History of Internet in Indonesia | Habibie’s IPTEKNet | 80s – 90s Indonesia

the development of the Internet is a very democratic grassroot development process said Onno W. Purbo, a computer
specialist in one of his seminars at the University in Yogyakarta, October 31st 1996 In the 90s, the world witness the transformation of the internet An originally military invention public service academic superhighway into a full-blown commercialized machine In Indonesia, a lot of the groundwork of
building this superhighway was pioneered by A generation of the foreign and locally trained technologists who benefited from the policies championed by the influential Habibi was a man who enjoyed president Soeharto’s patronage for more than 20 years in the field of technology and research He was also the first Indonesian minister to have an internet homepage Many of the nation’s first
computer engineers were benefited from Habibie’s grand vision During the 80s the internet was a highly
expensive technology that was used in universities and internally within
the national postal company Accessing the internet required
international telephone line in order to use service providers such as According to sources such as the first Internet Protocol was registered by the University of
Indonesia’s Universities have been involved in experiments on internet links since the mid-1980s Prestigious universities like had collaborated from 1986 in the
establishment of an inter-university network In the same year the
National Research Council under Habibi recommended the development of Science
and Technology information services into the design of the information network known as As the 80s came to a close mass publications such as Kompas have
started publishing articles about the technology of the worldwide web and more Indonesians were introduced to the Internet During this time the internet was seen and championed as an educational tool far from the commercialized form that we know of today began offering global internet access and became the major
non-commercial internet provider for research and academic work at the same year, negotiated with the government-owned satellite company
to establish an internet service became the first commercial ISP in
Indonesia with IPTEK.net increasingly accessible to academic staff in the major universities and with the arrival of private commercial ISPs in the Metropoles of Java, the internet began developing a public profile in Indonesia At the same time, the speed and efficiency of the technology was rapidly improving and spreading throughout the country However, there was a widespread belief that the
the government made a policy decision to issue only a limited number of ISP
licenses during this time the licenses were only available to companies run by
high tech young professionals who were outside of the politically
well-connected conglomerates which dominated the domestic economy No official statement was made about the rumour and over the first year some of
these young companies were slowly taken over by major conglomerates or even the
government was rumoured to
have been absorbed into headed by a very young and highly qualified leadership also
developed political connections rumored include former minister and to a lesser extent and President Suharto
son-in-law increasingly this practice was opening the industry to being taken over by incorporations and conglomerates with prior investments in the satellite and telecommunication industries posted the first ever online image of an Indonesian swimmer Before this reporters always
had to stand by international airports just in case of a breaking news was
gonna happen Other publications were stunned about how fast Kompas delivered the news along with the captured image since they were the first publication to work online Throughout the 90s internet in Indonesia
is known more as a community where there was a spirit of teamwork
and kinship among its users it was a it was a common practice to share passwords and accounts and also to print out newsletter bulletins and to distribute them on paper According to Onno W. Purbo in his research, most of the internet users during this time were By the end of 1995, there were estimated to be
15,000 Internet users in Indonesia being serviced by five commercial ISPs over the following six months the figure grew a lot by May 1996 by the late 90s internet spread throughout the country and was
accessible from various cities and provinces computers and dial-up internet
access became a must-have item for the emerging middle-class families However, by the end of the decade the Internet was not available to the large majority of Indonesians not only because of economic constraints but also because it is seen
as a tool or toy for the mostly male middle-class professionals

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