Nobody Showed You the History Of India Like This!


Nobody Showed You the History Of India Like
This This is India! Just look how beautiful, magical
and spiritual this place is. Green trees, deep blue rivers, hot shining sun… India.
Are you ready to travel back in time again? Buckle up because it’s going to be a long
rough ride! Once upon a time, or to be more accurate,
around 70,000 years ago people in Africa decided that they got tired of living with angry hungry
neighbors aka hungry animals. They left the continent and reached India. It was a long
hard way. The scientists will later call it the coastal migration. Yep, they have a word
for everything. They didn’t stand idly by. They beginning
to learn the surroundings and by 6,500 BC began farming. They also raised cattle, goats,
and sheep. Water buffalo were used to pull carts. Guys, now that we have food, let’s
created something to store it in. By 5,500 BC they intended and widely used pottery.
Well done people. Now that we have meat, it’s time to get
back on earth and start to grow something. They grew wheat, barley, and peas. Okay, people, I am tired of living in this
small hut with my mother-in-law. I’m moving to a new place! Thus the first two cities
were created. Mohenjo-daro and Harrapa. They both were very big beautiful cities abound
with smart people. The population grew and reached 35,000 in each city. Which is a LOT
in the Ancient world. Between 4,000 to 2,000 years ago, another
wave of settlers came from Central Asia. People began to mix. New neighbors, yay! They both
built new cities, used bronze tools, had sewage system in their towns. It was the beginning
of the Indus civilization. The whole population reached unbelievable 5 million people!! But.. oh man, there’s always some “but”.
However.. well, it’s just a fancy “but”. Okay, despite all that, the civilization slowly
declined due to still unknown reasons. No! It might have been climate change or the rivers
changed course, scientists say. The cities were abandoned. The time has stopped. (long
pause) Do not despair, dear child. By 1,500 new people
appeared. The mighty Aryans! At first, they wandered about with their herds of cattle
rather than live in one place. Do you like this land, my dear? NO! Ok, I’ll find another…
Later they settled down, used iron and became farmers. From 1,500 to 500 BC they created
a lot of Vedas and hymns to ancient gods. Some of these Vedas are still in use today. Vedic India became a very complicated society
and stretched along the continent and was divided into kingdoms and republics. Although
Buddha was born in India about 483 BC the religion he founded failed to take root in
the country. Too bad, the enlightened one. At approximately the same time the Persians
captured the extreme North-west of India. Alexander the Great destroyed the Persian
Empire and penetrated the far North-west of India. I am a mighty warrior and I want to
conquer the whole world! He died in 317 BC. The Greeks had little or no impact on the
society, so when they finally left the various Indian kingdoms had begun to conquer one another
and after 322 BC the first great empire arose. Chandragupta Maurya seised power! He was the
master and commander of the powerful and highly centralized state of Magadha in the North
of India. He established the Mauryan Empire in India. Look how huge it was. HIs ancestors,
mighty warriors as well, continued his rule and crushed anyone who spoke a word against
the ruler. This new empire was very rich. New ruler Asoka truly believed in the Buddhist
principles and stopped the conquering process. I said ENOUGH! From now on, only peace, justice,
and compassion! After his death, the Mauryan empire declined,
as all empires do. Bummer! Different people tried to seize the power but they never lasted
long on the throne and were quickly assassinated and replaced with another dynasty. Sounds
like Indian Game of Thrones. India now faced a new invader. Nomads from Central Asia conquered
Bactria in about 120 BC. They were split into 5 tribes. One of the tribes, the Kushans conquered
the others. Gradually they conquered more and more and more and more territory. The
Kushan Empire reached its peak under King Kanishka and did much trade with the Roman
Empire. What a time! Oh, by the way, during this time, people really
embraced Buddhism and even brought it to the Chinese via the Great Silk Road. No need to
thank us, guys! The Kushan Empire reached its peak and then
gradually declined. It was replaced by the Gupta dynasty. The Gupta Empire reached a
peak under Chandragupta II 375-415 AD. This is known as the Golden Age of India. Prosperity
on every corner. Many wonderful things appeared during this period, such as the classical
Sanskrit plays, chaturanga, and of course the most famous manual on sex – the Kama Sutra.
We should also thank them for the foundation of modern science and maths – the Hindu system
and the use of zero! Also, the cults of Shiva and Vishnu became very popular among people. However, it then went into decline and broke
apart by the 6th century. Many kingdoms appeared. Enter the Huns! Fierce, mighty warriors from
Asia that even slept on their horses. they conquered most of North-western India. However,
their rule lasted no more than 30 years. About 528 AD the Indians, led by wonderful ruler
Yashodharman defeated them in battle and drove them out. Hey, well done! India once again became a land of several
kingdoms, which were frequently at war with each other. The three most important dynasties
were the Rajputs, the Pallavas, and the Chalukyas. BUT! the Chola king Rajaraja conquered his
neighbors and took Sri Lanka and the Maldives. India once again became a great united empire.
People built a lot of temples to Shiva that became centers of cultural life. Trade with
Southeast Asia thrived. So did trade with the Arabs. Several Turkish rulers tried to invade the
northern territories. Mahmud and later Sultan Muhammad. The Turks were able to conquer large
parts of Northern India and they created a powerful state – the Delhi Sultanate. The
Sultanate reached a peak under Alauddin at the beginning of the 13th century. Meanwhile, a new threat came from the North
– the Mongols. Oh. come one! This is our land, stop with all the invasions! The Mongold raided
Northwest India but they were repulsed. By this time the Sultanate of Delhi declined
rapidly in the late 14th century. One more important thing happened in 1498. Yeah, you
know what we’re talking about. Timurlane, a descendant of Genghis Khan sacked Delhi
and massacred many of the inhabitants. Meanwhile, another empire arose in the South
– the Vijayangar. It was founded by two brothers Harihara and Bukka. They were sent to crush
a rebellion in the South. Instead, they broke away and founded their own kingdom. Harihara
was crowned king in 1346. His brother Bukka I ruled after him. The rulers of Vijayanagar
gradually conquered more and more territory and the empire reached a peak early in the
16th century. Aaaand as it happens with all the empires and dynasties, they were conquered
and the Mughals took their place. This empire was founded by the descendant
of Genghis Khan, Babur. Yep, no surprises. They have power running in their veins, not
blood. Guns enabled him to win great victories over the Indians who were still using traditional
methods of warfare. Other Indian rulers now united against Babur but they were crushed
and outnumbered 5 to 1 at the battle of Khanau in 1527. The Mughal Empire rose! Akbar is believed
to be the greatest Mughal ruler. He took Gujarat in 1574, Bengal in 1576, Kashmir in 1586,
Orissa in 1592 and Baluchistan in 1595. Akbar was a Muslim but he was tolerant in matters
of religion. Akbar admired Persian culture and promoted it in India. Persian language
literature flourished in India during his reign. The Mughal Empire reached its zenith in the
17th century. Shah Jahan became ruler in 1627. Under him, the empire prospered. He is famous
for building the Taj Mahal. Yes, this wonderful, beautiful, immense building! It was erected
as a memorial to his queen Mumtaz Mahal. After her death, he began building the Taj Mahal.
It took an ‘army’ of 20,000 craftsmen and laborers 22 years to build. It was begun in
1631 and completed in 1653. What is love? This is love! The next ruler was Aurangzeb. He expanded
the empire. Under him, the empire became so vast it was difficult for one man to rule.
He wasn’t as tolerant as his receivers. Then there was Bahadur Shah. In 1739, the
Persians launched an evil attack on the Mughal Empire. They sacked Delhi. The empire continued
but its power was rapidly fading. Enter the Europeans! The first Europeans to
reach India by sea were the Portuguese who arrived in 1498 and began importing spices
from India. It was the Portuguese explorer Vasco da Gama. After that, many European traders
became regular visitors in the country. The English East India Company was formed in 1600
to trade with India. There was also the Dutch base, the French base etc. In the 18th century, eager Europeans began
to interfere with the Indian politics. Like the spices weren’t enough. The Seven Years
War between Britain and France began in 1756. The British then took over more territory
in India. Indian states were forced to accept British ‘protection’. Like that was something
we all needed here, right. They even began to impose their culture on India. In 1835
English was made the official language of Government and education. The East India Company had long employed Indians
as soldiers. Very soon they outnumbered the British soldiers in every troop. Well, it
didn’t last long because when you force your rules on other people, they get restless.
Simple math. The spark that lit the fire was the fact that soldiers were issued with a
new rifle – the Enfield. It was said that the cartridge was greased with fat from a
cow (sacred to Hindus) or pigs (unclean to Muslims). Noooo! (in shock) The rebellion spread across Central and Northern
India! Let’s take our freedom and country back! Rebellion here, massacre there, fighting
here. By 1858 the East India Company lost control of India. However, the desire for
independence did not die. In 1877 Queen Victoria was made Empress of India. Don’t blame the British, they did a lot
of good deeds nonetheless. For example, created a network of railways in India. and improved
the old ones and build a lot of new roads across the country. Thank you, guys. Jute,
raw cotton and tea and coffee were exported to Britain. In return textiles and other manufactured
goods were imported from there. It marked the end of the agricultural country, very
soon it will develop all sorts of industries. By the same time, the British Empire that
rules half of the planet began to decline. More and more countries claimed their independence.
Indian nationalist feeling grew stronger. Then something bad happened. The Amritsar
massacre. A crowd of thousands gathered to protest against recent legislation. 379 people
were killed and about 1200 wounded. Now, it’s important to mention Mohandas
Karamchand Gandhi. Yep, this little bald man with the glasses became the leader of the
nationalists. He was for peaceful campaigning. India became independent on 15 August 1947.
Sadly Gandhi was assassinated on 30 January 1948. Well, on the bright side though he witnessed
what he was fighting for. In the 1960s India fought two wars. In 1962
there was a conflict with China. There were clashes along the border between India and
Tibet in the late 1950s. Today India is one of the most populated countries
with one of the most rapidly growing economies in the world. We can only admire its ancient
history, respect its strength and learn from its rich culture. Do you want us to make a video about your
country? Tell us where you’re from in the comments and don’t forget to subscribe to
Smart Banana to never miss a new video!

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