Pre-Islamic history of the Middle East


In the 14th century a muslim historian named Ibn Khaldun wrote about the ancient empires and how the first civilizations emerged along Major Rivers. The Huang Ho Valley in China, Indus River in Pakistan and more famously the Nile River in Egypt. The Historian wrote how these rivers allowed easy access to trade and commerce and from there grew into major cities and then to civilizations. But more interestingly, Ibn Khaldun wrote about the Pattern of history; Farmers would build irrigation system supporting villages and towns, later on some warrior would bring these towns under his rule and form a united political entity, like a kingdom or an empire. Then a tribe of Nomads would come along and conquer this kingdom and seize all the holdings and settle in their place and further expand the new empire. As time went by the nomads would assimilate and become soft city dwellers exactly the kind of people they had conquered before and at this point another tribe of Nomads would come along and conquer them and take their empire. Conquest, consolidation, expansion, degeneration and conquest. This was the Pattern Ibn Khaldun wrote about. The first civilization was the land between the rivers of Tigris and Euphrates, later known as Mesopotamia and Babylon. Less known are the Sumerians who started it all. They united the cities near the river of Euphrates into a single network called Sumer. They invented writing, the wheel, the cart, etc. Later, the Akkadians, a mountainous people to the north, conquered Sumer and their leader Sargon (of) Akkad became the first conqueror known by name. At the time this was the largest kingdom and Sargon famously said, “Now, any king who wants to call himself my equal, wherever I went, let him go” He basically said, let’s see anyone conquer as much as I have. His kingdom was smaller than Serbia. Later the Acadians were conquered by another nomadic tribe and the newcomers were then conquered by others and so it went on… the Gutians, Hurrians, Amorites, they all conquered, settled, expanded a little and then assimilated from warrior to city folk. But every conquest left something behind The Amorites founded the city of Babylon and from the City emerged the first Babylonian Empire. The Babylonians were pioneers in astronomy and mathematics. Then the Assyrian tribe to the North took it over and founded the Assyrian Empire. Their capital Nineveh is considered one of the greatest cities in antiquity. The assyrians made a number of innovations and improvements They erected the first library and used paved roads. They even came up with the first kind of imperial administration in which subject nations and vassals reported to a central authority. But the Assyrian Rulers also gained a reputation as merciless tyrants. Now, it’s hard to say if they were really worse than the other rulers in their time, but one of their strategies to keep the realm stable was by moving whole populations to other places. After a while the Assyrians lost their power to other tribes like the Sumerian descendants, Babylonians, Kassitites. These tribes fought each other for about two centuries until the Assyrians came back and re-established their empire and returned to their divide and rule strategy. Eventually the Assyrians fell to one of their subject nations, The Chaldeans. They rebuilt the second Babylonian Empire, and they’re well known for their achievements in astronomy, medicine, architecture and mathematics. In fact it was the Chaldeans who built the hanging gardens of Babylon one of the ancient seven world wonders. But the Chaldeans followed the same strategy as the Assyrians had by uprooting whole populations in order to divide and rule. It was the Chaldean King of Babylonia, Nebuchadnezzar who first smashed Jerusalem and dragged the Hebrews into captivity. Then came the invasion by the highland people to the east, the Persians and the Medes. The Babylonians were defeated and their infrastructure and political system was used to found the Persian Empire. The Persian emperor Cyrus the Great Had conquered the known world. His realm extended from the Nile to the Indus river. But the Persians are best known for their political reforms. They followed the opposite strategy of the Assyrians. They set the Hebrews free from captivity and resettled populations to their native lands. The Persians pursued a policy of multiculturalism. People were allowed to live however they saw fit and worship whatever gods they wanted, as long as they paid their taxes to the central authority. They issued a common currency and built a vast network of roads throughout the empire. The Persian libraries were so large that there is in fact more information about this period, 3,000 years ago than there is in Europe 1200 years ago. The Persian Empire also had its own unique religion. Zoroastrianism was founded in the region of Azerbaijan, meaning the land of fire. Zoroastrianism is often misunderstood for fire worshiping But the fire is a mere symbol for purity. The Zoroastrians basically believed in good and evil. That there was a heaven, and there was a hell. It was one of the earliest monotheistic religions. In the later era of the Persian Empire, They came in contact with the Greeks. The Greeks Supported revolts in the Persian Empire and this provoked the Persian emperor, Darius to punish the Greeks. Darius formed one of the largest armies ever but the size was more a liability than an advantage. There was no real effective way to direct so many men at such a distance. In the end it was the greeks who taught the Persians a lesson. But the lesson was quickly forgotten. Darius’ son Xerxes decided to Avenge his father by going after the greeks again. This is the war that involved the famous 300 Spartans. Darius repeated his father’s mistake and lost the war. 150 years later Alexander of Macedonia took the Battle the other way. He crippled the Persian army and quickly conquered all of Persia and thereby effectively conquered the known world. Alexander left a controversial mark, cities that had surrendered to him were left unharmed, but cities that resisted were pillaged. When he had conquered the Persian capital and the palace he burned it to the ground. Now this was one of the most prestigious buildings in the world. But on the other hand he built the lighthouse of Alexandria, one of the ancient seven world wonders. Alexander was planning to name Babylon his new capital and he also planned to fuse the greek and Persian cultures into one. He recommended his generals to take Persian wives but he died before he could implement this policy. And upon his death, his generals asked him, “Who should succeed you?” Alexander Replied, “The strongest”. His Empire broke in pieces among the Greek generals controlling it. Then the Greeks fought each other. Eventually the kingdoms weakened and the greek influence diminished. Persian identity resurfaced and another Empire was formed, Parthia. They didn’t exactly occupy the same size as the earlier Persian Empire but the Parthians use the existing political structure and established an empire. They later on assimilated into the Persian language and over time became Persians. The Parthians made no significant contribution to art and culture. Simply because they didn’t care for it. The Parthian were after all a nomadic warrior people. But what they lacked in culture they made up in warfare. They were the first to use cataphract, a knight in full metal armour riding an armoured horse. This would later on influence the Roman empire’s horsemen and from there, European feudal knights. But the Parthians also used light cavalry who would pretend to flee in the middle of a battle. This tricked the other army to break rank and chase after them. Then the Parthian Horsemen would suddenly turn wheel around and fire into their disorganised opponents. This would later be called the Parthian shot. They used these tactics and battled the roman empire to a standstill. When Christianity started to spread the Parthians didn’t care because they favoured Zoroastrianism. In the 3rd Century, a provincial rebel overthrew the last of the Parthians and founded the Sassanid Dynasty. And they too Quickly expanded and occupied the same territory as the Parthians had. The Sassanids reformed the Empire and erased the last traces of greek influence. They built enormous monuments, buildings and cities. Zoroastrianism became the official religion. In the same Era the Roman Empire was falling apart. The Roman Emperor split the Empire in two for administrative purposes but all the wealth was in the east and when the germanic tribes moved into the western parts of the empire, the government shrank, law and order broke down, trade decayed and eventually the western part of the Roman Empire collapsed and Europe entered the dark ages. But the Eastern part of the Roman Empire still lived on however the identity Between Roman and Greek was so vague that historians gave it a new name, The Byzantine Empire. The Byzantinians kept the Roman culture but didn’t improve on it. For example, most people can name Roman and Greek poets and philosophers like Plato, Aristotle, Julius Caesar, Augustus, etc. But few people can name two Byzantinian poets. This empire lasted more than a thousand years but few people can name five events that took place in the empire. Still Byzantium was a superpower back then, the other being the Persian empire. They fought each other in multiple Wars which generally ended in a stalemate. But both these empires neglected the developments to their Southern neighbours. The Arabian peninsula which was about to awaken. This was a Caspian report by me Shiron. Thank you for watching. Salut!

Comments 100

  • If you enjoyed this report, watch the follow up at the following playlist: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLv-SNV2XmnZkJAGWGRKWTWheqEjEejQnf

  • Proud Arab Chaldean here

  • Some of this is Historically incorrect!

  • It's a shame people were enslaved by such a retarded idea like Islam 👌

  • history is also dangerous and should be destroyed. it prevents people from earth to live in peace with each other. after all, we are human first, not first descendents from some cruel conquerors. history are fabricated to create conflicts, draw illusions, make franatics. history, like religion, is backward. we have a much better history in our dna.

  • This is an amazing video! Thank you, it’s inspired my curiosity to do some research! A very rich history

  • Pakistan has emerged only in 20th century, in 1947 as a result of the partition of India followed by the independence; Indus valley civilization is the civilization of entire Indian sub-continent

  • 🇮🇷🇮🇷🇮🇷🇮🇷🇮🇷

  • muslim means perfect. Ibrahim was a muslim before Allah, Milchisedek malik salem teach religion from planet nibiru which is sunni islam in honor of the name of Allah Sani Yah Salam means I Am Lord Perfect. there is no new teaching…

  • Arabs were so wise people i hope they become like they were again please god allah❤️

  • Share and Spread this to all forms of Social Media.

  • In pre Islamic Middle East Kuran is used to clean soldiers ass after they pop. So kuran pages is very helpful in everyday life.

  • After Islam come, they become like that.

  • 06:15 “There was a hell, and there was a hell”.

  • Islam means terrorism

  • 5 events of the Byzantine empire?

    Of top of My head, the death of Jesus, and the birth of Christianity.

    The reformationen of the "Roman" army to meet the threat of the huns.

    The varangians (Vikings) fought and great deal of wars for the empire and then Jarl Harald Hårdråda returned to norways and died trying to Conquer ængland (land of the Angel-saxons).

    The first "Roman" empress Theodora (#feminism)

    The walls of Constantinople who stoped generations of enemys from taking the city. Untill the ottoman Turks.

    Thats it.

  • Indus river civilization in INDIA.

  • This is awesome.

  • Pakistan didn’t exist till 1948. Indus was Indus thousand years ago.

  • SARGON OF AKKAD WANTS TO KNOW YOUR LOCATION

  • Islam caused 3 Dark Ages: in the Middle East, in India and in Europe; this happened due to destruction of libraries and temples (temples and universities, temples because they had pretty much all human knowledge of their time about all subjects)

  • Because of one false religion, all facing Disasters

  • Serbian ancestors made the oldest civilization. Everything started in the Balkans where the oldest human remains were found.

  • What is assyrian and chaldean got to do with Islamic history .

  • THIS IS GREAT TRASH, ,A WELL ORGANIZED PILE OF SHIT ! Look white people you have absolutely no ancient civilization ,no history. None, zero. Stop it! We HAD ENOUGH !

  • Historically it was the brown. Southern people who created the basis for the modern world not white Europeans as they were savages. But now it's the other way around.

  • Narration is so off …..

  • Who wants that Iran and Iraq again become a united Persian kingdom. I am from Bharat (India). 🇮🇳

  • Nile River (former name Ghion River) is not in Egypt. It is in Ethiopia flow across Ethiopia, meets with another River from Uganda to Sudan then to Egypt and ends in the Mediterranean Sea. So, get the natural geography straight so the rest of your story will become valid/ credible.

  • Peaceful

  • nice history report kid, hope you got an "A"

  • The history of civilizations wasn't written by any Arab, They didn't even know to read and write before Islam came to the Arabs. Please before saying anything educate yourself with the world around you.

  • conquest, consolidation, expansion, degeneration, and, conquest. the west is in the degeneration stage now.

  • If they'd seen what they would become, they'd have ripped the unborn from the womb, the bunch of lunatic goat botherers.

  • But the people were still ugly.

  • You should name it The ancient history of the Middle East, or, Pre-Abrahamic Middle East

  • MUSLIMS LOOOSERS XD

    WHY YOU THINK ALLAH LET THEM STARVE AND DIE IN SUICIDE BOMBINGS IN MOSQUES XD

    WHERE IS ALLAH POWER XD

    ALLAH POWER IS IN HELLFIRE ..burning muhammad child rapist XD

  • The first civilizations were in Africa and so was astronomy.

  • Death to islam, long live Iran

  • Islam is a cancer on civilization.

  • In mahabharat, Queen Gandhari from Afghanistan…. Afghanistan to combodia & kashmir to Shrilanka… This was a hindu land…..

  • 5:08 7:53 8:37 10:02 nobody progressed beyond Sindhu (Indus). Everyone got their ass kicked by Hindu Kings.

  • Wtf is Pakistan lol…. It is Indus valley civilization / indian civilization.

  • Iban khaldon Is berber from Tunisia not middle East

  • Indus valley was in India. Pakistan was not even born.

  • persia freed the jews, the fake jews of today wont admit that,

  • So that's where the trouble begins

  • Phenicia bitch

  • Ummahyad khalifate ….hmmohammed invasion not included in thus why

  • Ancient history has always been vague to me. This unexpectedly helped clarify events as someone looking to understand it.

  • I'm loving the Metal Gear Solid 2: Sons of Liberty background music.

  • The eastern romans (byzantines not byzantinians) were far more educated than their counterparts in ancient times. They were technologically advanced, they inherited the wisdom of the hellenistic world and had dozens of writers.

  • Thank you, very informative,
    Only after the bastard Mohammad came and spread his poison, satanic cult of mohammadism the whole region went into darkness, Nov the only thing that the middle east produces is barbarism, death and destruction,
    Mohammad. .a curse to all of humanity.

  • You are stupid you know nothing. All half correct information.

  • ( Sum May Ray ian ) Sun Sum Ma Re Math's if you do your sum's correctly then you would understand,, in ancient language meaning of understand ( Sum Ja ) AR RA May Yah Al lA of all

  • Talking about the Persians worshipping the fire. You can relate that to the story of Daniel .

  • No such thing as the middle then or now.

  • How ill informed you are or just conveniently chosen to start your video with half the fact three things you need to answer yourself:

    Where was the indus valley civilisation's maximum site unearthed?

    From where does india gets its name?

    When Pakistan born?

    Unfortunately this act seems a deliberate effort to reflect the biased viewpoint of colonial era and not an attitude to tell the history without any biases…

    Although keep it up…

  • And where is midle east Iran?

  • Indus valley civilization is considered to India

  • “Moving whole populations to other places” hmmmmm. Chaldeans, ………

  • Well done. To attempt to put millions of years into minutes? Not easy.

  • Wait so abel hal dum saw it all coming?

  • WOW!!!!! THANK YOU, VERY MUCH, FOR THIS VERY INTERESTING, AND CONCISE HISTORY LESSON, AND REVIEW!

  • "There was a hell and there was a hell and still there is a hell and again another hell is coming"

  • Anything post-Islamic just went to shit.

  • Your info is way off brother Africa I had many of the things you claim was invented by Samarians. Not all your info is wrong but many of the "firsts" have been proven wrong already.

  • This ethnological kinship with Elongated type East Africans comes as no surprise: Arabia itself, we are assured, is but “the geological extension of Africa.” As Maurizio Tosi has pointed out in his discussion, “The Emerging Picture of Prehistoric Arabia”: “Physically the (Arabian) peninsula is a part of Africa, landscaped by the same geological and climate processes as the eastern Sahara and the Ethiopian highlands.” The Encyclopedia Britanica explains: WesternArabia formed part of the African landmass before a rift occurred in the Earth’s crust, as a result of which the Red Sea was formed and Africa and the Arabian Peninsula finally became separated some five to six million years ago. Thus, the southern half of the peninsula has a greater affinity with the regions of Somalia and Ethiopia in Africa than with northern Arabia or the rest of Asia. Plate tectonics separated Africa and Arabia sometime during the Precambrian (c. 5, 000 million – 590 million BP), the Miocene (c. 25-12 million BP) or maybe as late as the Pliocene (c. 5.3 – 1.8 million BP) period when the Arabian plate broke off from the African shield, creating the Red Sea. Nevertheless Arabia remains the geological and ecological continuation of Africa. In general, Arabia is the continuation of the African systemacross the Red Sea, spanning the Saharo-Arabian phytogeogrphical region comprising its northern and central parts and the Sudanese one for its tropical southern and eastern coastlands.

    Put simply, the Arabian Peninsula is actually just the northeastern extremity of the African continent, a fact which the ‘tyranny of the Red Sea’ obscures. As Ali Mazrui notes:

    a European decision to make Africa end at the Red Sea has decisively de-Africanized the Arabian peninsula…the tyranny of the sea is in part a tyranny of European geographical prejudices. Just as European map-makers could decree that on the map Europe was above Africa instead of below (an arbitrary decision in relation to the cosmos) those map-makers could also dictate that Africa ended at the Red Sea instead of the Persian Gulf. Is it not time that this dual tyranny of the sea and Eurocentric geography was forced to sink to the bottom?

    III.White Invasions: Whence cometh the white Arab? BertramThomas, historian and former Prime Minister of Muscat and Oman, reports: The original inhabitants of Arabia…were not the familiar Arabs of our time but a very much darker people. A protonegroid belt of mankind stretched across the ancient world from Africa to Malaya. This belt…(gave) rise to the Hamitic peoples of Africa, to the Dravidian peoples of India, and to an intermediate dark people inhabiting the Arabian peninsula. In the course of time two big migrations of fair-skinned peoples came from the north…to break through and transform the dark belt of man beyond India (and) to drive a wedge between India and Africa…The more virile invaders overcame the darkskinned peoples, absorbing most of them, driving others southwards…The cultural condition of the newcomers is unknown. It is unlikely that they were more than wild hordes of adventurous hunters. Among these white hordes were the Kassites (Figure 9), probably originating in the Zargos Mountains region in Iran, who invaded from the north and colonized eastern Arabia for about a century and a half (15 th– 13 thcent. BCE). As François Lenormant recounts, the original ‘Kushite’ Arabians absorbed these ‘coarse, white’ invaders, Jectanides as he calls them. The latter eventually gained victory over the Arabian Kushites. These white tribes settled among the original Black Arabians, learning their language and culture and becoming ‘arabized’ (musta’riba), but Al abarī ( d. 923), the famed Muslim historian and Qurānic exegete, recorded in hisTa rīkh al-rusul wa l-muluk(“The History of the Messengers and Kings”) the following on the authority of Abd Allāh b. Abbās,the cousin of the prophet Mu ammad of Arabia:

    The Children of Sam (Shem) settled in the center of the Earth, which is between Satidma and the sea and between Yemen and Syria. Allah made the prophets from them, revealed the Books to them, made them beautiful, gave them a black complexion, and also gave them a black complexion with a light-brownish undertone…The children of Ham settled in the south..Allah gave them a black complexion and gave some of them a black complexion with a light-brownish undertone…The children of Japheth settled in Safoun toward the north…They are lightskinned and very fair-skinned.

    The Islamic Empire under # Umar
    Leading the troops into Egypt was the Arab general # Amr b. al # Aß who previously commanded the Muslim forces in southern Palestine. He too had an Ethiopian mother. The troops he commanded in the Egypt expedition were mainly black

    Yemini

  • If you would do a video on South Asia for the same period, u would see that it was less of kill & conquest mode and more of universities, international students, peace, arts and literature.

  • What a wonderful world without that cult.

  • Why no mention of the Seleucids? Pretty sure they were in parts of the middle east

  • …// .. Quran(8:12) "Terrorize and behead those who believe in scriptures other than the Quran.”
    S-B 2977: Mohammad said: “I have been victorious through terror.” .. >Terror, a weapon of choice.
    Jihad loving Allah who also says in the Quran: "Soon we shall cast terror into the hearts of the disbelievers.”

  • Pretty detailed & interesting information but there are a couple of outdated & incorrect statements in this video.
    Mesopotamia is not the "cradle of civilization" as most people wrongly believe. The first high culture was the Turdas-Vinca, located in the Balkans.
    Also, the Sumerians did not invent writing or the wheel. The Tartaria Tablets, which contain the Danube Script, were found in Romania & are dated to 5500 BC, which makes them the oldest writing in the world & preceding Sumerian cuneiform by more than 2000 years…https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OOVUtMDQXAY
    And the oldest wheel is the Ljubljana Marshes Wheel, found in Slovenia & being roughly 5200 years old…https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CnLKYfDCZFU

  • Science and industriousness took a back seat to Islam. Bad news after that.

  • Persia and the middle are different places with different people
    Like for example Arabs speak Arabic
    Persians speak their own language.

  • The Mesopotamian segment explains the geopolitics of Iraq and Syria.

    In Iraq Sunni and Shias trying to gain control and oppress the other sect.

    Assyrians vs Babylonians

  • And then the plague commonly known as “islam” came upon the earth in a scourge.. what a bunch of SICK inbred racist.. I can’t wait till they are NO MORE

  • Well done. One thing though. Chaldeans is pronounced as "Kaldeans".

  • Zoroastrians fled Persia to India where they arrived seeking refuge.

    Today we are known as the Parsis and what a magnificent contribution the Parsis have made to the socio-economic development of India. In fact I would go as far as to say the Parsi community’s contribution is second to none.

  • How can the East be in the middle?

  • Your source(s) is weak, this is not history this is YOURstory based on misinformation.

  • Islam destroyed great civilizations….. There is no Islam before 1400yrs ago…

  • This is some bs…
    Where is egypt on your list?

  • Alternate view: Man prospers, abandons God, imagines himself to be god. Becomes futile in his imaginings. Thinking himself wise he becomes a fool. Moral degradation sets in as the line moves ever left. Good becomes evil and evil good. Society collapses; jackals come in and feed off the corpse. History repeats itself. God bless from Indiana

  • 615 ,,,,,,dude u said they believed there was a hell n a hell ?

  • Correction: It's called the Arabian Gulf

  • Some of them were christians before islam murdered them and forced other to convert

  • Middle East was heat before islam.

  • Good points but you have some of your info incorrect. Follow the Bible and Assyrian history and you will see the truth.

  • Ah, religion.. The root of evil.

  • Could you please do one analysis about Ex Yugoslavia/ Balkans?

  • This video was naive at best: the eastern empire made great contribution , Justinian? roman law? modern law? all lawyers are taught this few people can name anything

  • I like this report, but, it's Euphrates, not Europhrates.

  • Well it's a good thing they fought and killed each other for over 2000 years,,, and all the wars,, or we'd be so overpopulated we would need hundreds storie high-rises. Just like there's 350 million Americans,, 200 million has never voted in their life,,,. If we could figure out how to get rid of half of them,,, plus 53 million that voted for Trump,,,. Then America would be great again,,,. !!!

  • You're afraid ease

  • Great effort at chronicling a vague and murky past. Most of us have got all timelines wrong. You should look sometime into the ancient civilisations that flourished in Dravidian India much before the middle eastern civilisations emerged. When you have time do read up about the Siddhas who travelled to various parts of the world to share knowledge of higher sciences, astronomy and martial arts. Also, the mystery of the Kailasa temple and other temple too might fascinate you.

  • Good thing I'm not into Zoroastrianism. One way or another I'd be going to Hell😂

  • hotdermn smaller than Serbia xd

  • Assyrians still exist today?

  • Some misinformation here. First, Zoroastrianism was not the first Monotheistic religion. Amenhotep IV (Akhenaten) instituted a monotheistic religion in New Kingdom Egypt over a thousand years before him. Even way before that, Judaism and the Abrahamic faiths acknowledged Monotheism way before even Akhenaten's reign. Also, Alexander the Great did not build the Pharos lighthouse, in fact he never even saw the construction of Alexandria because he left to campaign in the Middle-East right before construction could begin. The lighthouse was built by Sostratus of Cnidus under the commission of Alexander's general Ptolemy I Soter. Other than that, informative video, props to you for being able to convey this information in a concise way despite the minor language barrier.

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