History of Athens – Part 1

with the spreading of civilization from
the faraway lands of Mesopotamia the idea of the city slowly crept its way
into mainland Greece with several cities such as Mycenae and Sparta being founded
one of these new urban settlements occupied a small but fair secure region
in mainland Greece this growing city drew the attention of the Greek gods and
goddesses specifically Poseidon master of the sea and horses and the warrior
goddess Athena both gods wanted the city to be named in their honor and so a
fierce competition erupted between the two Olympians Poseidon wielding his
mighty Trident struck the ground cracking the earth and creating a
natural port giving the city the ability to become a naval power
Athena also being a goddess of wisdom created the olive tree not just as a
symbol for peace and prosperity but also giving the people of the city the
ability to trade allowing the city to fully grow and prosper the city decided on Athena to be the
patron God marched to the fury of Poseidon with these two Olympians
becoming arch rivals the city which two gods fought over
would soon become one of the most important cities in Greece if not in
history welcome to the history of Athens the region around Athens commonly called
Attica has been inhabited since Neolithic times most likely from the end
of the 4th millennium BC the city of Athens was founded on top of the
soon-to-be iconic acropolis of athens around 12 miles inland from the ceramic
gulf the acropolis provided a good defensible position as well as giving
the inhabitants of the new settlement access to a small but fertile strip of
land surrounded by rivers however by 1412 bc the settlement had become an
important center of the Mycenaean civilization which was at the time the
dominant civilization in mainland Greece so Mycenae in Athens would be the site
of some major architectural developments the soon-to-be famous acropolis of
athens were at the time the location of a major Mycenae n’ fortress a dominant
structure in Mycenae in greece just below the Acropolis of Mycenae in
Palace was present as the settlement grew between 1250 to 1200 BC feeding the
growing populace proved to be a challenge as a result a staircase was
built down the rocks to reach a safe water supply this was fairly common
practice in Mycenae in greece with another noticeable example being at
Mycenae these water supplies were usually located in a secure place which
was easily defendable from enemy warriors despite these fortifications
Mycenae in settlements such as Mycenae and pilos was soon wiped off the face of
greece this was part of the recurring theme of invasions from outside peoples
against the established civilizations and empires at the time such as the
empires of Mesopotamia the rich a mysterious land of Egypt and the warlike
people of Mycenae in Greece who these invaders were is something of a mystery
the Greeks would claim that they were a combined force of Dorian’s and the Heric
lead a descendants of the legendary figure of Heracles who had been exiled
from their native homelands however no one knows exactly where the Dorian’s
came from with some saying the invasion was not an invasion but simply a mass
migration however there is no evidence of the Dorian’s before this leaving the
mystery of the Bronze Age collapsed in Greece open though unlike their fellow
Mycenaean cities it is unclear if Athens suffered the same mass destruction as
the rest of Mycenae in Greece with their language remaining primarily Ionian
whilst the areas of Greece affected by the invasion began to use the dorian
dialect however much like many other Bronze Age
settlements increase Athens began to experience a serious economic decline
entering the period known as the Greek Dark Ages pottery became less decorative
and writing almost completely disappeared from the Greek world but
this would not be the end of the Greek civilization or Athens having survived
the worst collapse in civilization to date would soon be catapulted into
superpower status thank you for watching and listening if you like the channel
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enjoyed I’ve been the ancient history guy and as always I’ll be seeing you

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