In Search Of History – Pirates Of The Barbary Coast (History Channel Documentary)


be gentle now on the History Channel
stories from the pages of time stories of triumph and tragedy adventure and
achievement as we go in search of history in the late 1700s the fledgling nation
of America awoke to a startling reality US trade ships in the Mediterranean were
being overrun by pirates who terrorized American crews held them for ransom even
sold them into slavery these outrages would lead to a little-known war as we
go in search of history for pirates of the Barbary Coast northern Africa’s
sun-baked barbary coast of Morocco Algeria Tunisia and Tripoli now known as
Libya has been a pirates haven for centuries for the Barbary Coast Buccaneers most of
them Muslim the lucrative spoils of piracy were a mainstay of their nations
economies by the 1600s it had evolved into virtually a business it was a major
source of income and support for the rulers of these four states basically
what they did was made a national policy of always been at war with somebody then
you sold a piece sometimes sold it for a flat rate
sometimes for annual tribute sometimes a combination of the two the Barbary pirates patrolled the waters
of the Mediterranean demanding tribute or ransom for safe passage the hefty
tributes help to maintain local economies and prop up the regime’s of
leaders called Pasha’s or days for centuries in the area the Mediterranean
world these vassal states along the north
coast of Africa facing the Mediterranean had it as their business to control the
waters nearby their Shores they were in a way sort of early exponents of the
200-mile limit they believed that if you sailed within their waters which they
defined as being pretty far out you had to pay tribute trade vessels from around the world were
compelled to submit to these conditions in order to sail the Mediterranean
waters without interference from pirates in most instances the European nations
England France Sweden Spain Portugal had over the years worked out a rather an
arrangement with the Barbary Corsairs by which annual tribute was paid and by
that payment they were buying an insurance policy that then allowed their
vessels to sail through those waters unmolested the richer countries of the
world didn’t mind paying in order to keep the peace Great Britain even hoped
to bankrupt other nations by driving up the going price of tribute England and
France could afford to pay off Algiers and then turn the Algerians on to their
enemies this was a way of keeping down their commercial competition so there
was a saying in England and in France and in Holland that if there were no
Algiers we would have to build one because louis xiv is supposed to have
said this because it benefited france to have algiers capturing france’s rivals
the British commercial men were supposed to have said this because it benefited
England and Dutch merchants also were supposed to have said this these
countries could afford to pay a large tribute because they did so much
business in the Mediterranean but by the late 1700s there was a new
presence on the international scene the United States of America the young and
hungry Federation of States was eager to trade with the nations of the world but
the upstart country was in for a rude awakening when its merchant ships
arrived on the Barbary Coast as long as the American colonies were part of the
British Empire we were protected by the Royal Navy and we were covered under
that umbrella insurance policy after independence though after 1783 we
were no longer part of the British Empire and now as an independent nation
we the United States of America had to deal with the Barbary States the problem during the 1780s is the
government doesn’t have the enough money to either bribe them or to build a navy
and fight them the Barbary Buccaneers had an uncomplicated strategy for their
business of piracy they often simply waited for ships to
enter the Mediterranean Sea then sailed alongside them and what the Barbary
Corsairs did is they set up a toll gate and you paid at the toll gate if you
paid and went through the toll gate then everything would be just fine if you
didn’t pay at the toll gate then they would attack and capture you and hold
you for ransom hold you up make you force you to pay tribute the
consequences of being taken prisoner were far worse for some seafarers than
others the Pirates instituted a class system
for their hostages how you treated these captives depended on who they were if
they were a captain or a passenger or officer you would often give them
basically the freedom of the city now if you weren’t someone like this who you
were in rags and but generally they kept you chained together sometimes they
chained two three four people together sometimes they chained you individually
to a heavy weight the American prisoners were put to work building fortifications
for algerian cities with their fate contingent on whether ransom would be
paid some died from disease or malnutrition while waiting for american
intervention ships from the embattled United States
soon became known as easy prey for the Barbary Coast pirates the United States
was born into a very hostile world no one wished us well certainly the English
didn’t wish us well they weren’t good losers the French had been our allies
during the revolution but now they were our rivals and certainly the Barbary
Corsairs did not wish us well either we had virtually no defense for our trade
we had no Navy a number of Americans were already enslaved at hard labor in
algerian prisons its reputation and expansion threatened the young america
faced a dilemma would it follow in the tradition of other world powers and pay
tribute to the Barbary Coast pirates buying freedom for those captured or
would its political leaders challenged the stranglehold of the Mediterranean
Corsairs by 1785 more than 20 American sailors
were captives in algerian prisons President George Washington sent
emissaries to the Mediterranean to discuss ransom arrangements but America
couldn’t leave behind any fighting ships to ensure continuing peace Washington
was more concerned about the outbreak of war between the French and the British
which he saw as a greater danger to US interests President Washington had a lot
of other problems other than the two dozen American sailors in Algiers he
appointed Jefferson to be Secretary of State and one of the first things
Jefferson did was to draw up a report on Mediterranean trade and Jefferson said
there are essentially three things the United States can do in to secure peace
and trade in the Mediterranean one a tribute to Algiers Tripoli in Tunis to
leave the Mediterranean altogether or three and build a navy to subdue the
Algerians the trepal items and the Tunisians
Jefferson’s findings received a decidedly mixed reaction from government
leaders in Washington nobody was eager to engage in a war on
the other side of the world simply to ensure trouble-free training the ultimate goal is free and safe
passage through their waters we need to be able to sail through those waters in
order to do business and that is fundamental we need to be trading in the
Mediterranean and the Barbary Corsairs are an obstacle to trade this is not an
issue of imperialism this is not an issue of conquering territory this is a
matter of business commerce and trade still the Barbary States plundered and
pillaged and will this enraged Jefferson who took a much harder line than
Washington though he was opposed to funding a large Navy Jefferson
recognized the threat the Barbary Corsairs posed to America’s tenuous
standing as an emerging world power in his opinion something had to be done but
still America’s political leaders hesitated and it wasn’t until finally in
1794 when it grew so wearisome when the problem could no longer be ignored that
President Washington managed to persuade the Congress to authorize the
construction of six frigates six large sailing warships it didn’t seem like much at the time but
the new legislation marked the birth of the United States Navy the landmark
legislation passed over the objections of Jefferson and other Republicans who
saw it as a violation of states rights but a compromise was found to placate
Jefferson and other southern politicians if peace was achieved with Algiers only
three ships would be built just one year later Algiers signed a treaty and
hostilities were suspended as a result the US Navy began very humbly with just
three vessels they became the first vessels in the new
American Navy the most famous is USS Constitution she was launched in Boston
in October of 1797 commissioned in Boston still afloat oldest commissioned
warship in the world the following year John Adams defeated
Thomas Jefferson in the race to become the second president of the United
States Jefferson was named vice president but the two men clashed over
the issue of whether to pay ransom to the Barbary Corsairs you’ve got Adam
saying you know it’s a matter of trade it’s a matter of doing business pay the
money and let’s get on with business you got Jefferson saying it’s a matter of
Honor the American people want justice and if we demand justice and respect for
the United States we’ll gain stature in Europe sighs piracy again plagued
American merchant ships in the Mediterranean and the Barbary pirates
seemed emboldened by America’s failure to respond by the time Thomas Jefferson won the
presidency in 1800 he realized that bribes to Barbary
States totaled over two million dollars more than one-fifth the total income of
the US government to that date yet the president who had advocated the use of
force while holding lower offices seemed to turn gun-shy
back in the 1780s Jefferson had said we need to fight them but when Jefferson
comes into office Jefferson is more interested in balancing the budget
reducing the national debt and he makes a drastic cuts in the Navy and he tries
to negotiate with these Corsairs and he is willing to pay them off at this point
but the price is simply too high Yussef the cunning and mercurial Pasha of
Tripoli soon forced Jefferson’s hand in the spring of 1801 the greedy Yousef
demanded outrageous tributes from the US when America declined payment he chopped
down the flag in front of the American consulate things really began to heat up with
Tripoli in 1801 and they really began to torment us and annoy us in ways and to a
degree of seriousness that hadn’t been achieved before cutting down the
American flag was a declaration of war and America reacted accordingly
Jefferson ordered a squadron of four ships already in the Mediterranean to
attempt a military blockade the fleet was too small and the effort was a
dismal failure to make matters worse America’s best fighting ship the
Philadelphia ran aground and was captured by Barbary pirates on October
31st 1803 over 300 American sailors were herded
into Tripoli tunisians Philadelphia represented maybe a third of American
naval power in terms of guns in the Mediterranean at this time so when the
Tripoli Tain’s take it in are they refloated and they
were working to rearm it and remastered and so forth the balance of power would
fundamentally shift to their favor in the Mediterranean if that ship can be
put back into commission by them though it was undeclared the United States was
now truly at war with Tripoli and already at a disadvantage
president Jefferson took swift and decisive action he sent his new
Commodore of the Navy to the Barbary Coast to remedy the situation command of the American squadron was
given to Commodore Edward treble Preble was from Maine he was a had officer a
very hot and difficult and an extremely competent officer Preble sailed into Tripoli Harbor only
to find that the pride of America’s fledgling Navy was now in the hands of
Barbary pirates with his tiny fleet could Preble hope to win this undeclared
war and negotiate a lasting and favorable peace with one of the fleet’s
best fighting ships now controlled by the Barbary pirates commander Edward
Preble faced a critical decision should he try to retake the Philadelphia or
destroy her Preble settled on destruction and asked for volunteers to
lead the dangerous mission a courageous 25 year old Navy lieutenant named
Stephen Decatur was the first to raise his hand Stephen Decatur had a way of
commanding people from an early age he never backed away from a fight he
frequently took on people much bigger as a child so he exhibited a lot of
leadership qualities early on he was a devoted patriot and at that time in
American history that’s what was needed everyone knew that he was a very
emotional individual everyone knew that he had a very fine sense of honour
everyone knew that he was fearless Decatur had already distinguished
himself as a young Navy officer but clearly he had aspirations beyond his
immediate station the world of the sailing warship was a world that we in
the late 20th century would have great difficulty comprehending a tight world a
dirty world a confining world a world that was constantly filled with tension
and it was in that world that Stephen Decatur this lieutenant functioned a man
of great bravery boldness and absolutely impetuous and filled with ambition he
wanted nothing more than to be famous the events that followed would help
ensure Decatur’s place in history on the night of February 15th 1804 Decatur
stashed his crew below decks on a boat called the Intrepid and launched his
assault on the Philadelphia still held by Barbary pirates he sailed the Intrepid into the harbor
at Tripoli and he came up with a daring plan which was to disguise it as a
merchant ship but he had the pilot speaking a fluent Italian to the people
who were on the Philadelphia so as not to arouse any suspicion Decatur’s boat
tied up next to the unwitting Philadelphia and the brave young
lieutenant led the attack to defend America’s honor once they’ve tied up very quickly
someone aboard the Philadelphia discovered who they were screams
Americanos but by then it’s too late the Americans swarmed over them almost immediately Decatur in the sixty
Americans and others came aboard the Tripolitan ship and overwhelmed the
Tripolitan crew driving them off of the ship a lot of them dove into the
water and quite a number were killed in this action and then Decatur and his men
went below deck and started fires at every possible point where they could
came off the ship back on to the Intrepid and sailed out of the harbor with the Pasha’s cannons blazing and the
flames from the Philadelphia lighting up the night sky Decatur and his men
returned to the safety of the American squadron the unprecedented raid had been
successful perhaps even beyond Decatur zone wildly ambitious dreaming news the
Philadelphia was completely destroyed and Decatur and his men had left Tripoli
Harbor without losing a single man in this operation Lord Nelson the British
Admiral said “This was the most bold and daring naval act of the age” and Nelson
was someone who knew about bold and daring naval acts Back home the news of Decatur’s
victorious attack thrilled an American public starved for good news about their
country’s fighting efforts this was a new symbol that American sailors like
Decatur could perform acts like this acts of courage and skill in destroying
this ship so it had an immediate impact in the United States and Jefferson
recognized its importance as soon as he heard of this he proposed promoting
Decatur to captain and Congress voted to give Decatur a sword he was the youngest
commissioned captain in the Navy at the age of 25 a record that has not been
broken yet Decatur’s uncommon bravery had not been exhausted by the attack on
the Philadelphia his brother James also a Navy sailor had himself been fighting
Barbary pirates in ongoing gun battles when James boarded a Tripolitan ship
that had surrendered the pirate captain suddenly pulled a gun and shot him dead the news soon reached Stephen Decatur on
his nearby gunboat when Decatur hears this he’s incensed and he immediately
turns back now Decatur has aboard his gunboat less than a dozen men he turns
around Wade’s back into the fight where his brother had been and in virtually a
fit of rage attacks him Decatur avenged his brother’s death by killing in
hand-to-hand combat the Barbary captain who had taken James’s life the exploit
added even more luster to his growing legend with momentum suddenly on his side after
the burning of the Philadelphia in July Commander Preble laid siege to Tripoli
which was defended by 25,000 troops 24 warships and 155 cannons Preble flotilla
of just seven American vessels bombed the city for four days in August of 1804
but the Tripolitans showed few signs of backing down
the Americans were outnumbered and to the dismay of the many brave young
officers who served under him Preble’s tour of duty was ending basically Preble has laid the groundwork
for victory by the time he leaves but then he’s superseded in command he
returns to the United States and his successors and it’s Samuel Baron is less
pugnacious his successor is interested in negotiating a peace when commander
Samuel baron arrived on the Barbary Coast two months later to replace Preble
he sailed with the largest u.s. squadron ever assembled more than 20 fighting
ships he also brought with him a man who unwittingly would forge a place for
himself in the lore of America’s fighting forces his name was William
Eaton and he had long been critical of America’s actions toward the Barbary
States he was a military officer he had been a colonel in the American army in
the 1790s after trying to pursue a number of different careers he had
taught school for a while he had engaged in business and then he had been
appointed to the army and in 1798 he was appointed American Consul to Tunis Eaton
had been in the United States and had tried to convince the United States that
it should invade this area that it should send an army he of course got no
support the idea of sending American troops across the Atlantic was simply
beyond consideration by a government at that time by the spring of 1805
and had hatched an audacious scheme to end the four year old war with the
Barbary States the plan didn’t generate much support from commander Maron who
granted even the only a tiny fighting unit of one midshipman and eight US
Marines which Eaton managed to augment with a few hundred Arab, Greek and
Albanian mercenaries yet the exploits of Eden’s ragtag fighting force would make
history and would help inspire the Marine Hymn still sung proudly to this
day when American adventurer William Eaton arrived in the Mediterranean in the
spring of 1805 Tripoli still held more than 300 American prisoners in his
hellish prisons the conventional wisdom was that the
only way to subdue Tripoli and the other Barbary States was by dominating the
seas the audacious Eton had other plans to overthrow Yusuf the Pasha of
Tripoli and replace him with Yusuf’s brother
Achmed. Yusuf had seized power from Achmed in 1795 and Achmed even though he
was the older brother was not a very charismatic figure and was not a very
good ruler Eaton conceived really an ingenious idea
that if the United States have could set up met up and Darrin the true Politan
people would rally to his support because Yousef was a great tyrant. Eaton
was granted a small Expeditionary Force consisting of one midshipman and eight
Marines to implement his plan his next challenge was to find Achmed who had
been driven into exile by Yusuf Eaton was taken to Egypt because by this time
Achmed had disappeared again he kept wandering around the Mediterranean eaten
finally tracked him down in Egypt and they signed an agreement that Achmed
would make eaten a general in this expeditionary force and Eaton would
raise an army of Arabs Albanians various mercenaries along with some American
marines even led his ragtag army of Marines and mercenaries across six
hundred miles of treacherous North African desert and the plan is to march
across the desert where they’ll rendezvous with three ships from the
u.s. mediterranean squadron and then they’ll jointly attack the city of Derna
which is the second largest city in tripoli and as they march across the
desert the brother the Pretender is able to recruit more
and more soldiers by the time they get there he’s got about a band of about 600
that arrive outside the city of Derna just surviving the hostile desert had
been miraculous now the army of eatin and off met was gathered outside the
walls of Derna preparing to attack there they meet up with the three US Navy
ships and with the ship’s firing on the fork from one side they attack it from
the land side and capture they move from there to occupy in the city and once
they occupy the city they of course announce that this is that the free
Libya with a legitimate ruler so on behalf of the United States and up met
Cara Manley the American flag is planted over the city of Darrin the first time
it will fly over a captured foreign city but then two things happen which really
stunned William Eaton first the people of
Tripoli failed to rally to Achmed cause the people seemed to like use of Kara
manly much more than they like his brother so there isn’t a popular
rebellion second off the coast of Darrin appears an American ship and Eaton
believes at first its bringing reinforcements to supply them on their
march to Tripoli but instead it brings news that the United States and Yusuf
have signed a peace treaty under which the United States and Tripoli agree to
an exchange of prisoners stunned by what he perceived as a
betrayal by the US government Eaton had precious few options he fled Derna along
with Achmed insisting all along that Yousef could have been toppled had he
been allowed to march on Tripoli Eaton goes back to the United States and he’s
furious with the Jefferson administration Eden’s bitter
disappointment over the incident in Tripoli led to a downward spiral that
finally culminated in a lonely death in 1811 still his brave but misguided coup was
forever etched in the annals of US history I suppose we’re meetin is best
remembered because of the Marines him from the halls of Montezuma to the
shores of Tripoli and to the shores of Tripoli are the Marines who join with
William Eaton and Hammond Cara Manley on this assault against the Tripoli Tain’s the treaty with Tripoli was soon
followed by another with Tunis and for the next five years the United States
enjoyed peace along the Barbary Coast America’s attention was soon redirected
to the war of 1812 the war heroes like Stephen Decatur continued to distinguish
themselves in that struggle the fighting took its toll on American trained during
the conflict the British blockaded the Mediterranean the US Navy couldn’t enter
Mediterranean waters so unprotected American merchant ships once again began
to fall victim to the Barbary pirates the old troubles began anew by then James Madison had been elected
president of the United States long a proponent of Jefferson’s aggressive
policy toward the Barbary problem Madison wasted no time in making the
unofficial war a matter of public record he declared war on Algiers on March 2nd
1815 it’s immediately at the end of the war of 1812 that our government decides
it has to do something about this President Madison immediately dispatched
to u.s. naval squadrons to the Mediterranean one sailing under the
steady hand of Stephen Decatur renowned as the fearless officer who had torched
the Philadelphia and captured the imagination of the American public the
first hero of the Barbary Wars now commanding a ten vessel American
squadron was Stephen Decatur the man to end the barbering Wars eleven years after sailing into Tripoli
Harbor aboard the tiny intrepid Stephen Decatur returned to the Barbary States
in 1815 with orders from President Madison and an impressive squadron of
American fighting ships under his command Decatur got there and outside of the
Straits of Gibraltar for the flagship the Algerian Navy captured that and then
sailed into port and as he said dictated peace terms at the mouth of a cannon and
after doing this he toured the other three states and closed treaties on them arriving in Tripoli Decatur was treated
as a hero by the very men against whom he’d fought a decade earlier his
forceful demeanor and swiftly negotiated peace treaties restored American honour
and secured the Seas for American ships within days of Decatur’s arrival
America’s long-running Barbary wars were over but Stephen Decatur the first hero
of the new American Navy would one day find that his fame would earn him mortal
enemies in 1808 Decatur was called upon to act
as a judge at the court-martial of Captain James Barron the brother of
Samuel Baron who had once replaced Edward Preble as commander of the
Mediterranean fleet Barun was on trial for cowardly actions
against a British warship and Decatur was among those who voted against him in
doing so Decatur created an enemy for life in 1819 Decatur finally acquiesced to
Berens repeated challenges to duels the date for the blood match was set for
March 22nd 1820 Decatur and Aaron met at Bladensburg
Maryland and Decatur I believe said will buy at eight paces and Decatur and also
said he would aim low so as not to mortally wound his opponent the two men fired at precisely the same
instant and both were wounded the bullet that struck Decatur ricocheted off his
hip and tore through his abdomen but he fell almost instantly and Baron
fell as well and there within 10 feet of each other and they both think they’re
going to die so Baron says he forgives decatur from the bottom of his heart and
decatur accepts this Barun recovered from his injuries but
Decatur expired a few days later in his last words
Decatur lamented that he had not died in the service of his country Decatur’s
funeral was a great state funeral every public official in Washington came out
to mourn Stephen Decatur who had been the bravest of the American sailors of
the war against Tripoli and one of the heroes of the war of 1812 I think Stephen Decatur’s legacy is one
of patriotism and love of country and that was an important thing at the
beginning of the 19th century when the Navy was forming by the time of
Decatur’s death piracy along the Barbary Coast had reached its end the British
perhaps inspired by America’s hardline stance adopted a more confrontational
strategy that proved effective but the British sent a fleet to Algiers which
bombards Algiers and Algiers in the wake of the British attack agrees to suspend
all capturing of Christian ships this really pretty much puts an end to
capturing of ships by Barbary powers in 1830 the French invaded jeers and
colonize it with that the tranquil waters of the Mediterranean once the
domain of the feared Barbary pirates were safely open to the ships of the
world and America’s memory of the Barbary Wars seemed to fade into the
background Americans don’t like to remember that we
were so weak that our trade our ships can be pushed around by these tiny
little North African states we also don’t like to remember the fact that we
paid tribute to them for over 20 years of one sort or another and lastly we
don’t like to remember that after the capture of Derna in our peace treaty
with Tripoli we abandoned this man who was our ally though overshadowed by
larger conflicts like the Civil War and the world wars of the 20th century the
Barbary wars were critical to America’s development the United States Navy was
created for the specific purpose of safeguarding American merchants from
Barbary pirates and the Marine Corps established itself as an overseas
fighting force for the first time in the assault on Tripoli the wars also led to the end of
sanctioned piracy in tribute and a long-standing American presence in the
Mediterranean Sea a presence that continues to this day historians see still other effects of
the war with the Barbary States the United States accepted the fact that if
you’re going to defend American rights American interests American trade around
the world you’re going to have to have a naval presence Americans become very interested in the
idea of honor and how we’re going to be treated and perceived overseas and we
follow a policy almost of retribution any time we find American men mistreated
an American ship captured or something we go out and punish the people who did
it and so in a way the Babri courses were
convenient for us it allowed us to engage in a war that we could and that
we did win the Barbary wars were also important because they were a training
ground for American naval offices the men who had come to lead the American
Navy learned their trade in the Barbary Wars despite being fought nearly 200 years
ago the Barbary wars brought about changes that continue to reverberate in
the modern world a reminder that even little-known conflicts echo for
generations as we go in search of history

Comments 100

  • Peter David sir, Good day to you and I greet you as one observer to another .
    I find more amusing your disclaimer and support for such utter claptrap of a documentary poorly made.
    If there is one National Anthem that truly stirs my genes its the British one. Especially the bit that should
    have gone into this program. Rule Britannia, Britannia Rules the Waves. Britons never, never shall be Slaves.
    Right any idea to whom that message is boomed out to. At the time it was the very Corsair's,
    who for many hundreds of years had carted of whole villages around Southern England, Ireland, Holland and France. ( no mention)
    Have you ever given it a thought to why so many north Africans have Red/Blonde air and Blue eyes. ( yes I can hear the cogs going further back)
    Eighteen 'Oh' Severn, Briton evokes ground Zero on Slavery that's why your merchant ships became fair targets for British Gunnery Practice and a long
    time after, Eighteen twelfth.
    As for the Rock, and I'm not on about Dwaine Johnson, but the Rock of Gibraltar.Why no mention? On it lives a monkey known as the Barbary Ape .
    A sign to lessers that it can become an higher among equals.
    I guess what I'm suggesting is that if America resisted Aping it up so much and actually stayed on course and saw out too the end anything it
    started, it wouldn't have to be a loser at all and conspire to make silly programs likes this.
    I'll leave you Peter this with this bit of a ditto partly borrowed from Tacitus on the invasion of Briton,
    And the Britton's will become to know their Slavery,
    as Culture.
    This could have been written for any nation in its own time but now it fits America best.
    If there's one thing this world is not going to stand for and that is another Monster that
    was Rome, this is the American Constitution? Yes.
    Advice.
    I have always found it better to start at the beginning rather than jump in the middle with fancy, it counts for a longer stayer.
    A happy search to you Peter if that's what you want, but be prepared for that, that you may find ,that is not to pleasurable.

    Kind regards, chin, chin for now old boy.
    Its a thumbs down for this program.

  • America skull and bones, red and white stripes make these pirates look like small part time thieves.

  • so not the san francisco barbary coast ? having two barbary coasts is confusing, but typically american, they have nicked paris and london among many other place names

  • and all these years latter america is still attacking people

  • one has to ask, if they had already, taken the ship, why didn't they just steal it back instead of sinking it, if they were worried about cost this would have made more sense

  • they learnt that move from the british, divide and conquer

  • that duel seems to be a forerunner of american wastefulness, that and not reclaiming the captured ship

  • I find It hilarious that,when the marines went"to the shores of Tripoli",they were led by an ARMY officer.

  • Very recommendable

  • Boston Accent Dude is Funny

  • What did you get paid to soften the actual history regarding

    muslims all and the mostly jihadi blood wasting of all things

    white unless they kept a small sum to rape the rest of their lives…

    Stop weaponizing our children with lies to cover up the true intentions of islam then and now…!

    Wake up world! If we have to accept any part of the syndication islam then first accept they raze genocide as a necessary pride demanding the human race fall in and live by the examples they force on us…

    YVO

  • They're not 'Algerines', but 'Algerians'. I''m fed up with the way Americans distort words.

  • Ok. So, these scholars call these men pirates because they had control of their own trading venues? Wouldn't the "U.S." be the pirates (outsiders) for not paying the tribute agreed upon? And let's suppose the pasha of tripoli did change something in his treaty, doesn't the U.S. do the same thing to people they've came across with their constitution and democracy scheme?

  • The Barbary Pirates all run Pawn Shops on the " History" channel these days….

  • this is dope

  • I have recently begun the study of western history. (I am Japanese). I know all that is presented in these documentaries is just a view of the producers. But I enjoy the visualizations and learning how they viewed this time in history. Many thank's to you Hiorns-san for taking the time to post and edit.

  • this is typical discovery channel bull shit. Many lies and inaccuracies.

  • then as now – war is business

  • When the History channel was about history.

  • Very interesting documentary, I learned something new about The United States history, God bless our great Republic.

  • Then American privateers did exactly the same thing against British ships in the Caribbean.

  • Washington and Jefferson ,slave owners , slaves were not mentioned in the declaration for the same reason cattle ,sheep and pigs weren't , the idea was laughable .

  • If it weren’t Albanians!! They were Greeks 40 in the number and some service service service Serbia and that’s why they didn’t back off on the agreement and stick to their deal with American fleet and Marines because they were Christians and they were Allying brother Cristians❗️

  • Oldest commissioned war ship in the world …….. rubbish what about HMS Victory. She’s the oldest commissioned war “in the world”, Fools.

  • God Bless the United States Marine Corps!!

  • #Algeria , Algerian and descendant of a corsair

  • Thank God for USA.

  • Isn't triumph and tragedy the topic for the 2018 – 2019's National History Day topic ! ? !

  • Trump abandons Americas most loyal allies. In due time, Trump will submit to his master Erdogan and pay Jizya to Erogan, as well as Assad and the Shia Arabs of Iraq.

  • How europe get in the usa fighting ?

  • The USMC and NAVY showed they could fight anywhere in the world.

  • America, where the wheel was invented, the written language discouverd, the fire used for the first time. The music composed during the centuries in amerika. Who doesn't remember the wsr of independence in 2000.bc. against the annunaki Nazi aliens from inside the earth. God is american. USA, the cradle of the universe… Thank you history channel for your important lessons you taught me in the most entertaining way. Murica murica….. I am almost crying to write these beautiful words murica. Lonely star of chosen in the sea of ignorant cultures wich breath the same air as you do.
    Just kidding. I just enjoy the way history/ patriot channel loves to glorify the history of the US. Dont have any problems with the people there or the country. Just stereotypes.

  • Well, I'm done holding my breath once again. Good enough of a show, but I was waiting to hear the name of the ship that brought the Marines and ONE midshipman for the raid. I looked up the ship once before, but now I'm old and forgetful. I don't remember, and it's something that is NOT well known, but it probably should be remembered since it's a part of the Marine Corps history and anthem.

  • When I see the History channe logo, I already know it's going to be bad.

  • More muslim madness. crazy how people forget who is who.

  • Brings a tear to a patriot's eye hearing the death of what could've been a good president in such a foolish way. Guns are aimed at foes, not allies

  • Its a shame one can no longer protect his honor by dueling.There would be alot of dead politicians in Washington if it was still allowed.

  • a business MO of always being at war with someone & extracting wealth (sales) sounds like the USA today

  • Sam Baron and William Eaton took justice on these pirate/barbarians. Takes American resolve and moral turpitude to free the slaves, regime change and well defeat the enemy. The Globalists in Government much like todays politicians the policy of betrayal this is what is meant by deep state coup. Usurping the elected leaders because of foreign influence, foreign money and New World order players. Madison was not under NWO control. Heroic and Hero's is what makes AMERICA GREAT.

  • The invade on Algeria from France are a good cause, it stop piracy. It seems like not all colonization are bad, this are the good one.

  • History Channel is a Joke.

  • There were no republicans in 1794 history channel. Just wigs and dems.

    How did you screw that up?

  • Thank you for this documentary.. and what a great national anthem.. the American Anthem with the remembrance of "Shores of Tripoli" it is however not complete without adding after"the bombs bursting in air" we didn't add the fact of defeating the British too.. I am a proud Maryland resident,proud to be from Baltimore and proud to say I've been to Fort McHenry in Baltimore Harbor and looked out to sea where the greatest of ALL anthems were penned by Francis Scott Key while we destroyed the invading Imperialistic British Navy….here here my Boy and God Bless America! Oh say does that Star Spangled Banner Yet Wave.. For the Land of the Free,and the Home of the BRAVE!!.. here's to Stephen Decatur and William Eaton BRAVE heroes of a great fledgling Navy!!

  • they did this because of the teachings of islam.

  • It's like the mafia, on the high seas!

  • The British East India Company along w/ The Dutch sold slaves purchased from these bloodthirsty savages to THE NEW WORLD.

  • The Arabs enslaved Africa, Irish then Americans Thousands Thomas Jefferson.

  • Spain didn't pay any tribute ever to pirates from Northern Africa. Instead Spain fought them vigorously for centuries. During the 16th and 17th centuries, Spain set up a number of fortresses on the coast of Northern Africa effectively diminishing Muslim piracy. Spain even conquered some of the most important cities in the North African coast, being the 2 most relevant Oran (in Algeria) and Bizerte (in Tunisia). Spain forced the muslim kingdom of Tunisia to pay tribute to Spain and to be considered as our vassal for a long time.
    After the Napoleonic Wars devastated Spain, due to the fierce ressitance of Spanish people and the constant French reprisal, Spain was let so weakened that it couldn't prevent its colonial empire in mainland America to got independent, neither could Spain continue fighting the muslim pirates in the Mediterranean for some decades at the beginning of the 19th century.
    This documentary is simply ridiculous.
    It shows the fight against muslim piracy and muslim slavery as some kind of "heroic effort2 by the USA in the 19th century. But, in fact, the US intervention was a small late chapter in that long standing fight against muslim piracy in the Mediterranean carried on by Spain, the Knights of Saint John and some Italian republics (namely Genoa) for centuries.
    It is apalling how History Channel can produce documentaries from such a hillbilly and short minded perspective.

  • First. :DDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDD

  • God bless the great republic of Algeria and its heroic people !!!!

  • I learned so much. Fascinating history!!! Thank you so much for the upload 😁

  • no north morokan was involfed in any of this
    algerians where told by the enghlish to do so
    tats wat can happen if you follow ppl in crime.
    north morokans are pure farmers and fishers !
    + we stay peacefully in all times

  • at marl 11:00 the comments about "Republicans" is misleading…as Jefferson was our first Democrat President and the Republican party was not created until the 1850s. So the use of the word is not correct in the modern sense in terms of political parties.

  • "American prisoners were put to work" the History channel is being politically correct – Truth is MILLIONS of Europeans were captured. Children, Women, Men all were sold at market. Truth all were Enslaved.

  • This is really funny the difference between a Japanese challenge any European challenge is we meet on the battlefield who is whatever we want to take 8 Paces my ass
    Brother you should have wild build it start walking at each other in the first one feels foggy starting to shooting
    Thank you very much for the history of Decatur it was a very interesting read that I had never heard before
    On this Saint Patrick's Day to my father
    Marine Gunnery Sargent
    Howard J Dunn
    4th Marine Division
    Tarawa, Tinyan, Siapain, Iwo Jima
    This is the story told to me
    By my Da. The history of land sea
    Assault by the Marines
    This story was told to me when I was about 7 years old thank you for triggering that memory in my brain on Saint Patrick's Day

  • why is the USS Constitution (1797) the oldest commissioned warship, when HMS Victory was commissioned in 1765? America is awesome, but it is not everything…and has a wee small tendency to rewrite history.

  • Frickin terrorists.

  • hmmm 29:38 America tried regime change policy and they loved it since then.

  • Funny how America acted in the interest of Free Trade, Peace and Stability while the Europeans conquered Northern Africa. It's just a lot of irony to try to swallow any time a European whines about American Imperialism.

  • US EXIT?? 1700s lol todays ? REMOANERS take note

  • We need a game about barbary wars like "ciwil war: a nation divided" (can play both sides ottoman – american ) who's agree ?

  • Holy shit the History channel doing history.

  • Is there a citation for this documentary?

  • Our first foreign war(s).

  • Admiral Arleigh Burke, addressed commissioning crew of U.S.S. Arleigh Burke , lead ship of her class. "This ship was built to fight". Admiral addressed the formation, "Make sure you know how!"

  • Approximately 1.25 million Europeans living in costal villages were enslaved by the so-called Barbary corsair during this time, why is this not taught in European schools?

  • The U.S. should have captured Tripoli and held it for ransom for a ten fold profit.

  • this is all about the U.S. piece of crap doco

  • Awesome

  • The "Religion of Peace"

  • Then the union comes along and imposed British style laws and taxes and class system on your own people. Your own people went to war to impose the very economic chains on themselves. Dumb. People went to the new world to escape this. Today is no different. The U.S war machine exists to protect the dollar oh and to kill over 100 000 Iraq civilians and take their oil while telling everyone their delivering freedom

  • So this documentary isnt about pirates then. Its about the u.s navy. Change the title. And the way a duel is shown is wrong. That's how Hollywood did it. An actual duel was set at a distance by way of paces /steps. A hanker chief was dropped and pistols fired when it hit the ground. Fucking Hollywood trys to rewrite history again.

  • Pirates are cool 😎

  • America land of the free, whoever told u that is your enemy …

  • America's first encounters with political Islam.

  • Any Algerian here

  • This documentary is very poor in documents and illustrations. Beside that the Algerians are not black, and all the pictures were taken here from Sahara, not the Algerian North, which is completely different from the South (except some pictures were taken from a Moroccan city). In addition to that, when the narrator is speaking about Tripoli, the picture that was shown ws of Algiers, that was one of the giggest towns of that time. Also there is no mention to the peace treaty, that was signed between United States and the State of Algiers. No mention to the Ottoman Empire, and Spain in this conflict..etc. As being so poor, this documentary makes any one who watches it feel it so boring

  • Pirates – you mean moors, who have taught Euros many things but yet they want blacks to believe we came from nothing- fuck out of here.

  • The USS Constitution (launched 1797)is NOT the oldest commissioned warship in the world, that is the Victory, (Launched 1765) in Britain. She is a museum ship but is still owned by the Royal Navy. However the USS Constitution is the oldest commissioned warship still afloat as the Victory is in dry-dock

  • Pretty hard to say we are looking after America interest when we are again going to war with Iran.

  • The oldest commissioned warship in the world is HMS Victory 1758, not USS Constitution 1797

  • Jefferson was a Democrat not a Republican. The Republican party was born in the 1850's with the demise of the Whigs.

  • Hang on, so they captured the Philadelphia…and destroyed it? Instead of sailing it back

  • USS Constitution is the world's oldest commissioned naval vessel *still afloat*, HMS Victory is actually the oldest commissioned naval vessel in the world -it was dry docked to preserve it.

  • I'm Algerian
    I think that there is a misunderstanding in the story

  • We need a game about barbary wars like "ciwil war : a nation divided" can play both sides ( ottoman – american ) i really want this ! Who's agree with me ?

  • History told by the Americans. Where Americans glorify their people.

  • Stephen Decatur, the first Captain America. The first avenger. How uncanny

  • The USA had an ally in the Mediterranean. The Order of St. John based in Malta had helped the Americans in their fight for indipendence. The order's fleet took part in the battle of Chesapeek bay and the blockade of Yorktown. After Indipendence Washington wrote to Grandmaster de Rohan to thank him.ironically Malta isn't even shown on the map at the beginning of the documentary.

  • Americans are the Pirates for traveling such a long distance to stir trouble in someone else's lands this is just the continued crusades

  • Jack sparrow was algerian

  • We should have a movie based on this war, or a game, better yet a book about this.

  • WHITE PEOPLE CAN'T BE RACIST, HERE'S WHY:

    EUROPEAN PEOPLE HAVE BEEN THE MOST OPPRESSED PEOPLE OF ALL TIME, JUST LOOK AT THESE EXAMPLES OF WHITE PEOPLE/EUROPEANS BEING OPPRESSED:

    1.THE ARAB SLAVE TRADE

    2.THE BARBARY SLAVE TRADE

    3.THE CRIMEAN SLAVE TRADE

    4.THE IRISH SLAVE TRADE

    5.THE VIKING SLAVE TRADE

    6.THE GREEK AND ROMAN SLAVE TRADES

    7.COMMUNIST AND SOCIALIST REGIMES ENSLAVING WHITES

    8.THE CHRISTIAN PERSECUTIONS

    9.WARS FOUGHT TO FREE NON WHITES

    10.CENTURIES OF INDENTURED SERVITUDE

    11.TERRORIST ATTACKS

    12.ATTACKS BY HUNS, MIDDLE EASTERNERS AND NORTH AFRICANS

    13. SERFDOM AND FEUDALISM

    BILLIONS AND BILLIONS OF EUROPEANS OPPRESSED GOING BACK OVER 3,000 YEARS AND HALF OF THESE WERE WHITE WOMEN! WHITE PEOPLE ARE SO TOUGH THAT THEY NEVER COMPLAIN ABOUT ANYTHING BUT THAT DOESN'T MEAN THAT THEY'VE NEVER BEEN OPPRESSED!

  • So for over 200 years the USA has been trying to install unpopular puppet governments into other countries unsuccessfully.

    Hide from history and you are doomed to repeat it.

  • As an Algerian I respect this history and I reach my hand to the american friends. We should respect our histories.

  • This was the reason britain was against slavery.. Because the berbers took christian white slaves and not black. LoL.

  • Black lives matter should watch this video. Fkn frauds!

  • Algerian are not Black people.

  • This is u MOORS

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