Nashville 102 Week 3 Nashville: 1900-1945


COLLEGE TUTOR YOU ALL ACTUALLY TALK TO EACH OTHER ONE. STUDENTS ARE USUALLY KIND OF IN THE FROZEN MOMENT WITH THEIR PHONES. SO AS TO WHY PEOPLE HAVE TO QUIET ACROSS. STUDENTS WHO WOULD TALK TO EACH OTHER. IT IS QUITE A CHALLENGE. AND I’M I’M I’M I’M I’M REAL AND SO IT WILL NOT RAIN. SO I’M CARRYING IT BUT I WOULD LIKE FOR IT TO BE RAINING RIGHT AT THIS MOMENT OVER MY THE YOU KNOW WHEN I PUT IN HERE I LOOKED AT THEIR GLASS AND IT’S ABOUT AS BROWN AS MINE IS SO. YOU KNOW IT’S ALL OVER TOWN AND- HOPEFULLY THINGS WILL IMPROVE ALL. SOONER OR LATER BUT WHAT HAVEN’T GONE THIS LONG WITHOUT A RANGE THE FIRST THE SCHOOL AND I DON’T KNOW WHY AND SO I’M- I’M I’M UP. WATCHING LIKE EVERYBODY. ELSE OF A CERTAIN AGE I LOOK AT THE WEATHER ALL THE TIME. THAT DOESN’T SAY SOMETHING ABOUT MY. INTERESTING THINGS TO COVER AT LEAST I HOPE YOU FIND THEM INTERESTING ALL I APPRECIATED THE COMMENTS I GOT LAST WEEK PARTICULARLY ABOUT THE ADDITIONS OF SOME AFRICAN AMERICAN HISTORY HERE WHICH I FEEL. IS REALLY IMPORTANT IN A SUBJECT THAT WE JUST IGNORE SOMETIMES AND SO I’M DETERMINED TO GET ALL OF THE STORIES PUT BACK INTO THE NARRATIVE OF NATIONAL HISTORY JOHN EDGERTON CERTAINLY MADE THAT ONE OF HIS GOALS AND SO ON I’M DETERMINED THAT THIS IS GOING TO BE ADDED TO THE STORY BECAUSE AFRICAN AMERICANS WERE HERE FROM THE VERY FIRST SETTLERS WITH DRU ROBERTSON AND DONALDSON PARTY. SO TODAY I THOUGHT I WOULD BEGIN BY BRINGING OUT ANOTHER GROUP THAT IS NOT OFTEN MENTIONED IN THE HISTORY BOOKS A CAR WAS NEAR. AND DEAR TO MY HEART WHICH IS WOMEN’S HISTORY. I BET YOU ALL HAD THE SAME KIND OF HISTORY BOOKS. WHEN YOU WERE IN HIGH SCHOOL AS I DID WHICH YOU WOULD HAVE A WOMAN OR TWO YOU’D HAVE. CLOSE MALE RINGING THE BLOW OUT OF RISK. ALL YOU WOULD HAVE. DOING A VERY WOMANLY THING WITH A NEEDLE AND THREAD. THAT IS ACCURATE OR NOT WE DON’T KNOW BUT YOU DIDN’T REALLY SAY A WHOLE LOT OF WOMEN IN YOUR HISTORY BOOKS BECAUSE WOMEN WERE LARGELY KIND OF LEFT OFF OF THE LADDER OF SUCCESS MOVING ONWARD AND UPWARD AND THEY WERE CONFINED TO A PRIVATE WOMANLY SPHERE AT HOME. BUT% OVER THE PAST FORTY OR FIFTY YEARS THIS IS REALLY CHANGED DRAMATICALLY AND I REALLY GIVE THE CIVIL RIGHTS MOVEMENT. READ IT FOR EMPOWERING A LOT OF OTHER GROUPS TO COME FORWARD AND SAY HEY WE’RE NOT IN THE HISTORY BOOKS EITHER SO I THINK THAT THERE WAS A DOMINO AFFECT AFTER THE FIFTIES AND CERTAINLY THE SIXTIES AND- IT CONTINUES TODAY. SO IN NASHVILLE YOU WE HAVE A LOT OF VERY ACTIVE WOMEN AND I HAD A TREMENDOUS AMOUNT OF INFLUENCE IN THE COMMUNITY AND I WERE BUSY DOING GOOD THINGS THERE WERE A FEW WORKING WOMEN HERE IN THERE. ALTHOUGH WOMEN IF THEY EVEN IF I WERE NOT IMPEDE THE WOMEN WHO WERE EMPLOYED WITH THE WOMEN WHO WERE LARGE LIKE CLEANING YOUR HOUSE OR WORKING IN OUR MILLS. AND BY BY ABOUT NINETEEN HUNDRED OR NINETEEN TEN I’M ENGINE THIS. NASHVILLE WAS THE LEADING. PRODUCING CITY YOU ARE ONE OF THE LEADING FLOWER PRODUCING CITIES IN THE UNITED STATES. DO YOU SEE A LOVELY WHEAT FIELDS ALL AROUND THE STATE EVERYWHERE YOU DRIVE RIGHT. THERE’S VERY LITTLE. HOW DID THIS HAPPEN. WADE GRAINS FROM THE MIDWEST WAS ALL UP. MARRIAGES AND WITH TUGBOATS ANOTHER VESSEL AND BROUGHT TO NASHVILLE TO BE GROUND WE HAD ALL OF THE FLOUR MILLS HERE AND I EMPLOYED A LOT A LOT OF WOMEN AND SO ONE OF THE NICKNAMES THAT NATIONAL HAS IS HOW TO YOUR CITY AND WE LOOK AT THAT AS AS THINKING OF THE SMOKING GUN POWDER THAT THEY WERE MAKING OUT AT THE DUPONT FACTORY DURING WORLD WAR ONE BUT IT ALSO REALLY WANTS FOR. WAR WE WORK GRINDING FLOUR. REMEMBER WHAT THEY ADVERTISE ON THE GRAND OLE OPRY. SELF RISING FLOUR AND SO THAT WAS A LITTLE TOUCH THAT SOMEONE. HERE IN NASHVILLE AND THOSE MIDDLE SO I PRODUCED A GREAT DEAL OF REVENUE AS WELL AS EMPLOYMENT BUT THOSE WOMEN WELL ACTUALLY HAD ONE TOO MUCH TO DO TO HAVE ANY KIND OF A VOICE AND SO THEY REALLY DID DEPEND. ON MIDDLE CLASS WOMEN WHO HAD A LITTLE MORE LEISURELY TIME TO BELIEVE THEIR VOICES AND BE THERE ACTIVIST AND CERTAINLY WE DID HAVE SEVERAL WOMEN IN TOWN WHO WERE LOOKING. OUT FOR THE WOMEN WHO WERE ON. RIGHT WHERE THEY WERE NOT TREATED EXACTLY FAIRLY IN THEIR WORKPLACE EVEN IF I WERE DOING THE SAME WORK IS MAN THIS AT THE TURN OF THE CENTURY THIS IS ALSO. THE TIME OF THE SETTLEMENT HOUSE MOVEMENT JANE ADAMS HAD STARTED WHOREHOUSE IN CHICAGO OUTSIDE OF CHICAGO IN A FACTORY DISTRICT OF THE CITY AND ALL THE OTHER WOMEN AROUND THE COUNTRY HAD SAID YES WE NEED TO CREATE SETTLEMENT HOUSES AND WHAT WAS THE SETTLEMENT HOUSES TO DO THAT I WORE TO GET PEOPLE SETTLED AND SO WE HAD A HOME. INVASION THE JEWISH COMMUNITY HERE FOUNDED THE BIRTH OF HER WALL CENTER WHICH BROUGHT IN IN WHICH HAD IMMIGRANTS COMING HERE PARTICULARLY THOSE WAVES OF IMMIGRANTS THAT BEGAN. IN THE LATE EIGHTEEN NINETIES. AND I WERE COMING FROM EASTERN EUROPE OR THE MEDITERRANEAN AREAS OR RUSSIA AND THEY WORK AS A CULTURE JUST AS THE GERMAN JEWS WHO HAD COME DOWN FROM CINCINNATI THE JEWS WHO CAME TO MEMPHIS AND NASHVILLE AROUND NINETEEN HUNDRED OR JEWS FROM THAT RUSSIA AND EASTERN EUROPE. AND THEY CAME GENERAL WAY TO THE PORT OF NEW ORLEANS AND THEN UP THE MISSISSIPPI RIVER AND MEMPHIS HAD AN INCREDIBLY LARGE ALSO DOCKS COMMUNITY ALL IT IS STILL INCREDIBLY LARGE THE BEARING HIRSCH SYNAGOGUE IF YOU’VE EVER BEEN THERE IT’S QUITE A LOVELY. LOVELY SYNAGOGUE AND I HAD AN OLDER SYNAGOGUE. IN THIS NEIGHBORHOOD THIS JEWISH. NEIGHBORHOOD IN MEMPHIS CALL THE PITCH HERE ARE. DOGS WERE LARGELY REFORM JEWS THE JEWS FROM CINCINNATI HAD COMMENTS WERE LARGELY REFORM JEWS BUT WE HAD TWO OR THREE CITIES SYNAGOGUES BY THIS TIME BUT THE JEWISH WOMEN CREATE THIS SETTLEMENT HOUSE TO HELP THE SETTLERS WHO DON’T SPEAK ENGLISH DRESS DIFFERENTLY WHO HAVE DIFFERENT RELIGIOUS CUSTOMS. AND SO THIS IS A VERY BIG PART OF THEIR SOCIAL ACTION THEIR SOCIAL PROGRAMS. NOW OTHER DENOMINATIONS DID THIS AS WELL. EVENTUALLY ON THE METHODIST WELL HAVE SITE LOOKS CENTER THE EPISCOPALIANS WELL HAVE SOMEBODY’S GOING TO HAVE TO HELP ME HERE WHAT IS THE MAYBE SITE WHICH IS THE METHODIST I’M SPEAKING OFF THE TOP OF MY HEAD. HELLO THIS IS A- WHAT IS. HEY I’M CENTER THAT’S WHY I WAS THERE AND THE PRESBYTERIANS HAD MARTHA O’BRIEN SO YOU HAVE THESE WOMEN IN THESE CHURCHES DOING THINGS FOR THE COMMUNITY YOU HAVE A GROUP OF METHODIST WOMEN AND OTHER DENOMINATIONS WHO WILL FOUND A DAYCARE CENTER THE FANNIE BATTLE DAY CARE CENTER FANNIE BATTLE HAD BEEN A MEMBER OF MY CAN DREAM METHODIST. AND SO YOU HAVE THESE WOMEN DOING THEY STINK SO. HERE’S THE- NATIONAL NEWSPAPER FROM A WOMAN IN BOSTON SHE IS A BUSINESS WOMAN SOMETHING THAT WE DON’T HAVE MANY OF IN NASHVILLE AND SHE HAS WRITTEN A LETTERTO THE EDITOR BECAUSE- SHE HAD COME TO NASHVILLE ON BUSINESS. AND SHE COULD NOT FIND A PLACE SUITABLE FOR ANY SINGLE WOMAN TO STAY. SO SHE WRITES THIS LETTER TO THE EDITOR AND SAYS. NAME DO YOU DO SOMETHING ABOUT THIS YEAR TO GET A BRANCH ALTHOUGH THE Y. W. C. HEY SO VERY QUICKLY. I WAS A MATING CALL AND THEY GOT TO WORK WITH WOMEN FROM ALL OF THE PROTESTANT DENOMINATIONS PRETTY MUCH PARTICIPATED IN THIS THEY CREATED A BOARD OF LADY MANAGERS TEY RENTED SOME SPICE NOT ONLY DID THEY PROVIDE. A PLACE FOR YOUNG WOMEN WHO WERE SINGLED TO ONE YEAH BUT THAT ALSO PROVIDED SERVICES FOR WOMEN WHO WERE WORKING DOWNTOWN YOU KNOW WOMEN’S WORK CHANGED DRAMATICALLY WITH THE INVENTION. OF THE TYPEWRITER BECAUSE HERE TO. A SECRETARY. IT WAS A MAN WHO WAS REALLY SORT OF AN APPRENTICE FOR THE JOB HE WAS HE WAS WORKING TO GET ON THAT LADDER AND LEARN READ THE WALL OR DO SOMETHING ELSE WELL NOW WITH THE TYPEWRITER WHICH GOES SO MUCH FASTER THAN THEY QUIT ALL ARE THEY- THEY AN INK. THE MAN’S FINGERS DON’T QUITE FIT ON THOSE KEYS THE QWERTY KEYBOARD QUITE AS WELL AS WOMEN SO SECRETARY SUDDENLY BECOMES A WOMAN’S JOB AND OF COURSE THERE’S A GLASS CEILING THE PARTY IS CONSIDERABLY LESS AND YOU ARE NOT GOING TO BE RIDING UP THE LADDER OF SUCCESS THERE. SO YOU’VE GOT THESE WOMEN WORKING IN DOWNTOWN NASHVILLE IN OFFICES BUT THEY DON’T REALLY HAVE ANY PLACE TO. WATCH NECESSARILLY BECAUSE THEY THEY USE. ALL SORTS OF. PUBLIC FACILITIES DOWNTOWN WORSE. AND SO THEY HAD BEEN THAT HAD THE WHAT IF YOU SEE I PROVIDED LUNCHES FOR THESE YOUNG WOMEN WHO WORK DOWNTOWN. THEY ALSO REMEMBER THERE’S WAS A TIME WHEN THERE WAS A REST ROOM. IN A FEW PLACES IN TOWN AND THEN IF YOU WERE A VERY MODERN DEPARTMENT STORE LIKE CASTNER KNOTT YOU WOULD EVENTUALLY CREATE A LADIES REST ROOM AND IT WAS A PLACE. WHERE WOMEN FATIGUE DOES WE ARE SO OFTEN. THAT WAY YOU HAVE TO GO. WE ALL REMEMBER WHEN INTO SOME OF THESE RESTAURANTS AND STORES IN DOWNTOWN NASHVILLE ONE KINDS ALONE IN CASH OR NOT WE’RE DOWN THERE AND I HAD SO PHOTOS AND- ALL SORTS OF THINGS AND SO. THE WANNABE SEE I PROVIDED THAT SELLS I DID SO WELL THAT SIDE OF COURSE NEEDED MORE ROOMS I BUILT THIS BUILDING YOU SEE HERE. I RESIDENTIAL FACILITY THERE ARE. I ENDED IN NINETEEN OH EIGHT AND NINE AND TEN THEY RAISED THE MONEY TO BUILD THIS IT WAS A MAGNIFICENT STRUCTURE IT WAS ABSOLUTELY BEAUTIFUL. AND THESE WERE COUNTRY GIRLS WOULD COME INTO TOWN TO TAKE THESE JOBS AND THEY WOULD LIVE HERE NOW IT WASN’T JOSH RURAL GIRLS WHO WHO NEEDED TO SUPPLEMENT THE- INCOME FOR EXAMPLE THERE WAS A YOUNG WOMAN. IN JACKSON TENNESSEE BUT DECIDED SHE WAS GOING TO THE VANDERBILT LAW SCHOOL NOW DID SHE HAVE A LOT OF EARLY. NO SHE DIDN’T BUY SHE GOT ACCEPTED INTO THE VANDERBILT LAW SCHOOL ONE OF THE VERY EARLIEST WOMEN IN THE VANDERBILT LAW SCHOOL SHE WORKED AT NIGHT OVER AT THE ANDREW JACKSON TELL IT IN THE COFFEE SHOP. AND WHO SHOULD SHE. BUT AN UP AND COMING YOUNG POLITICIAN FROM SMITH. ALL WHO WAS ALBERT GORE SENIOR SO PALM LANE. WENT TO VANDERBILT LAW SCHOOL AND WHILE HE WAS GOING TO THE KNIGHT LAW SCHOOL HERE BECAUSE I THINK AT THE TIME HE HE MET HER HE WAS THE HE MAY HAVE BEEN ALL IN IT HE WAS THE MAYBE THE DIRECTOR OF THE SCHOOLS IN CARTHAGE OUR SMITH COUNTY. SO YOU’VE GOT WOMEN OF THAT SORT. WELL AS WELL. WOMEN IN TOWN ARE VERY ACTIVE DOING ALL SORTS OF THINGS TO HELP OTHER WOMEN AND THERE IS A LOT OF YOU SEE I WILL BE FILLED IT WILL BE THE CENTER OF A LOT OF ACTIVITY. DURING THE WORLD WAR ONE AND WOMEN’S ACTIVITIES SUPPORTING THE WAR EFFORT AND CERTAINLY DURING WORLD WAR TWO. NOW WE DON’T GET TO HAVE THIS COURTHOUSE DOWN THERE IT NO LONGER STANDS THIS IS THE DAYS WHEN WE HAD OUR SEPARATE COURTHOUSE. AND SEPARATE CITY HALL THIS THIS VERY WILL PROBABLY COURTHOUSE THAT YOU SEE ON YOUR LEFT THERE. WAS ART DESIGN BY WILLIAM STRICKLAND SON. AND IT WAS QUITE A LOVELY FACILITY BUT YOU KNOW THE END WHEN THE NEW DEAL CAME ALONG IN THE WORKS PROGRESSES ADMINISTRATION CAME IN. THEY HELP THE CAR COURTHOUSE WHICH HAD ALMOST EVEN BEFORE THE CREATION OF METRO IT HOUSED THE CITY OF NASHVILLE’S GOVERNMENT IN ONE HAND. AND THE GOVERNMENT OF DAVIDSON COUNTY IN THE OTHER CELL WHERE THERE’S- A BUILDING. ON IT AND NOW WE LOOK AT THESE BUILDINGS LIKE THE OLD CITY HALL. AT DALE WATER TRAGEDY. WE LOST THAT. A LOT.OF PEOPLE COMING TO TOWN AND I KNOW SOME OF YOU ALL AND BEEN WATCHING KEN BURNS ON CHANNEL EIGHT AND SO YOU’VE ALREADY HEARD SOME OF THEIR STORIES. RED WAS FROM COLUMBIA AND HE WAS YOUNG AND AMBITIOUS AND HE CAME TO TOWN LIKE A LOT OF YOUNG MEN DID LOOKING FOR AN OPPORTUNITY TO MAKE SOME MONEY. AND A LOT HE WENT TO AN AUCTION ON THE COURTHOUSE SQUARE OF AN INSURANCE COMPANY I THINK THE NAME OF IT ORIGINALLY WAS THE NATIONAL LIFE AND SICK COMPANY. AND. KIND OF SOUNDS KIND OF DEPRESSING. WELL USED IN THE CAPITAL AND WHEN SOME BODIES OF HEROES AND I GENEROUS INVESTOR ON IT I MEAN IT WAS REALLY ALMOST LIKE START UP A START UP PROJECT AND HE BOUGHT THIS BUSINESS AND IT REALLY TOOK OFF WHAT THEY WERE SELLING THEY CHANGED THE NAME TO THAT IN AND OUT LIFE AN ACCIDENT. INSURANCE COMPANY AND I’LL. THEY ARE PROSPERING VERY WELL OF COURSE NATIONAL BEING THIS RIGHT ROAD HOME IT WAS IDEAL FOR PEOPLE TO DRY THE TRYING OUT TO THESE RURAL PARTS OF TENNESSEE AND KENTUCKY IN ALABAMA AS WELL AND SELL INSURANCE REALLY LITERALLY GOING DOOR TO DOOR. AND SO THEY THEY SOLD ABOUT ACCIDENT INSURANCE IF YOU GOT INJURED ON YOUR FARM AND SOME OF THESE IT INSURANCE SALES PEOPLE HAD LOCAL REPRESENTATIVES IN A COMMUNITY PARTICULARLY ACCOUNTING STUDENT COMMUNITY THAT HAD LOCAL REPRESENTATIVES WHO WOULD COME AROUND TO YOUR HOUSE. ONCE A WEEK OR TWICE A MONTH OR AND YOU WOULD GIVE THEM YOUR LOCAL DA. DA BI WEEKLY WEEKLY PAY BUT I CAN REMEMBER QUITE WELL I’M AN INSURANCE MAN IN THIS TOWN WE LIVED IN IN TEXAS CAME EVERY WEEK TO GET FIFTY CENTS FOR MY GRANDMA. AND SO I YOU KNOW THAT WAS ONE OF THOSE THINGS THAT THAT REALLY TOOK OFF HERE AND SOMEBODY COME UP WITH A LOT OF NEW WAYS TO SELL THINGS AND THEY TAKE ADVANTAGE OF THE TECHNOLOGY. THAT IS AVAILABLE WE ALREADY HAVE RADIO STATIONS ANTENNA STAY DOWN IN LAWRENCEBURG WE HAD A GOSPEL RADIO STATION A GENTLEMAN IN WARRENSBURG RAND. SINGING SCHOOL GOSPEL SINGER AND. AN OPPORTUNITY GOSPEL MUSIC ON THE RADIO SO IN ORDER TO REACH PEOPLE WHO DON’T LIVE IN CITIES WHO LIVE IN THESE. AREAS THEY CAME UP WITH THE IDEA THIS WAS SEE I CRAIG JUNIOR THE SON OF THE FOUNDER OF NATIONAL LIFE AND HE CAME UP WITH THE IDEA IN THE TWENTIES. I’M COMING UP WITH THE RADIO SHOW THAT WOULD APPEAL TO RURAL FOLKS THERE MONTERO WELL AS WE SHIELD MILLIONS W. S. HM SO THEY CAME UP WITH A RADIO STATION W. S. AM RADIO AND THEY SOLD WALKED OF INSURANCE TO WATCH A RURAL FOLKS WHO LIKE TO. LISTEN TO THE KIND OF MUSIC BARN DANCE. ON A SATURDAY NIGHT AT THE GRAND OLE OPRY. I AND I HAD. ACTUALLY IN THE BEGINNING PLAYED IN THE STUDIOS WHICH ARE IN THE NTIONAL LIFE BUILDING AND THEN I MOVED WITH THE TIMES BEFORE THEY- TOLD ALL PRIME ON AUTO TOOLS AM I REPLIES THAT SOME OF YOU. REMEMBER WAY IN DENTAL WARD DECIDED TO BUILD THE NEW OPRY HOUSE AND THERE WAS EVEN A MOVEMENT TO JUST GO AHEAD AND THE ROCKMAN AUDITORIUM DOWNTOWN. AND SIGHING. OKAY AND SOME FOLKS WHO REALLY THOUGHT THIS WAS A HUGE MISTAKE THE RYMAN WAS SAVED BUT THERE WERE A LOT OF PEOPLE IN TOWN WHO DID NOT WANT TO SEE THAT MOVE. TO HIGHLY PART RIGHT SO WHY ARE. SO INSURANCE AND GOING GREAT GUNS. COMPANY ELLEN SAY LIFE AN ACTION OUT ACCIDENT LIFE AND CASUALTY INSURANCE COMPANY AND LATER GOT A RADIO STATION OF THE EVENTUALLY W. L. A. C. RADIO SO THEY HAD THEIR STATION. DOWNTOWN AS WELL SO. NATURALLY IS REALLY ON THE MAP. AND IT’S GOT A LOT GOING ON HERE AND THERE’S A TREMENDOUS AMOUNT OF DIVERSITY BUT ONE OF THE THINGS ALL THESE WOMEN HAVE GOTTEN INTERESTED IN IT’S SAYING WAS LIKE IS THIS SUBJECT OFF DRINKING. AND I IS A PROHIBITION NOW WE LOOK AT PROHIBITION IS SORT OF. WHAT IT WAS I THINKING BUT WHAT THEY WEE ACTUALLY THINKING WAS NOT EXACTLY THE PUREST OF MOTIVES BECAUSE WHAT I SAW THESE IMMIGRANTS COMING INTO OUR CITY AROUND THE TURN OF THE CENTURY. AND THESE GRANTS ALL RIGHT WERE IRISH EVEN BEEN IRISH IMMIGRANTS HERE SINCE EIGHTEEN TWENTY I BET THEY WERE IRISH AND OTHER EUROPEAN NATIONALITIES. THAT WAS SHOT IN THE IMMIGRANTS WERE DRINKING TOO MUCH NOW. A LOT OF OTHER PEOPLE WHO HAVE BEEN HERE SINCE THE FLOOD BOATS CAME DOWN THE GUY THE GUY THE CUMBERLAND RIVER ALL HAD BEEN DRINKING TOO MUCH BUT IT WAS A CALL IS THAT REALLY CAUGHT ON. AND I LOOKED AT THESE WOMEN’S ORGANIZATIONS A LOT AND I’M I’M REALLY STUDYING YOU KNOW WHO. WHO MAKES IT EASIER FOR WOMEN TO JOIN SOMETHING THAT IS AGAINST SOMETHING. THINKING ABOUT THE SAME. LIKE TO HAVE A CALL LONG CONVERSATION WITH ME ABOUT THIS BECAUSE I MEAN YOU DO SEE HOW EASY IT IS IF YOU HAVE A CHARISMATIC LEADER AND THE WOMEN’S TEMPERANCE HERE NOT CHRISTIAN THE WOMEN’S CHRISTIAN TEMPERANCE UNION IN DADE HAD A CHARISMATIC LEADER HERE IN TENNESSEE HER NAME WAS SELENA HOW. SHE BECAME PRESIDENT OF THIS ORGANIZATION ALL IN THE EIGHTEEN NINETIES SHE KNEW HOW TO MOBILIZE WOMEN SHE WAS A WITH THE WIFE OF A DOCTOR FROM FAYETTEVILLE TENNESSEE SHE I HAD EIGHT CHILDREN AT HOME AND SHE HAD PLENTY OF DOMESTIC HELP AND SHE TRAVEL ALL OVER THE STATE AND SUNLIGHT THE WOMEN’S CHRISTIAN TEMPERANCE UNION. HAS LOCAL UNIONS. ALL OVER THE STATE OF TENNESSEE AT ONE TIME THERE WERE OVER TWO HUNDRED INDIVIDUAL TEMPERANCE UNIONS IN TENNESSEE I MEAN WHEN YOU THINK ABOUT IT AND THINK ABOUT LITTLE TINY TINY HOMES. IN TENNESSEE GREEN BRIAR FOR EXAMPLE. ONE I WISH MORE ONE IN SUMNER COUNTY AND EVEN THOUGH HE HAD A UNION. REASON I THINK THAT IT IT WAS ACCEPTABLE FOR WOMEN TO DO THIS TO SOME DEGREE BOYS BECAUSE MOST MINISTERS DID NOT. LOSE WOMEN. DOING SOMETHING ABOUT ALCOHOL MOST MINISTERS DID MIDDLE EAST PROTESTANT MINISTERS WITHIN THE EXCEPTION DAVID LIPSCOMB DAVID LIPSCOMB DID NOT THINK THAT MRS HALL ONE SHOULD BE OUT IN PUBLIC DOING MUCH OF ANYTHING AND SHE- SHE- ON. FIFTEEN OR TWENTY OR CORRESPONDENCE WITH HIM ABOUT THE ROLE OF WOMEN NOT ONLY IN THE CHURCH BUT IN JUST A- YOU TALK ABOUT EASY RESEARCH IT’S A WEEK AFTER WEEK AFTER WEEK IN THE GOSPEL ADVOCATE AND YOU KNOW SHE MISSES HOLMAN WOULD WRITE A LETTER TO THE GOSPEL ADVOCATE THE EDITOR DAVID LIPSCOMB ONE RESPOND BECAUSE HE DIDN’T. RESPOND TO THE LETTERS TO THE EDITOR BUT THIS WAS. AND OPPORTUNITY TO SET UP ALL THE OTHER MISGUIDED WOMEN STRIKE AND. ON WHAT MS IS. GUESS WHAT SHE SHE- AND HE PRINTER LETTERING AND THEN TRIED BACK AND THIS GOES FOR FIFTEEN OR TWENTY YEARS AND SHE WAS QUOTING BOOKS BY. DO YOU THINK GEE SCHOOL PROFESSORS IN THE FAYETTEVILLE HAD ACCESS TO THAT KIND OF A LIBRARY I DO NOT KNOW I INTERVIEWED SOME OF HER GRANDCHILDREN BUT THEY DIDN’T REALLY KNOW VERY MUCH ABOUT HER BUT IT WAS IT WAS REALLY FASCINATING THEN SHE GOT ON TO THIS CAUSE AND LIPSCOMB WAS OPPOSED TO IT. HE WAS VERY MUCH OPPOSED TO THIS UNTIL THIS GETS COVERED IN THE GOSPEL ADVOCATE AS WELL BUT SHE REALLY CAN DRAW IN SUSIE ASSAM FOR WHAT SHE IS TALKING ABOUT. AND SO SHE AND HER. STALWART GROUP OF WOMEN WHO ARE REALLY MOBILIZE WILL START WORKING ON THE MEMBERS OF THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY THEY ARE ABSOLUTELY DETERMINED THAT WE’RE GOING TO GO DROP BY. AND SHOW BUT I DID NOT GET SOME LEGISLATION PASSED IN SOME THIS OF COURSE REALLY CAN’T PIT. THEIR CITIES. ONCE AGAIN NASHVILLE. I GUESS RURAL TENNESSEE AND SO YOU SAY THE MYERS OF MEMPHIS AND NASHVILLE NOT REALLY WANTING THIS BECAUSE THIS IS TAX DOLLARS WE’RE TALKING ABOUT STOPPING AND- AREAS WANT SOME FORM OF PROHIBITION SO. WHY HERE WENT TILL WE GET TO FULL FLEDGED DRYNESS HERE IN TENNESSEE TO WE GO COMPLETELY DRY YOU’RE GOING TO SEE THE LEGISLATURE PASSING THESE SMALL. LITTLE ACTION TO LIMIT ACCESS. TO ALCOHOL NOW. IT POLITICAL ISSUE ENTER THE STAGE THIS MAN. THIS IS EDWARD WARD CARMACK I WOULD IMAGINE MOST OF YOU HAVE HEARD OF THIS MAN VISITORS TO OUR CITY HAVE NO IDEA. WHO HE IS HE STANDS THERE OVERLOOKING THE LEGISLATIVE PLANS. ARE YOU CANNOT REALLY SAY FROM THE STREET THERE SINCE THE ROADS ARE CLOSED AROUND THE CAPTURE YOU CAN’T REALLY SEE THE STATUE OF ANDREW JACKSON ALL RIGHT BECAUSE IT IS ON A CLOSED STATE. ROAD WHERE NOW THE LEGISLATE TOWARDS OUR CROSSING NOW THAT THEY’VE MOVED SOME OF THEM HAVE MOVED TO THE CORDELL HALL BUILDING ARE YOU CAN’T SEE THE STATUE OF ANDREW JOHNSON THE GRAVE OF THE PUNKS SO. ARE YOU LOOK AT THIS ONE IS THE MOST PROMINENT STATUTE. WOW THIS MAY BE THE MOST IMPORTANT MAN IN TEN. AND THE ANSWER TO THAT IS NOT REALLY. NO RESPONSE FOR GETTING HIM THIS GRAND PLACE I’M HONORED SO WAS EDWARD WARD CARMACK HE WAS BUT IN SOME COUNTY HE- GREW UP IN COLUMBIA HIS FATHER DIED AT AN EARLY AGE HE WORKED AT FOR THE NEWSPAPER IN COLUMBIA HE MOVED ON TO MEMPHIS AND WORK FOR THE NEWSPAPER THERE HE GOT ELECTED TO CONGRESS. AND HE GOT APPOINTED EVENTUALLY TO THE US SENATE AND SO ON THE BUT TO KEEP IN MIND THAT THE SENATORS WERE NOT ELECTED BY THE PEOPLE THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY PICKED OUR U. S. SENATORS. SO HE WAS APPOINTED TO THE SENATE. AND HE REALLY THOUGHT HE LIKED BEING IN THE SENATE BUT THE LEGISLATURE DECIDED TO RELIEVE HIM OF HIS DUTIES WHEN HIS TERM AND THEN SO. HE IS NO LONGER A SENATOR SO HE RUNS IN THE DEMOCRATIC PRIMARY FOR GOVERNOR OF TENNESSEE. AND HE CARRIES ON I REALLY VICIOUS AND VERY IS STRONG CAMPAIGN AGAINST MALCOLM PATTERSON AND BECAUSE PATTERSON IS WHAT WE WOULD CALL A WAY THAT HE SUPPORTED LOCAL OPTION HE SUPPORTED THE COUNTIES ARE THE CITY’S DECIDING IF I WANT TO DRINK OR NOT. BECAUSE MALCOLM PATTERSON SUPPORTED SUPPORTED NON AND I HE WAS AGAINST PROHIBITION THEN OF COURSE SENATOR CONNIE MACK. GOT A SUPPORT PROHIBITION SO HE CAN JUMP ON THIS BANDWAGON FAMILY LIFE HE HAD ALWAYS BEEN A PROHIBITIONIST BUT HE JUMPED ON THE BANDWAGON SO OF COURSE THE WOMEN IN THE WOMEN’S CHRISTIAN TEMPERANCE UNION REALLY WORKED IN THE DEMOCRATIC PRIMARY FOR HIM TO WIN THE NOMINATION. FOR GOVERNOR. HE WAS ON SUCCESSFUL OUR GOVERNOR PATERSON ONE HE WENT ON TO DEFEAT THE REPUBLICAN AND SOME. SENATOR CARMACK NAME TO JOB. PAPER EXPERIENCE IN MEMPHIS SO LET’S SEE MARRY EAGERLY HIRES HIM TO BE THE EDITOR ON THE NATIONAL AMERICAN TENNESSEE AND LOCALLY IT BOB THE AMERICAN AND HE CREATES THE TENNESSEE AND SO LOU CLAY HIRES HIM IN NINETEEN OH I HATE TO BE THE EDITOR OFF HIS PAPER AND OF COURSE SENATOR CARMACK JUST. DAY IN THIS POSITION NOW HE HE GOES AFTER GOVERNOR CARMACK ANY GOES AFTER GOVERNOR COP. CAR WRECKS POLITICAL ALLIES. NASH MILLIONS HE GOES AFTER THEM ALL IS WELL ON THE FRONT PAGE OF THE TENNESSEE AND DIED AFTER DAY AFTER DAY NOW CONTRACT THERE IS A VERY CONTROVERSIAL FIGURE ALL BUT UNTIL FAIRLY RECENTLY WE JUST ASSOCIATED HIM COMPLETELY WITH PROHIBITION BUT HE ACTUALLY. HAD WRITTEN AND SPOKEN GIVEN SOME SPEECHES WHILE HE WAS IN WASHINGTON IN KARMIC HE’D GIVEN SOME FAIRLY RACIST SPEECHES WHILE HE WAS A MEMBER OF THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES HE GAVE THIS PLEDGE TO THE SOUTH AND THIS IS ON THE BACKSIDE OF THAT MONUMENT. SEVERAL PROFESSORS AT TI IF YOU AS YOU HAVE FROM TIME TO TIME TRIED TO GET THIS REMOVED AND GET SENATOR COMMENT MOVED BUT HE IS STILL THERE AND HE GOES ON TO TALK ABOUT THE SALE. TO THAT LAND EVERY DROP OF MY EVERY FIBER OF MY BEING EVERY POLL SECTION OF MY HEART IS CONSECRATED FOREVER I WAS BORN IN ONE ROOM I WAS NURTURED AT HER BREAST AND WHEN MY LAST HOUR SHALL COME I PRAY GOD THAT MIGHT BE. UPON HER BOSOM AND ROCKED TO SLEEP WITH IN THE TEN HER TENDER AND ENCIRCLING ARMS HEY. I SAW THROUGH AND THROUGH AND HEY WENT TO HIS GRAVE IN THAT THAT FASHION SO. HE JUMPED ON THE BANDWAGON WHAT BANDWAGON ON PROHIBITION HE IS GOING TO RUN FOR OFFICE HE THOUGHT HE COULD WIN BUT HE ABSOLUTELY COULDN’T PULL IT OFF HE WAS DEFEATED AND WENT TO WORK FOR A LITTLE LATE IN THE NEWSPAPER. AND HE REALLY HAD A LOT TO JUST SO I KNOW SOME OF YOU DO REMEMBER HUGH WALKER WHO WROTE. FOR THE TENNESSEE AND HANDLING THESE DIVERSE BOTH HAD THE. ASH MORNING PAPER THE NASHVILLE TENNESSEE SO HEY GUY WAS AFTER. GOVERNORS OUR ALLIES ARE AS TO EMORY DEGREE THAT HE CAN GO AFTER DARK IN COOPER AND HIS SON ROBIN COOK FOR. YOU ARE NOT EXACTLY POLITICAL ANIMALS THEREFORE THE GOVERNOR THEIR POLITICAL SUPPORTERS OF GOVERNOR PATERSON BUT- INCREDIBLY FANS SCANNED AND YOU KNOW ANYBODY WHO’S GOING TO BE IN POLITICS HAS GOT TO HAVE THOSE KIDS I’M CROCODILE. IN ORDER TO WITHSTAND THE CRITICISM THAT COMES AFTER IT COMES TOWARD THEM AND SO NEEDLESS TO SAY ONCE SENATOR CARMACK NOW EDITOR CARMACK SERIES THAT HE CAN PUSH THAT LITTLE BUTTON HEY CERTAINLY DOES IN FACT BEGAN PUSHING IT AND SO WHAT YOU SEE HERE IS. MAC IS SAYING ALL MANNER OF OUTRAGEOUS THINGS. ABOUT COOPER AND HIS. MICHAEL MY NEWS AND EVERYTHING ELSE AND. DUNCAN COOPER AND HIS SON ARE I’M REALLY. THREATENING CARMACK I MEAN THEY’RE SAYING DON’T YOU WRITE ANOTHER ONE WELL THAT JUST KIND OF. PUT YOU ON THE PHONE. ANOTHER ONE SO FINALLY THINGS COME TO A CINEMATIC MOMENT ON THE STREETS OF AFTER SENATOR KARMIC. SENATORNG- CARMACK IS IMAGINE WHETHER THE WAR MEMORIAL AREAS AND THEY’RE COMING DOWN UNION STREET THERE’S A HOLE IN THE GROUND THERE WHERE THEY’VE JUST EXCAVATED FOR THE HERMITAGE HOTEL WHICH WILL BE FINISHED IN ANOTHER FEW. IN ANOTHER YEAR OR TWO IN NINETEEN OH I THEY COME DOWN THE SIDEWALK AND HERE COMES. SENATOR EDITOR A CAR MAC AND I RUN INTO EACH OTHER THEY’RE COMING TO LOOK FOR HIMSELF THERE IS ONE WOMAN WHO WITNESSES THIS WHOLE EVENT BUT SHE ISSO TOTALLY IN BE. MUCH THAT SHE CANNOT REALLY SAY MUCH ABOUT WHAT SHE ACTUALLY SAW. HAPPEN BECAUSE WHAT ARE SPOKEN. GUN ALL WRONG ALL THESE PEOPLE. I SURE HOPE WE ALL WORK. ACTUALLY NO. THIS IS NOT A NEW THING TODAY. ARMED AND SUDDENLY SHOTS ARE FIRED. SENATOR CARMACK LADIES ON THE GROUND HE IS BLADES TODAY AT THE A SHOT HE IS MORTALLY WOUNDED DOKKEN COOPER IS NOT HURT HIS SON ROBIN SEEMS TO HAVE A BULLET IN HIS LAND HE’S GOES TO THE HOSPITAL BUT OF COURSE YOU KNOW HOW THE WOMEN ARE GOING TO REACT TO THIS THE WCT YOU. ARE GONNA SAY. HE WAS ASSASSINATED THIS IS A POLITICAL ASSASSINATION AND SO SELENA HARMON RALLIES HER WOMEN ALL OVER THE STATE OF TENNESSEE TO COME TO NASHVILLE AND IN THOSE FROM SPRING OF NINETEEN OH NINE THIS IS. ALL FOR IT NINE EIGHT YEARS BEFORE NATIONAL PROHIBITION THESE WOMEN CONVINCED THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY FOR TENNIS CITY. TO GO COMPLETELY DRY. AND SO TENNESSEE AND THERE WAS A HANDFUL OF OTHER STATES WE WEREN’T THE ONLY STATE TO GO DRIVE BUT TENNESSEE GOES COMPLETELY DRY. BEFORE WELL BEFORE THE EIGHTEENTH AMENDMENT TO THE CONSTITUTION WAS RATIFIED AND WE’RE GONNA HAVE OUR SALES A GREAT BIG TRIAL HERE IN NASHVILLE CAN YOU IMAGINE THE JURY FOR ANY TRIAL HERE GOING OUT NEW POSING AT CENTENNIAL PARK. I CAN’T I CAN’T IMAGINE THIS BUT- IT’S IN LOTS OF PUBLICITY ABOUT THIS TRIAL WELL. CONVICTED OF SOME OF THE CHARGES AND THEY ARE SENTENCED AND THIS IS WHERE IT DOES HELP TO HAVE FRIENDS IN HIGH PLACES. THEY WERE SENTENCED AND GOVERNOR. PATTERSON PARDONED THEM SO YOU CAN IMAGINE OW THIS WAS RECEIVED AT THE TENNESSEE THERE WAS A DAY ALL THIS WAS ON FIRE THEY WERE THE ONES THAT KILLED THIS NUMBER MY AND ART THERE WAS ALL SORTS OF FALLOUT FROM THE US AND THE BIG FALLOUT REALLY WERE HONEST TO PATTERSON’S CAREER BECAUSE OF THE COVERS WERE AFRAID BUT HEY HEY ENDS UP ON. LOSING IN THE NEXT ELECTION TO I THAT WOULD HAVE BEEN NINETEEN TEN TO A REPUBLICAN BAND HOPER WHO IS FROM EAST TENNESSEE HE LOSES GOVERNOR PATERSON LOSES TO BAN HOPE FOR AND HEY WILL ULTIMATELY GOVERNOR PATERSON HAS KIND OF AN INTERESTING STORY HIMSELF IN THAT HEY ULTIMATELY BECAME A PROHIBITIONIST HIMSELF BUT IT. IT IT WAS THE TRIAL OF THE CENTURY YES. THE DECISION WAS REVERSED BY JUDGES. THE JUDGES DID SOME JUDGES THAT WERE TRYING TO APPEAL IT UP BUT IT IS MY UNDERSTANDING AND THERE’S A NICE LITTLE BOOK ABOUT THERE’S THAT JIM SOMERVILLE WHO NOW LIVES IN DIXON ROAD BUT THERE IS A NATIONAL BOOK ABOUT THIS WHOLE THING WITH ALL THE DETAILS IN IT AND THE JUDGES. WERE NOT HAPPY NECESSARILY WITH THE VERDICT. BUT THEY WERE PARDONED BY GOVERNOR. GOVERNOR OF PATTERSON HEY DID IN FACT PART IN THEM AND SO THERE WAS A LOT OF JUST WHAT’S GOING ON HERE AND PEOPLE ARE SAYING THIS AND THE OTHER ABOUT THIS IT WAS IN THE NEWS FOR A LONG TIME. SO WE CAN DRY AND SENATOR CARMACK THE LONGER THE WOMEN WHY USE THE MONEY ACROSS THE STATE. AND HAVE THEIR STATUE PUT ON THE GROUND ALL OF THE CAPITAL THERE ALL IGHT FACING CHARLOTTE AVENUE NOW SOME OF YOU REMEMBER CHARLOTTE AVENUE BEFORE T. PACK WAS BUILT WHEN THE ANDREW JACKSON HOTEL WAS OVER THERE. AND YOU REMEMBER THAT THAT STREET WHERE THE LEGISLATIVE PLAZA IS IN FRONT OF THE WAR MEMORIAL AUDITORIUM WAS AN OPEN STRAIGHT. WELL THAT THEY WANNA MORIAL AUDITORIUM IS BUILT IN THE TWENTIES A MEMORIAL TO THE MAN FROM TENNESSEE WHO DIED IN WORLD WAR WIND. AND THEN IN THE LATE SEVENTIES I GUESS THE LEGISLATIVE PLAZA WAS BUILT EARLY EIGHTIES ARE THEY BUILT TAPE PACK THEY BUILD THE LEGISLATIVE PLANS ALL OF THOSE THINGS KIND OF CAME TOGETHER AT THE SAME TIME. AND ALL OF THAT LEGISLATIVE OFFICES ARE UNDERNEATH THAT PLAZA SO NOW I DON’T KNOW WHERE TO SLIDE TOWARDS HAVE NOT SURE NEW OFFICES BUT THEY’RE GONNA HAVE TO CROSS THE STREET TO GET INTO THE CAPITAL. JUST A LITTLE PIECE OF CAPITALTRIVIA HERE. THE CITY HAS THE OLDEST WORKING CAPITAL IN THE UNITED STATES YOU. HAVE A GOOD AND I HAD THEY’RE ALL OLD CAPITAL AS A MUSEUM BUT THAT’S NOT WHERE THEIR LEGISLATURE MATE AND OUR SYSTEM IS THEY ALWAYS WORKING CAPITAL IN THE OTHER STUDIES. SO THERE’S A TAURUS. A DEAD DOG DEBATE NOW YOU KNOW IT’S NOT JUST GONE AND- SO I JUST WANT TO ORDER FROM I’M I WON’T KILL ME. I’M A STILL HERE. IN FRANKLIN COUNTY. COUNTY THOSE COUNTIES DOWN IN THERE HE IS NOT TO HAVE A LITTLE MISCHIEF SO HE INTRODUCES A LITTLE AMENDMENT TO A BILL THAT HAD NOTHING TO DO WITH THIS STATUTE. THAT THAT THEY’RE GONNA NAME THIS TUNNEL THEY’RE BILLING UNDER THERE THE MOP LOW TUNNEL. WHO WAS THE JACK DANIEL’S DISTILLERY SO HERE IN TENNESSEE WE’VE GOT. ADMISSION IS STANDING IN GRAHAM STOMP. AND I JUST. NEWS ABOUT THAT BECAUSE- AND THEN THEY THEY HAD TO RAISE A LITTLE MONEY TO PUT HIM UP ON THIS PEDESTAL HERE BUT LOOK AT IT WHEN YOU GO DOWN THERE AND SOMETIMES GET OUT AND WALK AROUND AND READ THE PLEDGE TO THE SOUTH WHICH IS THERE ON THE BACKSIDE OF HIS MARKER BUT IT’S REALLY QUITE A GRAND A GRAND SPECTACLE TO GO DOWN THERE AND SEE HIM IS STANDING IN FRONT OF OUR BEAUTIFUL STATE CAPITAL. SO AS I SAY IN THE POLITICAL FALLOUT REALIZE THAT A REPUBLICAN. GOT ELECTED YES. RIGHT BACK THEN SINCE YOU WERE. TENNESSEE IN. HE DIED FOR FREEDOM OF THE PRESS. TRUE NEVER HEARD THAT BUT IT IS LOGICAL TO ME BECAUSE THEY THEY COOPER’S WORK REALLY CRITICIZING WHAT HE WAS WRITING ABOUT THEM AND SO YOU KNOW THEY WERE THREATENING HIM MY REWARDS I DON’T AS FAR AS I CAN TELL THEY WEREN’T THREATENING LIMPLY ALL HAND OFF BUT THEY WERE REALLY THREATENING HIM AND SO ALL THESE PEOPLE WERE CARRYING GUNS THAT’S NOT A NEW THING SO THEY WERE THEY WERE ARMED AND READY TO USE THEM IF NECESSARY. SO THEN THE- GYM SOMERVILLE ROAD REALLY IS QUIET I I’M ACTUALLY ONE AMOUNT OF RESEARCH IN THE WHOLE SUBJECT HE GOES INTO GREAT DETAIL ABOUT WHO THE JURY WAS IN THE TRIAL AND ALL OF THAT IT’S REALLY. QUITE AN INTERESTING BOOK AND SOME MEN WHO. BECOMES GOVERNOR AND HE ALONG WITH AUSTIN PETTY WHO WILL BECOME GOVERNOR IN THE TWENTIES ARE PROBABLY TENNESSEE’S TO MY LIST PROGRESSIVE GOVERNORS OF THIS TIME PERIOD. SO HE HE- INTRODUCES A LOT OF PROGRESSIVE REFORMS FOR TENNESSEE BUT EVEN THOUGH HEY GOT ELECTED GOVERNOR THE DEMOCRATS SOLIDLY CONTROL THE LEGISLATURE AND HE HAS A REALLY FRUSTRATING TIME EVEN THOUGH HE SERVED TWO TERMS. AS GOVERNOR HE HAS A FRUSTRATING TIME GETTING THE LEGISLATURE TO SUPPORT ANY OF HIS WORDS WHILE BILLS AND IT’S AN INTERESTING THING THIS HAPPENED IN THE STATE DEMOCRATIC PARTY QUITE REGULARLY THE DEMOCRATS CONTROLLED POLITICS AFTER THE CIVIL WAR. BUT EVERY TWENTY OR THIRTY YEARS I WOULD HAVE SUCH A BIG FAMILY FEUD THAT ARE REPUBLICAN I WOULD GET ELECTED AND WE SAW A BIG FIGHT OVER THE CONVICT LEASE SYSTEM IN TENNESSEE AND THE IEDS. HERE IS ANOTHER ONE OVER ALCOHOL AND YET THE REPUBLICANS WERE NEVER ABLE TO GAIN CONTROL ALL OF THE TWO HOUSES OF THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY AND THE GOVERNOR’S OFFICE AT THE SAME TIME UNTIL VERY RECENTLY HERE. ALSO BEN HARPER HE WAS A DRY NOW I EMPHASIZE THAT AND THEN WE ALL WORKED I KNOW OTHER DRY NAMED TOM RIGHT. SO MISSION IS WITH US HERE FOR A GOOD LONG WHILE ALL ALONG THE WAY THERE’S NO. IDEA NOW I’M NOT TAKING. TEN TO NINETEEN TWELVE HEY IN ADDITION TO THE GREAT. OVER SHADOWING EVERYTHING THAT TOOK PLACE IN THAT DECADE YOU HAVE TO REALLY MAJOR DISASTERS HERE IN NASHVILLE. WE HAD THIS MAGNIFICENT. RESERVOIR ON EIGHTH AVENUE AND BID ON THE TOP OF THE HILL WHERE THE UNION ARMY HAD HAD A CAMP ALL IT WAS QUITE A LOVELY STRUCTURE UP THERE IT WAS KIND OF A PARK IN THOSE DAYS ALTHOUGH YOU CERTAINLY COULDN’T TAKE A DIP IN IT BUT THE WATER WAS COMPLETELY OPEN AND THE PARK WAS OPEN AND- YOU COULD WALK AROUND UP THERE. BUT THEY BILLFISH RESERVOIR AND SO THE WATER IS. GOING DOWN WITH SOME ENGINEER SCIENCE. LOOKS LIKE IT’S GOT A CRACK IN IT I MADE IT. LOOKS LIKE YOU KNOW THERE’S SOMETHING GOING ON UP THERE AND THEN I’M NOT USING LIKE. OR NOT NOT A SURPRISE TAKE IT EITHER WAY. IT BURST IT BROKE AND IT WAS QUITE A DISASTER IT IT IT IT I CHOCOLATE WALL JUST CAME OUT. AND IT FOR GRANTED THAT WHOLE NEIGHBORHOOD THERE I MEAN PEOPLE WERE FLOATING LITERALLY FLOATING OUT ON THEIR MATTRESSES IT WAS THE BIGGEST MESS YOU HAVE EVER SEEN. AND NASHVILLE OF COURSE IS REALLY JEOPARDIZES OUR- SYSTEM TO SO WE’VE HAD THIS BIG DISASTER AND THAT MAKES THE NATIONAL NEWS BECAUSE IT IS IT IT JUST DRIVES HOUSES AND IS A CATASTROPHE. AND THEN WE’RE GOING TO HAVE ON THE HEELS OF THIS ONE WE’RE GOING TO HAVE YET ANOTHER ONE WITH A BIG FIRE AND- NASHVILLE. AND I HAVE A LARGE AMOUNT OF EAST NASHVILLE BURNED IN THIS FIRE ALL SOME OF YOU WILL REMEMBER THERE USED TO BE AT A CONVENT. IN HERE IN TOWN NOT OVER IN A SPECIAL BECAUSE IT BURNED IN THE FIRE BUT ONE OF THE ORDERS THERE WAS HERE IN TOWN FOR THE LITTLE SISTERS OF THE POOR. AND AS I DID A LOT OF CHARITABLE WORK AND I HAD A REALLY LOVELY LADY ALL CONTENT OVER THERE IN EAST NASHVILLE AND IT WAS COMPLETELY. GUTTED BY THE FIRE. AND LOTS OF PEOPLE. OUTLET THANKS BYE NO CHARGES WERE DAMAGED AND EAST NASHVILLE HAD TO BE PRETTY MUCH REBUILT STYLE SOME OF THOSE VERY ELEGANT HOUSES THAT YOU SEE YOU WALK ON RUSSELL STREET THE OLDER HOUSES THAT WERE BUILT REALLY RIGHT AFTER THIS FIRE. YEAH WELL IT’S QUITE BADLY AND QUIET I KNOW THE ONE OF THE SAYINGS HOW ARE WE GOING TO ADDRESS THIS PROBLEM HERE. WHAT KIND OF SOCIAL SERVICES CAN WE PROVIDE. HI TO HELP THE VICTIMS OF THIS FIRE. AND THEN THE FIRE TAKES PLACE THERE IS ONE NOW WE’VE GOT A LIKE KIND OF A LITTLE BIT OF THE CHRONOLOGY BIG AS- YOU REMEMBER THAT YOU. WISH TO ARE IN WHAT IS KNOWN AS THE GREAT WAR WORLD WAR ONE. IN NINETEEN FOURTEEN IN THE SUMMER OF NINETEEN FOURTEEN WHEN THE GERMANS INVADED BELGIUM HEADING TO FRANCE ALL WORLD WAR ONE BEGAN TO OUR PRESIDENT AT THIS TIME IS WOODROW WILSON. AND HE SAYS HE’S GOING TO KEEP THE UNITED STATES OUT OF WAR WHICH SHE ACTUALLY IN FACT DOES NOW THE UNITED STATES IN NINETEEN FOURTEEN ONE IS IN A LITTLE WAR OF OUR OWN THAT IS REALLY GOTTEN ECLIPSED BY WORLD WAR ONE. IN THAT WAY WERE HAD TROOPS IN MEXICO CHASING THE BANDIT PANCHO LYDIA. AND THE PROBLEM WAS THAT OUR PRESIDENT WOODROW WILSON HE WAS A MAN WHO HAD ALL THE TERM I GUESS WOULD BE CERTITUDE HE FELT VERY STRONGLY. THAT HE WAS RIGHT THAT HE WAS GOD’S MESSENGER HE FELT THAT GOD APPOINTED HIM AND WANTED HIM TO BE PRESIDENT AND SO WHEN. MEXICO ELECTED A PRESIDENT THAT DID NOT MAKE A WOODROW WILSON STANDARDS WOODROW WILSON SENT TROOPS TO VERACRUZ AND THERE WERE SOME THERE SOME FIGHTING GOING ON IN VERACRUZ WHEN OUR TROOPS GET THERE. I DON’T GET OFF THE BOAT TO GO. FIGHT OR- YOU KNOW OVERTHROW THE GOVERNMENT THANK YOU. TWO EIGHT AND DRINK AND THEN THEY’LL AGAIN PEOPLE WITH GUNS AND SO I’M ENJOYING SOME UP MEXICAN CITIZENS OT SHOT DURING THIS LITTLE REAL LIFE AND SO PRESIDENT WILSON SAYS I WILL NOT SUPPORT. A NATION A REGIME OF BUTCHERS AND WE ARE FIGHTING MEXICO CHASING PANCHO MANIA PONCHO VIA ACTUALLY INVADED NEW MEXICO OUR BORDERS HAVE BEEN CROSED. HEY BURNED A TOWN IN NEW MEXICO AND ALL WE CHANGED IN CHINESE GENERAL PERSHING WAS DOWN THERE CHASING HIM WITH THE ARMY AND HE HAD THE SUPPORT OF THE LOCAL PEOPLE. SO WE ARE WE’RE GONNA HAVE TO GET OURSELVES DISENGAGED FROM THIS EXPERIENCE IN MEXICO THE PRESIDENT WILL SOON REALLY BELIEVES THAT HE CAN KEEP US OUT OF THIS WAR. AND WE CAN BE NEUTRAL KEEP IN MIND THAT WE’VE GOT A SUBSTANTIAL POPULATION OF GERMANS NOT UNDERSTAND THE UNITED STATES BUT RIGHT HERE IN NASHVILLE AND SO YOU KNOW THERE IS SUPPORT FOR THE GERMAN SIDE HERE. TO SOME DEGREE IN THE UNITED STATES NOW. IN THE NEWSPAPER THAT SUMMER. NORTON THERE’S A NATIONAL WAS NO IT WAS NOT ANYTHING GOING ON IN EUROPE THE BIG NEWS WAS THAT WE WERE REALLY MORE THAN ANYTHING ELSE. WORRIED ABOUT OUR COTTON CROP BECAUSE THE COTTON CROP WHICH HAD A HUGE OPERATION IN MEMPHIS THE COTTON EXCHANGE WAS A SOURCE OF A TREMENDOUS AMOUNT OF REVENUE ALL IN LOTS OF DIFFERENT PARTS OF THE STATE EVEN AS FAR EAST AS NASHVILLE. AND WE WERE CONCERNED THAT THEIR ONE GOING TO BE ON A FLYING FOR THE COTTON CROP AND THEN AFTER YOUR GOES TO WAR THEN WE GET CONCERNED THAT WE’RE NOT GING O HAVE A MARKET FOR OUR COTTON CROP SO THE NEWSPAPERS. AFTER THE- ASSASSINATION OF THE ARCHDUKE IN LATE JUNE LIKE KIND OF THAT STORY FOR A DAY OR TWO BUT THEN THERE’S THIS WATCHING AND WAITING TO SEE WHAT’S GONNA HAPPEN WHERE IS THE OTHER SHE GONNA FALL IS YOU’RE GOING TO GO TO WAR OR NOT AND YOU KNOW WHEN THERE MANY MANY INTERESTING. PARTS OF THIS STORY. THE UNITED STATES AS WE WATCH AND WAIT AND SEE THE ARCH DUKE AND HIS WIFE BEING KILLED RIGHT THERE BEFORE THE CAMERAS HI AS THEY ARE GETTING READY TO OPEN TO GET INTO AN OPEN COACH. WE WONDER WHAT WE NEED TO DO BUT WE ARE CONFIDENT THAT OUR PRESIDENT WOODROW WILSON CAN IN FACT KEEP US OUT OF THIS WAR. AND THAT IS WHAT HE IS GOING TO REALLY TRY TO DO WHEN THE WALL START START NOW EVEN BEFORE THE WAR STARTING. THE TENSION IN EUROPE THE ANTICIPATION ON THIS WAR IS SO PALPABLE THAT IS AFFECTING THE NEW YORK STOCK EXCHANGE AND- IS IT REALLY A FASCINATING THING BECAUSE THEY WERE STOCK EXCHANGE ULTIMATELY DECIDES TO CLOSE THE BOARD OF DIRECTORS DECIDE TO CLOSE THEY’RE AFRAID THEY’RE GOING TO HAVE A RUN. AND THEY ARE TERRIFIED OF THAT SO BY. THIS TIME JP MORGAN WHO WOULD COUNT OF HAD HIS HAIR. ALL I KNOW IS A REALLY STRONG CONTROL HAS DIED AND SO THE OTHERS ARE VERY NERVOUS ABOUT WHAT’S GOING TO HAPPEN SO THE NEW YORK STOCK EXCHANGE CLOSES HERE CAN YOU BELIEVE THIS. FOR SEVERAL MONTHS NOW OF COURSE AFFECTION NATIONAL BECAUSE NATIONAL IS A BANKING AND BUSINESS COMMUNITY. AND SO NOW WE’VE GOT THIS COTTON COMING. ALL READY TO GO TO MARKET WE DON’T HAVE FREE MARKETS FOR OUR COTTON CROP SO THAT THEY- FARMERS AND COME UP WITH A PLAN THAT SINCE SINCE WE DON’T HAVE A MARCUS AND NOW MARKET WE’VE GOT ALL THESE BALES OF COTTON. WELL BYE BYE I BALE OF COTTON NOW THEN I MEAN YOU’RE GONNA DRIVE TO MEMPHIS AND PUT IT ON THE TOP OF YOUR CAR AND BRING IT BACK TO NASHVILLE. WHAT THAT MEANS IS IT’S GOING TO BE KEPT IN A WAREHOUSE BUT YOU’RE GOING TO PROVIDE THE CASH WHICH REALLY AMOUNTS TO A SORT OF A LOAN YOU’RE LEARNING THE MONEY TO THEM FOR. A BAIL OF COTTON SAYING THAT THE FARMERS WILL BE DESTITUTE AND WON’T GO UNDER HERE SO THIS BY. CAMPAIGN REALLY TAKES OFF IT’S ON THE FRONT PAGE OF THE NEWSPAPERS SUPPORT THE SOUND THE SOUND BITE BALE OF COTTON AND PEOPLE IN THEIR FIELD IN THIS ALL THE GOVERNOR DID IT EVERYONE WAS. BUYING A BALE OF COTTON HERE TO SUPPORT THIS. WELL IT’S KIND OF GOT WHAT THEY WANTED AND THEY’RE KIND OF LIKE GOING TO START FIGHTING NOW AT THIS POINT YOU’RE GOING TO SAY A WOMAN’S SUFFRAGE. COMING UP AND RISING UP. AND SO THAT WE DON’T HAVE MUCH ACTIVITY ON WOMAN SUFFRAGE HERE IN NASHVILLE. I AM TO. ABOUT NINETEEN TEN AND ELEVEN TWELVE THEY- SUFFER JUST SO SEE ACTION HERE BUT IT HAD BEEN TRUE CONTROVERSY ALTERS THE WHILE. THE WOMEN’S CHRISTIAN TEMPERANCE UNION. HAD A NATIONAL CONVENTION IN. NASHVILLE AND SELENA HOW AND WHY IS THAT. GOSH I’M NOT IN THIS THING. I’M GOSH I DON’T KNOW WHAT THAT IS ALL ABOUT MAYBE THIS IS CAROL HURRY UP WE’RE TIRED. I DON’T KNOW THAT MAY BE WHAT THE MESSAGES. JUST AS SOON AS THE TEMPERATURE SO SHE SHOULD THE NATIONAL HAVE YOU SEE DO YOU HAVE A CONVENTION IN NASHVILLE AND OF COURSE THE RYMAN AUDITORIUM AND- I SAW. IT REALLY GOES TO THE PERSON SAYS I WANT TO MAKE IT CLEAR THAT HERE IN TENNESSEE WHAT DO NOT SUPPORT WOMAN SUFFRAGE AS AN ORGANIZATION BECAUSE IT WAS STILL LOOKED UPON AS- OUTSIDE OF THE REALM OF WHAT OUR- PROPER WOMEN SHOULD BE UP TO TRYING TO GET THE RIGHT TO VOTE. BUT YOU HAVEN’T DEDICATED CORE WOMEN HERE IN NASHVILLE AND ACROSS THE STATE THAT REALLY HAVE COME TO BELIEVE THAT THEY CAN HELP MAKE THIS COUNTRY BETTER AND MIKE THE CITIES IN THE SCHOOLS AND THE COUNTIES IN THE STANDS ALL. BETTER IF THEY CAN HAVE NO RIGHT TO. IT IS STILL CONTROVERSIAL AND EVEN WHEN WE GET THE RIGHT TO VOTE IN NINETEEN TWENTY. THEN AT THE PEAK OF THE SUFFRAGE ASSOCIATION IN TENNESSE THE MEMBERSHIP OF THE TENNESSEE EQUAL SUFFRAGE LEAGUE WAS JUST A FRACTION OF WHAT THE WC TO YOU WAS AT ITS HEYDAY IT WAS ALWAYS A SMALL GROUP BUT THE GROUP IS ACTUALLY QUITE DIVERSE BECAUSE THEY KNOW THAT EVERYBODY KNOWS. IS A JANET DALLAS EE SURE ENOUGH OF THIS MOVEMENT BUT SHE HERSELF WOULD HAVE TOLD YOU SHE WAS ONE OF A TEAM OF WOMEN AND SO WE’RE WORKING REALLY HARD THIS YEAR UP TO THE ANNIVERSARY NEXT YEAR TO TRY TO GET THESE OTHER WOMEN’S STORIES OUT THERE BECAUSE YOU HAVE CATHERINE KINNEY WHO’S A GOT A WEALTHY HUSBAND. HIS FIRST WIFE HAD DIED AND SHE THERE’S HE IS MARRIED I AND SHE IS FROM THE DALLAS FAMILY A VERY PROMINENT FAMILY. SHE HAS TWO BEAUTIFUL CHILDREN SHE HERSELF IS BEAUTIFUL AND SHE WATCHED THE RIGHT TO VOTE AND JOINING HER UNLIKELY COUNTERS PAIR SHE WAS A MEMBER OF. THE CHRIST EPISCOPAL CHURCH. IS CATHERINE KINNEY WHO IS AN IRISH CATHOLIC I SHE HAD COME TO HER NOW NASHVILLE AROUND THE TURN OF THE CENTURY WITH HER HUSBAND. WHO HAD GOTTEN THE FIRST COCA COLA BOTTLING COMPANY FRANCHISE IN NASHVILLE WHICH WAS REALLY KIND OF ALL A LICENSE TO MAKE MONEY SO CONSEQUENTLY. YOU KNOW SHE’S A SHE HAS A WELCOMED INTO THE SUFFRAGE SOCIETY YOU’VE GOT KATE BIRCH WARNER. IS ANOTHER HIGHLY RESPECTED SOCIETY WOMAN THE WARNERS OWNED A LOT OF DIFFERENT THINGS IN TOWN HER HUSBAND WAS LESLIE WARNER ALL RIGHTIF YOU GO DOWN TO CHRIST EPISCOPAL CHURCH. THERE IS A VERY BEAUTIFUL STYLE LAST WIND UP THERE THAT IS DEDICATED TO THE MEMORY OF HER THREE CHILDREN AT DIFFERENT TIMES SHE HAS SHE AND HER HUSBAND HAD THREE CHILDREN AND AT DIFFERENT TIMES RANGING FROM WHEN ONE WAS SO I YOU’RE NINE YEARS OLD TO ONE WAS A TODDLER AND ONE WAS A- LITTLE. IN FACT THESE CHILDREN ALL DIED OF DIFFERENT EPIDEMICS AND THINGS THAT HAPPEN TO THESE KIDS AND SO THEY HAD NO CHILDREN SHE IS VERY BECOME VERY INTERESTED IN THIS SUFFRAGE MOVEMENT AND THEN YOU HAVE. A WHOLE HOST OF OTHER WOMEN WHO WERE INTERESTED. GIVEN THE TENNESSEE WOMEN A LITTLE BRUISED THE NATIONAL ASSOCIATION HAS ITS NATIONAL CONVENTION HERE AT THE RYMAN AUDITORIUM AND THERE ARE LOTS AND LOTS OF WOMEN WHO COME TO THIS AND IN JULY YET BUT IT’S GOING TO TAKE SIX MORE YEARS OF WORK. BEFORE THEY’RE GONE I REALLY GET THE MOMENTUM GOING TO GET ONE MAN JUST WHAT WOMEN THE RIGHT TO VOTE TO WIN THE FIGHT. MAIN. PRESIDENT WILSON WINS I VERY VERY NARROW REELECTION HI IT WAS IN DOUBT FOR SEVERAL DAYS WAITING ONTHE ELECTORAL VOTES ARE COMING IN FROM WASHINGTON HEY WINS THE ELECTION IN NINETEEN SIXTEEN HE STILL HAS HAS RUN AND CONTINUES TO SAY I KEPT THE NATION OUT OF WAR VOTE FOR ME I KEPT THE NATION OUT OF WAR. AND THEN ONE NINETEEN SEVENTEEN COMES IT LOOKS LIKE IT’S GOING TO BE HARDER AND HARDER TO KEEP US OUT OF THE WAR THE GERMANS ARE NOW SO YOU’RE RESUMING SUBMARINE WARFARE THAT’S A WHOLE NOTHER LONGER STORY BUT AFTER. THAT A GERMAN TORPEDO FROM A SUBWAY ATTACKED THE LUSITANIA ON WHICH WE’RE WE HAD SEVERAL AMERICANS ON IT A LOT OF AMERICANS ON IT AND THEY WERE KILLED THE GERMANS AGREED. TO NOT USE THEIR SUMMER RAINS ANYMORE. AS A WAY TO KEEP THE UNITED STATES OUT OF THE WAR AND SO FOR THE GERMANS OF COURSE S. LIKE FIGHTING WITH YOUR DOMINANT HAND TIED BEHIND YOUR BACK SO THAT ANNOUNCED IN NINETEEN SEVENTEEN WE’RE GOING TO RESUME SUBMARINE WARFARE. AND ADD ON MEDIA LAY EVERYTHING EVERYBODY WAS DOING IN TENNESSEE IS FOCUSED ON THE WAR EFFORT LOTS AND LOTS OF TENNESSEE ENGINE LAST. WE ARE REALLY READY TO STAND OUR MAN ALL AFTER THE WAR WE’RE GOING TO HELP THE HELP THAT OUR ALLIES THE- BRITISH AND THE FRENCH FIGHT THE KAISER AND WE ARE FIGHTING FOR CIVILIZATION AND LOCALLY HIMSELF WILL RE IN LIST HE WAS TOO OLD. TO BE AND THEY ARE MADE BY THE DRAFT SO HE BECAME A COLONEL IN THE UNITED STATES ARMY HE GIVES A LAND AND OUT IN BILL MADE FOR I. I TRAINING CAMP HERE WE HAVE TWO CAMPS HERE IN TOWN ONE THERE WHERE THE GOLF COURSES THIS MONUMENT IS RIGHT THERE ON ONE OF THE TRAILS NOT TOO FAR FROM THE ENTRANCE TO WARNER PARK IT BILL ME BOULEVARD. AND ALL OF THAT IS A BIG THERE THERE ARE LOTS OF PICTURES OF THE TENTS OUT THERE ON THE TRAINING GROUND AND- IT WAS ANOTHER ONE OVER A VANDERBILT BUT. WE’RE TRAINING SOLDIERS. HERE AND. BACK TO GO TO YOUR- AND WILL BE INVOLVED IN I PLOT IF YOU WILL TO TRY TO CAPTURE THE KAISER THEY WERE NOT SUCCESSFUL. BUT THEY TRIED NOW MEANWHILE THE WOMEN IN TOWN TO REALLY GO TO GO TO WORK SUPPORTING THIS TOO. IT TURNS OUT THAT TO NASHVILLE WOMEN HAVE HAVE BEEN IN EUROPE WHEN. GERMANY INVADED BELGIUM AND THEN CAME TO PARIS AND THEY THEY HAD SEEN SOME OF THIS I HAD ACTUALLY GONE TO SOME OF THE HOSPITALS. AND THESE WOMEN THE SISTERS OF MCENERY SISTERS COME BACK AND SAY WE NEED TO DO OUR PART TIME THESE WOMEN’S ORGANIZATIONS. REALLY MOBILIZED THROUGH THE Y. W. C. I. A. AND THE CENTENNIAL CLUB. AND I START DOING ALL SORTS OF THINGS AMONG THEM THEY ADOPT WOMEN’S ORGANIZATIONS ALL OVER TOWN WILL ADOPT A FRENCH ORPHAN NOW THAT DOESN’T MEAN THEY’RE GOING TO. TAKE CARE OF THAT CHILD BUT THEY’RE GOING TO FINANCE THE CARE OF. A CHILD IN FRANCE. HAVE BOTH BEEN KILLED IN THE GREAT WAR SO THAT’S A VERY POPULAR THING FOR WOMEN TO GET INVOLVED IN. IT’S HARD TO IMAGINE THE YWCA PEOPLE WEARING MILITARY UNIFORMS. BUT INDEED THEY DID AND SO THEY ARE REALLY TRYING TO SUPPORT THE EFFORT IN EVERY WAY THAT THEY CAN THE CENTENNIAL CLUB LEFT OVER FROM THE CENTENNIAL EXPOSITION. NOW HAS THIS LOVELY. OUR HOUSE I A BUILDING WHICH IS NO MORE BUT IT IS TIME TO FEDERAL COURTHOUSE ON EIGHT THEY WATCH BEHIND THE FEDERAL COURTHOUSE ON EIGHTH AVENUE. WE’RE ALL OF THAT DEVELOPMENT IS OF THE SPILL OFF FROM THE MUSIC CITY CENTER. SO WE’VE GOT WOMEN REALLY SUPPORTING THE WAR EFFORT IN A LOT OF DIFFERENT WAYS LARGELY BUT NOT EXCLUSIVELY. THROUGH THE WORK OF THE RED CROSS. WELL ALAN DRUMGOOLE WHO IS A REPORTER SHE IN LIST AND THE WOMEN’S ACTIVITIES IN THE WAR AND SHE GOES OVER TO EUROPE TO COVERAGE AS A REPORTER. MRS ALFA ADAMS HERE ON HAS THAT MANY SONS BLESS HER HEART IS WHAT I’VE GOT TO SAY SEVEN SONS AND ALL IN ONE ONE FORM OR ANOTHER OR IN UNIFORM NOW CAN YOU IMAGINE JUST SEEING THE POSTMAN ON THE STREET WOULD SCARE YOU TO DEATH. AND SO SHE WAS VERY LOW KEY BUT SOME WERE NOT SO LUCKY AND THAT WAS THAT CASUAL T. RIGHT ALTHOUGH THE CASUALTIES FROM WORLD WAR ONE IN NASHVILLE IN IN TENNESSEE AND IN THE UNITED STATES WERE ID FOR TINY TINY FRACTION. OF HOW MANY WERE KILLED IN WORLD WAR TWO PRIMARILY BECAUSE WE WERE IN WORLD WAR TWO FROM DECEMBER I EIGHTH NINETEEN FORTY ONE TILL AUGUST NINETEEN FORTY FIVE. WE WERE THERE FOR THAT MANY YEARS WHERE AS HERE WE ENTERED THE WAR IN HEY PAUL IT’S OCTOBER SEPTEMBER OCTOBER BEFORE OUR TROOPS GET OVER THERE THIS IS NINETEEN SEVENTY. IN THE WAR ARE IN A YEAR AFTER OUR SOLDIERS REALLY GET OVER TO EUROPE SO WE DON’T LOSE ALL RIGHT NEARLY AS MANY MEN AS YOU MIGHT THINK THEIR NAMES ARE ALL. ON THE WALL OF THE WAR MEMORIAL AUDITORIUM. WHAT SHALL. COME HOME COME HOME ON THE TRAIN. OPERATING AND YET THERE ARE THE LOSSES AND HERE IT IS MS IS BEAUFORT WHOSE SON WAS A PILOT AMONG OTHER THINGS AND THEY HAD BEEN SHOT DOWN AND KILLED. AND THEN SHE ONLY LIVED UNTIL NIGHT TEN TONIGHT TAME SHE DIED IN WHAT KILLED FAR MORE NASH MILLIONS IN TENNESSEE AND- THE SPANISH FLU. SO THE WAR THERE WERE YOU KNOW IF WE IF IT’S YOUR SON IT’S A TERRIBLE THING BUT THE SPANISH FLU KILLED A LOT OF PEOPLE HERE IN TOWN. IN THE- LAST MONTHS OF THE WAR WE HAVE ANOTHER CATASTROPHE ANOTHER DISASTER IT IS THE DUTCHMAN’S CURVE OUGHT TRYING. COLLISION WITH TO TRY AND LOADED WITH PEOPLE THE ONE COMING FROM THE WEST COMING INTO TOWN WAS BRINGING IT WAS FULL OF WORKERS GOING TO THE DUPONT GUN POWDER FACTORY THAT IS JUST. OPENED IN NINETEEN I NEED TO CHANGE AND THERE’S A MANUFACTURING THE SMOKELESS GUNPOWDER SO YOU’VE GOT ALL OF THESE WORKERS. ON THIS RIGHT AND IT WAS A SIGNAL. AND THE TRAINS WERE NOT SUPPOSED TO BE ON THAT TRACK AT THE SAME TIME THERE’S ALSO. A LEVEL A BOOK ABOUT THAT CALLED THE DAY THE WHISTLE CRIED AND IT’S A IT SHOWS A LOT OF THE HUMAN PORTRAITS OF THE PEOPLE WHO GOT KILLED AND THE FAMILIES WHO LOST THEIR LOVED ONES IN THAT BUILDING TRYING RACK. SO THIS MAKES THE NATIONAL NEWS THIS IS. JUST A COLOSSAL COLOSSAL DISASTER FOR US IN THEIR SIDE THERE USED TO BE I DON’T THINK I KNOW ANYBODY NOW WHO REALLY REMEMBERS THAT BUT IN THE SEVENTIES AND EIGHTIES THERE WERE STILL PEOPLE WHO REMEMBER GOING OVER THERE THAT DAY AND SOME OF YOU MAY HAVE HEARD YOUR PARENTS OR GRANDPARENTS TALKING ABOUT. GOING OVER THERE THAT DAY AND THERE WERE THOSE TRYING IS LITERALLY A LOOK LIKE ONE WAS ON TOP OF THE OTHER SO IT WAS. QUITE THE THEY COULD PASTOR FAITH. TO HIT NASHVILLE WHEN IT TOOK PLACE SO. WE HAVE THIS SMOKELESS GUNPOWDER PLANT ALL ONE OF OUR OWN DAVIDSON COUNTY MAN COLONEL OUT AND ROLL EXCUSE ME HE’S IN THE NAVY YOU NINETY PEOPLE WILL NEVER FORGIVE ME FOR CALLING HIM A COLONEL. HE HE IS THE ONE WHO WAS RESPONSIBLE FOR GETTING OUR BOYS OVER THERE. AND BACK AND HE HAS A STATUE AS YOU SEE DOWNTOWN AND MOST PEOPLE DON’T REMEMBER WHO HE WAS. BUT WE HAVE A LOT OF ACTIVITY SUPPORTING THE WAR AND THE SOLDIERS AND WE WANT TO HONOR THOSE DEAD SO THERE’S- HE AND HIS. GROUP OF MAN AND I TRY TO CAPTURE THE KAISER BUT THEY ARE NOT SUCCESSFUL. NOW WE ARE JUST ABOUT FIVE MINUTES FROM AWAY AWAY FROM BEING OUT OF TIME HERE AND I WANT TO BE VERY RESPECTFUL FOR YOUR SCHEDULES AND YOUR TIME. BUT I DO I DO WANT TO SAY THE SPANISH FLU EPIDEMIC WHICH CAME THROUGH. IT SHOCKED EVERYBODY BECAUSE IT WAS NO RESPECTER OF PERSONS AND I’M LIKE OTHER EPIDEMICS THE MEASLES OR THE MOMS ARE THAT WOULD COME THROUGH. THEY WOULD MOSTLY HIT THE VERY YOUNG OR THE VERY OLD. BUT THIS SAME TO TAKE PEOPLE AT AT THE PRIME OF THEIR LIFE AND THAT I WOULD GET SICK NOW THE GREATEST GEOGRAPHIC SPOT I THINK IN TENNESSEE THE HIGHEST NUMBER OF FLU FATALITIES. WAS IN OUR OLD HICKORY. BECAUSE I HAVE BUILT MORE LESS DORMITORIES THE YWCA AND THE YMCA. TO BUILD THESE DORMITORIES OVER THERE FOR. THERE ARE WORKERS TO LIVE IN AND SO YOU CAN IMAGINE YOUNG MAN AND YOUNG WOMAN LIVING IN CLOSE PROXIMITY TO EACH OTHER HOW FAST THOSE GERMS CAN FLY. AND SO YOU KNOW THERE’S A LOT ABOUT THAT WE REALLY DON’T KNOW BECAUSE- I DO KNOW THAT THE CHURCHES IN TOWN ALL VOLUNTARILY CLOSED AT THE MAYOR’S REQUEST WE CLOSED ALL THE SCHOOLS ALL THE PUBLIC THEATER’S FOR A PERIOD OF TIME. JUST STAY AWAY FROM BEING AROUND OTHER PEOPLE AND BUT THE YOU KNOW ONE OF THE STORIES ABOUT THE DEATH THAT WE’VE NEVER BEEN ABLE TO DOCUMENT IS THE PEOPLE IN OLD HICKORY ALL THE OLD TIMER SO TO SPEAK SAY THAT THAT I REMEMBER. THAT THERE WAS JUST I BECAUSE. THEY WERE SO CONCERNED ABOUT THE CONTAGIOUS. A FACT OF MORE PEOPLE GETTING THE FLU THERE WAS JUST I SORT OF AN OPEN BARELY A MASS BURIAL THERE UNTIL THE FAMILIES COULD GET HERE AND PICK UP THE BODIES OF THOSE WHO HAD BEEN KILLED WE’VE NEVER BEEN ABLE TO DOCUMENT THAT. BUT THAT THAT WE LOST FAR MORE PEOPLE HERE IN DAVIDSON COUNTY TO THE FLU THEN WE DID REALLY TO THE FIGHTING IN THE WAR AND IT SPREAD THROUGH ANYWHERE THAT HAD. A POPULATION OF PEOPLE LIVING TOGETHER SO THAT WAS THE REAL THE LAST OF THESE BIG CATASTROPHE YES. WELL THAT’S A VERY GOOD QUESTION I BET I’VE GOT IT IN MY NOTES. WHY NOT I FINALLY GOT STATISTICS HERE IN MY NOTES SO. LOOK HERE AND SEE. WHAT I SAID TO MYSELF TO REMEMBER TO TELL YOU. THIS. THERE WERE TWENTY FIVE TO FORTY MILLION PEOPLE KILLED WORLDWIDE THEIR WEBSITE A PANDEMIC IT SPREAD AS WE THINK IT WAS BROUGHT INTO THE UNITED STATES FROM AN ARMY BASE IN KANSAS BY SOLDIERS IT THEN SPREAD I THINK TO PHILADELPHIA THERE’S A GREAT BOOK ABOUTTHIS BY THE SAME MAN THAT WROTE THE FLOOD BOOK. YEAH RISING TIDE THERE’S A BOOK ABOUT THIS THIS EPIDEMIC AND IT IS SHOWING TO THE DEATHS THAT OCCURRED AND HOW RAPIDLY IT SPREAD ACROSS THE COUNTRY BUT IT WAS IT WAS THE MOST SEVERE THING WE HAD EVER SEEN IN TERMS OF AN EPIDEMIC IN NASHVILLE AND YOU KNOW WE HAD HERE IN NASHVILLE WE HAD THREE WIVES OF THIS FLU EPIDEMIC ONE IN THE SPRING OF NINETEEN EIGHTEEN. ALRIGHT LATER THAT YEAR IN THE FALL AND THEN ANOTHER ONE IN THE EARLY NINETEEN NINETIES SO JUST WHEN YOU THINK IS GETTING ALL OVER ALL IT COMES BACK AGAIN AND NATIONALS POPUATION WAS HEAD TO HEAD SWUNG ONE BECAUSE OF THE WAR ON WORKERS AND SO YOU’VE. GOT PEOPLE GETTING SICK NOW I FOUND THE STATISTICS. FOUR THOUSAND CASES OF THE SPANISH FLU WERE RECORDED IN NASHVILLE AND DAVIDSON COUNTY. IN A SIX WEEK PERIOD IN NINETEEN EIGHTEEN ONE OUT OF FOUR PEOPLE IN OUR POPULATION GOT THE SPANISH FLU AND THEN IN THREE HUNDRED DIED. AND THE ONLY THING AND MEDICAL YEP INFECTIOUS DISEASES HISTORY HERE THAT’S EVER COME CLOSE WAS IN EIGHTEEN SEVENTY THREE CHOLERA EPIDEMIC. BUT I DO NOT I CANNOT TELL YOU THE NUMBER OF PEOPLE WHO DIED. BUT I BET I’LL BE ABLE TO TELL YOU NEXT TO IT. MY BROTHER DIED AND HE WAS A FRESHMAN IN YOUR BILL. I DON’T KNOW THE NAME. SO HE WOULD HAVE BEEN I DON’T KNOW IF YOU DO IT BECAUSE- YEAH YEAH. YEAH I DON’T SEE HOW MANY IN THE MIDDLE. THE SPACE IN SPANISH. IT WAS NOT. YOU KNOW IT WAS IT WAS ORIGINATED FROM MILITARY CAMPS IS FRED AND I JUST CALLED IT AND WE STILL CALL IT THE SPANISH FLU BUT THERE WAS NOTHING SPANISH ABOUT IT WHAT SO EVER. NO NO WE CAN’T LIKE WE CAN’T FLY AROUND FOR ANYTHING BECAUSE THEY WERE NOT SO I DID NOT PARTICIPATE AND SO YES INDEED THERE’S NOTHING SPANISH BUT I HIGHLY RECOMMEND THAT BOOK BECAUSE IT TELLS YOU ABOUT THE CRISIS IN PHILADELPHIA AND I AT HOW IT JUST SPREAD ALL OVER THE COUNTRY BUT NOTHING ABOUT THIS MASS GRAVE IN OLD HICKORY THAT I I’M STILL VERY CURIOUS IF THAT ACTUALLY HAPPENED OR NOT THEY WE’VE NEVER BEEN ABLE TO DOCUMENT. THEY HAVEN’T PEOPLE TALKED ABOUT IT. WHERE IS THAT. I’LL MENTION AT AT THE TIME OF WISE ALL I BELIEVE I HAD MOVED TO THE WEST END IT WAS ACROSS FROM VANDERBILT. AND I THINK THAT’S THE ONE THAT IMMORTALIZED HUELL HOWSER IF YOU ALL REMEMBER HUELL HOWSER ON CHANNEL FOUR NEWS. I HATE THAT WERE TELLING IT DOWN TO PUT IT. MRS THERE TO PUT A FRIED CHICKEN PLACE IN THERE. AND HEY YOU WONDER STORY OUT IN FRONT OF IT NOW THIS WAS. AFTER I CAME TO TOWN SO THEY SAID TO BE THE SEVEN DAYS. TRYING TO SELL THIS HOUSE BUT- THERE WERE. THERE WERE THERE WERE. A FULL HOUSES ALL ALONG WEST END AVENUE AND IF YOU GO DOWN THERE ON THAT LITTLE LET GO OF BROADWAY I GUESS IT IS BEFORE YOU GET TO THAT POINT WHERE TWENTY FIRST IN THOSE STREETS COUNTER COLLIDE THERE YOU’LL SAY TWO OR THREE OF THOSE HOUSES BUT BY AND LARGE ALL OF THESE MAGNIFICENT HOMES ALONG THE WEST AND- ARE GONE. AND THE GOVERNOR’S MANSION I WILL I WILL SAY THIS THE GOVERNOR’S MANSION WAS ON. EIGHTH AVENUE RIGHT THERE WHERE THE WAR MEMORIAL AUDITORIUM WISE AND THEN IT MOVED TO WHERE STAND A NICER HOUSE AND THEN IT MOVED AGAIN ALL IN THE THIRTIES I THINK TO CURTIS WOULD LINE. AND IF YOU SAW ANY OF THE COUNTRY MUSIC THING LAST NIGHT YOU HEARD MY FRIEND. OF. MARGARET I AM I AGAIN LAST NIGHT AND HER FRIEND. I CAN AND WHO BRIDGED THE SOCIETY BRIDGE BETWEEN COUNTRY MUSIC AND SOCIETY HERE IN NASHVILLE SO. NO WE’RE GOING TO STOP NEXT WEEK WILL BE OUR FOR NOW I WILL START WITH WOMEN GETTING THE RIGHT TO VOTE AND I WILL PROBABLY END UP WITH THE CREATION OF METROPOLITAN GOVERNMENT THOSE ARE TWO GOOD STORIES. WITH WORLD WAR. TWO ONE. IN THERE AS WELL SO I’D GREATLY APPRECIATE YOUR ATTENTION AND EMAIL ME ANY QUESTIONS YOU HAVE DID YOU ALL GET THE BIT BIBLIOGRAPHY YEAH AND I’M GREATLY APPRECIATE YOUR ATTENTION. THIS IS THE MOST ATTENTIVE AUDREY SEILER SPACE. THIS IS FOR THE SERVICE AT THE METRO NATIONAL. IF YOU WOULD LIKE TO SEE THIS PRESENTATION AGAIN OR FOR MORE INFORMATION ABOUT THIS AND OTHER PROGRAMS VISIT NASHVILLE DOT

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