PHILOSOPHY – Nietzsche

The challenge begins with how to pronounce
his name. The first bit should sound like ‘Knee’, the second like ‘cha’ Knee – cha. Then we need to get past some of his extraordinary
and provocative statements: ‘What doesn’t kill me makes
me stronger’ ‘God is dead! And we have killed him.’ And his large moustache. But when we do, we’ll discover a thinker
who is intermittently enchanting, wise and very helpful. Friedrich Nietzsche was born in 1844 in a
quiet village in the eastern part of Germany where his father was the priest. He did exceptionally well at school and university and so excelled at ancient Greek that he was made a professor at the University of Basel when still only in his mid-twenties. But his official career didn’t work out.
He got fed up with his fellow academics, gave up his job and moved to Sils Maria in the
Swiss alps where he lived quietly, working on his masterpieces, among them: The Birth of Tragedy,
Human, All Too Human, The Gay Science, Thus Spoke Zarathustra, Beyond Good and Evil,
On the Genealogy of Morals, He had lots of problems:
– he didn’t get on with his family: ‘I don’t like my mother and it’s painful
even for me to hear my sister’s voice.’ – women kept rejecting him.
– his books didn’t sell – And when he was only forty-four, he had
a mental breakdown, precipitated when he saw a horse in a Turin street being beaten by its driver and ran over to embrace him shouting
‘I understand you’. He never recovered and died eleven sad years later. But his philosophy was full of heroism and
grandeur. He was a prophet of what he called: SELBSTÜBERWINDUNG or SELF-OVERCOMING, the process by which a great-souled person – what he called an ÜBERMENSCH rises above their
circumstances and difficulties to embrace whatever life throws at them. He wanted his work to teach us, as he put
it, ‘how to become who we really are’. His thought centers around 4 main recommendations: Own up to envy Envy is – Nietzsche recognised – a big
part of life. Yet the lingering effects of Christianity generally teaches to be feel ashamed of our envious feelings. They seem an indication of evil. So we hide them from ourselves
and others Yet there is nothing wrong with envy, maintained
Nietzsche, so long as we use it as a guide to what we really want. Every person who makes
us envious should be seen as an indication of what we could one day become. The envy-inducing
writer, tycoon or chef is hinting at who you are capable of one day being. It’s not that Nietzsche believed we always end up getting what we want. His own life had taught him this well enough). He simply
insisted that we must face up to our true desires, put up a heroic fight to honour them,
and only then mourn failure with solemn dignity. That is what it means to be an ÜBERMENSCH 2. Don’t be a Christian Nietzsche had some extreme things to say about Christianity ‘In the entire New Testament, there is only person worth respecting: Pilate, the
Roman governor.’ It was knockabout stuff, but his true target
was more subtle and more interesting: he resented Christianity for protecting people from their
envy. Christianity had in Nietzsche’s account
emerged in the late Roman Empire in the minds of timid slaves, who had lacked the stomach to get hold of what they really wanted and so had clung to a philosophy that made a virtue of their cowardice. He called this SKLAVENMORAL Christians – whom he rather rudely termed
DIE HEERDE, the herd – had wished to enjoy the real ingredients of fulfilment (a
position in the world, sex, intellectual mastery, creativity) but had been too inept
to get them. They had therefore fashioned a hypocritical
creed denouncing what they wanted but were too weak to fight for – while praising what they did not want but happened to have. So, in the Christian value system, sexlessness turned into purity [show text changing] weakness
became goodness, submission-to-people-one-hates became obedience and, in Nietzsche’s phrase,
“not-being-able-to-take-revenge” turned into “forgiveness.” Christianity amounted to a giant machine for
bitter denial. 3. Never drink alcohol Nietzsche himself drank only water – and
as a special treat, milk. And he thought we should do likewise. He wasn’t making a small, eccentric dietary point. The idea went to
the heart of his philosophy, as contained in his declaration: ‘There have been two
great narcotics in European civilisation: Christianity and alcohol.’ He hated alcohol for the very same reasons
that he scorned Christianity: because both numb pain, and both reassure us that things
are just fine as they are, sapping us of the will to change our lives for the better. A
few drinks usher in a transient feeling of satisfaction that can get fatally in the way
of taking the steps necessary to improve our lives. Nietzsche was obsessed with the awkward truth
that getting really valuable things done hurts. “How little you know of human happiness
– you comfortable people” he wrote “The secret of a fulfilled life is: live dangerously! Build your cities on the slopes
of Mount Vesuvius!” 4. “God is Dead” Nietzsche’s dramatic assertion that God
is dead is not, as it’s often taken to be, some kind of a celebratory statement. Despite his reservations about Christianity,
Nietzsche did not think that the end of belief was anything to cheer about. Religious beliefs were false, he knew; but
he observed that they were very beneficial in the sense of helping us cope with the problems
of life. Nietzsche felt that the gap left by religion
should ideally be filled by Culture (he meant: philosophy, art, music, literature): Culture should replace Scripture. However, Nietzsche was deeply suspicious of
the way his own era was handling culture. He believed the universities were killing the humanities, turning them into dry academic exercises, rather than using them for what they were always meant to be: guides to life. He admired the way the Greeks had used tragic drama in a practical, therapeutic way, as an occasion for catharsis and moral education
– and wished his own age to be comparably ambitious. He called for a reformation, in which people
– newly conscious of the crisis brought on by the end of faith – would fill the
gaps created by the disappearance of religion with philosophy and art. Every era faces particular psychological challenges,
thought Nietzsche, and it is the task of the philosopher to identify, and help solve, these. For Nietzsche, the 19th century was reeling under the impact of two developments: Mass Democracy and Atheism. The first threatened to unleash torrents of undigested
envy; the second to leave humans without guidance or morality. In relation to both challenges, Nietzsche
remains our endearing, fascinating often loveable and moustachioed guide.

Comments 100

  • A lot of great stuff in this but in my opinion to properly understand Nietzsche you need to read Zarathustra in conjunction with Nietzsche's Teaching by Laurence Lampert.

  • Shocking! No one mentioned the epic rap battle from history.

  • God died by CO2 intoxication

  • So he was abused as a child!!! Never had love from parents!!! Very telling.

  • I sometimes don't get his deep rooted point. He himself contradicts his belief later in his book.

  • I thought he died of syphilis.

  • did he embrace the horse or the man beating it?

  • Ubermensch: Unbias individual

  • This video turns Nietzsche's philosophy into a series of banal self-help affirmations. Did you have Otto from A Fish Called Wanda writing the script for the video?

  • what is the movie at 5:47?

  • What a beautiful mind. He is the Beethoven of philosophy. i don't agree with everything he said, but all of it is interesting.

  • Great ideas, amazing foresight! Religion is fading away, but philosophy and culture, as Nietzsche understood it, did not take its place. Instead we have ideologies, those pseudo-religions that have all the bad features without whatever good there was. As for the ubermenchen, just look at the Germans, who once fought against the whole world, and now cannot protect their women from islamic rapists in their own country.

  • Cause I'm N-I-E-T-Z-S-C-H-E,
    And I'll end any motherf#%ker like my name in a spelling bee!

  • Good video.

  • I really don’t understand some of the words because of the accent… anyone else? I’m upset and angry. I’m not being sarcastic I really have no idea what the narrator is saying sometimes.. so frustrating.

  • He lost me when he said we should not drink beer.

  • Envy is one of THE GREATEST EVILS! Dissatisfaction should be overcome by our own efforts… Not by envy! … There lies our own destruction – Always!

  • Nietzsche was a cunt and his name is stupid.

  • Have a nice day all!.🌏🌞

  • Wrong interpretation of Nietzche's work and wrong information

  • Someone who couldn’t experience and charter his primitive instincts/emotions due to religious obligations, and then latter on develops resentments against religion. He must have known that it is that sacrifice which earns the haven. Because competition is the root of destruction and has no place in paradise. Thus glorifying animal instincts to revenge on religion or living an emotional based life can not secure anything either. Death is certain regardless of how you live, then why regret any thing missed in life.

  • And still.. God is alive and Nietzsche is dead. No wonder Nietzsche ended up insane for his last 11 years and died quite young, at 56. A powerless man, frustrated with women and very timid in mostly anything talking about the superhuman and the power of will. Isn't that a sad paradox? It doesn't mean that if you have a great mind, you can't be a fool in life. I don't know how many of the people who admire him and/or his philosophy so much would desire his actual life.

  • Hi do u think studying philosophy will help me to find success in my life. i want to be a millionaire btw.

  • Today I watch this video and thinking about the meaning of life, but tomorrow I'll forget what I watch now

  • Can anyone help decipher the hidden meaning in this section of of his popular book : Thus spoke zarathustra.

    Between the daughters of the desert .

  • Why genius people get crazy?

  • For a dude who had a mental breakdown and died nuts, he sure has a lot of stern lessons to give about sometimes having a drink or two and letting go a bit. Sure turned out great for him.

  • Came here from 2001: A Space Odyssey

  • I did not hear 'Will to Power' once in this video. This is nothing more than a bastardised version of his philosophy, taught in today's academic factories by tired old sophists, to moral atheist drones.
    Morality is a sickness, think in terms beyond good and evil, one's virtue is one's own. All is force, force has a subjectivity, that subjectivity manifests itself in the form of a drive in all living things: the will to power. Life simply is the will to power, and that alone.

  • YouTube writing taking up half of video screen ! Help !

  • where can I get 1:44 as a wallpaper

  • Christianity numbs pain… I think Nietzshe forgot about Ecclesiastes.

  • Amor fati, the idea that we should embrace (or at least accept) the situations of our lives, no matter how negative, and that this in no way exempts the attempt of positive change.

    This is the best of Nietzche's ideas.

  • I don't get jealous… so are you trying to tell me I will become nothing? but seriously though, I am living Nietzsche's ways without knowing I was. I am against religion and alcohol and I look at religion as a hope thing for people. When religion goes, something must replace it. If we have nothing to replace it, the world becomes a blinded place. In the modern era, they are the ones mindlessly shopping and listening to people like Cardi B.

  • Thanks for persian subtitle

  • Christianity is so not about that though.

  • What would be a good recommendation to read from him?

  • i was with my bro Nietzsche until he renounced alcohol.

  • Be active nihilist 'cause life doesn't work when u live like a passive nihilist. I mean, nobody exist on purpose, nobody belong anywhere, everybody gonna die and they dont remember or regret anything , u know that. We can see a contradiction between humans Desire to finds meaning in life and the meaningless in the universe. Most of our live we filter our actions through the idea that we have a special purpose, it hard to accept that our efforts will be largely pointless and quickly forgotten in our indifferent universe that search for our big existential purpose often blinds us from the stuff we actually enjoy and keep us from being people that truly matter. I came back the topic, The passive nihilist for Nietzsche is resigned to the hopelessness and meaninglessness of life. The active nihilist, however, actively seeks to destroy the old values and start anew. So life doesn't work u live like a passive nihilist. Yes, nothing including purpose but life is worth living, laughing, shitting, crying, jerking off….

  • still he was sexist, "Woman's love involves injustice and blindness against everything that she does not love… Woman is not yet capable of friendship: women are still cats and birds. Or at best cows…" from Thus Spoke Zarathustra

  • Without music life would be a mistake

  • He calls for a reformation after the disappearance of religion and value of pain and embracing envy while he wallowed away dieing a depressed man. His philosophy got him nowhere it seems.

  • The misconstrual of Christian spirituality is strong in this one.

  • Transvaluation, honey. This crappy website keeps stopping me from typing more.

  • This is fascinating. Every time I try to explain transvaluation, the website stops my attempt.

  • i feel so lost 🙁

  • i feel so lost 🙁

  • If he would be alive today , he would not be famous thus he would be unemployed depressed and lonely.

  • the second part of his name should not be pronounced cha it should be pronounced She because sh = sch and e=e

  • Delete the video, it is so cringe how wrong everything is

  • Quoting him makes me look smart

  • I am a conservative catholic but I like this video, it makes me want to take two biscuits during holy communion instead of one.

  • Love Nietzsche. We should learn about his teaching and philosophy in school, in history or English.

  • sound like the sort of philosophy that inspired Hitler

  • I especially like his idea to try suicide as a form of an experiment.

  • I feel im neitzsche. I hold the same philosophies perhaps to a bit more extreme. I've the similar family circumstances but I'm sticking with my career and doing good at it. Perhaps neitzsche should have drunk or atleast smoked atleast that's what keeping me connected to the reality while my mind remains in a constant state of flight

  • hate Christianity but live in a Christian country .. oh the hypocrisy

  • Sorry! You have mispronounced his name. Final Es in German are not pronounced AH as you suggest. You should consider taking some German phonetics lessons. 😊

  • no he didn't

  • Did he embrace the horse or the driver?

  • What is the image at 1:46?

  • Neistshe was not a bad guy

  • When you mention all the problems and leave without giving a better alternative solution

  • And what if, you truly are unhappy and yet want nothing at all. I envy no one.

  • So he is a soyboy.

  • If I could resurrect a few people, sit at a table with them, and talk for a while, maybe an hour or two, Nietzsche would definitely be my first choice. Such a shame such a brilliant man's work was used to promote everything he despised by an Austrian who took up residence in his own country, and tarnished his reputation in the eyes of "the herd".

  • Nietzsche what a loser! It's beyond me how he became famous.

  • Nietzsche was the first Incel.

  • Este dijo algo nuevo
    Se dio cuenta
    Por eso termino loco

  • 4:57 when he said ,"build your cities on the slopes of mount Vesuvius " , I chuckled

  • I find myself to be a megalomaniac when accepting to envy.

  • I think Nietzsche might be my favourite philosopher…

  • Time proves we can't replace the moral standards of God, we remove it chaos enters.
    "An eye for an eye".

  • العنوان

  • The imagery on 2:48 thought :'3 "NO"

  • I don't think that you can just become something else that easily, and you certainly can't envy someone else to become them; or even through other methods. If people are unique, which they are, they occupy a space which is special. One which they live their lives alone in, and ultimately die alone in. That's one of the great truths, isn't it?

    Only you can know yourself. Because, only you have experienced your entire life. No-one will ever be Nietzsche, but Nietzsche, and everyone else would only be 'inspired by Nietzsche', it's also the same in one's love life.

  • Thank you for clarifying the name, I could not say it for the life of me LOL

  • Envy is the creed of socialism!

  • Hell….on earth….

  • Funny thing, he was right about alcohol. The russian government, ever since the 16th century, had that exact same policy: fill the people with cheap vodka and make them too drunk to rebel, think, or do anything else to threathen the ruling elite.

  • "europe is source of evil"

    am i philosoper now?

  • I feel that most people who don't read Nietzsche, provoke upon themselves a danger of misunderstanding that leads to less than scholarly arguments. Sartre, Kierkegaard, Camus and all these existential thinkers are trying to promote a scholarly solution to the idea that life is utterly meaningless. Their ideas are figurative and aren't mean to be taken seriously. Otherwise, we could end up with a disaster that warps our social character. Nietzsche believed that human beings can aspire to be something greater from the shadow of religious repression; however, his works haven't found momentum. In this present moment, people have no desire to relinquish their old ways of thinking. They don't question their own motives or their cognitive theories and assumptions. People need to think critically. Nietzsche wanted us to think beyond the old ways of thinking and to size up these old assumptions so that we could break free and form our own ways of thinking. However, from an psychological perspective, this method of relinquishing old views can occur over generations of people. We won't probably see the Ubermensch until thousands of generation down the road of human progress. The ubermensch will not be in our lifetime or many lifetimes to come. Nietzsche's words herald a distant future that we won't see.

  • His assertion about alcohol is quite sobering! When feeling uncertain, fearful, worried (basically any self-imposed limiting beliefs that make you believe you’re incapable), one of the easiest methods of alleviating those feelings is to drink. This fleeting, false moment that tells you everything is good. But come morning, you still have all of those worries and then some because you haven’t done the work that would create true happiness. I’ve been struggling with this for some time and this video was a much needed slap in the face lol

  • Can someone who understands Nietzsche explain something to me?
    "Nietzsche believed in Nihilism, meaning that he believed life was meaningless". Then why care to improve ourselves and become a superman?

  • Don't forget he was a sexist too. “Morality is just a fiction used by the herd of inferior human beings to hold back the few superior MEN.” Doesn't sound so smart now, does he?

  • Ubermensch

  • can you do a video on benito juarez???

  • God is dead

  • I like how you put scenes on the video to support what nietzsche was saying, is all true

  • My sensei Nietzche

  • Don't be a Christian!

  • Subscribing for the use of terry Gilliam style doodles.

  • I really needed this, thank you.

  • He was the main man

  • Hail Nietzsche he predicted our failures but got one thing wrong, God does not die.

  • This is complete and total gibberish: that's what happens when you try to fit one of humanity's top thinkers into a snicker bar for the mob to consume in less than 7 min.

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