Slavery – Crash Course US History #13


Hi, I’m John Green, this is Crash Course U.S.
History, and today, we’re going to talk about slavery,
which is not funny. Yeah, so we put a lei on the eagle to
try and cheer you up, but let’s face it, this
is going to be depressing. With slavery, every time you think, like,
“Aw, it couldn’t have been that bad,” it turns
out to have been much worse. Mr. Green, Mr. Green! But what about – Yeah, Me from the Past, I’m going to stop you right
there, because you’re going to embarrass yourself. Slavery was hugely important to America. I mean, it led to a civil war and it also lasted what,
at least in U.S. history, counts as a long-ass time,
from 1619 to 1865. And yes, I know there’s a 1200-year-old church
in your neighborhood in Denmark, but we’re not
talking about Denmark! But slavery is most important because we still
struggle with its legacy. So, yes, today’s episode will probably not
be funny, but it will be important. [Theme Music] So the slave-based economy in the South is
sometimes characterized as having been separate from
the Market Revolution, but that’s not really the case. Without southern cotton, the North wouldn’t have been
able to industrialize, at least not as quickly, because
cotton textiles were one of the first industrially products. And the most important commodity in world trade
by the nineteenth century, and 3/4 of the world’s
cotton came from the American South. And speaking of cotton, why has no one mentioned
to me that my collar has been half popped this entire
episode, like I’m trying to recreate the Flying Nun’s hat. And although there were increasingly fewer slaves
in the North as northern states outlawed slavery, cotton shipments overseas made northern
merchants rich. Northern bankers financed the purchase of
land for plantations. Northern insurance companies insured slaves
who were, after all, considered property, and
very valuable property. And in addition to turning cotton into cloth
for sale overseas, northern manufacturers
sold cloth back to the South, where it was used to clothe the very slaves
who had cultivated it. But certainly the most prominent effects of
the slave-based economy were seen in the South. The profitability of slaved-based agriculture,
especially King Cotton, meant that the South
would remain largely agricultural and rural. Slave states were home to a few cities, like
St. Louis and Baltimore, but with the exception
of New Orleans, almost all southern urbanization took place in the upper
South, further away from the large cotton plantations. And slave-based agriculture was so profitable
that it siphoned money away from other economic
endeavors. Like, there was very little industry in the
South. It produced only 10% of the nation’s manufactured
goods. And, as most of the capital was being plowed into
the purchase of slaves, there was very little room for
technological innovation, like, for instance, railroads. This lack of industry and railroads would
eventually make the South suck at the Civil
War, thankfully. In short, slavery dominated the South, shaping
it both economically and culturally, and slavery
wasn’t a minor aspect of American society. By 1860, there were four million slaves in
the U.S., and in the South, they made up one
third of the total population. Although in the popular imagination, most plantations
were these sprawling affairs with hundreds of slaves, in reality, the majority of slaveholders
owned five or fewer slaves. And, of course, most white people in the South owned
no slaves at all, though, if they could afford to, they
would sometimes rent slaves to help with their work. These were the so-called yeoman farmers who
lived self-sufficiently, raised their own food, and
purchased very little in the Market Economy. They worked the poorest land and, as a result,
were mostly pretty poor themselves. But even they largely supported slavery,
partly, perhaps, for aspirational reasons, and partly because the racism inherent to the system
gave even the poorest whites legal and social status. And southern intellectuals worked hard to
encourage these ideas of white solidarity
and to make the case for slavery. Many of the founders, a bunch of whom you’ll remember,
held slaves, saw slavery as a necessary evil. Jefferson once wrote, quote, “As it is, we
have the wolf by the ear, and we can neither
hold him, nor safely let him go. Justice is on one scale, and self-preservation
in the other.” The belief that justice and self-preservation
couldn’t sit on the same side of the scale
was really opposed to the American idea, and, in the end, it would make the Civil War inevitable. But as slavery became more entrenched in
these ideas of liberty and political equality were
embraced by more people, some southerners began to make the case
that slavery wasn’t just a necessary evil. They argued, for instance, that slaves benefited
from slavery. Because, you know, because their masters fed
them and clothed them and took care of them
in their old age. You still hear this argument today, astonishingly. In fact, you’ll probably see asshats in the
comments saying that in the comments. I will remind you, it’s not cursing if you
are referring to an actual ass. This paternalism allowed masters to see themselves
as benevolent and to contrast their family-oriented
slavery with the cold, mercenary Capitalism
of the free-labor North. So yeah, in the face of rising criticism of
slavery, some southerners began to argue that the
institution was actually good for the social order. One of the best-known proponents of this view
was John C. Calhoun, who, in 1837, said this
in a speech on the Senate floor: “I hold that, in the present state of civilization, where two races of different origin and
distinguished by color and other physical differences
as well as intellectual, are brought together, the relation now existing in the slave-holding states
between the two is, instead of an evil, a good. A positive good.” Now, of course, John C. Calhoun was a fringe
politician, and nobody took his views particularly
seriously. Stan: Well, he was Secretary of State from
1844 to 1845. John: Well, I mean, who really cares about
the Secretary of State, Stan? Danica: Eh, he was also Secretary of War from
1817 to 1825. John: All right, but we don’t even have a Secretary
of War anymore, so… Meredith: And he was Vice President from 1825
to 1832. John: Oh my god, were we insane?! We were, of course, but we justified the insanity
with Biblical passages and with the examples
of the Greeks and Romans, and with outright racism, arguing that black
people were inherently inferior to whites. And that not to keep them in slavery would
upset the natural order of things. A worldview popularized millennia ago by my
nemesis, Aristotle. God, I hate Aristotle. You know what defenders of Aristotle always
say? “He was the first person to identify dolphins.” Well, ok, dolphin identifier. Yes, that is what he should be remembered
for, but he’s a terrible philosopher! Here’s the truth about slavery: It was coerced labor that relied upon intimidation
and brutality and dehumanization. And this wasn’t just a cultural system, it
was a legal one. I mean, Louisiana law proclaimed that a slave
“owes his master… a respect without bounds,
and an absolute obedience.” The signal feature of slaves’ lives was work. I mean, conditions and tasks varied, but all
slaves labored, usually from sunup to sundown,
and almost always without any pay. Most slaves worked in agriculture on plantations,
and conditions were different, depending on
which crops are grown. Like, slaves on the rice plantations of South
Carolina had terrible working conditions, but they labored under the task system, which meant
that once they had completed their allotted daily work,
they would have time to do other things. But lest you imagine this is like how we have
work and leisure time, bear in mind that they
were owned and treated as property. On cotton plantations, most slaves worked
in gangs, usually under the control of an overseer,
or another slave who was called a “driver.” This was back-breaking work done in the southern sun
and humidity, and so it’s not surprising that whippings – – or the threat of them – were often
necessary to get slaves to work. It’s easy enough to talk about the brutality of slave
discipline, but it can be difficult to internalize it. Like, you look at these pictures, but because
you’ve seen them over and over again, they don’t
have the power they once might have. The pictures can tell a story about cruelty,
but they don’t necessarily communicate how
arbitrary it all was. As, for example, in this story, told by a
woman who was a slave as a young girl: “[The] overseer… went to my father one morning
and said, “Bob, I’m gonna whip you this morning.” Daddy said, “I ain’t done nothing,” and he
said, “I know it, I’m going to whip you to
keep you from doing nothing,” and he hit him with that cowhide – you know
it would cut the blood out of you with every lick
if they hit you hard.” That brutality – the whippings, the brandings,
the rape – was real, and it was intentional, because, in order for slavery to function,
slaves had to be dehumanized. This enabled slaveholders to rationalize what
they were doing, and it was hoped to reduce
slaves to the animal property that is implied
by the term “chattel slavery.” So the idea was that slaveholders wouldn’t
think of their slaves as human, and slaves
wouldn’t think of themselves as human. But it didn’t work.
Let’s go to the Thought Bubble. Slaves’ resistance to their dehumanization
took many forms, but the primary way was by
forming families. Family was a refuge for slaves and a source of
dignity that masters recognized and sought to stifle. A paternalistic slave owner named Bennet H. Barrow
wrote in his rules for the Highland Plantation: “No rule that I have stated is of more
importance than that relating to Negroes
marrying outside of the plantation… It creates a feeling of independence.” Most slaves did marry, usually for life, and,
when possible, slaves grew up in two-parent
households. Single-parent households were common, though,
as a result of one parent being sold. In the upper South, where the economy was
shifting from tobacco to different, less labor-intensive
cash crops, the sale of slaves was common. Perhaps one-third of slave marriages in states
like Virginia were broken up by sale. Religion was also an important part of life
in slavery. While masters wanted their slaves to learn
the parts of the Bible that talked about being
happy in bondage, slave worship tended to focus on the stories of Exodus,
where Moses brought the slaves out of bondage, or Biblical heroes, who overcame great
odds, like Daniel and David. And, although most slaves were forbidden to
learn to read and write, many did anyway. And some became preachers. Slave preachers were often very charismatic
leaders, and they roused the suspicion of
slave owners, and not without reason. Two of the most important slave uprisings
in the South were led by preachers. Thanks, Thought Bubble. Oh, it’s time for the Mystery Document? We’re doing two set pieces in a row? All right.
[buzzing noise] [music] The rules here are simple. I wanted to re-shoot that, but Stan said no. I guess the author of the Mystery Document. If I am wrong, I get shocked with the shock
pen. “Since I have been in the Queen’s dominions
I have been well contented, yes well contented
for sure, man is as God intended he should be. That is, all are born free and equal. This is a wholesome law, not like the southern
laws which puts man made in the image of God
on level with brutes. O, what will become of the people, and where
will they stand in the day of judgment. Would that the 5th verse of the 3rd chapter
of Malachi were written as with a bar of iron, and the point of a diamond upon every
oppressor’s heart that they might repent of this
evil, and let the oppressed go free…” All right, it’s definitely a preacher, because
only preachers have read Malachi. Probably African American, probably not someone
from the South. I’m going to guess that it is Richard Allen,
the founder of the African Methodist Episcopal
Church? [buzzing noise]
DAAAH, DANG IT! It’s Joseph Taper, and Stan just pointed out
to me that I should have known it was Joseph
Taper because it starts out, “Since I have been in the Queen’s dominions…” He was in Canada. He escaped slavery to
Canada. The Queen’s dominions! All right, Canadians, I blame you for this,
although, thank you for abolishing slavery
decades before we did. [electric sounds] AHHH! So, the Mystery Document shows one of the
primary ways that slaves resisted their oppression:
by running away. Although some slaves like Joseph Taper escaped
for good by running away to northern free states, or even to Canada, where they wouldn’t
have to worry about fugitive slave laws, even more slaves ran away temporarily, hiding out
in the woods or the swamps, and eventually returning. No one knows exactly how many slaves escaped
to freedom, but the best estimate is that a thousand
or so a year made the journey northward. Most fugitive slaves were young men, but the
most famous runaway has been hanging out behind
me all day long: Harriet Tubman. Harriet Tubman escaped to Philadelphia at
the age of 29, and over the course of her life, she made about 20 trips back to Maryland
to help friends and relatives make the journey
north on the Underground Railroad. But a more dramatic form of resistance to
slavery was actual, armed rebellion, which
was attempted. Now, individuals sometimes took matters into
their own hands and beat or even killed their
white overseers or masters. Like Bob, the guy who received the arbitrary
beating, responded to it by killing his overseer
with a hoe. But that said, large-scale slave uprisings
were relatively rare. The four most famous ones all took place in a
35-year period at the beginning of the 19th century. Gabriel’s Rebellion in 1800 – which we’ve
talked about before – was discovered before
he was able to carry out his plot. Then, in 1811, a group of slaves upriver from
New Orleans seized cane, knives, and guns, and
marched on the city before militia stopped them. And in 1822, Denmark Vesey, a former slave
who had purchased his freedom, may have organized
a plot to destroy Charleston, South Carolina. I say “may have” because the evidence against him
is disputed and comes from a trial that was not fair. But regardless, the end result of that trial
was that he was executed, as were 34 slaves. But the most successful slave rebellion, at
least in the sense that they actually killed some
people, was Nat Turner’s in August 1831. Turner was a preacher, and with a group of
about 80 slaves, he marched from farm to farm
in South Hampton County, Virginia, killing the inhabitants, most of whom were women
and children, because the men were attending a
religious revival meeting in North Carolina. Turner and 17 other rebels were captured and
executed, but not before they struck terror into the
hearts of whites all across the American South. Virginia’s response was to make slavery worse,
passing even harsher laws that forbade slaves from
preaching, and prohibited teaching them to read. Other slave states followed Virginia’s lead and, by
the 1830s, slavery had grown, if anything, more harsh. So, this shows that large-scaled armed
resistance was – Django Unchained aside – not just suicidal, but also a threat to loved
ones and, really, to all slaves. But, it is hugely important to emphasize that
slaves did resist their oppression. Sometimes this meant taking up arms, but usually
it meant more subtle forms of resistance, like intentional work slowdowns or sabotaging
equipment, or pretending not to understand instructions. And, most importantly, in the face of systematic
legal and cultural degradation, they re-affirmed
their humanity through family and through faith. Why is this so important? Because too often in America, we still talk
about slaves as if they failed to rise up, when, in fact, rising up would not have made
life better for them or for their families. The truth is, sometimes carving out an identity as a human being in a social order that is constantly seeking to dehumanize you, is the most powerful form of resistance. Refusing to become the chattel that their masters believed them to be is what made slavery untenable and the Civil War inevitable, so make no mistake, slaves fought back. And in the end, they won.
I’ll see you next week. Crash Course is produced and directed by Stan
Muller. The script supervisor is Meredith Danko. Our associate producer is Danica Johnson. The show is written by my high school history
teacher Raoul Meyer and myself. And our graphics team is Thought Cafe. Every week, there’s a new caption to the Libertage,
but today’s episode was so sad that we couldn’t
fit a Libertage in… UNTIL NOW!
[Libertage Rock Music] Suggest Libertage caption in comments, where
you can also ask questions about today’s video that
will be answered by our team of historians. Thanks for watching Crash Course, and as we
say in my home town, don’t forget to be abolitionist.

Comments 99

  • Funny you left out the first slave owner in the US was black

  • Anyone else think he says slavery weirdly?

  • so much cussing in this video. plus its funny

  • "Slaves fought back, and in the end, they won". Well said.

  • Found out today that in 1441 Pope Nicholas V from the Roman empire gave orders to the Portuguese King the go ahead to enforce slavery. Prince Henry a Portuguese established and oversaw the Atlantic slave trade. He bought slaves from African rulers and merchant. The pope also stated that any enemy's of christianity such as pagans or muslims where to be baptized chained shipped. The people from Africa where not the only victims. As further colonies where settled around the world Indians Japanese Chinese and Korean joined the slave trade.

  • [" Do people even think before they write this bs?"] No, they don't. That's how horrible basic human beings can be.

  • I recommend African-Americans to read about Fort Mose, Florida. It is a part of the history that the Anglo-Saxons have erased

  • the american experience of slavery is very different from the "classic" slavery found in Greece or even older days like during the Egypt ruling, etc. It was more cruel and harsh, and basically was founded in abuse and trickery. Back in the days of the classic Greece, slavery was an option for poor people to escape starvation and wasn't entirely coersive(unless it was because of war, of course); they could even buy back their freedom, the parcel they were given, and were treated more like a modern employee(to the point of paying taxes and guaranteeing safety conditions) than this disturbing dehumanizing concept american slave owners wanted to maintain.

    Its very sad that to this day, STILL some americans believe slavery was positive, and dare to butcher history comparing it to the old world. Justifying one with the other is severely irresponsible and a false statement. Shame on them

  • John, of course there will be proponents of this institution today. They benefit from this travesty

  • There were 4million slaves

  • Why would you accept to stay a slave ?

  • Slave trade alive and well in the streets of Tripoli. Regime change in Libya caused this. Tulsi 2020

  • Black people today should be very happy that their ancestors here in the US were used as slaves. Otherwise the blacks would have never made it to America, and they would still be in Africa chasing lizards for something to eat. So get over it.

  • are you really being shocked? Or are you faking

  • This is HIS 101

  • Cut the check reparations is long overdue!B1🗣️

  • Basically how slavery happened :
    What will you do,
    (A) give people jobs that are fair

    (B) give people awful beatings to the point of mutilation, forcing theme to do your work or be brutally executed, if you try to escape your dead no long judge thing your just dead, just because your some selfish, racist jerk who is to lazy to do work

    Stupid people:B!!!

  • slavery . is still legal in . america.

  • slavery is still legal in america. the slave master is now the federal gov aka uncle sam.

  • this comment section should be fun

  • him: talks about slavery
    me: i love what your saying but english please

  • Slavery existed in The United States from 1789 until 1863, because we were not a Nation until 1789. British subjects owned States prior to that

  • Aristotle wasn't perfect but he gave us laws of logic

  • I'm reading Thomas Paine's book African Slavery in America 1775, and he wrote how unjust this system is. How Baxter, one of the ministers that use religion to justify these dehumanizing acts, was an accepted way of being elite in the states. Paine rebuddles his preaching with other verses in the bible that contradict the preacher as well, he brought in moral philosophy into his works that aside from religion, how is this act justifiable? Thomas Paine is one of the well known men in our history during the creation of the Americas in the Revolutionary War, and even he could see how wrong slavery is.

  • This guy looks like slave driver.

  • Did Bob kill Cooper Anderson's ancestor. He was also killed with a garden hoe.

  • So many butt hurt racists in the comments section trying to justify slavery. 🤦🏿‍♂️🤦🏿‍♂️🤦🏿‍♂️🤦🏿‍♂️🖕🏿🖕🏿🖕🏿🖕🏿🖕🏿🖕🏿

  • I thought that slaves were purchased, legally, as property, as the slave traders aquired the slaves legally (through war and trade). Therefore, legally, those people were not people, but were property. As property is just property, then legally, slaves could just be treated as just tools. That would ignore the fact that the "tools" were sentient. Legal sucks. Lawful is better. If you were wrong, you could still win, legally. However, If you were wrong, based on natural law, then youd be wrong, based on natural law, no matter what, which is why lawful is true.

  • Slavery still exists in the middle east. I'm an Indian working in the middle east. There is no human rights there. Why isn't anyone exposing them. Oh wait I forgot. The Arabs have bought all these propaganda channels 👍

  • Question, do you work for a wealthy employer in order to have food and a home,don't feel paid enough for your effort, supervisor yell at you? Only take a break when told to do so? Then you too are a slave

  • Can we have a slavery world history please? Hebrews were slaves for 1000s of years and America banish slavery right?

  • I’m very pissed off I know if I was a slave I would murder these white slave owners I would rather die than live as a slave. Everyone should of fought back maybe history would be way different if they fought these Europeans not Americans because they are Europeans to me. Americans are the native Americans and period!!!

  • Draco, came ashore in Africa, The local Tribes men came to meet them. He explained that he was actually Running a Carnival Cruse, said it's for people with big dicks, and any woman interested in, going, The Boats Filled up quickly, once in America they were let known that they was on a Episode of punk, and quickly put to work.

  • I just want to say as a person of the Diaspora I really was proud of the way he gave this video his strong opinion on slavery! I could feel his emotions and it was so nice to see a White person who does not look at us with condescending eyes and pity! Thank you so much😁!!!

  • Slavery is still legal in United States as a form of punishment. Slaves number in the millions in united States

  • The US does not bear all the guilt for slavery. The Arab slave trade involved more people and killed many more people. Only about 6% of slaves came to North America. And I always wonder in which African country American blacks wished they lived in instead of the US.

  • No form of slavery is worse than another. It's still alive today, and people want to point a finger. Humans are the culprit.

    African slaves in US history.
    Native Americans amongst each other.
    South American ancients amongst each other.
    Africans amongst each other.
    The Barbary Wars.
    India 2019 (40 MILLION SLAVES)
    China (Exploitation of children and women today).
    International Black Market Human Trafficking TODAY.

    It's not just about the USA.

  • Please slow your commentary down, because most white people act as if they have never heard about this.

  • It's one thing to say all persons are created equal, it's quite another to completely alter the structure of your society based on the idea. Slavery had been around for a long time, and a newfangled idea like Natural Rights would take a while to finally win out.

  • How do people make these videos without mentioning the biggest historical facet to chantel slavery and it's origin. The atlantic slave trade was invented by west africans who enslaved other africans and sold them to the world. Europeans never enslaved africans they only bought African slaves. This is pure propaganda. The real truth is that slavery had nothing to do with racism. Yes racism has always eisted everywhere but slavery in ameerica happened because africans were enslaving people and selling them. It wasn't until Europeans ended the practice at great cost to themselves that slavery was abolished worldwide. The true perpetrators of slavery at this time were those actively enslaving people and selling them. This was no white Europeans.

  • No one won.

  • That was dope, dude. Thanks for pointing out the ideology behind slavery. It’s important for white people especially to remember that the racial problems we se today stem from white supremacy.

  • Lol. love that you threw in the Justice logo in the Thomas Jefferson quote.

  • Just replace "slaveholder" with "government"… Hmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmm

  • If what goes around comes around is true somebody is in big trouble very soon.

  • Edmund Ruffin was one of the Southerners who used the argument that slaves were better off than Northern immigrant laborers who would get worked to near death and then have no support system. But even if that premise is good, the conclusion should be "Let's better the lot of both slaves and immigrants," not "Let slaves be grateful they're not an immigrant working 16 hours in a coal mine and dying of black lung."

  • Research: Willie Lynch Letter

  • Your use of the rectangle southern cross is disturbing. It's inaccurate and perpetuating a lie. You should do a video on how people have been duped into using the southern cross improperly by the KKK and the daughters of the confederacy.

  • What irritates me is that some white people feel as if they can tell our story and our ancestors truth to us. Very upsetting. You wouldn’t even know the half of it.

  • You can turn in your history degree, you have a PHD in propaganda. Seriously…put down the koolaid.

  • Slavery and Colonialism have nothing to do with White People. it a lot to do with christianity. the Bible endorse it.

    White people in the past they are the victim of their ignorant just like the rest of us around the world.

    looking for compensation and reparations? Call VATICAN in ITALY

  • THE SHOCKS R FAKE JOHN IS FAKE EVERYTHING IS FAKE YOU'RE LIFE IS A LIE!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

  • You can't talk about slavery in America without talking about Anthony Johnson, the man who made slavery legal in America

  • to the whites its funny

  • THIS is embarrassing…to him.
    How disrespectful and demeaning. Was that intended?

  • I know that 1200 year old church in Denmark! I was baptized there.

  • It was 150 years ago. There is no one alive today that has ever met a slave or a slave owner, Get over it.

  • If you think America was bad, look up ‘The Arab Slave Trade’. Nobody ever talks about that nightmare.

  • Look, we Vikings had top of the line slavery laws and we did not discriminate either. Actually all our slaves where white but that was just because we didnt go to Africa. My point is we refined slavery and had plenty of demands on it. I feel like we dont get enough credit for our excellent and progressive attitude towards owning other humans.

  • "Refusing to become the chattel that their masters believe them to be is what made slavery untenable and the Civil War inevitable… slaves fought back, and in the end, they won." <– Can you elaborate on this? To make this claim, I think you need to show a causal link between this slave resistance and how white abolitionists eventually acquired enough political & military power to abolish slavery.

  • Imagine being a slave…

  • bruh moment lmao

  • Can you do a crash course about tigon law in New Orleans… maybe I’m spelling it incorrectly but basically it was a law that prevented African American and creole women from wearing there hair out?

  • Reality check
    Only 350 thousand slaves in the United States not 4 million.
    Four million slaves were sent to Brazil.
    Not a single word about black own slave holders.
    Look it up.

  • Thanks to a Christian that led England to abolish slavery before the United States

  • Not a word about Andrew Jackson who as president caused South Carolina to come close to succeed at the time

  • After the Civil War and the freedom of slaves nothing happened.
    Slaves were free but they couldn't find work or even vote
    Look that up

  • Who in there right mind are saying "Slavery couldn't of been that bad"……

  • In no way do I justify slavery by saying what I’m about to say!!! Parents will do whatever it takes to better the life of their children good parents anyway that being said!!! If any black persons great great grandparents could have looked into the future and see how their children or children’s children lives would have been impacted by growing up in Africa or America after slavery do you actually think they would have it any other way than the way it is for you today I’m white and very happy that you all are here with the rest of us even if it meant your grandparents had to suffer because my grandparents would have suffered many lifetimes to know that I’m living a safe comfortable life in America

  • It blows me away that people even today try to justify this evil by saying slaves benefitted from slavery.

  • I hate slavery because it imported millions of blacks to the U.S. Had they not been imported, today America would have:

    -A violent crime rate equal to that of Norway (i.e., we'd be the 8th-safest country on Earth).
    -Higher standardized test scores, on average, than every country except Japan and Singapore.
    -Healthcare costs cut in half.
    -A national prison population of 500,000 instead of 2.5 million.
    -Clean, safe inner cities.
    -Less tax money spent on police, EMTs, and emergency room services.

    Slavery is yet another example of the 1% doing something for their benefit, and screwing the rest of us over in the process. America would be a paradise today were it not for our black population. For that reason alone, I curse the founders of US slavery. Should've left the spear-chuckers in the jungle.

  • Oy vey, so long and bad… only white people are to blame. Am I right, all that privalge.

  • When people justify slavery, you know it is not too far for them to justify holocaust.

  • JLP needs to see this.

  • Slaves lived better life than they would in Africa. Black Americans should feel lucky today they don’t live in West Africa

  • Hey idiots, the question isn't whether slavery was right or wrong, but why Blacks were allowed to stay in America. Whites absolutely refuse to commune with Blacks.

  • Thank you for the quick lesson. You know there was a series on tv called Underground backed by John Legend that framed the perspective of the slave beautifully in that they had to act one way to survive but understood that they had to be prepared to run in a flash and that death and torture was always possible. But they still persevered to get to freedom. After the end of the 2nd season when an entire white family that owned slaves were murdered by the slaves on their plantation; the network WGN ended the series. They said the network WGN was going in a different direction. This was their highest rated show on the network at the time in 2016 – 2017. I honestly don't think the exec's could handle the possibilities of these thing ever happening, their fear made them cancel an excellent show. So, so sad. Present day, these fears dictate how black people are viewed in 2019. FEAR.

  • It's an interesting story the history of slavery. It existed from time immemorial, and still exists today in parts of the world. People became slaves a lot of the time because they were defeated in battle, sometimes because they were kidnapped, and other times because they were born into it. The process of abolition was long, and difficult. If you were defeated in battle you were likely going to be a slave. If you were part of a people who were vulnerable to conquest from other stronger nations you would likely become a slave. From our earliest recorded history it took almost 6000 years to oust the industry that corrupted the human soul like no other.

  • Shout out to those brilliant Haitians that TOOK THERE FREEDOM!

  • Typical white guy badmouthing blacks. Why am I not surprised?

  • whimsical theme song + cutesy, family friendly animation

    ALRIGHT SO SLAVERY

  • Some people are such scum its unbelievable. I dont just mean white dudes either, im well aware it was ultimately loads of white people that went to war to help liberate slaves and even that africans sold there own people. There can be a lot of evil in the human heart regardless of colour, and considering the times these slaves lived in you have to admire how brave and dignified they were, poor bastards I hope there is an afterlife for their sakes…

  • Not ALL Black people arrived to the Americas on Slaves Ships in 1619 during the great Trans Atlantic Slave Trade.
    History of the California Blacks Nation Califians (Khalifians) The First Americans
    *According to, author James W. Loewen in his best selling book “Lies My Teacher Told Me,” virtually none of  the body of knowledge,  as taught in  school curricula and World History, has an ounce of truth. (Regarding the American Holiday: Thanksgiving)

    The idea that Europeans brought civilization to America  flips the truth on its head. Here is what an expedition of European explorers actually found upon their arrival to North American in 1580. !!!!
    Read through to the end for the hidden  history of the California Black Native Americans. !!!!!
    History of the California Blacks Nation Califians (Khalifians) The First Americans. ( Amerrique ).
    *According to, author James W. Loewen in his best selling book “Lies My Teacher Told Me,” virtually none of  the body of knowledge,  as taught in school curricula and World History, has an ounce of truth. !!!!!!
    (Regarding the American Holiday: Thanksgiving).
    Facts & Truth listen up to my peoples truth from American Autochonus Indigenous Black Aborigines ( Copper to Black ) to Slaves and finally forced to become classified by the White Colonists oppressors, as Negros, it was against the law or illegal for Slaves to own land..
    The idea that Europeans brought civilization to America  flips the truth on its head. Here is what an expedition of European explorers actually found upon their arrival to North American in 1580. Read through to the end for the hidden  history of the California Black Native Americans.
    Note :
    Robert Beverly’s ‘American Holocaust’ Account ;
    “Far and away the most beautiful city on earth. Five times the size of London or Rome. Great towers and buildings rising from the water.

    Sixty thousand gleaming houses, how spacious and well built the were, of beautiful stone work and cedar wood and wood of other sweet scented trees.

    Her many streets and boulevards were so neat and well sweep despite the multitude of inhabitants, criss cross with a complete network of channels like an enormous venice, but also remarkable floating gardens that remind of no where else on earth,” Beverly said.

    While Europeans were drinking gutter water from polluted city rivers, huge aqueducts transported America’s water from fresh springs.

    “But what impressed most, were special merchant areas filled with timber and tile and other building materials being  bought and sold. As well as green grocers streets where everyone could buy  every sort of vegetable, fruit, honey, past and chocolates.

    Astonished by personal cleanliness and hygiene of the colorfully dressed populous and by their extravagant use of soaps, deodorant and breath sweeteners.” — American Holocaust – Robert Beverly.
    Long  before Europe – coming out of their ‘dark age’ – realized that the world was not flat, there were nations  that were scientifically advanced. There were highly civilized populations with an abundance of gold and  wealth who’s history spanned thousands of years.
    Ancient America was notably one of the most advanced civilizations in antiquity.
    This was before Christ, before, the Spaniards, !!! before  Mexicans, !!! before the Clovis people who crossed the Barring Straights, before what is now known as the Native American Indian or Euro conversions. !!!!!!

  • I like how Aristotle is his nemesis

  • “Slaves werent beat everyday” okay well im being owened, beat often, forced to do work, raped, living in horrid conditions, separated from my family, living in extreme fear, loosing my children and parents, loosing my culture, loosing my history, not being educated on anything besides work, people i know are being killed or used for research. BUT HEY every SINGLE day im not being beaten so that just fine……………..please learn.

  • So we need to be paid back right

  • Bro this was amazing! I speak for all black people……Thank you.

  • Some people are deadbeats or commit crimes as a career and they should be enslaved to pay back what they owe.

  • Ok think about this, without such slavery, the country wouldn't have nearly as much population and progress would have set back hundreds of years

  • Slavery was a great thing

  • Such a good episode. So glade I found this channel.

  • People underestimate how many women were raped

  • Black people sold black people into slavery to the Spaniards and other people The muslims also were part of the slave culture but they refused to talk about that also.

  • Slavery has been mankind's most popular form of alternative energy for tens of thousands of years. Domesticating slave animals was a huge step in the advancement of civilization. Egyptians couldn't have built their great temples and burial monuments without the use of their Lower Nile and sub Saharan beasts of burden.

  • Without slavery, blacks would still be like those "uncontacted" tribes in the Amazon. Libs don't what THEM to be given the benefits of civilization, either.

  • It's still debatable why, once Africans became useless in the wake of the Civil War, we failed to get rid of them like Lincoln and others suggested. Worthless Africans have been an albatross around America's neck for over a century and a half.

  • Excellent coverage of the horrible people in US history. Trying to put numbers to this horrible period in US history. Do you agree with Wikipedia: About 600,000 slaves were transported to America, or 5% of the 12 million slaves taken from Africa. About 310,000 of these persons were imported into the Thirteen Colonies before 1776: 40% directly and the rest from the Caribbean. As I am second generation from Norway, I will pass on any guilt. Vikings took British slaves!

  • Jewrope needs to be nuked.

  • satanic ILLUMINATI NWO IMF CFR IRS Fed Gov, Fed Res, ROTSchilds created NAACP , anti defamation league , ACLU, by ROTSchilds. satanic ILLUMINATI ROTSchilds GENERAL Albert Pikes knights of the golden circle Became KKK..
    First CEOs were ROTSchilds.

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