year or more. As far as I know, they are still working out details on their bid to re-enter the US after being banned since 1948 for working with GE to "fix prices" on industrial diamond powder (my business). It seems after paying some hefty fines, they are all but back in the US by some accounts. Now, regarding the stones you or I typically buy, they are more easily imported thru 3d party companies or DeBeers "associates". But again, this many be happening directly now. Just not enough concrete news that everything has been worked out after that big 2012 payout. Either way, there's no shortage of average quality diamonds in America today.

    Before DeBeers, not only was the practice of giving diamond rings for marriage engagements non existent, but giving rings as a symbolic betrothment wasn't even common practice. When it was done, it usually involved a different type of stone, or even a stone-less ring. Yes, DeBeers was and still is a master marketing giant. In fact, the ploy to get men to spend 1, 2 and now 3 months salary on a diamond ring has become so ingrained into American culture, that people see it as the rule for getting married, even though it is all attributed to DeBeers wanting to sell more diamonds and feeding a narrative that was/is extremely effective. Believe it or not, there are actually people who believe that salary thing is an actual law. LOL!

    Now, if you are a woman who doesn't want to know the truth, or a man who's just spent a fortune on a ring, you might want to skip this next paragraph.

    A "typical" 1 ct round cut diamond is probably worth about $20 at best, but since DeBeers withholds/hoards, they can continue to push an artificially inflated value. The truth is, the gold on an engagement ring is worth far more than the diamond/s and if not for Ebay and other online auction sites, selling a diamond ring second hand would still get you a fraction of what you paid for it. Even now, a second hand ring goes for about 1/3 the new value, with the gold being the biggest part of that cost. However, you can still find a slightly better price for a "new" ring if you shop around. First, don't go to anyone shady, or you may not be getting real gold or diamonds. Second: If you tell you the diamond is "certified", that BS nonsense. There is no such thing as diamond certification. And third: Do your homework. Learn about the 3 C's and always ask to look at the stones with magnification against a black background. If they are "reputable" (very subjective), they will even point out the inclusions. Of course, they are typically pointing out inclusions to sucker you into getting a higher priced stone with less imperfection. The fact is, while under magnification the inclusions look gigantic, the odds are, your fiance will never even know they are there. If everything is decent enough to make it sparkle, inclusions aren't going to matter.

    I've dealt with DeBeers diamond since 1998, but the powder variety. However, the owner of the company I worked for purchased so much powder (via a 3d party, of course) that the Oppenheimer's would invite him to Ireland several times and once, when he got married, they took him into a special room with diamonds that were, in fact, extremely valuable and housed in special display cases. Told him to pick any one he wanted as their gift for his engagement. When I was getting married, he spoke to them about getting me a stone at a discount. Even at 75% less, I still couldn't afford the price. Sadly for me, this would have been one of the rare occasions where the diamond was actually worth the money. Frankly, they were very generous with us. Likely because we'd been business partners for so long.

    I'm still in the business, but haven't dealt with DeBeers in several years. However, I deal in nanodiamonds now. It's an interesting product from gems all the way to powders. And finally, you made a reference that diamonds are not forever and can be shattered, etc…People are going to get the wrong impression. The fact is, diamond are the hardest naturally occurring mineral. In fact, the only way to polish a diamond is with diamond slurry, compound, or suspension. Nothing else is going to do it. If you want that in technical terms, on the Vicker's test, diamond is rated at 10,000 HV. The next hardest mineral is martensite at a mere 1,000 HV. Carbon atoms in diamonds are connected in a lattice structure which facilitates this extreme hardness. So, it's the molecular make up that creates this strength.

  • 2 months? I've always heard 3

  • Diamonds – the most expensive way to have sex……

  • jewelers know that if you pay $10,000 US Dollars for a diamond at a "high-end jewelry store" and want to sell it latter, the true market value is $1,500 so you pay an overprice of $8,500 or the profit margin of the store is 550%

  • Man now I really don't want to get married

  • Mgtow boys, if she can't handle the spider ring, she isn't wife material. Hoes are going to put de beers out of business.

  • Diamonds to me it's just glass for goodness sake
    What's love got to with it
    Respect trust and understanding is much cheaper

  • The fact that diamonds are found in increadible numbers in some places and not at all in others is what drove hysteria. Historically this had a big impact. We all want what we cant have.

  • I forgot what you looked like without a beard and the old format you giys have come a long way good job

  • I haft a 6ct raw olive green diamond .and a 1/2ct white diamond i keep as a pet rock named freckles because of its colourful sparkles

  • Just a small fact it is not pronounced Bo-er, it is pronounced Boor, like a Moor.

  • Diamonds don't mean love; they mean wealth.

  • Diamonds are popular because women want them and men want blow jobs.

  • De beers will wait til hell freezes over before I buy a diamond

  • Bowers ! LMFAO ! Why don't people research the correct pronunciation of names etc.. as much as they do the topic ?

  • What foolish men will do to get into a girls knickers. Just buy them at M&S.

  • I gave my wife an amethyst engagement ring. An amethyst stone is a clear purple gem stone that is very pretty. She loved it because it was beautiful and because she is educated in the blood diamond issue, and because she knows it's a scam.

  • Give her Cubic Zirconia and she will probably never know the difference and you save thousands.

  • I learnt a lot, thanks Simon, I enjoyed this one. 💎

  • too right, i worked in the colored gem market for most of my working life, we always knew that diamonds were a con trick and that they were readily available in the ground. the surprising thing is in how easily people are conned. from how it looks many people desperately want to be conned as they fall for the same old trick time after time.

  • This african prince ain't buying into the scam

  • I believe we do know how Rhodes became associated with the Rothschilds. They financed all sides of every situation throughout Europe. A good place to start looking is with Milner and House.

  • Not if IM playing minicraft

  • Married for 37 years. We bought an affordable 1/2 ct. diamond wedding band from Service Merchandise. They had a deal that would give us the money paid towards a more expensive ring, so we upgraded 3 times before they went out of business. Then her mom died and left her a really nice diamond ring and now she wears that most of the time. I scrapped my first ring after beating it up and got a nicer round edge gold band. So, I guess diamonds are a girl's best friend… but they're Not forever… ha.

  • BCE? You just lost me as a viewer.

  • It's funny how the public goes along with scams like diamonds, insurance, lotteries, etc. You think at some point people would catch on but they don't. Diamonds are not rare whatsoever, are not valuable and have absolutely nothing to do with how much you love someone. Not only that if you watched the movie "Blood Diamond" there's a very darkside to them. I assure you I will never take part in this scam.

  • People are fucking gullibly STUPID!

  • Buying jewelry is the only thing worse than buying a new car.

  • where is your specs.

  • Diamonds Are A Girls Best Friend @

  • I am pretty sure you can still buy handbook with all details you need on woodprix.

  • This vid pretty much sums up the fall of Africa..the richest country on earth.

  • So many gems are more nice looking than a diamond. Not sure why women like them. That don’t look much more interesting than a piece of glass

  • Mr. Biden knows a little about shell corporations.

  • And America knows a little about hiding anti-trust. Populations explode to cover labor demands supplying a deficit machine. The women want to rule that machine because they know.

  • bruh, boer is read as "boor" like broom but boor not boa

  • A relationship should be built on trust, otherwise, how do you know that she won't tell your wife later.

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