HISTORY OF IDEAS – Manners


It seems natural to most of us that we
shouldn’t burp loudly in front of strangers, touch their behinds without
permission or spit in the face of those who annoy us but history shows us a
different story. What we might take to be normal impulses
to be modest, restrained and dignified are the hard-won fruits of a long and always
unsteady civilizing process. Human beings have gradually and
painfully learned to tame the beast inside for the sake of propriety and
kindness. At a moment in time when some people question manners and the pressures they impose on us, it can be fruitful to look back in time
in order to trace key moments in the history of manners and to search their
by for the future of manners. 13,000 BC, Gough’s Cave, Somerset, England W’re in a cave in what’s known as The Magdalenian period, one of the later cultures of the Upper
Paleolithic Age in Western Europe. Our ancestors have learned to use harpoons made of bone antlers. They’ve domesticated dogs and in their
spare time have developed a taste for making remarkable images of the fiercest
wildlife around them especially hyena reindeer and mammoths. We look a little different from the way we do now: our bodies are generally heavier and
more solid with strong musculature and straight foreheads with only slight brow
ridges and prominent chins. Our manners would surprise us to: we sleep around a lot and openly. There is a lot of what we now call
rape. We do everything in front of one another in our caves and most strikingly
we have an occasional habit of eating our human enemies. Following a squabble the leader of a
group will take an enemy severed head carefully remove the brains and tissues
and prepare the skull for use as a ceremonial drinking vessel. Primitive humans don’t do manners. Circus Maximus, Rome, 20 AD We are at one of the high points
of ancient civilization in the West. In many areas of daily life we won’t have this many manners and complex etiquette for another 1400 years
at least. We’re taking fascinating care to tame nature within us. For the wealthy ones among us at least we’ve taken to having at least a bath a week, to removing nasal hair, ? tailing displays of violence, to policing the way men behave towards women, to carving chicken and fish and brushing our teeth a lot, conscious of our bad breath and its effect on the
sensitivities of others. However, with little knowledge of odontology Romans use a variety of somewhat random ingredients for toothpaste: crushed bone and oyster shell is popular, horse urine is another favorite especially from Iberian breeds. The specifics of the Roman approach to oral hygiene may be questionable but the mentality is advanced and fascinating. Good personal appearance and cleanliness are believed to be what set Romans apart in their minds from what they term the
Barbaria: the people who live north of the famous olive line, the line above which the noble olive tree will not grow, the Germanics and Celts among them. Humanity will have to wait a while until
Charlemagne is next recorded as brushing his teeth with thyme. Poitiers, France, 1152 French Queen Eleanor of Aquitaine marries Henry II of England at her court in the South of France. She employs a poet, the troubadour Bernart de Ventadorn to compose songs of love for her and her husband. This sounds merely romantic but the
songs are not simple sentimentality. They are part of Eleanor’s subtle
attempt to civilize her husband and the men around him by putting into verse how a good man should treat his lady. She and her ladies-in-waiting learn to use poetry to set expectations of how military men should act around women. Slowly thanks in part to Eleanor and
attitude known as chivalry develops in the courts of Europe: an idea that men
need to moderate their force and sexual impulses to protect what is termed the
honor and dignity of women. Eleanor of Aquitaine is making an early
highly coded call from ?? to what we would nowadays more bluntly term sexual harassment. London, England, 1209 The Book of the Civilized Man is published by Daniel of Beccles. It’s a poem written in Latin that explains how to act with courtesy
and decorum in social situations. It advises for example if you wish to
belch remember to look up to the ceiling, do not attack your enemy while he is
squatting to defecate, never pest a lady or look too closely at their dress. Don’t mount your horse in the hole and
in front of grandees do not openly excavate your nostril by twisting your
fingers. Slowly the aristocracy is becoming more self-aware about its conduct in social circumstances. In particular, men are being asked to behave with more decorum around women and as an ever-increasing sensor of picking one’s
nose in public. Murano, Venice 1450 A new kind of tableware, the Venetian glass goblet or flute takes Europe by storm, under the direction of the Venetian
master glass-maker Angelo Barovier. On the island of Murano, some 3,000 glass blowers are sating demand for a new highly delicate and ornamented kind of glass. Part of the reason for the demand is that the glasses are extremely easy to break. Any slightly rough handling of them and they shatter like a dry autumn leaf. The Venetian drinking glass is not fragile because of a deficiency or by mistake; it’s not as if its maker was trying to
make it tough and hardy and then stupidly ended up with something a child could snap. It is fragile and easily harmed as the consequence of a deliberate search for extreme delicacy. The underlying thesis is that it’s the
duty of civilization to create environments where it’s okay to be fragile. It’s obvious the glass could easily be
smashed so it forces people especially men to use their fingers very tenderly. It teaches people that moderation is
admirable and elegant not just a tedious demand. It tells us that being careful is
glamorous and exciting even fashionable. It’s a moral tale about gentleness told
by means of a drinking vessel. The Venetian glass makes a big claim: being mannered and civilized involves being aware of the effect of one’s strength on others. Marseille, France, 1533 14-year-old Catherine de’ Medici marries the future Henry II of France. Her home city of Florence is by now the epicenter of culture in the Western world. And she brings with her new culinary fashions that quickly become all the rage:
macaroons, gelato and most significantly a collection of forks. The fork adds a bizarre complication to
the rituals of eating dinner: instead of using our fingers which are ideally made for tearing meat off the bone fast, we’ll slow down on purpose and may use the strange new instrument so as to temper and guide our appetite. The fork quickly spreads around Europe, by 1600 no European court is without a large set of forks. This marks out the savages from the
civilized. Marais, Paris, 1750 A Swiss philosopher, Jean-Jacques Rousseau publishes an extraordinary essay: “A Discourse on the Arts and Sciences”. What makes it so revolutionary and such a milestone in the history of manners is that for the first time in Western
culture an author sticks up for the so called “un-mannered savage”. For the guys who would have ? not brush their teeth, never employed a fork and had a lot of nasal hair, but whom Russo now contrast favorably with modern mannered
people. Rousseau tells us that people living in
what he calls the state of nature were in his eyes far superior to educated and mannered Parisians. Their manners may have been simple but they were honest and
forthright without the sins of what he now terms the “over-civilized”. Russa retells the story of civilization as one of loss and decline, from a primordial state of fresh-faced curiosity, honesty and enthusiasm to barbarous over
politeness, fakery and deceit. He describes the elaborate French
court Versay as less civilized than an early human cave. Readers across Europe are astonished and not a little impressed by this impudence. For hundreds of years moralists have been arguing that our natural selves are wild, harmful, over-sexual and dangerous and that we must
learn to a tame them for the sake of others. Now Russo suggest the diametrical
opposite: civilization has gone too far, it’s our mannered selves that have become the problem, and the task of a properly evolved civilization is to throw off the
chains of manners, to relax us, strip off the etiquette and return to primitive
frankness. Russo’s point continues to echo down to our own times. It is his voice we
can here whenever someone sticks up for the simpler life and suggest we dress
less formally, eat dinner more casually and more readily say whatever is passing through our minds. New York, United States, 1827 A French aristocrat Alexis de Tocqueville is on a tour of the young United States, in an effort to understand the spirit of a new kind of society: A democracy. He is immediately struck by American
manners or lack thereof. In Europe, reflects de Tocqueville manners have been codified to emphasize hierarchical differences between people. Ordinary people defer to aristocrats, aristocrats to royalty and so on but in
the United States everything is done so as to suggest that there are no differences between people. No one takes off their hat to anyone, a
postman can casually greet a judge, a mule driver can strike up cheerful banter
with a wealthy merchant, and one can not tell by someone’s clothes whether they
might be living in a mansion or a hut. Expressions like “how you doing” and “hi” are heard everywhere across the new republic. It could be charming but the
aristocratic de Tocqueville wryly notes a problem: these casual
manners do not do away with class and wealth
differences, they merely sentimentally disguise them. The manners of old Europe
have been accused of being cruel in their stress on hierarchy but now
de Tocqueville accuses American casual democratic manners of their own kind of cruelty: because they pretend that everyone is in the same boat when clearly they’re not really. At least in old Europe everyone knew who the king and the aristocrats were, adds de Tocqueville. Now the casual manners teach everyone to think of themselves as alike and encourage them to dream of making it to the top of the pile. But when society remains very unequal
and opportunities for genuine advancement and not as widespread as is
thought then bitterness and a sense of failure are likely to be the result to
de Tocqueville ? notes. Casual manners can be their own form of
fakery. Northern Ireland, June 2013 At a meeting of the G8
developed countries a few eyebrows are raised when some of the most powerful
men in the world including Barrack Obama of the United States David Cameron of the United Kingdom and François Hollande of France all appear at a press conference without ties. The men also hug and in some cases high-five each other during the course
of the summit. The absence of ties is an inadvertent and continuing tribute to Jean-Jacques Rousseau. Ties have been deemed a symbol of oppression and hierarchy by the people who control the nuclear codes and direct the world economy. Between 1996 and 2008 sales of ties in the U.S halved. In the UK, the Tirerack company, for 20 years the country’s biggest seller of ties goes into administration in late 2014. By early 2015 in The United States only 18 percent of male employees regularly wear a tie to work. One-third show up in jeans at least once a week. Southwark Crown Court, London, September 2014 Eleanor of Aquitaine’s long campaign to civilized men reaches a new milestone: A minor British DJ Dave Lee Travis is
found guilty of indecently assaulting a woman two decades earlier. He is accused by a judge of having
displayed primitive behavior when he groped a young female employees breasts at his radio offices. Patting bottoms, eyeing breasts and throwing out leary comments is now deemed deeply anachronistic and vile manners. Dave Lee Travis, a 69 year old father of two is roundly punished and humiliated for his actions. Travis is in a long line of men who in
the early 21st century are called to account for their behavior towards women. They are puzzled and at a certain level
incensed by this. They had come of age in a period when Victorian manners towards women were on the retreat seen as outdated and
hypocritical. These men had believed in messages about casualness and sexual
liberation but it seems they had fatally misinterpreted what a world with a few
less sexual manners would actually be like. Slowly society is learning to re-heed some of the basic lessons of Victorian etiquette books always stressed: That men must be
careful around women, that they must never touch or look at them
inappropriately and that the overwhelming priority is never to cause
anyone else discomfort through one’s advances. Men like Dave Lee Travis are
judged to be pathological and sexual predators. Looked at through a longer lens
they could also simply be accused of having forgotten their manners. The history of manners shows an ongoing
search for the best way to be kind. For long periods, it seemed that being mannered had to be about hiding and moderating the inner self which was associated with something beastly and cruel. Then under the
influence of Rousseau and the Romantic philosophy to which he gave birth good manners were associated with being
natural and free, letting out the inner self which was deemed to be good and
spontaneously kind. But we have come to learn that there are in fact limitations
to the natural approach. There is unwitting cruelty and political
subterfuge in the defense of natural manners which suggests we’re all equal
when we’re not which allow one gender to pester another. there’s a fine line between being natural about things and being bothersome to others. Aline we are continuing to explore often at great cost to all concerned. There are no doubt many behaviors which many of us
subscribe to now which a later age may come to see is no less vulgar than
Catherine de Medici found a meal without a fork. The aspiration to be well-mannered
shouldn’t be seen as pretentious or fake. It should be generously
interpreted as always belonging to a highly important wish not to cause other
people distress through one’s impulses and needs. The history of manners goes on.

Comments 100

  • Before it started i thought reson number 1 "treat others how you want to be treated" and even though this was great video, at the end he said not to cause others distress is main use of manners. If im a human animal! Then why 'should' we care if it causes distress? No matter the effect range, if we hurt others enough eventually they will hurt you, best way to say without going into spiritual talk and fancy proverbs lol

  • This is just the history of manners of Europe only. This cannot be generalised for the entire globe.

  • Why the subliminal frame at 4:46? I get all into your videos, then this throws me to just have them playing in the background. You still get the view of course, but I'd like to be able to watch your stuff without worry of what images slip past me

  • Humanism is well endowed in human nature since inception. Please do not make assessment of our ancient past from pornographic drawings made on cave walls by the village idiot with a lot of time on his/ her hands.

  • Chivalry was not being taught by court houses. The true of source of kind behaviour towards women was the care provided by an educated and cultures mothers.

  • You have conflated humane behaviour with snobbery of upper classes. Manners always make social life easier.

  • Suppression of instincs

  • Loved this one! 🙌

  • I like Rousseau's idea about mannerisms in a society means -hypocracy against honesty

  • Don't know if I truly believe all of these articulate particular details… Seems there are many scientists and historians who can't agree on things 5 hundred years ago… But you guys are so sure about something that happened 13000 years ago…

  • so… as long as i look good smell good and present myself good to others they will think i have good manners according to romans? o.0
    chivalry should not just be limited to men.. women can have chivalrous just as well.
    manners have really lost their effect in modern society. we live in a world now where people see kindness and respectfulness as weakness. good manners are simple dont be rude offer a helping hand dont take with out giving be kind compassionate and respect yourself and others.
    manners have nothing to do with which fork you use or what color your outfit is. =x

  • Wow, this is very rich and very informative!

  • #wtf is up with @4:45–4:46 the subliminal message???

  • I wish I could tag Jeremy Clarkson on this

  • Today's manners are often like this excellent quote from 'God Bless America': "why have a civilization anymore if we no longer are interested in being civilized?"

  • 3:02 it is recorded that Islamic prophet Muhammad cleaned teeth with twig made from the Salvadora persica tree (miswak) in 7. century and ordered followers the same at time of every Prayer.

  • I really like this channel, but always cringe at it's reverence for JJ Rousseau, championing him as progressive, sensible and a standard of enlightened thinking while ignoring the fact that he also wrote that he like to flash young women in the street and thought the role of a woman was to serve a man and she should not be allowed an education that might make her attempt more in life.
    This video was peak Rousseau worshipping but also explains why his misogyny never came up: apparently it's just some bad manners at worst and man in his natural state at best!
    What disappointing horseshit.

  • I feel as though we could have visited a few more high points in human civilization from from the ancient world. What were they doing in Sumer, Egypt or Greece? Did nobody on earth have manners until 20 A.D Rome?

  • Good show! 🍷

  • Fork was invented at Serbian Court

  • It is fine to follow your natural self as long you are around other consenting adults. It is like a silent agreement to treat others with kindness and not impose your will on them. Your vids are great, keep up the nice work.

  • These two king and queen of England have a son and he's Crusader hero: Richard the Lion Heart

  • I love this video and this channel, but this is an exceptionally british video

  • The use of the word “please”, as to beg something of someone, is the most ridiculous thing in the world. The only reason it’s a word that’s valued so highly today is because nobody stopped to think why it and how it was possibly created. Without the word please, the person being asked the request would not be upset with the fact that the person did not say please, because it did not exist as a word meant in that way. Why would somebody create a word with no meaning and just ask people to start using it? To make themselves feel above everybody else. And guess what, we all still use it. Just shows how fucking screwed this planet is.

  • Manners cost nothing

  • Chivalry-elemour of acutenne

  • I found this video quiet informative and entertaining, I was even imagining showing it to my hypothetical future children… until I realized it’s a response the the metoo movement.. I must say I’m disappointed..

  • 4:46 lol I caught it

  • Excavating my nostril right now lol

  • What a break from junk videos.

  • The 'over civilized'…To me this best describes snowflake liberals whom there is very little you can say or do around them without offending.

  • I think the devolution of this has now essentially become an international emergency.

  • Women design the build. Men build the design.

  • read "something for nothing:luck in america" by jackson lears. those two propeller heads from seattle are a example of chance. had IBM chosen a different operating system for their pc's and jobs & wolenzak (?) used darpa developed technology for their pc computer kits things might be different.

  • Who would say, chivalry was created by women, and now they try to kill it. Odd.

  • Manners. Make. The man.

  • Well, Turks are always brushing their teeht without a break till modern times. It is also recorded in "Divan-ı Lugat-ı Turk (Comply of Turkish Language)" Turks were also familiar with ironing their clothes (called "ütü" in Turkish). Hygene was one of the most sensitive subject of a Muslim life as well, but you are free to believe that "tooth fairy tale of Western Roman".

  • Where’s the rest of the world in this historical timeline? 😂

  • In an egalitarian society, no one should be treated with special care because of their gender. Everyone is equally worthy of offensive comments and behaviors.

  • What was that in 4:45 ?

  • When We are balancing our needs,then we are having good manners completely.

  • All you have to do is live longer than 10 years and the stuff you were so carefully taught about "right & wrong" will be outdated. It used to take longer for trends to come and go so that it was our grandparents that we couldn't relate to. Now it's our own selves 10 years ago. Parents used to be able to count on passing their values on to their children. Now I need kids to keep me up to date on what it's okay to do where, when and with whom because of the plurality of values.

  • You don't need a fork with McDonalds hamburgers and fries.  Forks will be only for the Elite in the future.

  • 4:23
    The guy who wrote this was like, imagine if you died while taking a crap. That'd be embarrassing.
    scribbles away

  • M u s t h a v e M a n n e r s

  • Wonderful, thank you.

  • As long as BOTH genders are bound by the same rules….

  • A lot of people are mentioning how its euro-centric and I wouldn't notice that if people didnt point that out. However, on other videos I don't see that problem so thanks school of life for considering and changing that to include other civilizations. I understand that most of school of thought are, for the most part, physically located in European countries so it makes sense that the video is influenced by European thought. There are many civilizations too. Including everyone in an accurate way is a challenge.

  • Your videos are the best. Everything from the calming aura in the voice of the narrator to the mastery of language and history is outstanding. You wish he goes on and on.

  • Lmao why was 4:46 a thing?

  • Do a video on the manners 3rd worlders bring to the west…

  • I think this video is trying to explain manners in the US, thats why asian manners aren't included. That would be a whole other video.

  • Bill Cosby wasn't ill-mannered in any era. He drugged women so they couldn't move, and then raped them. Just thought I'd put that out there.

  • Yeah am with the Russo guy

  • What about Arab and Asian cultures? They had very detailed codes for “manners” that shouldn’t be overlooked in such a presentation

  • More like, History of Western Manners

  • Manners and etiquette are subject to mass scrutiny, and constant change… What is acceptable? What is considered uncultured… A return to the primitive I feel is a dismissal of the collective view… "It's just not proper!" Who says? "Well THEY do.." 🤣🤣🤣

  • Umm ok

  • Ill do my own video on the history of manners lol why the jump to 20AD ?

  • Why start in fake history ?

  • So Queen Eleanor of Aquitaine is basically the inventor of chivalry and she invented it by accident only trying to teach her husband and other men subtly how to treat women… that's tuff 😂😅.

    .. Women are too smart 😐

  • So Chivalry was created by a woman, which was then later detested, and now demanded again.

  • For these videos to be meaningful or useful, you ought to cite your sources for all these quotes, figures, and summarized viewpoints.

  • 4:46

    mann

  • I would like you to notice that at the end you talk about molesting people as something that falls under manners and chivalry and that the me too movement is women wanting to be treated as they were when chivalry was the norm. No. What women of today want is to be treated as an equal without fear of molestation by co workers or randos on the street. Chivalry takes women and puts them on an impossible pedestal.
    The me too movement and women stepping forward to say that these men in power inappropriately touched them and made inappropriate sexual advances is saying that chivalry never allowed women to hold equal autonomy, instead it created power structures where women are seen as weaker and in need of being taken care of, which gives men in power the opportunity to take advantage of their positions. Those power structures are and should be torn down. There should be no impossible feminine pedestal, we should be on equal footing and equal respect should be given to the right for women to not be molested.
    Please consider editing the end of your video.

  • Jean Jacques Rousseau is my new hero

  • All the years and years of put into common decency for people these days to give the old "Who cares line". I personally DO care, when somebody in public, shoved their fingers down the back of their pants, scratches around, then pulls their fingers out to sniff them!

  • I can’t tell whether this man is American and trying to sound English, or if he’s English but has picked up many americanisms in terms of pronunciation

  • " I wanna fok on na table"

  • Hmmmm not sure the cave paintings say all that. You see a painting of two people having sex and assume it's rape? Why?

  • Great, inspiring video in general; but I believe it is dangerous and wrong to classify sexual harassment and violence against women as "forgetting one´s manners", and, in the context of the video, as something natural and thus good. Especially as this channel claims to be wise and instructive, there should have been a clear distinction between etiquette like not burping in front of others, and "manners" that secure a woman's safety in the society.

  • It should be pointed out, in the official code of Chivalry, there are only two written rules that effect women.
    1. A husband should not commit adulatory against his wife, and a wife should not commit adulatory against her husband.
    2. Anyone, no matter whom they are, should they dishonor in a sufficient manner, then they should be beheaded so as to regain your honor.

  • very interesting, thank you!

  • Interesting content. I think the history of Manners should start from Egyptian, Babylonian and Persian era, as it has a history older than hundreds of years BC unlike the European history when it was in its dark ages.

  • This describes Neanderthal behavior. Human beings have been around much longer than the “cave men” and human beings are not evil barbarians. We have had civilizations for tens of thousands of years.

  • THEY DIDNT MISS INTERPRET ANYTHING they fucking sexually assaulted those women stop justifying it

  • Manners:

    Don’t burp loudly, touch behinds, or spit in safe.

    History shows us a different story?

    CiviliIng process. Tame the beast inside. Can be fruitful to look back in time in the history of manners.

    13,000 BC ENGLAND: Harpoons made of bow antlers, domesticated dogs, strong muscular, prominent chins, sleep around a lot and openly. Rape? Eating our human enemies. Take an enemy severed head and prepare skull for drinking vessel.

    ROME 20 AD: manners and complex etiquette, tame nature within us, 1 bath a week to remove nasal hair, police men and women behavior, brush teeth a lot. Odontology? Crushed bone and oyster shell for oral hygiene. Mentality is advanced and fascinating. Good cleanliness set them apart from Barb-aria.

    France, 1152: Henry II: songs are part of her attempt to civilize her husband. Poetry to set expectations of how military men should act around women. Chivalry, protect honor and dignity of women. End to sexual harassment.

    London, England, 1209: belch? Look up to ceiling. Never pester ladies. Do not openly excavate your nostrils. Conduct in social circumstances. Censure.

    Venice, 1450: Flute takes Europe by storm. Ornamented kind of glass. Glasses are extremely easy to break. Not fragile by mistake or deficiency. Fragile and easily harm for search for extreme delicacy. It’s okay to be fragile. Forces people to use fingers tenderly. Moderation is admirable and elegant. Careful is glamorous and exciting. Gentleness, mannered, civilized.

    France, 1533: Henry II: new culinary fashions, macaroons, gelato, forks.

    Instead of fingers…forks? Temper and guide appetite. 1600.

    Paris, 1750: discourse on the arts and sciences. Author sticks up for unmannered savage. Rousseau tells us the “state of nature” is honest and forthright. Retells story of civilization of loss and decline. Elaborate French court as less civilized than an early cave. Roseau suggest opposite. Throw off change of manners, return to primitive frankness. Simpler life? Casual.

    New York, 1827: French Aristocrat: spirit of new kind of society, democracy. Lack of manners? No one can tell who is who. “Hi” “How’re you doing” De Toqueville: merely disguise hierarchy. Causal democratic manners: pretend everyone is in same boat. Now, the casual manners make everyone feel alike. De Toqueville.

    Northern Ireland, 2013:

    Jean Jacque Roseau.

    1996 to 2008 sales 1/2

    2015: 18% of male employees where ties to work.

    Barack Obama: press conference without ties hugging and high diving.

    Civilization of men.

    Dave Lee Travis: roundly punished and humiliated. Behavior towards women?

    Victorian men. Men must be careful around women. Never cause anyone else discomfort through ones advances. “Forgot his manners”

    Ongoing search for best way to be kind.

    “Hide and moderate” for a long time.

    Jean Jacque Rousseau: natural and free, inner self is good and kind.

    Natural manners.

    Natural | Bothersome

    Behaviors.

    Belonging to wish to not cause other people distress.

  • Manners are history only .

  • "and do not openly excavate your nostrils by twisting your fingers"
    tfw I'm picking my nose … 0_0
    oops!

  • I love School of Life, but this video seems especially lacking.
    Besides the problem white-centric history of civilization, “not raping” has a bit more significance than manners. Besides the very real psychological trauma, the social and fiscal impact of sexually transmitted disease and the the very real life threatening risks that pregnancy posed were reasons for frowning on raping women. To reduce “not raping” to the need for “politeness” is egregiously misleading and history-rewriting.

  • no one wants to risk his channel caught in a flame war of cultural clash, it is better this way that this channel stick to his origin before someone accuses him of ignorance of other culture for even one minor mistake, let other cultures explain their own manners they have more experience at it. I dare assume these commentators who's screaming white/europe centrist were not here to learn or encourage discussion, they were just here to demand representation.

  • @ 7:07 would someone please provide a reference to this person? thank you.

  • But what do you do now that women are equal and have no inherent right to protection or modification of behaviour by men

  • Should call it History of Manners in Europe, but honestly, this is the best and most informative video so far on this channel.

  • There is a lot of historical inaccuracy in this video.

  • 12:25 Kobe LMAO

  • You forgot Monsignor Della Casa' s Galateo book that is still the most important reference when speaking of good manners

  • Thank you for a different perspective on how society consistently puts women safety, comfort and happiness at the center. Time and again, we see efforts to control men, while there are few controls on women's behavior and misbehavior. Obviously, people of both genders can be malicious, and inadvertently harmful to others, but time and again, we turn a blind eye to the harms caused by women and focus on holding men responsible and to a higher standard.

    Whereas feminism would have us believe that there has been some sort of conspiracy against women throughout all time.

  • I'm a bit sceptical about the presentation of the "primative state of nature" given at the beginning. It seems more in line with early modern asumptions about the pre-historic world than a sound extrapolation from the limited evidence left us, more interested in neat narrative than historical accuracy. It wouldn't matter so much, if this "state of nature" wasn't the foundation of the whole argument.

  • So you presume there were no manners outside Europe? Unlike your other videos, one sided and narrow minded.

  • You have never been laid in you LIFE!

  • so… when was scratching my itchy balls a rude thing to do?

  • A beautiful narration.

    Signed, a Russian American (*berp*)

  • Wow I learned something

  • The Venetian glass would last two minutes in my household. Just saying

  • No asian manners? Boo

  • sooo mannerism is only relevant in the west? no history on manners in the islam world or the far east? everyone who is not white is barbarian? interesting. bullshit video

  • The fork came from the Byzantine Empire, and spread through the Balkans. So much for the ‘Balkan savages’ that the Western Europeans like to call us, while they ate with their hands.

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