The History of Mount Rushmore for Kids: Famous Landmarks for Children – FreeSchool

You’re watching FreeSchool! Located in the Black Hills of South Dakota,
Mount Rushmore is a monumental sculpture carved into the side of a mountain, depicting four
of the most famous and influential presidents in the history of the United States of America:
George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Abraham Lincoln, and Theodore Roosevelt. The idea for the sculpture was suggested in
1923 as a way to bring visitors to South Dakota, and sculptor Gutzon Borglum was selected to
create it. Congress approved the project in 1925, but
work didn’t begin until October 4, 1927. Over the next 14 years, 400 workers blasted
more than 400,000 tons of rock off the mountainside using dynamite, finishing the details with
jackhammers and chisels. Despite the dangerous conditions, no one died
during the construction of Mount Rushmore! The face of George Washington was finished
first in 1934, followed by Thomas Jefferson in 1936. Thomas Jefferson had been planned to stand
on Washington’s right, but when the rock on that side was found to be bad for carving,
all the carving that had been done was blown off with dynamite and he was moved to the
other side. Abraham Lincoln’s face was finished in 1937,
and Theodore Roosevelt was the last one done in 1939. Mount Rushmore cost less than one million
dollars to complete. Originally, the sculptures were supposed to
show the presidents down to their waists, but the builders ran out of money and so they
just made the heads. The heads of the presidents are 60 feet or
18 meters tall – that’s the height of a six-story building! Their eyes are each 11 feet or 3.3 meters
across and their noses are 20 feet or 6 meters long. Today Mount Rushmore is carefully maintained
to prevent cracking. Each year trained mountain climbers scale
the monument and seal tiny cracks before they can grow and cause parts to break off! Between two and three million people visit
Mount Rushmore each year, to see the colossal presidents, making it the most popular tourist
attraction in South Dakota. I hope you enjoyed learning about Mount Rushmore
today. Goodbye till next time!

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