History Summarized: The Normans (Ft Shadiversity!)

This video is brought to you by Nord VPN! More on that later This may sound nuts but at one point the Vikings directly and indirectly owned land in Russia, France, England, Italy, and the Levant in addition to, you know, all of Scandinavia See, when the Vikings started they were all for raiding, pillaging, and telling Columbus to suck it because they got to America first But after a couple centuries passed, they realized that trade networks were much more lucrative in the long term than rolling up to sack some random monastery once Beyond that, they decided that the real power move wasn’t wrecking stuff but building stuff Scandinavian colonization was a huge enterprise during the Viking Age And their longships, truly the S tier of medieval seafaring if I do say so myself, carried them to the British Isles, the northern coast of Europe, Iceland, Greenland, and beyond But one Viking colony stands above the rest for being the coolest and the most historically consequential And it’s the Normans To find out just how these magnificent badasses left a massive mark on the northernmost and southernmost edges of Europe, let’s do some history The story of the Normans starts with the typical raiding In France especially; the fragmented Kingdom had Swiss cheese for defenses so the usual move was to politely ask the Vikings “Hey, can we just bribe you guys to leave us alone?” and the answer was often yes but after the better part of a century and a couple excursions as far inland as Paris, King Charles finally said “Hey, can we bribe you and give you lands to finally leave us alone? Please?” and the Vikings were thrilled to accept These Scandinavian raiders-turned-colonisers occupied a stretch of land along the English Channel now known as Normandy because the Normans (aka ‘North men’) lived there Part of the deal was that these settlers would convert from their icky Norse paganism to Christianity and as a more natural consequence, they started speaking French and assimilating into the local population and it was good for both parties Since the Normans had most of the swords, and therefore most of the bargaining power they were able to get some serious autonomy from under the French crown and the French got the heavy consequence of having a Viking buffer state, meaning no more raids for real this time I’d go into more detail on why their military was so effective against an established kingdom like France but Medieval warfare isn’t really my strong suit. But let’s try this: *ahem* Swords! (Shad) SWORDS! (Blue) Aha! Shad from the aptly named channel Shadiversity Just what I was hoping for (Shad) Wow. I had no idea though I probably should not be surprised that my love for swords could carry me into the cartoon dimension (Blue) Your love for swords truly knows no bounds (Shad) Yeah, it is my special speed dial. That and knights. And castles. And dragons So, what did you call me for, mate? (Blue) The Normans. Can you help me out? (Shad cackling) Absolutely. I’m sure you’d do the same for me if I was in your position (Blue) Indeed. Should you by chance ever make a video about ancient Greek weapons and armour? I would gladly lend my services (Shad) Indeed (Blue) Indeed! Anyway the Norman army? (Shad) Ah, yes the N– Back in three dimensions The Normans For the most part the Norman army was actually not equipped too differently to the other armies that we see in Medieval Europe during this time You see, when it comes to Medieval weapon technology when people see something that’s working, they jump onto that and they pick it up fairly quickly For instance, one of the advancements that we see in this period was a shift away from the classic round style shield to a really cool shield, a shield I love, one that I feel is the best shield of all time the kite shield the kite shield offers more protection, it is almost as versatile and generally far better on cavalry because it offers overall more protection but it also provides more ways in which to strap the shield onto your arm and the strap configurations of the kite shield are by far far more numerous than many other types of shields A big round shoulder can actually become fairly awkward when on horseback It isn’t to mean that round shields were not used on horseback, they were, but they were generally smaller And in regards to the kite shield, you will actually notice that it’s thinner than your average round Viking style shield, and longer this again making it far more effective while on horseback The interesting thing, though, is that the kite shield is a very effective shield while on foot and what we can actually learn from looking at the Bayeux Tapestry the English who fought the Normans were using the kite shield as well, more predominantly on foot The English didn’t have any cavalry and that’s really one of the main distinctions But looking at the weapons and armour, the English had kite shields, the Normans had kite shields they were generally armoured in the same way we’re looking at mail hauberks generally coming down to the elbow but we do see on the Bayeux Tapestry certain soldiers in mail that actually covers full arms and legs, so full extensive mail was still being developed as early as this period mail coifs, skullcaps, nasal helmets, they were certainly being used and as to the primary weapon that the infantry would be using and indeed the cavalry as well the spear By far the spear is the most prominent weapon by the Norman army and the English army But it wasn’t the only weapon after the spear we certainly see a lot of axes, and swords would be far less prominent Probably the least prominent weapon on that battlefield that you would easily identify it’s like “ha I’ve got a sword!” you know what I mean The distinctive thing about the Norman army was the cavalry And archers, but archers weren’t too decisive The big difference was the cavalry (Blue) Now that we have an army, let’s take a look at their literal crowning achievement the Norman Conquest I’m skipping over some of the politics of it because the entire concept of hereditary monarchy is a gigantic farce But basically after the King of England died, there were three claimants to the throne There was the new English King Harold Godwinson the current Norwegian King Harald Hardrada and finally Duke William of Normandy, clad in the plot armour of ten thousand protagonists So in 1066, Godwinson takes the throne and the two other guys prepare an invasion Now, while Hardrada and William were both Scandinavian in origin, the Normans were being rebellious teenagers and didn’t care what their Scandinavian parents said about stealing entire kingdoms But, like all teenage kingdoms, the Normans procrastinated and the Norwegian Vikings made landfall in England first And they got completely stomped in the Battle of Stamford Bridge losing almost three-quarters of their army The bad news for Harold Godwinson was that he himself had lost around half his army in true Pyrrhic and/or Marvel fashion take your pick But the worst news came just three days later when Surprise! William of Normandy showed up in the South of England to take his turn at killing people for some shiny headgear So Harold booked it down to Hastings with an exhausted and half-dead army. To see how it all unfolds, we now go live to field reporter Shad who’s broadcasting from the actual Battle of Hastings! (Shad) Uhh, no? I’m not at the Battle of Hastings. (Blue) Did you, um, did you not get my time machine in the mail? (Shad, stuttering) T-t-time machine?! No! (Blue) Yikes! Okay… I’m gonna call the post office to find out where that one went But you, um… you talk about that battle thingy yeah… The first thing to mention about the Battle of Hastings is that it is a misconception to think that Harold came down to fight William directly after his fight with Hardrada In actual fact, Harold was celebrating his victory when he found out about the Norman invasion and it took him a week to march down to England and then he spent an additional week raising soldiers to face him William and the Normans had actually hunkered down in Hastings, they were not moving up And if Harold wanted he could have spent more time raising more troops, which would have been beneficial But he had just come off this big massive victory, and so we think he might have been a bit too overconfident And he also wanted to come in and hit William while he was unprepared use the element of surprise And so he actually left when he had an army roughly about the same size as William and just marched down The problem is William found out about Harold’s approach and then deployed his own troops ready to meet him Harold then found out about that and then picked a location on top of the hill to form a defensive line and this is the setting for the Battle of Hastings The English army was comprised solely out of infantry and in contrast to this the Norman army was comprised out of archers, infantry, and cavalry in three separate groups based on the geographical location they came from that being the Bretons, Normans, and Flemish And yes, the Norman army was not solely comprised out of Normans Cavalry was of course used before the Medieval period but it takes a lot of money to field a cavalry And so with the fall of Rome and a more decentralized system of governments that we see around this point in time there is no state fielded cavalry unit, but you can field cavalry on a smaller scale through individual Lords and this does seem to be what William did There are huge advantages with cavalry and the widespread adoption of cavalry in the medieval period after the Battle of Hastings seems to indicate that other people started to get the idea But poor Harold didn’t have this idea yet Now, he didn’t have archers either, but that’s not necessarily a bad thing because with a big shield wall, you can defend yourself against archers which is exactly what they did when William let loose those arrows Williams sent in his infantry, which had to attack uphill they clashed with the English and it was mostly even Harold had more infantry than William but he didn’t send them to engage the flanks of the Norman infantry perhaps because that would have made them vulnerable to William’s archers The cavalry then engages, and this is nowhere near as decisive as many people assume they were not actually fully effective in this first engagement They were not heavy cavalry with big lances, fully armoured that they could just rush in and try and trample a whole formation of men Remember, these guys, they have big shields and spears, okay so sending in cavalry charging like that would be suicidal Instead, it’s far more likely that the cavalry harassed the English by running up with higher elevation and launching spears over the line of shields of the English yet still the English held The true decisive moment in this battle was when the Normans started to lose or we think they started to lose it could have been a planned retreat, we actually don’t know but this is really what determined the victor the Normans lines start to retreat and those English engaging them pursued and broke formation This wouldn’t have been so bad in a usual battle but the issue is the Normans have cavalry and now you have a retreating line of Normans, and English pursuing that are vulnerable on the sides Their shields are not faced on the sides, and the cavalry that are already engaging the infantry staying on the hill They look and they all see open Englishmen charging against their own infantry vulnerable, open, ready to be destroyed, and that is exactly what happens The cavalry charge in on the sides of these pursuing English infantry and just wipe them out This unbalances the battlefield tremendously The English are now outnumbered and the Normans push in and it’s just a matter of time Eventually the English leaders are killed off one by one and the entire army is routed, and they retreat So you could say the English lost because most of the troops were untrained and they broke formation when they shouldn’t have been, which was actually contrary to Harold’s order And those men could have retreated perhaps because they also didn’t understand the vulnerability they had moving forward like that, to cavalry that are ready to just charge in and destroy them So there we go, this is how the English were defeated in the Battle of Hastings and why the Normans won So I’m back to you, Blue, and uh have you had any luck finding that package? (Blue) Yeah. So apparently I needed to write more than just ‘Australia’ on the package, go figure So somebody’s gonna have an interesting weekend Anyway, after earning his epithet ‘The Conqueror’ William turned around and got started governing his new kingdom He first kicked out the disjointed feudal aristocracy and replaced it with a more bureaucratic assortment of mostly Normans which helped centralize the English state And this was par for the course for William since he did much the same thing in his earlier years as a Norman Duke While the commoners still spoke their old Anglo-Saxon sounding language the Norman aristocracy all spoke French and in time the two merged to create what we understand to be English And that’s why our language is full of Romance vocabulary such as ‘language’, ‘romance’, and ‘vocabulary’ The Norman influence also explains why that transition is so fast compared to what came after We started with Beowulf’s practically illegible Old English in 1000 and got to Chaucer’s weird but sensible Middle English 400 years and coincidentally one metric ‘the Normans’ later But English hasn’t really changed all that much since On the British side of Europe the Normans reached out to dabble with Wales, Scotland, and Ireland but let’s keep things on topic and talk about the other Norman conquest that of southern Italy In the centuries after Rome kicked the bucket and the bucket kicked back Southern Italy became the piñata of the Mediterranean Everyone took a swing at it, hoping to crack it open and get the metaphorical imperial candy that lay within but no one could make a unified state, so instead it was just kind of beat up like this awful piñata metaphor I’m starting to regret But the point is, the whole sea was fractured and Southern Italy was a microcosm of that splintering between the Catholic, Byzantine, and Muslim powers That all changed when the Normans walked into the peninsula like “what up? I got a big cavalry” and conquer the fragmented south from the Muslims, Byzantines, and Catholics At one point they defeated the Pope’s army and then profusely apologized after They may be conquerors but they always remembered their manners The trickiest part of the campaign was the push into Muslims’ Sicily in 1064, two years before Hastings But they called off the entire campaign because their camp was full of spiders which is enough to make anyone either leave or napalm the entire island Six years later they tried again and won and another six years later the southern half of Italy was firmly Norman But here’s the kicker in the process of building up this newly unified kingdom of Sicily the Normans created an open and tolerant society where Catholics, Greek Orthodox Christians, and Muslims all lived and worked together It’s the same trick the Normans pulled in France, in England, and now in Italy it’s almost like assimilating cultures makes you better off for something In addition to their military and their innovation in governments and scholarship the more tangible remnants of this Norman legacy lie in the architecture of castles and churches Now Shad, I understand you have a passing interest in castle design So why don’t you take this one? (Shad) It will be my pleasure Now, to begin there’s actually a lot of complexity to the employment and use of castles why they were built, why they are so good at what they do so I’m gonna have to try and summarise and keep it brief which is really difficult for me, if you know anything about me Fundamentally, castles enable a small force to be able to repel a very large force but in this instance, it also enables a small force to retain control over a very large area indeed, over an area of people who might not be too happy with the new rulers Now remember, the local population far outnumbers any force that William has so he needs a way to multiply his offensive ability to control this unruly, newly conquered land So this is how castles can be used offensively They’re not just a defensive structure, they can be used offensively, and this is exactly how by placing one plunk right in the middle of an area you want to control you have a small force but they they can’t be taken out because they are so well protected And then they can strike out in force at the times they determine to collect taxes or quell uprisings and things like that and then if the unruly populace wants to try and attack back, oh they have to deal with is castle and that’s a problem because it takes a very large number Not to say it didn’t happen. There were times in which the English actually rose up and rebelled and did overrun some of these early castles But those uprisings were costly, because they had to deal with a castle, and were quickly squashed The most classic type of castle in this period is known as the motte-and-bailey The motte being a large earthwork with a defensive tower on top of it and a bailey is an enclosed kind of secured section separate to it which were made out of wood, by the way but William himself did actually start to build some stone square keeps So stone castles at least in part, did exist even as early as after the Battle of Hastings I’ve made a whole video on the weaknesses and problems with motte-and-bailey castles and why they evolved to be something different But why were they specifically made this way to begin with? I actually believe it’s because of the Norman Conquest that actually happened quite recently They needed a defensive thing built up quickly And so the motte needed to be built first and foremost this is the most offensive and defensive part of this castle Especially if the populace are gonna catch wind of this and want to stop them doing it they need to build this thing quickly So the motte was done first because if you wanted to build the whole thing, the bailey with at the same time, it would take longer but once you have the motte, you’re well defended, you’re ready to go and then you can take a bit more time to secure any other buildings that you want to add or attach close to this motte There are examples where a castle was just a motte and tower by itself and ones that actually had more just a bailey kind of enclosure with some type of tower But eventually the motte-and-bailey design did go out of favour and evolved to be far more effective in the more traditional castle layout and design Yet still, we can credit the Normans for kicking off castle construction majorly that set up the foundation for castles throughout the whole Medieval period (Blue) And on the other side of that was more spiritual construction, where the Normans were also prolific In particular, the Cappella Palatina in Palermo is a masterpiece of design combining styles from all over the Mediterranean Inscriptions appear in Arabic, Greek, and Latin Byzantine mosaics mix with Arabesque geometry it’s truly gorgeous And there are loads of other places in Norman Italy where you can still see how dedicated they were to building a morally and socially strong society beyond just a militarily strong line The Normans also built the cathedrals of Monreale and Palermo which, at the risk of gushing about it for another 15 minutes, I’ll just show you these pictures and move on Norman Sicily was also a capital of Mediterranean scholarship as their good friends the Byzantines and the Muslims were both going through golden ages One achievement that I’m quite fond of is the Tabula Rogeriana a map created by a Muslim scholar based on the accounts of Norman traders It’s a triumph of cartography and cultural anthropology And, independent of the Normans, whether it’s scholarship or art or what-have-you my favourite settings in history will always be the ones where cultures converged. There’s nothing more satisfying than seeing multiple civilizations bring their A-game It’s unique and it’s fun and it’s difficult sometimes but it is worth it, damn it! So, insane as it may sound, the Normans went even further afield than Italy as they conquered Antioch during the First Crusade But I’m stretching myself a little bit thin here so let’s return to where this all started A century after William’s conquest England, under the House of Anjou, had doubled back to swipe up half of France And in 1202 France set out to make France France again so they reconquered Normandy from England which kicked off about 600 years of the two powers absolutely hating each other The politics are actually way more complicated than that but now I’m just stretching myself thin here by talking about English and French history, and I can be here all day So I think the takeaway here is that the Norman legacy is way bigger than any one nation and their success lies in how far they spread, how thoroughly they laid their foundations, and how gradually they faded into the background Even when Normandy, England, and Southern Italy stopped being ruled explicitly by the Normans, the effects of that history remained firmly rooted in place for centuries The Normans were fighters, yes I mean, these are the descendants of Vikings we’re talking about here But through exploration, trade, state-building, building-building, and a drive to assimilate they became so much more than just that So, I mean, yeah conquering huge swathes of land is cool but have you ever established a network of interconnected kingdoms that bring out the best of local cultures and lay firm groundwork for centuries of continuous governance that would subtly but powerfully drive the course of European history? Because if not, you’re really missing out! So, Shad, what do you think about all this? (Shad) Well, I think it is profoundly interesting I mean, who would have thought descendants of Vikings would have built kingdoms ranging as far as England and Italy It’s amazing (Blue) It’s like if Venice was actually good at colonisation (Shad) Or the Romans, if they had any restraint (Blue) Oof, truth hurts. Regardless, always a pleasure to have you on the channel Thanks for stopping by and helping me out with all this Medieval stuff (Shad) Thanks for having me, Blue And you know, you should spend more time looking at the Medieval period because do you know what you’ll find? Swords! We have so many swords, it’s unbelievable You get a sword, I get a sword, everyone gets a sword! It’s great! Anyway, I hope to see you there, and until then farewell (Blue) The Normans sure got around back in the day But if you want to make like a Viking and travel the world through the magic of the interwebs look no further than today’s topical sponsor, Nord VPN As we engage more and more with the online world and as cyber sleuths get better and better at stealing my goddamn credit card information last month (irritated huff) It’s only getting more important to protect your data and a secure Virtual Private Network is a great way to do that as I write these words I’m in a cafe on public Wi-Fi, which can normally be pretty risky But as far as my digital self is concerned I’m safe and secure way over in Denmark with just a couple easy clicks Nord VPN is offering you 75% off a three-year plan and a free bonus month if you go to (link in the description) Free VPN sounds nice but in reality can be extremely shady so trust your information to the military-grade encryption of Nord servers It also comes with an ad blocker, which is just a cool bonus but it’s not only a matter of security With Nord you can access content from around the world with a click So when you go to Greece for the summer, you can watch American Netflix after you realize that the Greek Netflix doesn’t have the Medici show that I was in the middle of watching before I was so rudely interrupted by the confines of world geography So anyway, whether you’re on a laptop or your phone, your data is worth protecting So head on over to (link) and use the code OVERLYSARCASTIC to get 75% off three years of secure data Thanks against Nord VPN And for more globe-trotting goodness hop over to Australia to check out my appearance in Shadiversity’s video on Ancient Greek weapons and armour

Comments 100

  • I thoroughly enjoyed the Normans! I learned so much history I never learned in college or high school! And that’s very upsetting because it’s my heritage!

  • I am enjoying being a Norman descendent right about now.

  • you guys always have the best music in your videos

  • 10:45 if anyone watches the big lez show, this explains why the Sasquatches are like time travellers, it's cuz they have blue's time machine

  • Love the Elder Scrolls music in the background

  • It's a valid point that Vikings were raiders , traders and colonizers. Further Normans were not Vikings.

  • Gotta love the Skyrim music in the background….

  • “Northmen” VS. The remnants of the Anglo-Saxon tribes.


  • “Whattup i got a big cavalry” – Sacklamore

  • Blue's pronunciation of Post Office(st) sticks out far more to me than it should do.

  • LOOK! A dragon made of swords, and what's it wearing, machicolations?
    Ow. He's much louder in person.

  • Elder Scrolls music is PERFECT for this video.

  • Are the normans the reason britain hates france?

  • "if you're french, what are you doing in england?"
    "mind your own business!"

  • Don t use a VPN if you want privacy, it wont work…. ask any hacker, it doesn't change your IP, it just masks it… use Tor or I2P or even better use Parrot-Sec Linux, Tails OS, Whonix, Ipresia OS, Qubes OS or the like.
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    your pedaling snake oil.
    I’ll stay subbed because your content is good, but ima thumb down every video you post where you spout off about snake oil salesmen (nordvpn). I understand you need a sponsor, but don't lie about your sponsors… properties. Say what it can do and move on, dont spout off what it cant do and what it isn't.

  • I love the age of empires and skyrim background music

  • William also had to get the approval of the pope before he could kill King Harold Godwinson. The pope approved.

  • The Normans conqured the city of Tripoli in north africa too blue 😂

  • "The Concept of Hereditary Monarchy is a Complete Farce" Somebody sounds bitter, damn. This guy clearly doesn't understand.

  • Skyrim OST in the backround fits the content

  • I come from an old norman family that went to the new world. To become South Carolina to later create a Another Nation…. knew nothing about Norman's other than our entire family are mostly RH Negative.

  • 11:42 That's debatable. The spelling barely changed, but if you heard spoken Middle English, it's unlikely that you'd understand a thing.

  • "More on that later"

  • It’s not really correct to simply call the normans Vikings (mostly because the vikings were not an actual people) but also because they had really mixed into French culture at this point, and were a blend between the two rather than just ‘vikings’

  • Ah the story of the good old Billy the Bastard became king. BTW "assimilating" is the key word, not creating a self segregated ghettos that looks like threatened hedgehog every time outsider approaches it and that is it is modern to do in EU currently.

  • And then later in the 100 Years War the descendants of William would massacre the French by changing the rules they helped create.
    Call the English what you will be you can't deny that the theory of nearly anything involving politics was basically their slave for the better part of the their history.

  • Proof that colonisation isn't always bad.

  • "That's a nice head on you're shoulders"

  • 5:35 Actually there were 5 but 2 of them teamed up, took a tiny bit of land, got bored, and gave up so yeah, lets just stick with 3.

  • 7:21 Dat Harold seems a little "bigheaded," if ya know what I mean.

  • Russiaaaaaaaa

  • mmmmmmmmmmm danegeld tasty 🙂

  • Can you speak a little faster?

  • Fortunately not many people make it as far as the norman conquest of Sicily or the comment senction would be a nightmare!!! I mean catholic orthodox and m(oh shit I just opened the gates of hell) working together?!!!

  • dat Skyrim music 😀 beautious

  • Shad was THIS CLOSE to saying the classic Aladdin one-liner:


  • i hear that skyrim music, you have good taste my friend!

  • wtf you have a million subs now???

  • No mention of the Channel Islands? Originally Norman and their strategic position caused them to be fought over by the French and British over hundreds of years. They even still retain the Norman languages (although no longer the officially spoken languages).

  • Actually Harold godwinsons Brother Tostig allied with Hardrara in the north because he didn’t get the throne of england. Harold dealt with them and then went back to the south of England to defend against William. Which didn’t go very well.

  • I hear Oblivion Sounds of the Niben background music!

  • That shad entry is on point

  • You've lost me thanks to the Icewind Dale soundtrack in the background. Listening mode -> gaming mode!

  • I actually was born and grew up in Normandy, and surprisingly, I never learned the history of my region until today 😅. I heared about William the conqueror, and I knew that I had viking ancestors but that's it. Thank you for teaching me about the history of where I'm from.

  • Oh bloody hell skyrim bg music??? NICE

  • i feel Shad should've said Saxons other than English as the english culture kinda arose due to the norman influences

  • The section of shad first explanations of castles reminded me to the "Fast Castle" Strategy in Age of Empire 2, where you place a castle/keep in THE MIDDLE OF THE ENEMY'S BASE and let it destroy it. So, we can say that strategy is kinda of canon.

  • How aim I just found this video?

  • Thank you! This video helped me learn some lost family history. My family name reavers some weaponry and you going into that helped explain why.

  • 5:23 Don't think I didn't hear that Crusader Kinds II music. It haunts my nightmares

  • I'm sorry but I think the Rus Colony was more consequential than the normans

  • Skyrim music?!

  • Is that the ambient music from Assassin's Creed Brotherhood I hear?

  • Scum.

    There, saved you twenty minutes!


  • 17 min in nice skyrim music

  • Ive actually been to the tapestry. It's like 40 feet long and the audioguide talks sooooo slow

  • That’s Skyrim music in the background

    Exceedingly good taste Blue and extremely fitting and appropriate.

  • Actually, it was Occitan, rather than Norman, that had the main influence in English. The Plantagenet period

  • The Vikings got mad. Charlagmagne built a wall. Make Franciaaa Great Again.


  • the Vikings is as good a team for a people as the bricklayers

  • "Gigantic farce" lol…it's only the system that worked the most throughout History lol…

  • Why is there Skyrim music in the Background?

  • Car salesman voice: We got long swords, we got short swords, we got sharp swords, we got dull swords. We got swords with big elaborate hand guards, and swords with tiny metal cross guards. We got Asian swords, Middle Eastern swords, swords of Damascus steel, and swords made out of cast iron. We got swords with fat blades, thin blades, wavy blades, we've even got a sword with three blades…

  • MasterWatt 650W

  • "Or the Romans if they had any restraint." XDDD

  • Ah men that was so purfect, thanks guys!!

  • Shad + this stuff is like those memes where the kitty’s pupils dilate when they see something they love. 🙂

  • The Skyrim music is so fitting!

  • I waited. And waited. But it never came…

  • But, when the Normans conquered Antioch, did they find the Holy Hand Grenade?

  • While the Tapestry is a useful historical artifact, the accuracy of it should be questioned because 1) it was made some years later and 2) it was made by people who did not actually partake in the battles

  • assimilating cultures also means cultural appropriation.
    you can't have it both ways

  • during the detailing of the battle between the Normans and the English did anyone else notice the similarity with Hannibal's battle once he first crossed the alps? flanking cavalry ftw.

  • I like how you had to speed up Shad's voice

  • You thought you could slip Skyrim music by me

  • The normans were also a huge power in the early reconquista, seriously I wish you had focused a little less on England. The Norman conquests further to the South were seen as way more impressive at the time.

  • Hope, one day, VPNs won't be necessary and everything will be available everywhere all the time, as it should be.

  • Where's the collab of Shad teaching Blue how to SWORD?

  • Normans have advanced in to Castle age.

    Normans: Oh boy here I go conquering again.
    Italians, Muslims, Byzantines, Franks and English: Oh no.

  • Actually if you take a look at Viking culture and that of their descendents it's not surprising at all. Tolerance, minding one's own business, and humbling foreign powers who think they're hot shit were then and still are core values of Scandinavian culture to this very day.

  • summon chad:

  • The rest of the Vikings to the the normans: YOU WERE SUPPOSED to FIGHT THEM

  • There is a French teacher that I work with and we got into a strangely unprompted conversation about history, especially given the fact that she teaches French and I teach biology and chemistry.

    Well, we started talking about how major Norman influence was, especially to the French people that were living in what became Normandy, and I asked her if there were any major differences between the "more Scandinavian" French when compared to the rest of the country but she said no. A few weeks later she asked me what I meant by the question and I told her that I sort of figured they'd be more attractive on average since they were part Scandinavian and not all French, which pissed her off. Although we are friends, I do not think she has truly forgiven me for that comment

  • To be fair, the scandinavians almost never raided the eastern Europe, or Spain, they traded there. It was less of a "Oh trade is more lucrative than pillage", it's more "when pillage is easy, we take what we want, when there's resistance, we trade" ^^
    And well, in the 800-900, France and England were pretty much open to any raids as there were barely central authority, with not very strong armies ^^

  • This video would literally be the best (even better than byzantine beginnings) were it not for these bs sWoRd interruptions

  • Something IMPORTANT has been MISSED in this video. Odo of France (Eudes de France) succeeded in resisting Viking attacks (Rollo included) and saving Paris from 885 to 886. This more or less influenced Rollo’s decision to settle in Normandy.

  • Robert 1 of France (Brother of Odo of France) ALSO DEFEATED the vikings (led by Rollo) in Chartres in 911 and paved way for the later baptism of Rollo (the treaty of Saint-Clair-sur-Epte)

  • Simply put, the vikings couldn’t sack Paris and Chartres, and the french wanted them to fend off other vikings, so they made a deal, the vikings could settle down in Normandy and became vassals of french kings

  • Hears Skyrim music in the background….. gets distracted and misses talk in half the video.

    Now we need a Rus video!!

  • 1. Why did Vikings settle down in Normandy? It’s because they couldn’t siege Paris from 885 to 886 (paris was defended by Odo of France) and was defeated by Robert 1 of France in 911 in Chartres. But the French couldn’t expel them out of France either. So Charles the Simple proposed this deal and Rollo accepted it.
    2. Are Normans ‘French’? Yes, but not in modern sense. They were vassals to French kings. They pledged allegiance to Kingdom of France
    3. What language did they speak? Norman French. It’s a variant of Old French / Langue d’Oïl. Back in the middle age there was no standard French. every region in France spoke their own dialect. They’re collectively regarded as dialect continuum. For example, English word ‘war’ came from Norman-French ‘wuerre’ which ultimately came from French ‘guerre’
    4. Did they adopt the French fighting style? Absolutely, they fought on horses
    5. Why did Normans become Frenchified? As late as the end of reign of Richard 1 of Normandy (in 996)
    6. What language did William the Conqueror impose on England? Norman French. It became the language of nobilities, law and administration of England in the next 300 years. ‘Mon dieu et droit’ is Henry V’s motto and it’s still printed on every British passport nowadays.
    7. Can Normans be regarded as Vikings? No. They had Viking heritage but they quickly became frenchified, they no longer spoke Norse or Dane or Swede, and they never associated themselves as Vikings anymore.

  • Since your video mentioned norman conquest of southern italy, you should’ve talked a bit more about RIVALRY between normans and vikings (varangian guards). normans were cathoic and used to fight for lombards (an italian kingdom) while the varangian guards were either pagans or orthodox and fought for greek byzantine

  • Famous examples of Norman surnames:
    -DISNEY => derived from a Norman family called D'ISIGNY from the village of  ISIGNY in Normandy .
    -CUSACK:  from the town CUSSAC in South west  France  (Aquitaine)
    -KEYNES: Alteration the placename Kahaines  or Kahaignae (the village  is now called Cahagnes)  in Normandy
    -BRUCE: comes from the French ‘de Brus’ or ‘de Bruis’, derived from the village  that is now Brix  in Normandy, where the  first Robert de Brus is thought to have originated from.
    -IRONS: derived from the town AIRAINES in northern France (Picardy).
    -CHENEY: derived  from the Old French chesne, chesnai (modern French: chêne), "oak tree".  may be derived from any of the places named with the Old French "chesnai
    -LACEY: derived from te village LASSY in Nomandy
    -GAYLORD: Derived from the Old French surname Gaillard (Strong)
    -MORTIMER: derived from the village of MORTEMER in Normandy
    -DORSEY:  from the Norman familiy name  D'ORSAY meaning "from the town  of ORSAY" in Normandy
    -PURCELL: from Old French pourcel 'piglet'
    -BOSWELL: named after the village BEUZEVILLE in Normandy
    – REDMOND:  derived from the Old French forenames Raimund and Raimond.
    -MONTGOMERY : derived from SAINT GERMAIN DE MONTGOMMERY in Normandy.
    -SEYMOUR:  from a town in Normandy, SAINT-MAUR
    -CHURCHILL=>derived from the Norman name COURCELLE, later confused with the English  words "church", and  "hill".
    -FITZGERALD, means in Old French "son of Gerald".
    -PERCY: , derives from the village of Percy-en-Auge in Normandy.
    -JOYCE: derived from the Old French Masculine name Josse
    -HEWLETT==>   from the Old French Hughelot. a diminutive of the name Hugh
    -TAYLOR==> derived from the Old French tailleur ("cutter")
    -SINCLAIR: from the village Saint-Clair (sur-l'Elle) in Normandy
    -HAMILL=> derived from the town HENNEVILLE in Normandy
    -MALLORY: From an Anglo-Norman nickname for an unfortunate person, from Old French maleure, malheure (“unhappy, unlucky”)
    -LAMAR: From a placename in Normandy, which was derived from Old French la mare (“the pool”).
    -NUGENT: from any of the several places in Northern France, called NOGENT
    -LOVETT:  from Anglo-Norman French "lo(u)vet" meaning "wolf cub" or "young wolf"
    -BUTLER: from Old French buttiler, boteillier (“officer in charge of wine”)
    -DARELL: derived from d'AIREL, name of a Norman family that came from a place  called AIRELLE in Normandy.
    -BARRET:  from the old French male given name BARAUD
    -TYRELL: derived from the Old French word tirer, which means to draw.
    -BASKERVILLE: derived  from the village Bacqueville in Normandy,
    -CAGE: from the Old French word cage, orcagier, meaning an enclosure
    -D'ARCY: from the town Bois d'Arcis near Paris
    -FRASER: originally derives from the French fraise, meaning strawberry.
    -VERNON: from the town VERNON in Normandy. derived from the Gaulish word vern for Alder tree (also springlike, flourishing, or full of life), a "place of alders"
    -NEVILLE:  Old French Neville "Néel's estate" or Neuville "new settlement". 
    -PAINE:  comes from the Old French "paien" originally meaning "a villager or rustic", and later a heathen.
    -CHAMBERLAIN:from Old French chambrelain, Norman French cambrelanc, cambrelen(c) ‘chamberlain’. This was the name of an official in charge of the private chambers of his master.
    -HUSSEY: derived from the town HOUSSAYE in Normandy
    -CAMPION: name for a professional Champion, deriving from the Old Norman-French "campiun" or "campion"
    -MELVILLE:  from Malleville in Normandy.
    -BELLAMY:  from beu or bel (good, fair, handsome) and ami (friend).
    -COURTNEY/COURTENAY: from places called COURTENEY in North west France or from a nickname for a person who had a snub nose, from the Old French "court, curt", short, with "nes", nose.
    -CURTIS: from Old French corteis and curteis (Modern French courtois (“polite”)), meaning courteous.
    -WARREN: from a place La Varenne "the game park" in Normandy 
    -QUINCY: , from places name QUINCEY  in France
    -RUSSEL: means "the son of Red", from the Old French "Rous", red, a nickname for someone with red hair, and "-el", little.
    -SPENCER: from Old French " espenser, -ier "– dispenser of money, provisions 
    -TRAVIS: from the  French  "traverser" or "to cross" meaning "to cross over,"
    -DELANEY: Old French del aunaie "from the alder grove".

  • Crap…
    I HATE Shad.
    His information is RARELY accurate.

  • The 1045 AD map, Catholic, Muslim, Byzantine… either in missing something or one of those things just don't belong?

  • The reason they built is due to theft of certain literature from certain island… you're welcome! 🇮🇪🎶🍺🧙‍♂️🍄

  • The normans were being rebellious teenagers and didn't care what [q~.]the scandinavian parents told them about stealing entire kingdoms, but like all teenaged kingdoms they procrastinated.

    wow I love this channel.
    Even if the guest and some reason sounds like he's underwater

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