The Animated History of Germany | Part 1


Germany is located right in the center of Europe between its two largest neighbors France and Poland Strap yourselves in for a complicated one when the romans arrived in Germany, they found a land inhabited By melting pots of celtic and germanic peoples the diversity of the region didn’t interest the Romans who called the land West of the Rhine River Goal and East of the River Romania the germanic peoples really good at fighting the Romans But the people in these regions lived mostly agrarian lifestyles in independent tribes the small tribe soon became fewer big tribes these tribes weren’t a nation as such but a conglomeration of Independent smaller States for centuries Which is the reason why there are so many names for the German nation to this day? the Germans expanded further into the weakening Roman empire this great migration period Eventually became known as the great migration period Historians aren’t very creative One of the tribes called the Franks dominated the region and slowly conquered all of France Germany the low countries And parts of italy under the Merovingian and [Carolingian] dynasties much of this conquest can be attributed to charlemagne also known as charles the great Charlemagne’s Empire became the foundation of the [holy] [Roman] [Empire] the symbolic successor to the actual Roman empire the Empire was split into three kingdoms East West and Middle Frankia East Frankie eventually came under the control of Ottawa of Saxony who married into the Italian kingdom leading the pub to revive [the] holy Roman Empire establishment of the state became one of the many precursors for the division of the Catholic and Orthodox Church the latter of which was still firmly controlled by the Eastern Roman Byzantines from the 11th to the 13th century the holy Roman Empire was a key nation in the crusades which began as military expeditions to the Holy land against the growing seljuk Turk empire in 1230 the German Teutonic order of Knights Annex an area called prussia in an attempt to eliminate the remnant pagans from Europe around the same time German Towns and Villages were being settled in areas outside the empire into poland and hungary leading to areas of high Diversity and ethnic ambiguity the best way to describe the holy Roman Empire for the next few centuries is a very loosely united monarchy with many smaller kingdoms and duchess with varying degrees of power and autonomy the German lawyer Martin Luther began a period of change in the Catholic church which became known as the Protestant reformation Making Germany a key focus in the splitting of the church for a second time two kingdoms in the Empire rose to dominate the rest Habsburg Austria in the south and Brandenburg prussia in the North these two kingdoms became intense rivals fighting wars and annexing large amounts of territory outside the Empire both kingdoms fed very Badly during the Napoleonic Wars and the Holy Roman Empire was officially abolished by the French empire who came to influence much of western Europe the French revolution began a decades-long rising nationalism in Germany and many of the people saw to unify into a single nation by 1866 Pressure Had become the dominant Power after the Seven-week war against Austria and set up the Northern germanic Confederation in the following year notably excluding their austrian rivals this became the German empire just four years later the first modern German nation state Germany was propelled to superpower status and even became involved in overseas colonization Tensions were high in Europe and many distrusted the new powerful nation that had just appeared This led to so many alliances in Europe since nobody trusted anybody anymore and each nation had two big aside in Case war broke out and this preparation for war inevitably became its precursor when the slavic nationalistic of [Rilla] princip Assassinated heir to the Austrian throne in 1914 or brag out in Europe between the central powers and the allies Germany ended up being a key aggressor in the war and was blamed for most of the atrocities committed during battle Extremely harsh war reparations were imposed on the state and much of its territory was stripped to the treaty of versailles this crippled the German economy and angst against the allied powers Led to the rise of National Socialism with adolf Hitler one of its main Advocates Rising to power and the resentment held by the common people hitler became chancellor in the year nineteen Thirty three Instituting radical reforms and imposing strict national socialist ideals on the nation which became known [to] the west as nazi Germany the regime was highly Anti-semitic and allied itself with fascist italy and imperial Japan to form the axis powers of World War two After a rapid expansion and then military declined Nazi Germany was defeated and divided along the zones of occupation by allied powers western East Germany continued his neighbors for the next few decades in the Berlin wall was erected around West Berlin to prevent defectors from the Communist East Germany By 1990 the Communist east collapsed being reunited with west Germany the new German Republic is known for its high quality of living exceptional engineering and for playing a key role in rebuilding Europe being one of the key founders of the European union and the Eurozone Thank you [very] much for watching don’t forget to like and subscribe, and we’ll see you next time

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