Napoleon Bonaparte: Crash Course European History #22


Hi I’m John Green and this is Crash Course
European History. So, the word revolution is a funny one, because
it literally means a full turn of 360 degrees. Like, you end a revolution where you started
out. But in history, revolution means radical change,
stark departures from the world that was, and the messy, often violent embrace of a
new world. The French Revolution was in different ways
both kinds of Revolution–in the end, an absolutist government was replaced by an absolutist government. But the change that emerged from the Revolution
was real and lasting. It helped usher in a world where people saw
themselves as citizens of a community rather than subjects of a king. And eventually, a rising military star named
Napoleon Bonaparte would prove that having your dad be king of France was not the only
way to become ruler of France. [Intro]
Napoleon grew up poor in Corsica, but he loved reading and managed to secure a scholarship
to a military academy. As a kid, he spoke Corsican and Italian and
didn’t start learning French until he was ten. And he was bullied for his accented French
and for his overall tininess–although despite what you may have heard about Napoleon Complexes,
Bonaparte would eventually end up being around five feet seven inches tall, about average
for an 18th century man. He entered the army as a second lieutenant
in 1785 and began to rise through the ranks throughout the tumultuous years of the French
Revolution. By the time he was 24, in 1793, he was a brigadier
general working under the Committee for Public Safety, which as you’ll recall killed a
lot of the public in the name of public safety. And then in 1798, Napoleon crossed into Egypt
with an entire army at his command, aiming to disrupt Britain’s access to India. In addition to lots of soldiers, Napoleon
brought with him scientists, linguists, and other scholars to advance knowledge and also
carry off more Egyptian riches. The Egyptians were impressed by the openness
of these scholars, but in general the French completely appalled the local people with
their crude ways and drunkenness. And even as Napoleon flattered the Egyptians
by declaring himself a worshiper of Islam, he ultimately stole and desecrated many Egyptian
artefacts–although later he also stole and desecrated lots of artefacts from around Europe. He loved a plundered artefact! At any rate, Napoleon ultimately had to return
to France in 1799, as his army and navy were defeated by the British and the Egyptians. And that timing turned out to be perfect:
The Directory, which you’ll recall, was a five-person committee governing France after
the collapse of Robespierre’s Committee for Public Safety, was overseeing a still-floundering
economy and fighting wars on many fronts. Napoleon helped overthrow the directorate
in 1799, and quickly became “First Consul,” and then took as his first task mending fences
with the Catholic Church. He agreed to the Concordat of 1801, which
recognized Catholicism as the primary French religion. It also validated the sale of Church lands
and the state’s payment of clergymen’s salaries if they swore to uphold the French
government. And that was important because it ensured
him the support one of France’s most important institutions, and you’ll recall our discussions
about how even dictators need support from within their holdings. But it’s also telling that Napoleon would
eventually be excommunicated by the Catholic Church for annexing Papal lands for France. Napoleon was also popular with the people:
He offered a solution to decades of instability and economic decline. He won majorities when he had his candidacy
for office and other decisions approved by a plebiscite or vote, cast by men over the
age of 21. In 1802 he had himself declared Consul for
Life and in 1804 Emperor. Did the center of the world just open up? Is there a bust of somebody who actually believes
himself to be the center of the world in there? It is! It’s Napoleon himself. Stan got this in Paris. I can tell, because it says, “Souvenier
de Paris.” So this bust of Napoleon complete with its
armlessness and being cut off at the torso and everything is extremely Roman-ish. And this was part of how Napoleon justified
his dictatorial form of government. He said “no, we’re just going back to
the Roman Empire…to the good old days of ancient Rome.” And dictators do this a lot. From the Russian word Tsar, which comes from
the word Caesar, to 20th century dictators, when your leaders start talking about reviving
the glory of the Roman Empire, get nervous. Oh look, its half-French, half-Roman Napoleon. So, during the French Revolution, leaders
promoted the ancient Roman idea of virtu—that is, the sacrifice of personal interest for
the good of the republic, the whole. Napoleon continued all that Roman imagery
but switched it from the Roman Republic to the Roman Empire. you can even see this in his journey from
being a Consul to being an Emperor. He was portrayed in lavish costume and crowned
with the laurel leaves of a conquering hero. “Empire” style in furniture arose and
women donned slim white dresses, free from corsets and voluminous petticoats, in imitation
of Roman statuary. And Napoleon saw himself as a modern Justinian–the
famed ancient lawgiver. So to that end, he set out to have the most
celebrated jurists under his guidance produce a rational code of laws. Completed in 1804, the Code Napoléon (aka
the Napoleonic Code) standardized the laws of citizenship, family, and property. The Code made rules for financial transfers
and mortgages and for other legal transactions concerning property standards across France
instead of differing from province to province. And legal standardization facilitated modern
economic development. But the other two sections on family and citizenship
stunned many for the way they impoverished and curtailed most of the rights of women. Under the Napoleonic Code, women had no right
to their own property once they were married–not even the wages they earned themselves. They could not serve as witnesses in court
nor have control over or guardianship of their own children. They had to live where their husband directed
them to live. If they committed adultery, they were sent
to jail. But men, in contrast, would only be charged
with a crime if they brought a sexual partner into the family home. I’m not making this up. Lest you think that history is simply a march
toward more people having more rights….not always. But by creating laws that specifically targeted
the economy, the empire was seen as paving the way for modernization. And other institutions followed: individual
schools were founded for higher education in engineering, science and technology, and
for developing a cadre of advanced teachers. Napoleon also sponsored the creation of lycées,
or high schools. Countries in Europe and across the globe imitated
the French legal and educational systems as they too strove to become modern as well. This may not seem like a huge deal, but consider
how different the world becomes as more people have access to more education:
There are more potential innovators to solve big problems, and more people who can use
the tool of writing to share their perspectives with wide audiences, and more teachers to
train and educate future generations of professionals and experts. On the other hand, it’s worth remembering
that half of the population–women–were denied not just most of the new opportunities in
France but also many of the rights they’d previously had. So, Napoleon initially succeeded in France
because he quelled the political chaos by making himself an emblem of authority and
order. Right out of the dictator playbook. He also created a police state with strict
censorship and spies operating in everyday life. And he restored the monarchical system of
aristocratic titles and hierarchies, even giving back titles to some of the old aristocracy
who could help revive the appearance of ceremonial grandeur. And so in all those ways, Napoleon was returning
to Louis XIV’s absolutism, so the revolution did turn all the way around, ending where
it started, in that sense. While members of Napoleon’s family often
became wealthy and titled, his enemies were frequently exiled from France. The most famous of his exiled enemies was
Germaine de Staël, the wealthiest woman in Europe and one of the most accomplished. De Staël never stopped criticizing the dictator,
although at first she found him fascinating and even thought she might become his companion.Early
on, she probed him for an expression of admiration of her talents by asking what kind of woman
he valued most. He responded, “the one with the most children”
and pointedly gazed at her chest. After that, she denounced his brutal nature
to whoever would listen, rallying opponents around her. But Napoleon had as many plans for Europe
as he had for France and he set out to conquer and colonize all of Europe and the British
Isles. He amassed a huge army by drafting young men
between the ages of 20 and 24, then he earned their complete devotion by fighting alongside
them in at least sixty battles. As he conquered German and Austrian territory,
he brought men from those areas into his armies too. And by 1806, he had ended the Holy Roman Empire
after defeating Austria in several battles, most thoroughly at the battle of Austerlitz
in 1805. Then he went on to defeat Prussia in 1806
and Russia in 1807 after they declared war on France in succession. Napoleon then forced or inspired reforms such
as the end of serfdom, legislating religious toleration, and creating schools to advance
scientific and technological study. And he unified German states excluding Austria
in the Confederation of the Rhine. His imposition of the Napoleonic Code, the
metric system, and other institutions for standardization helped to unify Europe. What is the metric system?
Stan says it’s something that Europeans do, like soccer and ensuring that all citizens
have health care. One of the big effects of Napoleon’s European
ambitions was that it inspired a lot of nationalism among his new subjects, who mostly opposed
his dictatorial regimes, in places where one of his brothers usually. I mean, for one thing, most of these newly
conquered lands were run by one of Napoleon’s brothers, who’d serve as surrogate monarch,
and if you’re gonna live in a dictatorship, you wanna at least be dictated by the dictator
himself. Not some brother. It’s like going to see the matinee of a
big Broadway show, and instead of getting the big star, you get some understudy.
at any rate, this is important because people began to think of themselves as, for instance,
German in part because they didn’t want to think of themselves as French. Napoleon’s goal was to colonize the entire
continent, and he mostly succeeded, but Spain was still unconquered and thwarting his Continental
system when in 1807 Napoleon struck with an army of some 100,000 men. Spanish and Portuguese royals both left their
capitals. Napoleon installed yet another brother (Joseph)
as king and resistance swelled—with help from the British and Arthur Wellesley, who
would later become the Duke of Wellington. And you can see the effects in art. Jacques-Louis David painted triumphant moments
in Napoleon’s career, including his self-coronation as emperor. But Spanish painter Francisco Goya depicted
Napoleonic rule as a reign of terror. His “Third of May 1808” shows a French
firing squad mowing down peasants and clergy alike. Goya remained a chronicler of Spanish resistance
and French barbarism, as tens of thousands of French troops had to occupy the conquered
kingdom because of Spanish hatred of the conquerors. Let’s go to the Thought Bubble. 1. Despite ongoing problems, Napoleon became
determined to conquer and absorb all of Russia, 2. especially since it had opted out of his Continental
System. 3. He built an army of some 600,000 to 700,000
men from across his lands 4. and began his invasion in June of 1812. 5. Having trudged hundreds of miles, troops were
exhausted and overcome by the heat, 6. and the Rusians refused to engage in battle. 7. Instead, they retreated, practicing so-called
“scorched earth tactics” by burning and destroying any resource 8. including food and livestock that could be
of use to the invaders. 9. Finally at Borodino, the two sides engaged
in what was ultimately a costly victory for the French, 10. who lost 30,000 men, while the Russians
lost 45,000. 11. But the French were thousands of miles from
home territory, and so reinforcing and resupplying their army proved difficult. 12. Foreign recruits, who were not as loyal to
Napoleon, began melting away as winter approached and conditions worsened. 13. The remaining 100,000ish invaders marched
on from Borodino, some 70 miles from Moscow, 14. but on reaching their destination, they found
the city consumed by fire 15. —shelter and other necessities were once
again in short supply. 16. Still Napoleon waited for Tsar Alexander I
to surrender and agree to terms. 17. But when the surrender failed to materialize, 18. Napoleon led his depleted, starving, and frostbitten
army westward to Poland. 19. Many had died; many other soldiers had deserted,
and more French troops would be killed by the Cossacks as they retreated. 20. Only 40,000 of Napoleon’s soldiers reached
Poland alive in 1813. Thanks Thought Bubble. So, the European powers took note of the Emperor’s
bedraggled forces and formed a coalition that included Russia, Austria, Prussia, and Sweden. In 1813, their armies, backed by British financing,
defeated French forces at Leipzig. This battle was waged because Napoleon refused
to accept the allies’ terms, which initially allowed him to continue to rule France. In early 1814 he abdicated and headed for
exile on Elba, an island in the Mediterranean. A year later, he escaped, returned to France,
gathered an army, and confronted the powers once more, finally surrendering on July 15,
1815 after being defeated at Waterloo. Napoleon was living in exile on the distant
island of St. Helena when he died on May 5, 1821–thirty two years to the day after the
meeting of the Estates-General that set the French Revolution into motion. Consider all that had happened in those 32
years, and you’ll understand why this period of French history is seen as so important
to world history. Decades after his death, Napoleon’s remains
were lavishly returned to France, placed in the Church of the Dome in the heart of Paris,
and eventually re-encased in a grander sarcophagus under the church’s golden dome itself. Why? Remember that under him, French achievements
were massive in terms of education, commitment to science, standardization, modernization
of the economy and administration, and opening the door to opportunity for ordinary people. Well, ordinary men. French museums were packed with loot from
across Europe and Egypt plundered by Napoleon’s armies. In fact, those museums are still packed with
that loot. And there were also the unforgettable early
military victories and the revival of French cultural glory that led to the imitation of
French things throughout the world. Muhammad Ali, ruler of Egypt, who had been
part of the effort to drive Napoleon and his forces from the country, would begin programs
in direct imitation of Napoleon’s. And t he creation of a truly citizens army,
entranced by the heroism of its leader, also endured, while his lightning attacks remained
a model to future military innovators. The Napoleonic Code was imitated worldwide. As Napoleon’s body was re-entombed in splendor
and pomp, one worker expressed France’s general worship of the dictator: “I’ve
got the emperor in my guts.” For better and for worse, we still have Napoleon
in our guts. Thanks for watching. I’ll see you next time.

Comments 100

  • We had a technical issue with the video today, and had to re-upload it. Sorry for any link confusion.

  • Waiting for Unification of Germany and Italy

  • Scorched earth, classic tactic of steppe hordes. When land isn't your and you merely occupy it why wouldn't you destroy it just to cause problems to someone else?
    Anyone familiar with the US civil war, did any of the sides attempted something similar?

  • جالنا مصر و حطينا عليه 😂

  • Yes a complex legacy.

  • I, for one, absolutely hate Napoléon. Sure he made some progress and was an impressive figure, but he was also a bloodthirsty dictator who imagined himself a god. A lot of the progress he made was not his, but the spirit of the time. France, at the time, was home to a whole myriad of brilliant thinkers – philosophers, scientists, jurists – who really had the same innovative ideas but not the will to bend the world to his whims.
    If anything, I feel like he ruined perfect opportunities to further advance the Enlightenment, instead sacrificing it on the altar of his narcissism. The lesson here being, amongst others, learn when to stop.

  • You called?

  • Corsets did not exist before the Victorian era and their predecessors, stays, were definetly worn during Napoleon's time.

  • You know, Napoleon's descendant Jean Christophe is recently married to a Habsburg.

  • Yeah, if Bismarck had occupied France for a couple decades we could have avoided a lot of needless death. Can you blame Napoleon?

  • Oppressors hold up the false narrative that things were always worse for marginalized groups to dismiss their complaints about the present. And they insist things can never backslide to make them complacent about the future.

    i.e. Shut up, you should be grateful for how well you are treated now and things will never be that bad again so what are you fighting for? women can vote, slavery ended a hundred years ago blah blah blah

    This is why the lesson that people can lose rights over the course of history, as well as gain them, is essential.

  • One of Napoleon's brothers was a rabbit. The rabbit of 'Olland was actually fairly popular in the Netherlands.

  • 4:20 Interestingly, the German word for emperor is also stemming fom Caesar: "Kaiser". Of course that makes sense as well, considering the Holy Roman Empire understood itself as the continuation of the OG Roman Empire.

  • FAPOLEON

  • "If you're gonna live in a dictatorship you at least want to be dictated by the dictator, not some brother"

  • Napoleon loose in Russia becouse he ignored enemy capitol (ST.Petersburg)and later was to late.Later Napoleon give order to French press write than Winter defeats me ,i loose and everyone will loose not becouse my mistakes or something and to this day lot of historians mindlessly reapeat this winter bulshit.

  • I don´t understand why you say that Spain was thwarting his Continental System. The Spanish were more than happy to be part of it! Only Portugal opposed this (due to the Windsor Treaty, the oldest Military Alliance still active) and Spain was invaded because Napoleon wanted to conquer Portugal. The Portuguese Royal Family did flee to Brazil but the Spanish one was captured and forced to abdicate on his brother Josef. Because of this, Portugal was able to secure his colonies and Spain lost many of theirs to the British and France.

  • What happened to episode 21?

  • Sir can you make a crash course on earth sciences

  • He also invented Neapolitan icecream

  • Cant wait until we get to 1848

  • 'People started to think of themselves as German, in part because they did not want to think of themselves as french'

    I think that you could have replaced this entire video series with just this single line…

  • I really enjoy your presentations. I've got a request for a course. My belief is that our government has never (and never will) truly represented the people who live in this country. In fact, it was set up not to represent the majority of us. It has always represented political parties and influencers. How can we get a government that represents us, the people? What form of government would that be and how would it work?

  • Europe: starts talking about an empire for the good
    Me: starts sweating

  • Why would napoleon carry scientists to Egypt?

  • Obviously Napoléon never played Risk =P

    Hadn't Persia already established similar school systems with standardized education and even a lot of it public/free?

  • Anyone else waiting for a Mongols reference when talking about Russia? No? Just me? Ok then.

  • You lost me at Jaden Smith.

  • So does this mean that the Chad & Stacy Emigholtz studios are looking for a new tenant?

  • Rules for Rulers by CGP Grey is a great explanation of why Napoleon sought the support of the Catholic Church.

  • Plus Ultra

  • Pax Brittanica soon?!

  • Luckily, they banished him to an island.

    BUT HE CAME BACK!

    Luckily, they banished him to another island.

  • Dictator was an office in late republican period of Rome.

  • Napoleonic Wars:
    Napoleon has grandiose image of himself as a dictator.
    Strong nationalism.
    France conquered most of continental Europe.
    Couldn't conquer the pesky British on their island, since Britain is a strong naval power.
    Tried to conquer Russia, but defeated by the Russian winter.
    Defeated by a coalition.

    World War 2:
    Hitler has grandiose image of himself as a dictator.
    Strong nationalism.
    Germany conquered most of continental Europe.
    Couldn't conquer the pesky British on their island, since Britain is a strong naval power..
    Tried to conquer Russia, but defeated by the Russian winter.
    Defeated by a coalition.

    History does repeat itself, yet ego gets in the way of learning from past mistakes.

  • YES! John Green.

  • You can make a video about his journey to Egypt with some details plz

  • I know I've found a great channel when I don't mind re-watching a video I saw the day before. Thanks, John Green and everyone else on the CrashCourse team.

  • I didn't know he was a misogynist dictator…. wow!

  • Napoleon was an anti villain, one of the most interesting characters in history

  • The Russian Campaign: exists
    Nerds who read War and Peace: Don't worry guys, I've got this…

  • I admired Napoleon a lot when I was a kid, I was a Francophile, and because of it I got very interested in studying world history.

  • I heard Napoleon spoke french with a corse accent

  • Note to self: Don´t invade Russia. Especially not in the winter.

  • About the height: The English measure of foot was shorter than the French measure of foot. And thus: English propaganda-war at its finest!

  • Love how as a historian, every time you mention Napoleon, you are legally obligated to tell people that he wasn't actually that short.

  • Napoleon was a problematic figure. I will include no buts in that statement and I agree fully with the characterization of his treatment of women.

    This video does skip over a lot of why Napoleon made the moves he did to assume more and more power. I'm sure he enjoyed it all the while, as he was human, but there was no mention of the royal families of Europe constantly trying to kill him because if people realized that anyone could do what they did, there would be trouble, and there was! I noticed the glossing over of WHICH coalition brought down Napoleon (it was the seventh) and the constant assassination attempts before that. I also didn't miss the skipping over of the fact that when the French government was clashing with the French leaders of the revolution during it's most violent time, Napoleon did ANYTHING to not be involved in French on French bloodshed including laying low in a cartography department position and pretending to be sick for months at a time.

    Napoleon did a lot of terrible things, and he did a lot of great things. Both need to be understood. He was an amazing leader that built structures all over Europe that endure today, and influenced the rest of the world.

    Nothing in this video was false, and it was very well presented in that length of time, but Napoleon and Napoleonic Europe has many sides and I encourage people to look into them. None of them however excuse the treatment of women, and the continued use of slavery in french territories during this time.

  • Bonaparte on Europe: A continent so nice, I tried to conquer it twice

  • Abstractly speaking: the alternative definition definitetly supports the end result of a revolution: a disrupting social upheaval (which in the end causes mass chaos and turmoil for the economically disadvantaged) while simultaniously creating a power-vacum which those within some form of power take advantage of for their own means. Resulting in a relative return to the same forms of social order, just with new faces.

  • whenever i'm having a bad day, i can always rely on crash course to brighten things up, even if it is the french revolution…
    Thanks John, I'm glad you exist.

  • How’d you get so fat? You used to be skinny….

  • Talking about Poland in 1813 is a bit of a stretch. You clearly meant the Duchy of Warsaw.

  • Educational!

  • Waterloo! Couldn’t escape if I wanted to!

  • THANK GOD FOR SUBTITLE

  • Why did you say coalition at the end of the wars this was like the 8th coalition

  • I HAVE NO CHILL WHATSOEVER

  • John Greene is actually the reason I am a history major.

  • Do people really believe a nationalized healthcare system could work in the US?

  • 8:07 so Napoleon had a chance to make a wealthy, powerful ally and made her into an enemy, at least in part because of his misogyny (as we’d call it today.)

    I never knew that.

  • Italian Campaign???

  • Congrats john greene on your hulu series based off your book! I havent read it yet but it looks great. I'm so happy for you as a long time fan of this YouTube page and your work. You give me inspiration and hope.

  • So… Napoleon had a lactating kink?

  • The first time i watched these crash course histories i thought they were very good, more and more now i see the angles they take, they're fine but man, take it with a few grains of salt. Listen to the audiobooks of Will Durant if you want proper history

  • Technically Louis XVI’s dad was never king of France either

  • Pfft. Every country on the planet uses the metric system of weights and measures, while the USA is the only holdout to an outdated and ridicoulously complicated Imperial system. This for a country founded on a fight against Imperialism. Oh, and US museums are also packed with foreign loot.

  • Napoleon is ny role model

  • 8:16 what a chad
    Begone thot

  • WAIT SO APPARENTLY YOU WROTE THE FAULT IN OUR STARS, and I can't believe I never made that connection-

  • So the old stereotype of the French being rude drunkards rings true, at least in the Egypt campaign.

  • Napoleon AND BERTHIER. Without Berthier there is no Napoleon. (If you don't believe me, look at the few campaigns when Berthier was NOT Napoleon's Chief of Staff.)

  • Another great one John!

  • When the French do it is called looting, when the British do it is called safekeeping.

  • Nice episode; although it was too “feministic”. History is not “His” or “Her’s” it is Humanistic and we can’t keep this separation going on. John ; please stay within limits; we are one and Men and Women have had an impact in history. We are all part of the macrocosmos we call “society.

  • Louisiana's original legal code was the Napoleonic Code, as it was a French territory until the US bought it.

  • Use your channel for learning english and history both. Thank you ❤

  • Revolution according to The Who: "Meet the new boss. Same as the old boss…"

  • Napoleon created government schools, not to make more of the populace literate, but to indoctrinate the people in to supporting his power.

  • I love the history, and I wish you could convey it to us without the liberal/statist bias.

  • If Dr. Who ever comes and asks me to time travel, I'd say, "We have to pick up John Green first!"

  • Hi there, very interesting you decided to spend an entire episode on Napoleon … very good stuff as usual.
    But to tell the truth I find you spent a lot of time about his life and deeds for a channel that usually don t do historical figures biographies … your video somehow just presented Napoleon as an important historical figure, the new Justinian, his code and the modern Roman emperor stuff and his wars won and lost … but history is filled with people that won and lost wars or created new institutions, even people who unlike Napoleon invented or discovered entirely new things that we still use in our everyday life … but I guess you will not make videos about those … and still you made one about Napoleon.
    I « feel » you somehow missed something of the importance of the Napoleonic adventure for the history of Europe… I am talking political and geopolitical history here … after Napoleon Europe was changed forever and this is not because of his code, he was in a sense the incarnation of the change of paradigms European politics went through. His contemporaries knew he was an historical exception (see Beethoven or Hegel). In that sense only Alexander in classical antiquity can be compared to him : destroyer of the old world, putting down the empire of their time, showing no respect for traditions or precedent, trying to establish a new form of empire that did not survive them (that died before him in Napoleon’s case), etc …
    It is not to say that their will alone changed the world, the world had already changed when they arrived actually (Persian decline shown with the 10 000, French Revolution) but the old institutions were still around and most people hadn’t t change their worldview … Napoleon (and Alexander) forced everybody around to acknowledge the world had changed for good.
    In that sense he is the most « historical » figure of European history … not that much because of what he did or the influence of his actions on us … but because after him European (political) history could not be the same. The « game » had changed, he modified the rules.
    Before : a holy Roman emperor, After : nation states
    Before : a pope, after : a puppet at best
    And that was only the two oldest and arguably most revered institutions Europe had …

  • 4:30 Why? Napoleon was a great leader who rode into power on a wave of popular support, comparing him to Mussolini is really unfair.

  • 6:00 Again you lack context. In the wake of the french revolution a wave of misogyny swept over France. You see it in how the revolution gets blamed on Marie Antoinette, a myth you by the way repeated. Anyway, that often happens, whenever you proclaim all men are equal there are always those who think it means just the men.
    I would ask you to look at the kingdom of Westphalen who as a conquered state had afar less say in their own constitution and thus Napoleon had much freer hands, the constitution he created there is also far more liberal. It is what Napoleon wished he could have done in France but he couldn't because he'd have been ousted from power.

  • 8:09 Oh no he exiled them, you do realize that the revolutionaries cut of the head of anyone who disagreed right?

  • 8:41 That's BS again Nepoleon was only the agressor in one war, in every other war he was the one being declared on. Also while he expanded france he to a much greater extent set up puppetstates. Adding them to his continental system to blockade Britain, who if Nepoleon sought dominion over Europe one should remember sought world domination.

  • 11:20 At this point have you given up on giving an unbiased version of history? Napoleon did not seek to conquer Russia, he just wanted them back on the blockade against Britain, who was at war with him and a war not declared by Napoleon but by the British.

  • 13:10 Yuck, I knew you were going to make it all Britain's accomplishment somehow. Seriously this is perhaps one of the most biased tellings of European history I have ever seen. In your version of history the British are universal good guys and anyone who's against them are the devil himself. Except when it's the US.

  • 13:30 again you say that as if it was different elsewhere but women in america and Britain were hardly better off.

  • 14:35 Funny you should mention that because the British did that on the next order of magnitude later.

  • 15:13 His lighting attacks were actually based on the work of Fredrik the great, another person you slandered to make the angloamericans look good.

  • I'd really like to know what some of the paintings in this video are, especially the one at 1:24, it's fantastic. I couldn't find anywhere where Crash Course puts that info up… can anyone tell me?

  • Hi my name is Lizzie
    I have been a fan of your videos for the last 2 years and they have really helped me both at high school in year 12 and university. You actually inspired me to create my own channel and try and help educate people with fun videos like you guys.

    I have been trying to grow and am having heaps of trouble. I was wondering if you have any tips or if you could do me a massive favour and share one of my videos or give me a shout out.

    If not I love your videos and will keep following them. Thankyou ❤️

  • History is much like an endless waltz. The three beats of war, peace, and revolution continue on forever… Mariemaia Kushrenada, Gundam Wing: Endless Waltz

  • Mr. Green, we love you ❤️

  • I need to watch this again

  • Or, as Terry Pratchett put it, "Don't put your trust in revolutions. They always come around again. That's why they're called revolutions. People die, and nothing changes."

  • Napoleon's a hoarder

  • I like watching these videos but sometimes you gotta say some stupid s**. When you say not as many people gain rights after this is incorrect apparently you say women did not gain any rights that actually lost them then you repeat this and then you just conveniently move on to the next subject. If you are going to say something and say it with such Authority and it is supposed to be a focal point of your Well….Point, then you should probably explain it or I'm going to call b******

  • I wonder why you didn't say Napoleon was poisoned with arsenic that is how he died.

  • Love that line infantry battle animation

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