History of the Internet


the Internet in the year 2009 we send emails make calls over the Internet and discuss topics we take an interest in even our banking is going virtual but what we take for granted today was only a vague idea 50 years ago in order to understand how we got this far let’s go back to 1957 when everything began before 1957 computers only worked on one task at a time this is called batch processing of course this was quite ineffective with computers getting bigger and bigger they had to be stored in special cool drums but then the developers couldn’t work directly on the computers anymore specialists had to be called in to connect them programming at that time meant a lot of manual work and the indirect connection to the computers led to a lot of bugs wasting time and frame the developers nerves the year 1957 marked a big change a remote connection had to be installed so that the developers could work directly on the computers at the same time the idea of time sharing came up this is the first concept in computer technology to share the processing power of one computer with multiple users on October 4th in 1957 during the Cold War the first unmanned satellite Sputnik 1 was sent into orbit by the Soviet Union the fear of a missile gap emerged in order to secure America’s lead in technology the u.s. founded the Defense Advanced Research Project agency in February 1958 at that time knowledge was only transferred by people the DARPA planned a large-scale computer network in order to accelerate knowledge transfer and avoid the doubling up of already existing research this network would become the ARPANET furthermore three other concepts were to be developed which are fundamental for the history of the Internet the concept of a military network by the RAND Corporation in America the commercial network of the National Physical Laboratory in England and the scientific Network Cyclades in France the scientific military and commercial approaches of these concepts are the foundations for our modern Internet let’s begin with the ARPANET the most familiar of these networks its development began in 1966 universities were generally quite cautious about sharing their computers therefore small computers were put in front of the mainframe this computer the interface message processor took over control of the network activities while the mainframe was only in charge of the initialization of programs and data files at the same time the IMP also served as interface for the mainframe since only the imps were interconnected in a network this was also called imp subnet for the first connections between the computers the network working groups developed the network control protocol later on the NCP was replaced by the more efficient transmission control protocol the specific feature of the TCP is the verification of the file transfer let’s take a short detour to England since the NPL network was designed on a commercial basis a lot of users and file transfer were expected in order to avoid congestion of the lives the sent files were divided into smaller packets which were put together again at the receiver packet switching was born in 1962 American ferret aircraft discovered middle and long-range missiles in Cuba which were able to reach the United States this stoked fear of an atomic conflict at that time information systems had a centralized network architecture to avoid breakdown during an attack a decentralized network architecture had to be developed which in case of loss of a node would still be operative communication still used to work through radio waves that would have caused problems in case of an atomic attack the ionosphere would be affected and the long-wave radio waves wouldn’t work anymore therefore they had to use direct waves which however don’t have a long range a better solution was the model of a distributed network thus long distances could be covered with a minimum of interference another milestone followed with the development of the French Network Cyclades since sook ladders had a far smaller budget than ARPANET and thus also fewer nodes the focus was laid on the communication with other networks in this way the term Internet was born moreover sue Clara’s concept went further than our purrs and the MPLS during communication between sender and receiver the computers were not to intervene anymore but simply serve as a transfer note sue Clara’s protocol went through all machines using a physical layer that was implemented into the hardware providing a direct connection with the receiver end-to-end structure inspired by the cicadas Network and driven by the incompatibility between the networks their connection gained in importance everywhere the phone companies developed the X point two-five protocol which enabled communication through their service in exchange for a monthly basic charge of course DARPA transmission control protocol was to connect the computers through gateways and the International Organization for Standardization designed the OSI reference model the innovation of OSI was the attempt to standardize the network from its ends and the channels division into separate layers finally the TCP assimilated the preferences of the OSI reference model and gave way to the tcp/ip protocol a standard which guaranteed compatibility between networks and finally merged them creating the internet by February the 28th 1990 the ARPANET Hardware was removed but the internet was up and running you

Comments 100

  • is everything clear: I did not understand shit LOL

  • the narrator sounds like Rick Ayode, from the IT Crowd.

  • Fantastic

  • Great video! This video explains better to me than my lecturer haha. Thank you 🙂

  • The year 2009 …
    fuck I'm old…

  • wow, Interesting Information, I Did Not KNOW THIS! From: Elise Renee Gingerich In Texas.

  • Here is the internet summed up in one word

    MEMES

  • 8yrs ago.. Hmm

  • Thank You for Knowledge Sharing

    History of internet:
    https://knowledgecareer.blogspot.in

  • What is internet made up of ? 🙂

  • i understand indirect connection to computers led to a lot of time wasting . BUT How Indirect connection with computers led to a lot of bugs ?

  • why 837 dislikes ? I was reading about the history of internet in Britannica Encyclopedia and I wished to see some diagrams for better understanding. and no other video like this could explain you history of Internet better than this one. they took the same theory and history from Encyclopedia and animated greatly in this video 😀 thanks a ton 🙂

  • I wanna know about specific people…

  • I‘ve made an animation about this subject. Support a newbie channel: https://youtu.be/-PChe05uzj0

  • And then Ajit Pai came along…

  • In the year 2017 net neutrality is gone

  • loved the video, the animation and music combined with the narration took us on a journey through time

  • Merci aux américains pour avoir inventé internet 🙂

  • Zionist creation

  • Salute to the maker of the video…really good one

  • Thanks. It is of interest that the Baha'i Faith writings talked of the internet in the 1930s: "A mechanism of world inter-communication will be devised, embracing the whole planet, freed from national hindrances and restrictions, and functioning with marvellous swiftness and perfect regularity." ~Shoghi Effendi, The World Order of Baha’u’llah

  • this is biology. mesmerizing

  • PS: The Internet isn't synonymous with the World Wide Web. The Internet is hardware and physical connections. The World Wide Web is the software, files and information sitting on it. Did I just blow your mind?!

  • Nice video. However, I didn't understand who effectively invented the internet xD

  • Sir what is the resources of internet

  • Is this a copy of a kertzegast video?

  • plz watch it https://youtu.be/kKuZUqDIYec

  • to-day i join 14 days free trial program

  • https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NQG-jwf94ww

  • Anyway, internet is a cancer for humankind and nature. It consumes a lot of energy and greatly contributes to destroy natural environment (energy=released CO2, also, computer batteries and screens are made by obscure production pathways that includes human exploitation and mineral elements (mainly Cobalt and rare earths) extraction. Internet also contributes to destroy social relationships (especially family) and true media/informations through stupid social networks and tubes. It also promotes extrem capitalism by widening and increasing the rate for trades and spraiding advertisments (it thereby increases the wealth differences between rich and poor people). It also provides a fantastic means for the companies and governments to spy our lifes. Is something really positive with internet invention for people dayly life? I think we were much more happy in the 80's-90's before this useless innovation comes and parasites our innocent lifes.

  • https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BQNJ-Xtc_Wc

    30th anniversary of the invention of INTERnet

  • This is glorious, I been tryin to find out about "hubspot email marketing best practices" for a while now, and I think this has helped. You ever tried – Jenevi Digital Duppy – (search on google ) ? Ive heard some incredible things about it and my buddy got great results with it.

  • I thought google invented the internet

  • ARPA was founded in 1958, not DARPA. Post ARPANET, ARPA was renamed to DARPA.

    Also, Cuban Missile Crisis had literally nothing to do with ARPANET, ARPANET development was NOT to build a computer network that could sustain a nuclear attack, it's a grave misconception!

    RAND corporation was involved in designing a military network that could sustain a nuclear attack, Paul Baran at RAND conceptualized a theoretical packet switching distributed network (though he didn't used the term Packet, instead he used message blocks) and his idea was never materialized due to lack of vision from AT&T.

    On the other hand, ARPANET development program happened independently and it had nothing to do with Paul Baran's work initially, it happened accidentally in 1967 at ACM symposium when Larry Roberts the then project head of ARPANET came to know about Paul Baran's work at RAND along with Donald Davis work on Packet Switching Networks at NPL UK (Donald Davis coined the term Packet) that he decided to incorporate their ideas into ARPANET. Point to be noted, Larry Roberts gave more importance to Donald Davis works at NPL than Paul Baran's.

  • WOOOOOOOOOW TREMENDO ONEXIÓN

  • Thanks for the video.

  • 2018??

  • Lol its my quiz looll

  • when i finished watching i noticed my wife was absolutely focused even though i had earphones so she didn't hear a thing !
    – bae you were watching?
    – yeah that was nice, but why did they choose black and white it would have been greater with colors !

  • Nice one.Thanks

  • To bad it's full of historical errors

  • What a great history! looking forward to the upcoming future:@)

  • PLEASE VIETNAMESE CC

  • <3

  • Hello Ur internet disconnect also for me simple matter . how means nicely think all

  • It will be any were in Ur hand also ezee to disconnect

  • Simple matter to disconnect

  • very good and understandable video

  • Charlz Opaw

  • Oh thank God that mr plywood, inventor of everything from lock boxes to global stinkin warming and how to make a mockery of the election of 2000. Invented this. Yup…..AL BORE. 🎉 YaY. 👏👏👏👏👏👏👏

  • The video is made in after effercts?

  • Howdy mate, very nice flick that you have here. Keep em coming.

  • what good videos jk its gay

  • I didn't get it, but still it makes me feel smart. also future is now old man. all this work so just I can wank to some ugly nigga fucking a hot chick on my smartphone.

  • all this work so just I can wank to some ugly nigga fucking a hot chick on my smartphone.

  • The internet will be our doom

  • 9 years later, we have memes

  • Ima need to hit the books right quick n holla back

  • wow so old video!

  • By hmong video&duab.org

  • How did we get from Cats to Tposing Luigi?

  • Exemplary!!

  • Beautifully narrated and animated. Good work.

  • saw the whole video and said to myself, " and what is this all about?" oh INternet!
    thats the only thing i understood in the whole video

  • Und dann stellt euch das Gehirn vor mit mit noch mehr Schaltungen . Yes big beng . Was fùr eine festplatte einfach nur WoWwww

  • 2018 anyone?

  • Thank you Melih Bilgil!

  • this editing is ahead of its time

  • thanks buddy, the best video about internet.

  • Characteristic shuttle cholesterol sight fewer always answer cross precisely who.

  • Here in 2019

  • Today it has been exactly 10 years since the video has been uploaded! #2019

  • This was made 10 years ago. It’s in my suggested now (2019).

  • wow that's 10 years old
    that was published before Minecraft pc was released

  • quality video and information

  • WHICH TYPE OF SOFTWARE TO CREATE A "History of the Internet" VIDEO . PLEASE SAY

  • Ah so finally french scientists made possible the internet as we know it. They even coined the term internet. I know that french people also used the internet ancestor Minitel to do everything online before internet exists.

  • There are a day to celebrate Internet on February too

  • The base of Internet architecture are the transmission control/IP protocol… There are some routers or gateway to connecte a net

  • The base of Internet architecture are the transmission control/IP protocol… There are some routers or gateway to connecte a net..

  • This actually makes a lot of sense after taking a course in Cisco

  • May ALLAH Bless You for making videos and Bless all of those people who worked for making an independent freedom networking and internet system accessible for common people all over the globe

  • Who here from GrC 201????

  • I see your 2009 and I raise you 2019

  • February 7, 1958 was the day Secretary of Defense Neil McElroy signed Department of Defense Directive 5105.15. His signature launched the Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA), now known as the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA). The creation of the agency is an important moment in science history because it led to the creation of the internet we recognize today.Courtesy Arturo Contreras.
    Courtesy Arturo Contreras.

    The Cold War was in full swing in the 1950s, and the US was worried about the Soviet Union’s growing scientific prowess. Because of Sputnik 1, launched in 1957, the US military was concerned about the Soviet Union attacking from space and destroying the US long-distance communications network.

    ARPA Network
    The existing national defense network relied on telephone lines and wires that were susceptible to damage. In 1962, J.C.R. Licklider, a scientist from ARPA and MIT, suggested connecting computers to keep a communications network active in the US in the event of a nuclear attack.

    This network came to be known as the ARPA Network, or ARPAnet. Packet switching made data transmission possible in 1965, and by 1969, military contractor Bolt, Beranek, and Newman (BBN) developed an early form of routing devices known as interface message processors (IMPs), which revolutionized data transmission.

    NSFNET
    The Stanford University Network was the first local area network connecting distant workstations. In 1981, the NSF expanded ARPAnet to national computer science researchers when it funded the Computer Science Network (CSNET). BBN assumed CSNET operation management in 1984.

    ARPAnet adopted the transmission control protocol (TCP) in1983 and separated out the military network (MILnet), assigning a subset for public research. Launched formally as the National Science Foundation Network (NSFNET) in 1985, engineers designed it to connect university computer science departments iacross the US.

    Interface message processor
    "ARPAnet's transition to the open networking protocols TCP and IP in 1983 accelerated the already burgeoning spread of internetworking technology," says Stephen Wolff, principal scientist with Internet2. "When NSF's fledgling NSFNET adopted the same protocols, ARPAnet technology spread rapidly not only to university campuses across the USA to support the higher education community, but also to emergent Internet Service Providers to support commerce and industry."

    The NSFNET eventually became a linked resource for the five supercomputing centers across the US, connecting researchers to regional networks, and then on to nearly 200 subsidiary networks. NSFNET took on the role of internet backbone across the US, with ARPAnet gradually phased out in 1990.

    World-wide web
    1989 saw a major step forward in internet communications. Tim Berners-Lee of the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) created the hypertext transfer protocol (http), a standardization that gave diverse computer platforms the ability to access the same internet sites. For this reason, Berners-Lee is widely regarded as the father of the world wide web (www).

    The Mosaic web browser, created in 1993 at the National Center for Supercomputing Applications (NCSA) at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign, was a key development that emerged from the NSFNET. Mosaic was the first to show images in line with text, and it offered many other graphical user interface norms we’ve come to expect today (like the browser’s URL address bar and back/forward/reload options for viewing webpages.)

    Mosaic
    Eventually the NSFNET modified its acceptable use policy for commercial use, and by 1995, it was decommissioned. Soon, the internet provider model created network access points that allowed the for-profit, commercial side of the internet to be developed.

    The internet went from being an obscure research idea to a technology that is used by over 3.2 billion people in less than sixty years.

    Computer science has moved fast, but hold on tight, you can be sure it’s not done evolving.

  • This is very good information for me and it is a good invention of the internet.

  • Its 10 years from now! Your video!!!

  • mauricio diaz, gracias por tu traduccion <5 <5 <5

  • Why is my history full of porn

  • Anyone from bento

  • this scares me

  • 720p video in 2009. Wow that's what I call a good quality video for the time xD.

  • Không có Internet không thể biết hết … !
    Lên câu nói của Đức Đạt Lai Lạt Ma … hơi khuyết 🤣

  • Hey, that was really nice!

  • The music at the end is so ominous. :0

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