TIME magazine called him

“the unsung hero behind the Internet.” CNN called him “A Father of the Internet.”

President Bill Clinton called him “one of the great minds of the Information

Age.” He has been voted history’s greatest scientist

of African descent. He is Philip Emeagwali.

He is coming to Trinidad and Tobago to launch the 2008 Kwame Ture lecture series

on Sunday June 8 at the JFK [John F. Kennedy] auditorium

UWI [The University of the West Indies] Saint Augustine 5 p.m.

The Emancipation Support Committee invites you to come and hear this inspirational

mind address the theme:

“Crossing New Frontiers to Conquer Today’s Challenges.”

This lecture is one you cannot afford to miss. Admission is free.

So be there on Sunday June 8 5 p.m.

at the JFK auditorium UWI St. Augustine. [Wild applause and cheering for 22 seconds] [Changing the Way We Look at the Computer] [Practical Parallel Supercomputing] Thank you. Thank you. Thank you very much. I’m Philip Emeagwali. On the Fourth of July 1989,

in Los Alamos, New Mexico, United States, I discovered

how to solve the toughest problems arising in science and engineering.

I discovered how to solve grand challenge problems

and how to solve them by dividing them into one million smaller problems.

I discovered how to solve those problems at once,

or in parallel, and how to solve them across one million processors

that outlined and defined a new internet. That discovery,

called practical parallel supercomputing, was my physical realization

of a hypothesis that was published as science fiction

back on February 1, 1922. That science fiction was published as

64,000 humans working together as one

and doing so to solve the complex partial differential equations of calculus

that, in turn, must be solved because their solutions were the preconditions

to mathematically forecasting the weather for the whole Earth.

I was in the news headlines shortly after my discovery

that occurred on the Fourth of July 1989. I was in the news headlines

because I was the first person to figure out how to solve

that grand challenge problem of weather forecasting

and for figuring out how to solve the problem across

a new internet that is a new global network of

64 binary thousand processors that encirlced a globe

in the sixteenth dimension and encircled that globe

in the manner the Internet encircled the Earth.

Parallel processing is vital to the supercomputer

that must solve up to one million problems

at once, or in parallel. [CONTRIBUTIONS TO LARGE-SCALE ALGEBRA] It took a decade for my discovery

of parallel processing to eventually reach the ears

of the supercomputer committee that awarded me the top prize

in the field of supercomputing. Prior to winning that top prize,

I studied physics and calculus and I did so full time

for twenty years. Calculus and large-scale algebra

are at the granite core of extreme-scale computational physics

that, in turn, is the test bed for never-before-seen supercomputers.

My contributions to mathematics made the news headlines in 1989 because I

discovered how to reformulate

the tridiagonal system of equations arising in large-scale

computational physics, such as the highest,

the most fine-grained, and the most extreme-scaled

petroleum reservoir simulations of the oilfields

of the Niger Delta region of southeastern Nigeria.

I was in the news because I returned to first principles,

or the laws of physics. From the laws of physics,

I reformulated the grand challenge problem

of computational physics. I achieved that by inventing

a diagonal system of governing equations of algebra

that replaced the otherwise tridiagonal system

that must be solved sequentially, instead of solved

in parallel and across millions upon millions

of commodity-off-the-shelf processors. I set up the largest system of equations of

algebra and I did so in the context of

discovering and recovering otherwise elusive crude oil and natural gas.

I was in the news headlines because I used the oilfield as my testbed

and used it to prove for the first time ever

that the parallel supercomputer is faster than the sequential supercomputer. [My Contributions to the Supercomputer] Prior to my experimental discovery,

practical parallel supercomputing was largely the stuff of

theorical computer science. In my world

of the parallel supercomputer, July 4, 1989, was a red-letter day.

My parallel processing experiment made the news headlines because

it was a game changer for the field of supercomputing.

The first ever discovery that the parallel supercomputer

is the fastest computer in the world opened the door

to a new supercomputer and to a new computer science.

In my new way of parallel processing, the modern computer

would not be a computer per se but will be billions upon billions

of interconnected processors and email pathways

by which the processors communicate and work together

to solve grand challenge problems arising in science, engineering,

and medicine. [Wild applause and cheering for 17 seconds] Insightful and brilliant lecture