History of Russia Part 2


In 1612, Russia was in a state of anarchy.
They called it ‘The Time of Troubles’. The people were terrorised by war, famine and
plague. Up to a third of them perished. Foreign troops occupied Moscow, Smolensk and Novgorod. But then, Russia fought back. Prince Pozharsky and a merchant, Kuzma Minin,
led the Russian militia to Moscow, and threw out the Polish garrison. Since 2005, this event has been commemorated
every 4th November, as Russian National Unity Day. The Russian assembly, the Zemsky Sobor, realised
the country had to unite behind a new ruler, and elected a 16 year old noble, Mikhail Romanov,
as the next Tsar. His dynasty would rule Russia for the next
300 years. Tsar Mikhail exchanged territory for peace,
winning Russia much-needed breathing-space. His son, Tsar Alexei, implemented a new legal
code, the Sobornoye Ulozheniye. It turned all Russian peasants, 80% of the population,
into serfs – effectively, slaves – their status inherited by their children, and with
no freedom to travel or choose their master. It was a system that dominated Russian rural
life for the next 200 years. The head of the Russian Orthodox Church, Patriarch
Nikon, imposed religious reforms that split the church between Reformers and ‘Old Believers’.
It’s a schism that continues to this day. Ukrainian Cossacks, rebelling against the
Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, recognised Tsar Alexei as overlord in exchange for his
military support. It led to the Thirteen Years War between Russia
and the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. Russia emerged victorious, reclaiming Smolensk and
taking control of eastern Ukraine. A revolt against Tsarist government, led by
a renegade Cossack, Stenka Razin, brought anarchy to southern Russia. It was finally
suppressed: Razin was brought to Moscow and executed by quartering. The sickly but highly-educated Feodor III
passed many reforms. He abolished mestnichestvo, the system that had awarded government posts
according to nobility rather than merit, and symbolically burned the ancient books of rank. But Feodor died aged just 19. His sister Sofia
became Princess Regent, ruling on behalf of her younger brothers, the joint Tsars Ivan
V and Peter I. After centuries of conflict, Russia and the
Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth signed a Treaty of Eternal Peace. Russia then joined ‘the
Holy League’ in its war against the Ottoman Empire. Sofia’s reign also saw the first treaty between
Russia and China, establishing the frontier between the two states. At age 17, Peter I seized power from his half-sister,
Sofia. Peter became the first Russian ruler to travel
abroad. He toured Europe with his ‘Grand Embassy’, seeking allies for Russia’s war against Turkey,
and learning the latest developments in science and shipbuilding. The war against Turkey was successfully concluded
by the Treaty of Constantinople: Russia gained Azov from Turkey’s ally, the Crimean Khanate,
and with it, a foothold on the Black Sea. Peter made many reforms, seeking to turn Russia
into a modern, European state. He demanded Russian nobles dress and behave like Europeans.
He made those who refused to shave pay a beard tax. Peter built the first Russian navy; reformed
the army and government; and promoted industry, trade and education. In the Great Northern War, Russia, Poland-Lithuania
and Denmark took on the dominant power in the Baltic, Sweden. The war began badly for Russia, with a disastrous
defeat to Charles XII of Sweden at Narva. But Russia won a second battle of Narva… Before crushing Charles XII’s army at the
Battle of Poltava. On the Baltic coast, Peter completed construction
of a new capital, St.Petersburg. The building of what would become Russia’s second largest
city among coastal marshes was a remarkable achievement, though it cost the lives of many
thousands of serfs. The Great Northern War ended with the Treaty
of Nystad: Russia’s gains at Sweden’s expense made it the new, dominant Baltic power. Four years before his death, Peter was declared
‘Peter the Great, Father of His Country, Emperor of All the Russias’. Peter was succeeded by his wife Catherine;
then his grandson Peter II, who died of smallpox aged just 14. Empress Anna Ioannovna, daughter of Peter
the Great’s half-brother Ivan V, was famed for her decadence and the influence of her
German lover, Ernst Biron. During Anna’s reign, Vitus Bering, a Danish
explorer in Russian service, led the first expedition to chart the coast of Alaska. He
also discovered the Aleutian Islands, and later gave his name to the sea that separates
Russia and America. After Anna’s death, her infant grand-nephew,
Ivan VI, was deposed by Peter the Great’s daughter, Elizabeth. Ivan VI spent his entire life in captivity,
until aged 23, he was murdered by his guards during a failed rescue attempt. Elizabeth, meanwhile, was famed for her vanity,
extravagance, and many young lovers. But she was also capable of decisive leadership:
in alliance with France and Austria, Elizabeth led Russia into the Seven Years War against
Frederick the Great of Prussia. The Russian army inflicted a crushing defeat
on Frederick at the Battle of Kunersdorf, but failed to exploit its victory. Meanwhile in St.Petersburg, the Winter Palace
was completed at vast expense. It would remain the monarch’s official residence, right up
until the Russian Revolution of 1917. Peter III was Peter the Great’s grandson by
his elder daughter Anna Petrovna, who’d died as a consequence of childbirth. Raised in Denmark, Peter spoke hardly any
Russian, and greatly admired Russia’s enemy, Frederick the Great – so he had Russia swap
sides in the Seven Years War, saving Frederick from almost certain defeat. Peter’s actions angered many army officers.
And he’d always been despised by his German wife, Catherine. Together they deposed Peter III, who died
a week later in suspicious circumstances. His wife Catherine became Empress of Russia.
Her reign would be remembered as one of Russia’s most glorious…

Comments 100

  • Beard tax lol

  • In fact Polish prince, Wladyslaw IV Waza was elected by russian nobles (boyars) as Russian Tzar and he ruled Russia 1610-1613.
    If he had converted to orthodox, probably Poland-Lithuania (Rzeczpospolita) would have ruled Russia next hundred years.

    BTW during history only 3 times Moscow has been captured by others: Mongols, Poles, French.

  • Russia and Germany – cancer of this world…

  • The Russians are actually barbarian!!!

  • The Greatest country in the world until 1917, then it was good too though, but after 1991 it is a piece of shit which one has nothing of production or brands nowadays. Only military power… Sorry for mistakes (I'm from Russia)

  • Actually, thre serfs could change their master at will. However, there were rules about that, such as that a peasant could leave only at a certain time of the year. As time passed this window became smaller and smaller, ultimately becoming a single day. And even that was removed by Catherine II.

  • where does zangief come in?

  • Now I understood why women are so free in West.

  • no russian comments ?

  • This is fascinating

  • Poland get their Ass kicked very Hard at that time good Job Russians!

  • These Russian didn’t need to bring slaves from Africa for hard work..

  • You can find a history of Belarus here: http://map.letapis.by/en/#intro

  • Интересно!

  • Мы все просрали, россияне… сраный Путин

  • LITHUANIA! LDK! 4EVER!

  • Peter I was the Georgian king's Heraclus I 's( Nazaralikhan) son

  • "Beard Tax" we must accept this rule for modern day, to many hipsters walk free.

  • Good job man you did a great effort

  • Забыли упомянуть , что Петр Великий создал страйкбол)

  • All the Ukraine/Russia discussion is a shame. Ukraine's border was formed from parts of Romania, Poland, Austro-Hungary and Russian territory. It was formed under the USSR and be glad it was, it's a great country. Why there is so much animosity between the two peoples is also a shame. Apart from the Western part of Ukraine who thought differently during WW2 and wanted to side with Hitler and presently think the EU is the way to go (not) the cultures are very similar and I firmly believe they should be together, rather than kissing the ass of the US Government who have no genuine interest and are using them. The consequences of this are dire and it's a shame, as Ukraine doesn't deserve this. The Ukraine government decided this and one of the reasons for sure is because of a Russophobia and many people (in the West mainly) who still have the mindset that Russia is still Stalinism mentality. A great pity and I genuinely hope they will steer a path to a better understanding with Russia before the country is ruined by the CIA/US Government agenda.

  • In 1700 Russia wanted to take back Constantinople from the Turks but once again Britain wouldn't allow it nor support it.

  • A prophet by the name Sadhu Sundar Selvaraj prophesied that Russia will invade the USA.

  • 8:54 they all died young

  • I could not tell thedifference between Russia and Poland's borders at all, please consider colour blind people and use more distinguishable colours

  • What's the name of music being played at the video?

  • Not STENKA Razin but a STEPAN Razin! This is the neglect of the name, like John and Johnny, Tom and Tommy.!

  • Very infair towards peter iii, but other that, it was a great video

  • It's funny how you keep referring to ukraine as a country when there was no such thing as a ukraine back then and there shouldn't be today, all of that is the property of the russian federation. Same for the baltics. Also no mention about Alaska seriously? the deal, which made Alaska a part of American territory in exchange for $7.2 million one and a half centuries ago, was a cession of rights, but not a sale. (something US yankee teachers wont mention)

  • This is great. Subscribing.

  • Не было ни какой Украины в те года. Пиздоболы

  • Ooo, I can see Putin, The KHUYLO!

  • 4:02 In that century the Habsburg-Hungarian Monarchy did not exist.

  • #KyivNotKiev

  • Legendas em português ❤

  • the narrative, script, music, animations, everything so good wow!

  • Peter the great was a european impostor, the real Peter was kidnapped and secretly replaced by a lookalike during his trip to europe and so-called man in the iron mask was the real Peter. True story.

  • It's funny how they are tryna make the Muslims look bad. When the white westerns win the music becomes a very positive music but when the Muslims win the music becomes some negative upsetting music.

    the Christians back then we're the main oppressors.

  • I want to know more about Russia 🇷🇺

  • make serbia pls

  • 'The Time of Troubles'? More like 'Obscure times' or 'Vague times' or any other word meaning uncertainty and destabilization.

  • all those leaders are on the same satanic transgender gay team ,, they are the illuminati,,they are not humans,,they hate humans and love to see us die in wars wide they live like kings ang queens governments and politicians and priests in their temples,,they still rule our world and still love to make wars ..they dont fight themself,,they make us fight !!!

  • I like knowing what happened but I also like knowing why it happened.

  • Plz make history about Nepal 😊

  • Половина вранье

  • The dates born and died dont Match right. Is the rest of the story true?

  • Best series on Russia I have seen.

  • Russia

  • Thank you ever so much for your precious historical documentaries! What a most wonderful channel!

  • Well good to see russian history as polish

  • I wonder if they'll be honest about the jews when talking about Bolshevik revolution
    Lmao

  • OMG this has been an amazing series

  • Which editing software do you use guys to create these awesome videos?

  • NO WONDER THE RUSSIANS ARE GREAT AT MANY SPORTS. 🐯🐯🔱🔱🔱

  • Рабство до сих пор в России!!!!

  • Novgorod was invaded 3 times by Sweden…when Vikings came there,, Sweden in 1612…and by Sweden again during world cup 2018

  • Not a happy story is it?

  • Omg how many times Russia overtook The Eastern Ukraine :0 like three times at least?

  • The poor people of Russia became Surfs which was a slave. No wonder they went for communisum. Now our liberals in the U.S. want to enslave all to our government, how sad so much like Russian History. People can be duped do easily.

  • Goood

  • Surprisingly every great man is responsible for millions of barbarism, cruelty and death. Hope humanity prevails now..

  • Russia's history is definitely unique and has highly been suppressed here in the US as far as teaching it.

  • Wow seems like russia also had some type of caste system in old days. Exactly here in India also there r books says nobility based on birth not in merit. But we don't have any revolution…😂

  • Y quien dijo q todo ese territorio era dellos solo matando millones de tribus

  • Damn, you gotta feel for my boy Ivan VI 🙁

  • This is hard to watch as a swede

  • I suggest you read also Prof. Margrit Kennedy and Helmut Creutz website and free online texts and David Graeber about Silvio Gesell and Bioregionalism.

    And you could also read James DeMeo about the Psychologist Wilhelm Reich und Orgon-Life-Energy and weather work and energy work and against desertification and for making rain. James DeMeo

  • CZAR, CSAR, TSAR, or TZAR is still CAESAR !!!! Around 500 AD, a local Russian ruler claimed that he was descended from the brother of Octavian Octavius (AKA Augustus Caesar).What brother ?? Augustus had a sister,Octavia. He ordered the people to call him Csar. Kaiser in German.

  • Epic indeed

  • lol, "beard tax"

  • I'm missing information that last part of Romanov dynasty aren't Russian by any optic. Last ruler of this dynasty died 1730 and last women 1762. After this date there were fully western rulers.
    But as i see ths info is missing even on English version of Wikipedia.

  • Great video man keep on educating us about our history

  • treaty with China in the 17th century! hey! just look at the maps. In the 17th it was Tartaria bordering China. Not Russia.

  • Ukraine didn’t exist till V. Lenin gave them status of Ukrainian Soviet Socialistic Republic it was Kiev Russia only – nothing to do with Ukrainians – simply the same Russians, stop misleading people and propaganda in creating state, that has never existed, Ukraine in Russian translation boarder of the Country, Kiev – is the name of the brothers , there were another two to whom belong other territories in Russia, How people could have moral right to lie , it’s very dangerous without real facts and history knowledge, uneducated people suppose to research for real documents, Now Ukrainian fascists destroy Lenin monuments, because only V Lenin create artificial state, that simply was region of Russia!! It has never been slavery in Russia, like in the western small countries or USA
    Absolutely different approach to nobles , that had right to buy people , but they were responsible for their wellbeing, and nobles were under command of tzar
    – it’s very different from real slaves at the west. Lenin was the first to gave women’s rights , USSR gave freedom to homosexuals by Lenin decree, only after his death Stalin , Georgian origin , reinstated ,, as a criminal offence . Education and other were very exaggerated, as first Romanov was cuisine of the Ivan the Terrible , that directly connected to Roman Empire ,or Byzantine consequently they had Black Sea , only after Turks destroying Byzantine, before west didn’t even don’t know how to wash themselves!

  • Everything about this Channel is Epic. The narration, the quality, the animations and most importantly the VOICE!! Keep up the good work.

  • The time of troubles? Has there ever been any other time for those poor people

  • Beard tax that’s a golden

  • Sweden and Poland got what they deserved in WW2 for invading Russia first, indeed. The Germanic tribes were not given Europe. The Germans and French, British, etc, stole Europe. Greece gave birth to Europe and raised Europe. The Romans looted Europe and copied everything Greek. Even the United States call themselves western civilization. But, their not. The only real Europe & western country is Greece, indeed.

  • Sweden and Poland got what they deserved in WW2 for invading Russia first, indeed. The Germanic tribes were not given Europe. The Germans and French, British, etc, stole Europe. Greece gave birth to Europe and raised Europe. The Romans looted Europe and copied everything Greek. Even the United States call themselves western civilization. But, their not. The only real Europe & western country is Greece, indeed.

  • Sweden and Poland got what they deserved in WW2 for invading Russia first, indeed. The Germanic tribes were not given Europe. The Germans and French, British, etc, stole Europe. Greece gave birth to Europe and raised Europe. The Romans looted Europe and copied everything Greek. Even the United States call themselves western civilization. But, their not. The only real Europe & western country is Greece, indeed.

  • Sweden and Poland got what they deserved in WW2 for invading Russia first, indeed. The Germanic tribes were not given Europe. The Germans and French, British, etc, stole Europe. Greece gave birth to Europe and raised Europe. The Romans looted Europe and copied everything Greek. Even the United States call themselves western civilization. But, their not. The only real Europe & western country is Greece, indeed.

    There will be no Olympic and Panathenaic, there will not be greener and blue, there will not be poor and rich. There will be only GREEK and disbelieving … And you will simply choose which part you will get … The day is near sister .. I wish you, keep your mind clean and your body trained…

    We must be ready to protect our families! Our neighborhoods! Our country! History has shown that we will be the winners … All men are winning…However, the Greeks win … In the centuries of the eons !!!!!

  • total b.s.

  • I like how he did not even mention anything about The 3brothers BULGARS that split one to Russia one to UKraine and one Khan Asparuh who went to todays bulgaria/romania and on 681 AD he established the First Bulgarian Empire 》》 6 8 1 《《 AD
    I did not see the name of my country there, i did not see the Lands that we used to have by our great Khans and Tsars…
    To the guy who made the video Please tell me where you got that information from and why the F you did not mention anything about the 1st and 2nd Bulgarian Empire also about the alphabet that we have to Russia and other slavic states and that we gave to Russia oldbulgarian orthodox christianity….

  • wonder if u would expose the history of slavery of British empire and America

  • Never before has a people been beaten and pushed around like the russians and yet they resist no matter the cost and odds they come out on top and continue to be a superpower to this day and i say this as a fanatical nazi the same people who thought the russians to be subhuman who didint even deserve the right to breathe we underestimated them as did all those that came before us and it is for that reason that the russian people should be the ones to lead our planet and not those lgbt sjw lunatics in the west

  • Reconquesta Constantinopol
    Orthodoxy Unite!

  • not RUSSIA – Moskovia

  • Come to think of Ukraine and Russia are brothers since then but now they hate each other.

  • Strangely in 2 Part u started to call Poland instead of Lithuania and Poland kingdom

  • Sir, you forgot how the juice introduced Communism to Russia.

  • fake history where is a OLD GREAT BULGARIA ? WHERE I VOLGA BULGARIA AND DUNABLE BULGARIA

  • The history of Russia shown by the Russians. They want that's how they perceived them in the west. Typical Soviet propaganda. They might as well have told Russian fairy tales about their country…

  • Ukranians (except west ukranians) are Russians of Small Russia. Russians of both Russias – Small and Greater – are ethnically one nation, divided due to random circumstanses and ethnically wrong communist inner division of USSR, made by revolutionary Jews after Civil war. Before bolshevicks administrative system of USSR there was no such nation as Ukranians/ since 10 century was only Russians of Small, White and Greater Russia.. Like in Poland exists Small (Lessier) and greater Poland, but one nation – Poles.
    Also Rus' and Russia are modifications of ONE name, which differs from each other like France and Francia. Rus' is endonym for Russia (Rus +Greek-Latin suffix "-ia")/ Last variant is official greek orthodox literation of self-name Rus' . Such terms as "Kievan" Rus were artificially invented for needs of historians classifications in 19 century. Instead Kievan Rus' since 14-15 centuries used Malaya Rus (Small Russia) as well as for Vladimir-Suzdal or Moscow Russia used term Velikaya Rus (Greater Russia)/ Ukraine is not Kievan Rus' or Small Russia/ Its just border territory (krai, kraina, ukraina) where lived Zaporozhian Cossacks (=ukranians). Btw to call the Russians of Small Russia as "Ukranians" =Zaporozhians is the same nonsense as to call the rest Russians as "Don Cossacks"

  • Where is the Khazar empire in this story?

  • "Suspicious Circumstances"

    I remember playing CK2

  • Learning about the numerous conquests of Russia is fairly fascinating, but why are social, economic and political aspects mostly ignored in this series?

  • так смешно смотреть! все знаю в России, что ее создал Путин Владимир Владимирович, он с 100года по 2220год будет ей править, пока вновь солнце не спрячется на 10 дней и тогда, все оживет вновь!

  • Bull shit !!!! Since the year 2005, Russians are celebrating a BRAND NEW so-called "Russian National Unity Dat" ???? Ha, ha, ha, ha, ha, …….. ))))) Their new "tsar", former head of the KGB, comrade Putin, had to give them quickly … something to "celebrate" … just because the memorial day of the starting of Bolshevik revolution in the year of 1917 (October=November) just …… vaporized and instantly had vanished, together with the theoretical collapse of the Soviet Union (CCCP). So …. Putin just made it up instantly for the "proud nation", just a BRAND NEW "statutory "holiday" !!!!! The stat holiday ….. which was NEVER existed before, during the whole past history of Imperial Russia or the Soviet Union !!!! Comrade PUTIN just made it up for political reason, and made it fast !!!!

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