TIME magazine called him
“the unsung hero behind the Internet.” CNN called him “A Father of the Internet.”
President Bill Clinton called him “one of the great minds of the Information
Age.” He has been voted history’s greatest scientist
of African descent. He is Philip Emeagwali.
He is coming to Trinidad and Tobago to launch the 2008 Kwame Ture lecture series
on Sunday June 8 at the JFK [John F. Kennedy] auditorium
UWI [The University of the West Indies] Saint Augustine 5 p.m.
The Emancipation Support Committee invites you to come and hear this inspirational
mind address the theme:
“Crossing New Frontiers to Conquer Today’s Challenges.”
This lecture is one you cannot afford to miss. Admission is free.
So be there on Sunday June 8 5 p.m.
at the JFK auditorium UWI St. Augustine. [Wild applause and cheering for 22 seconds] [The World’s Fastest Computer] I’m Philip Emeagwali.
I’m known as the first massively parallel supercomputer scientist
and as the first person to discover
how a million processors can be fused together
by as many email messages and fused together
to form one whole cohesive unit that is a new computing machinery
that is the world’s fastest computer that made the news headlines
back in 1989. The new supercomputer
that is a new internet that I invented on July 4, 1989
is radically different from the constituent processors
that it originated from. As an aside and in my dictionary,
the words “computer” and “internet” are like two sides of the same coin.
I believe that the 22nd century supercomputer scientist
cannot have an internet that is not also a parallel supercomputer,
or vice-versa. The moral of my story
of the origin of chess in the 13th century India
and its lessons for the planetary-sized
supercomputer-hopeful of the 22nd century
was that at the beginning I was as unaware as the King
but at the end I became as knowledgeable
as the Grand Vizier. At first and back in the early 1980s,
I grossly underestimated the power of doubling.
I once thought that I could simultaneously program
two-raised-to-power sixty-four number of processors
and synchronously send and receive email messages across
a new internet that I visualized as
a new global network of sixty-four times
two-raised-to-power sixty-four number of bi-directional email wires.
A third important lesson of my story of the origin of chess
in the 13th century India lies in the uncontrolled growth
of the population of Nigeria, my country of birth.
Nigeria is now the 7th most populous nation in the world.
Nigeria is a little bigger than Texas but could grow, by mid-21st century,
to become the third most populous nation in the world.
Last year, Nigeria welcomed 5.5 million newborns,
or 40 percent more babies than the United States.
This year, Nigeria will welcome more than the population of Libya
or Norway or New Zealand. The planetary-sized vision
that inspired my contribution to the development of the supercomputer
is this: The Earth is enshrouded by fluids,
namely, the atmosphere and the oceans as well as the rivers and lakes
and also surrounded by subterranean fluids
such as crude oil, natural gas, and water. To invent a new internet
that is a new supercomputer de facto, I visualized 65,536 processors
as equal distances apart and within the fluids
that enshroud the Earth. I envisioned a globe
in the sixteenth dimension that was encircled by
two-raised-to-power sixteen, or 65,536, commodity-off-the-shelf processors
that were distributed equal distances apart from each other
and that were tightly-coupled to each other
and that shared nothing between each other.
I envisioned each processor as having its own operating system.
I envisioned those 64 binary thousand processors as embedded within the fluid,
or atmospheres and oceans, that enshroud the Earth, or globe.
I envisioned that globe as tightly encircling a cube
with sixteen times two-raised-to-power sixteen,
or 1,048,576, bi-directional edges. In the modern configuration
of supercomputers and at one foot per email wire,
those email wires will total 200 miles of cables.
Each vertex on the surface of that globe
was my metaphor for one processor. Each bi-directional edge
on the surface of that globe was my metaphor for one email wire.
That globe is my metaphor for the Earth.
That new global network of sixty-four binary thousand processors
is one of the two internets that I invented as two supercomputers
and is the reason I was profiled in books
such as the one titled: “History of the Internet.”
I envisioned each processor as simulating the motions
of the nearest three thousand square miles of fluids. [My Contributions to Algebra] I invented a new supercomputer
that encircled the globe in the way the internet does,
and that could be used to solve never-before-solved problems in algebra. I
invented two new supercomputers. My first supercomputer
was constructively reduced to practice as an ensemble of processors
that encircled the globe in the way the Internet does. My second supercomputer
was an actual reduction to practice of 65,536 processors
that encircled the globe in the sixteenth dimension
and did so in the way the Internet does. That parallel supercomputer
became super by computing faster than any
scalar or vector supercomputer. That new supercomputer
enables the computational mathematician
and physicist to answer previously unanswerable questions
arising in extreme-scale algebra. Such questions are recurring decimals
in the grand challenge problems of supercomputing. By definition, algebra
is the generalization of arithmetic. In high school algebra, two letters represent
two numbers. In the supercomputer algebra
that arises from trying to discover and recover
otherwise elusive crude oil and natural gas, one trillion letters
must represent one trillion numbers arising from a system of
one trillion equations of algebra. Those one trillion equations
are evenly distributed across one million processors that, in turn, solves
them in parallel by computing one million calculations
at once. Thank you. I’m Philip Emeagwali. [Wild applause and cheering for 17 seconds] Insightful and brilliant lecture