Places No Human Has Ever Set Foot on Earth

– [Narrator] Some people may believe that the whole world has been explored by now, because they don’t see any men in big hats driving wooden sailboats around. These people would be surprised
to find out that there are in fact still places on
earth that remain unexplored. The following are some places
that you will almost certainly never get to go to, even
if you really wanted to. Number 10, Siberian Sakha Republic. The Siberian Sakha Republic
covers about 20% of Russia. Much of it is above the Arctic Circle, a place not known for
being very human-friendly because the average temperature
is somewhere between – 40 degrees Fahrenheit and freezing. The Siberian Sakha Republic
is roughly the size of the entire country of India. Due to the extreme conditions, it remains largely unexplored. Most of the region is
covered in permafrost, which is frozen soil. So basically, it’s so cold
that the ground is frozen solid all the time, but isn’t even ice. Good luck trying to trek
through these brutal conditions. Number nine, Vale Do Javari, Brazil. This next one refers to
a place that no modern, civilized human has ever set foot in. In fact, there aren’t very many
uncontacted groups of people left in the world, but of
the ones that do exist, 14 of them live in Vale
Do Javari in Brazil. The area is home to an estimated
3,000 indigenous peoples, who have never seen a Pontiac Aztec, or even a wheel, for that matter. The Brazilian government has made entering this Austria-sized area illegal and keeps loose track of the inhabitants by observing them from the air. The tribes live the same
way that all humans did all the way up until the
agricultural revolution and the birth of civilization. The Fundação Nacional do Índio, or National Indian Foundation,
has stated that the area has the greatest concentration
of isolated groups in the Amazon and the world. Nine eight, the Mariana Trench. The Mariana Trench is the deepest
point in the entire ocean. It is a 1,500 mile-long
scar in the earth’s crust at the bottom of the Pacific located east of the Philippines. The maximum depth, located
in an area of the trench known as the Challenger
Deep, is 36,000 feet-deep. For perspective, if you
were to drop Mount Everest right into Challenger Deep, the peak would still
be a mile under water. The only things that live
in the Mariana Trench are Xenophyophore, which are
strange single cell organisms that survive by using
minerals in the water to form an exoskeleton. Something scientists have yet to confirm, but is probably true is
that the trench is home to massive sea monsters
that mankind will one day have to fight with giant robots. Interestingly enough,
President George W. Bush made the trench an official United States National Monument in 2009. Number seven, Gangkhar Puensum Gangkhar Puensum, meaning White Peak of the Three Spiritual Brothers, is the highest unclimbed
mountain in the world and the 40th highest mountain overall. Located in Bhutan, four different teams made attempts to summit the
mountain in 1985 and 1986, but all failed due to
extreme weather conditions. If watching this video
gave you a burning desire to be the first to succeed, you may have to put off your expedition. In 1994, climbing mountains
higher than 6,000 meters was been banned in the area due to the spiritual
beliefs of the locals. Then, in 2003, mountaineering
was banned all together. Because so few people have even
been on the mountain at all, its exact geography is
actually up for dispute. Different countries put
different areas of the range on different parts of the map. So before you could summit the mountain, you would first have to deal with a large bureaucratic nightmare and protest the Bhutanese government. It is likely that Gangkhar
Puensum will remain unsummitted for the foreseeable future. Number six, Star Mountains. The Star Mountains are an
enormous mountain range in Papua New Guinea that
stretches all the way from the country’s border with Indonesia to the Hindenburg Range, a
neighboring mountain range with a less cool name. Located here is the Hindenburg Wall, a series of mile-high limestone plateaus. The mostly unexplored
area has formed its own unique ecosystem and as a result, is home to many unique species. One biological survey found
that of the 1,100 species they identified as living in the area, 100 had never been found
anywhere else on the planet. The Star Mountains are also believed to be one of the wettest places on earth, receiving 10,000 milimeter per year. Five, Yucatan Cenotes. The Yucatan Cenotes are
a large cave network located in Mexico. A cenote is a particular type of cave that is formed when
limestone bedrock collapses. Caves are, as you might expect,
some of the most unexplored geographic features on this
planet, because of just how difficult it is to
get inside some of them. Parts of the Yucatan
Cenotes are underwater, which creates additional problems
for potential spelunkers. Even fish seem to know that
underwater caves are bad news, since they’re often left
alone, even by marine life. If the whole idea of an underground cave that nobody has ever been
in isn’t spooky enough, ancient Mayans used to use cenotes just like the ones at Yucatan
for sacrificial offerings. Maybe we should just leave things alone. I really don’t see anything
good coming out of there. Number four, Tsingy De
Bemaraha National Park. Tsingy De Bemaraha National Park is located on the western
edge of Madagascar. Madagascar itself was
undiscovered by Europeans for some time, so being remote is in a way part of Madagascar’s history. The park gets its name from
the Malagasy word tsingy, which means ‘where one
cannot walk barefoot.’ Looking at the bizarrely shaped peaks of the limestone mountains,
it’s easy to imagine a giant doing some sort of balancing
act trying to get across. These limestone peaks
essentially serve as a barrier to exploration, leaving most of the area just as it’s been since
the beginning of time. You may be aware of the area
via the game Civilization IV. Number three, Greenland. Despite being, you know, a country, there are large parts of
Greenland that are unexplored. This is because it’s eight
million square miles, making it the largest
island on the planet, and 80% of that eight million square miles is covered in ice, meaning it
isn’t really super conducive to human travel. This ice is 3,200 meters thick in places, and 400,000 to 800,000 years old. Greenland’s population is only 56,000, so they don’t really need
this massive amount of land. There’s no real incentive to spread out and deal with the terrible conditions. Number two, the Namib Desert. You may want to bring at
least one water bottle if you decide to go
explore the Namib desert, as the region, one of the
most arid in the world, gets only two millimeters of
rain on average every year. It is believed to be the
oldest desert on the planet. The 31,000 square mile area
is almost totally uninhabited with the exception of a few
small indigenous groups. The desert makes up a large part Namibia, which really kind of sucks for them, because it contains almost
nothing besides sand and whatever desert plants
and animals can survive on the most minimal amount
of water you can imagine. Number one, North Sentinel Island. North Sentinel Island tops this list, because of all these places,
it is the one I would most strongly advice against visiting. The island, located in the Bay of Bengal, is the home of the Sentinelese, a group of people who
reject, sometimes violently, any sort of contact
with the outside world. Like the inhabitants of Vale Do Javari, they remain untouched by the modern world. While the island is technically
under Indian jurisdiction, the government leaves the island alone and respects the
Sentinelese apparent desire to simply be left alone by outsiders. The most recent contact anyone
from civilization has made with the Sentinelese
was in January of 2006, when two fishermen
accidentally drifted too close to the island and were
both killed by the tribe. Of course, there are lots of
places people haven’t explored, like most of Antarctica
and the North Pole. But we felt the ones listed in this video were some of the more interesting ones. Now that you’re aware, do you have a burning desire
to visit any of these places? Do you know of any similar
places in the world? Will you ever set shore
on North Sentinel Island? Let me know what you think
in the comments down below. Also, if you enjoyed this video, make sure to leave it a like
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