the average age begins with the disappearance of the western empire and ends with the conquest of Constantinople by the Turks during that millennium the Mediterranean basin was shared by three civilizations the Christian western the Muslim and the Byzantine the strengthening of monarchies the Turkish dominion over the Mediterranean and the discovery of america would lay the foundations of the world do not give it both first medieval centuries contemplated the ruin of the Western Roman Empire and the installation in its territory of the Germanic kingdoms meanwhile Justinian would be able to rebuild little time the old mediterrània romanity I know. while on the threshold of the century fifth the Roman Empire went through serious economic difficulties and socia across the border from the ring and of the danube the people lived Germanic these organized into clans and tribes dedicated to agriculture and the grazing was very well prepared for the fight the Germanic leaders were surrounded by a entourage of warriors with whom distributed the loot obtained in their incursions some of those barbarian peoples like the Goths already professed Christianity Arian and for a long time they had established contacts with roma to root of the large migrations they had place in this century the peoples Germanic people penetrated the empire arriving several of them to become in federated of the same such was the case of the Visigoths who they ended up settling in the southwest of france and the vandals games and bourg a 2 the latter located in the southeast from france on the other hand Anglo-Saxons were installed in england from south of Scandinavia after the deposition of the last emperor of the west the ostrogoths they formed in Italy the fourth and last unfederated king well at the end of the century together the gone western empire was governed by four Germanic peoples Federated States of Rome Music from the late sixth century until the eighth century four great kingdoms Germanic set the map Western politician the aect arquía anglosajona the kingdom Lombard of Italy the Frankish kingdom and the visigothic kingdom of spain although with certain nuances differentials the four kingdoms had some characteristics common in the social economic aspect and politician the weight of agricultural activity and pastoral relegated to the background the role of commerce and urban life while the military headquarters and their warriors acquired great importance in the political plane the conception patrimonial of power and deals successions made the stability of monarchies after the conversion of the four kingdoms to Catholicism bishops and ecclesiastics are they became collaborators of the kings and in stimulators of life cultural and artistic the weakness of these constructions policies caused its ruin throughout of the eighth century in the case of the kingdom Visigoth a deep internal crisis it made the resistance impossible the Arabs the Anglo-Saxon eparchy although he managed to survive until mid-11th century was very soon conditioned by the Viking invasions only the francs revitalized by the Carolingian dynasty would achieve hegemony over much of the West ending the Lombard domain in Italy the struggles the roman empire of the east sancio that unlike the west he survived the barbarian migrations undertook in the time of his emperor justinian the project to rebuild the unity of the old Roman Empire however although the generals Byzantines managed to conquer the band territories the ostrogoths and Visigoths the results of the project of the emperor were partial and ephemeral if the name of Justinian we find today family is for the legislative work who directed a compilation of Roman law that would constitute one of the most important legacies of Byzantium to the medieval europe later in the emperor’s years Heraklion Byzantium had to face to new dangers from the world Balkan and especially Islam although the Muslim expansion snatched the territories of persia Egypt and Syria Byzantium knew reorganize militarily defending constantinople while emphasizing the Hellenic traits in its cultural manifestations and · ARTISTIC SKILLS Music while in the west the empire Carolingian was shot down by both internal revolts as per the assaults of Normans and Muslims the Byzantine Empire would know in the 10th century a new stage of splendor political and cultural Music mid-eighth century the butler of the Pepin Palace the short one deposed the last monarch merovingios and with the support of the pope proclaimed himself king of the francs Thus the dynasty of the Carolingian instaurators of a new empire in the west Carlomagno was crowned after his figurative victory over lombard Saxon and Bavarian emperor of the Romans for the lion lion third to despite its title the new empire little resembled the one that had disappeared the silo he painted was frank and its center was at the heart of europe far from the Mediterranean organisms central government resided in the palace of aachen while the local administration run by count dukes or marquis in Carolingian times the economy the regularization process continued started from the dawn of age half the urban life languished and the exchanges will be very modest these years in the Iberian peninsula organized the offensive against the Muslims in the year 801 the conquest of Barcelona allowed the formation of the Hispanic brand and in the middle of ninth century the kingdom of asturias that chose as capital the city ​​of oviedo Music the period between mid of the ninth century and the thresholds of the year 1000 is one of the most convulsive of the history of the medieval occident the rivalries between the sons of Louis the pious successor of carlomagno they resulted in green deliveries that divided the imperial territory into three portions France to the West east germany and in the center a strip that linked Aachen with Rome this division would lead while strengthened in the two new kingdoms of France and Germany already to the disappearance of the imperial title in the year 888 the end of the Carolingian empire coincided with the second big wave of investments on europe starred for Hungarian Arabs and especially Normans, however, the origin of the crisis was not only outside contributed to it the ruin of power public and the rivalries of powerful to benefit from a incipient economic growth It was the beginning of feudal society early 10th century there was the second and definitive restoration of Western empire in the person of first oton of saxony that after winning Slavs and Hungarians was crowned Emperor in Rome for being focused on germany italy the new empire receives the name of Romanic Germanic Music since the middle of the eighth century and for almost a century the empire Byzantine was the scene of violent civil strife between supporters of the cult to the icons and the calls iconoclasts that advocated destruction of images and They wanted to reduce the influence of monks the conflict ended with the restoration of the cult to images and its resolution gave way to second golden age of Byzantium at long 10th century emperors like Nicerforo seals and Juan without cesc recovered Syrian and Armenian chalk while basilio second defeated the Bulgarians and brought back the border from the empire to the danube on the other hand the mutual excommunication of Pope and the Patriarch of Constantinople it was the origin of the eastern schism thus ended the Roman obedience of Byzantine territory and the Slavs evangelized by Cyril and method in those dates the Russians seized Kiev that would eventually enter the orbit of Byzantium with the baptism of vladimir of kiev once the growth demographic and economic dynamism of western society as well as the development of an aggressive central class they would end up investing the relationship of forces throughout the Mediterranean up then favorable to Islam and to Byzantium Music the struggles Music after the year one thousand 22 riots that accompanied the birth of the feudal society began to get of manifest the demographic symptoms economic and political medieval western expansion like this in northern europe the Duke of Normandy william the conquistador defeated the Anglo-Saxons opening a new page in the history of england in the east of europe the Christianization advanced in hungary bohemian and colony subjected to a intense Germanic influence however it was in the Mediterranean where it was observed with more clarity military predominance of feudalism over the Islamic societies investing throughout the 11th century the relationship of forces until then favorable to Islam in the peninsula Iberian the fragility of the Taifa kingdoms allowed the occupation of Toledo and more late the conquests of zaragoza lisbon and tortosa Music meanwhile the eastern Mediterranean it was the scene of the first crusade preached by the urban pope second in the council of clermont after the conquest of jerusalem and other Palestinian cities and ports of Syria the crusaders transplanted to the heart Eastern Islamic structures social and political aspects of feudalism and of Western Latinity Music the most characteristic feature of life western europe policy in the centuries 12 and 13 was the growing strengthening of monarchical power without destroy the basic structure of the feudal society the kings fought for be at the top of the rest of the powers like this happened in the empire Romanic Germanic with federico first barbarroja and federico second that decisively intervened in Italy and with the monarchs capetos in france where especially in the time of felipe august and de luis ninth the domains of the crown increased at the expense of feudal principalities in england second enrique ruled the island and the part of France that he had inherited and his successors had to face with unequal fortune to the power of the males the monarchical consolidation in the Iberian peninsula was parallel to the territorial expansion at the expense of Islam while jaime first of cataluña and Aragón conquered Majorca and Valencia Fernando third of Castile occupied Cordoba and Seville in the second and second roger years second defederico reached its splendor the Norman kingdom of the two Sicilies where the traditions melted Greek and Arab Latinas on the other hand and despite the new crossed the fall of san juan de acre to late 13th century sealed failure of the armed pilgrimages to the east title since the mid-11th century and after the period of apogee under the Byzantine Macedonian dynasty began to show signs of crisis On the one hand, the consolidation of landed aristocracy led him on the path of feudalism on the other hand Turks the Tupi is snatched from Empire part of Asia Minor finally step zio ended up losing his commercial independence when he walked away first conferred important privileges to the Venetians the interests of venice determined also the detour of the fourth crusade that ended with the brutal sacking of constantinople and the dismemberment of Byzantine territory in two empires Latin and Greek whose later reunification was possible thanks to the help of the Genoese moreover in the middle of the 13th century the Mongolian tribes previously unified by gengis khan destroyed the principality of kiev and they made violent incursions into poland hungary and serbia from this moment the principalities Russians came under the dominion of the horde of gold the fields and cities of the west experienced serious difficulties in the 14th century once overcome Europe he met a new stage of economic growth and political strengthening while distance and a large part of the countries Balkans fell under the power of the turks Music the famine the plague and the war were regular companions of men and women of the 14th century one of the most dramatic of the history of europe a series of years of bad harvests they caused terrible famines later on a population biologically weakened the black plague that in its continuous recurrences ended up with almost the third of the population to all this, the effects of the war practically endemic in all the states the war of 100 years between france and england it turned out especially deadly for French lands the conflicts between princes noble electors and urban leagues they affected the empire the peninsula Iberian suffered wars between crowns of Aragon and Castile and the civil struggles in the latter over the divided italy burst the rivalries between the different cities state the fact that military campaigns had as their preferred objective the destruction of wealth sources of the adversary severely deconstructed agrarian life artisanal production and urban commerce the omnipresence of death throughout century was reflected in themes iconographic as the dances of the death or the placement of terrifying skeletons in funeral monuments Music during the 15th century the victory of the royalty in front of the stately powers allowed the formation of solid monarchical constructions that prefigure would do the states of the modern era in France after dying Carlos the reckless grand duke of burgundy luis 11 strengthened his power supported by the great merchants bankers in england the long war of the two roses produced a weakening of the nobility that allowed the accession to the throne of enrique seventh tudor driver of livestock and maritime trade on the other hand access to the empire of Maximilian of Hapsburg with his fabulous inheritance would allow the fortune of the house of austria in later time in the case of italy the conflicts interns between cities state and lord as the médicis and forza favored the intervention of the powers foreign in this way the rivalry between crown of Aragon and the Anjou by the Kingdom of Naples prelude the Franco-Spanish confrontation of the Modern era in the Iberian Peninsula the marriage of Isabel de Castilla and fernando de aragón supposed the union dynastic of the two crowns allowing the conquest of the kingdom of Granada while the Portuguese monarch enrique the navigator stimulated expeditions to africa after the trip of colon castilla and portugal shared the new world in tordesillas the reunification of Byzantium under the dynasty of paleólogo did not manage to improve the intensely empire situation Feudalized and threatened by Bulgarians Serbs and Ottomans although Ottoman pressure was stopped fleetingly by the irruption of the Mongolians of Tamerlane the siege close on constantinopla after a siege of two months the city fell in power of the Turks that transformed it in the capital of the Ottoman Empire identical luck ran shortly after Greece and the Peloponnese meanwhile in central europe more national dynasties emerged worried about ending the Germanic influences that by forming a solid resistance against the tours so after the battle of Kosovo it initiated Ottoman penetration in the Balkans that would continue late 15th century a society eminently rural and shaped by debt bonds Dependence here are two of the most remarkable features of the medieval world however from the 12th century onwards development of cities and trade gave way to a society more diversified that allowed the reconstruction of monarchical power in this social and political building decisively influenced the church already in the beginning of middle age the survival of urban life in the Commerce in the Byzantine East symbolized by constantinopla contrasts with the process of reorganizing the Western world accompanied by the development of general links around the earth Music (Laughter) Music founded in the year 330 by constantino Constantinople symbolizes the history of Byzantine empire practically impregnable by its configuration urban and its wall belt It was also a shopping center for first order thanks to your situation geographical and one of the most populous of the Mediterranean basin their workshops and stores located throughout of a large central artery they constituted the economic lung of Constantinople’s childhood was the center empire politician in it stood great palaces and also the racecourse where the teams participants expressed to the emperor his I support your discrepancies the city was also the center religious intellectual fulfilling these functions from buildings like the Church of Santa Sofia or the University state irradiation focus of the brilliant culture alicantina to the world medieval was a society predominantly aggravated from 11th century the demographic growth and the advance in agricultural techniques they led to an increase in production that affected the relative improvement of the peasant condition since the gentlemen had to reduce their demands to attract repopulators and colonizers however in the 14th century the pressure of the population on some resources socially limited would cause worsening of rural life and the increase of the manorial charges this situation added to the hunger pests and wars caused major revolts peasants throughout Europe and back the peace began in the 15th century a new agrarian expansion stimulated in large part by the demand of the large cities Music the social system of feudalism was born in the West in the 10th and 11th centuries when the ruin of power public and its appropriation by noblemen and gentlemen the lordship constitutes the essential cell of the feudal society in which the lords owners of the land seized of a part of the production obtained for the peasants this surplus is redistributed between the aristocracy through a complicated network of links feudo vasalla ticos so a man became a vassal of another and swear allegiance in exchange for a fief that used to be a land with his peasants the social framework of noble life it was the castle that evolve from the wooden towers of the 10th century to the powerful fortresses of the 15th century u Music the awakening of the West since mid of the 11th century can symbolize it in the boom of cities in development of commerce and in the birth of a new urban and commercial society on those bases they could be built some solid political constructions Music the development of trade from 11th century revitalized the old cities Romans and caused the birth of new enclaves called burgos whether peacefully or through revolts its mercantile and artisanal population bourgeoisie came to obtain from the gentlemen the right to self-govern regulate the life of the city the artisans were grouped incorporations of trades that they defended the interests of the group and they watched over the quality and price of {0}2{/0} {1}         {/1} {2}Products.{/2} {3} {/3} the government of the city in the beginning exercised by the assembly of neighbors to out with time in the hands of great merchants what would cause frequent revolts of the artisanal world the great metropolises of the middle ages they were florence venice paris and witches Music from the 11th century merchants of genoa pisa or venice began to to sail a Mediterranean until then controlled by the guarantees little by little the commercial activity to out to reach the cities of interior and the fairs became the great dates of commerce international are coined valuable coins the bank was developed and various forms of business associations the apogee of the commercial revolution produced in the 13th century while in the Mediterranean flourished trade of the spices in the Nordic area are they exchanged food and materials PREMIUM the improvement of the methods trade with the progress of the auspicious navigation in the 15th century the great discoveries of Castile and Portuguese Music confronted with feudal powers the new western monarchies they managed to take hold throughout the 12th and 13th centuries thanks to the support of the church and the bourgeoisie coming to be placed in the cusp of the pyramid fief gasalla ethics however from the 14th century the costs of the growth of the state and of the wars forced the kings to ask for new taxes that should be authorized by the representatives oligarchic of the country Music thus the assemblies were developed representative polite parliaments states that in exchange for granting authorization limited the power of monarch to a greater or lesser extent while in England and the crown of Aragon the king should have them to legislate in Castile and France not they managed to undermine the royal power from the conversion to Catholicism of the Germanic monarchies the church did not stop influencing growing in all orders of the life both in the sphere of political relations as in the much deeper levels of the society and collective mentalities Music from the 10th century relations fealty vasalla ticas finished by pollute the church’s reform this one and the attempt to subtract the secular power caused in the 11th century a confrontation between the Gregorian pope seventh and the fourth emperor about the primacy of temporal power or the spiritual conflict continued in the 12th century both in the empire as in england in the people of enrique second and tomás becket and culminated in the 13th century when innocency third he formulated the theory of theocracy pontifical in front of the emperor federico second in the next two centuries the papacy would know a deep crisis when moving to the papal headquarters to Avignon and then the schism from the west Music the enrichment of the church mediation elicited criticism from who dreamed of the return to poverty of the early church is they developed well in movements that they were considered heretical as the of the Waldensians or the Cathars to fight us the church exercised by one side a harsh repression creating the special tribunal of the inquisition and pretended by another to respond to the ideal of poverty in their own land prompting creation at the beginning of 13th century of mendicant orders the hunger pests and wars of the centuries 1415 also impacted on life spiritual while flagellants and penitential sermons pretended appease divine anger new electric movements like Juan’s Bush in bohemia presaged the future Protestant reform around the year 1000 humanity medieval lived deeply disturbed the proliferation of armed bands the hunger diseases and phenomena were interpreted as signs of the unleashing of evil and omens of the end of the world this explains the success of comments on the apocalypse and the rise of cult to the relics that were visited and venerated in the churches where they kept the pilgrimages thus acquired great importance Jerusalem and Santiago de Compostela they became the most important but proliferated by everywhere sanctuaries where the pilgrims were traveling apart from its initial motivation the great routes of pilgrimage are would transform into trade routes and of dissemination of cultural forms and · ARTISTIC SKILLS Music until the 12th century the monasteries were the great homes of the shabelle after the Arab and Jewish legacy secondary through Spain to the culture taught at universities in literature and art the lyric trovadoresca the epic and the Romanesque they reflected a feudal west and monastic while the Gothic the humanism and art of the 15th century expressed the ideals born in the cities during the dark times of the germanic monarchies the church managed to preserve part of the knowledge of the antiquity later from the time Carolingia until the 12th century would be the great monasteries culture centers of the western world Music e at first the Germans kept his own right reflected in the uric code the salic law or the Rotarian edict and also his religion to rihanna however over time the conversion to Catholicism and the coexistence of Roman societies and their sister they favored the fusion the romanidad survived so much in the framework of the great rural domain with the merger of aristocracies and the continuity of slavery as in the field of cities the big trade the monetary system and some political institutions On the other hand, the church owes transmission to the middle age of part of the knowledge of antiquity through intellectuals like boecio today if bull of Seville? Music Music Carlomagno provided the necessary instruction to the pictures ecclesiastics and laity who should govern the empire by gathering in aachen to intellectuals of ireland England Hispania and Germán already stood out others radish mauro and the queen or york introducer of the school system based in the seven liberal arts while they formed libraries and copied works of seniority in the field artistic the influence of old models in cases like the Palatine Chapel of aachen or mosaics and paintings of sagnier mini and pre senior mendo being as’ still of special interest were also the goldsmithing that produced splendid reliquaries and miniatures among which we can highlight the psaltery of utrecht and the evangelist of bolt Music after the first experiences of the oriental monks the western monacato had two irradiation centers ireland Italy the rule written by san benito that linked manual labor with prayer was soon assumed by the Papacy spreading all over the West after the Cluniac reform return the splendor monacato lost with a brilliant liturgy and opulent constructions sabathia les certain movements especially the Cistercians sought to recover the Benedictine ideal of penance and poverty although monasticism contributed in part to the agrarian expansion its imprint was more lasting in the cultural field its schools and subscriber and where copied the manuscripts went to the 12th century the only games of Western cultural irradiation Music urban development entailed the displacement of culture homes from monasteries to schools Episcopalians of the cities and universities the Iberian Peninsula It was a first-class link in the transmission of Arab science and Jewish to the western world the culture it was the exclusive property of the monasteries until with the rise of the cities a teaching arose properly urban that initially developed in episcopal schools as the one of philosophy of paris the one of right in bologna and that of medicine in montpellier and the universities already free of the episcopal tutelage would be born later some from associations of teachers and students like those of Paris oxford colony and others created by the monarchs like those of Salamanca and 47003, Valladolid. When you know the work of Aristotle the theologians san alberto magno and santo tomás de aquino reconciled his system philosophical based on the reason with the Christian doctrine based on faith on the other hand in england roger bacon inaugurated a method of knowledge based on experimentation the coexistence in Hispania of Muslim and Jewish Christians impregnated the history of the middle ages peninsular in the artistic terrain the clearest examples are found in the originality of Mozarabic art and Mudejar art where the styles Romanesque and Gothic are very influenced by Arab elements in the field cultural and scientific already in the 10th century the monastery of ripoll was an important diffuser center of Arab science later translations of works in that language to Latin or Hebrew they transmitted to the West a large part of the know of the antiquity according to giving the intellectual life of europe toledo the city of the three religions he occupied a privileged place in this process impelled later by alfonso tenth the wise there they were translated an impressive number of philosophy works mathematics medicine and astronomy until the 13th century the literature expressed the feudal ideals just like Romanesque art translated the splendor of the great you had the awakening of the cities is would manifest in the Gothic art of cathedrals and the bourgeoisie later humanism laid the foundations of Renaissance Music next to the works written in Latin to from the 12th and 13th centuries it he developed a literature written in the different vernacular languages main transmitting genres of the values ​​of feudal society emanated from the aristocratic medium the songs of gesta narrated the feats of heroes of past times or powerful mines nobility chivalric literature exemplified in the stories about the king Arthur and the knights of the table round counted the warrior tests and loving of its protagonists on the other hand the polite love created by the troubadours of occitania and catalonia and sung by the popular ones extended to germany and included also in the galician lyric Portuguese the bourgeoisie developed a literature own comic and satirical reflected especially in the romande renal from mid-11th century was developed in All Europe the Romanesque art its most finished examples correspond to large churches abbey is with plants of Latin cross and greg those walls with hardly any openings the outside in the big churches of pilgrimage an underground crypt guarded the relics while developed in the apse wide ambulatory the iconography of porticoes and frescoes completed the teachings imparted by preachers to a population illiterate unlike Romanesque the Gothic was an urban art being the great cathedrals its expression more finished the Gothic supposed the triumph of the light that penetrates through stained glass windows and rosettes next to the religious iconography in its porticos scenes of life were represented everyday Music at the beginning of the 15th century there was a emancipation of the lay spirit regarding university admission founded by the kings destined to form the bureaucratic cadres of state was studied accordingly more right that theology next to the crisis of this disciplines were developed barely cultivated previously as the mathematics physics or history Music Among the many inventions techniques of the time highlighted the printing that would also be key in the diffusion of the new humanism humanists for whom man was the measure of all things they searched in Greco-Roman antiquity the models to follow in the literature the thought and the art that expressed that new conception of the world Humanism flourished in Italy but also england the netherlands and Spain were the cradle of great figures Music the in the beginning of the middle ages the political map of the Christian world is characterized by the displacement of center of gravity from the Mediterranean dominated by Islam towards the north of europe at the end of the period the conquest of constantinopla by the Turks supposed the end of the eastern roman empire while the Atlantic navigations preluded the era of great discoveries e the pressure of the 1 on different barbarian peoples europe made these they penetrated the empire the first to do it the Visigoths They advanced to settle in Toulouse where they would form the first king not Federated of Rome simultaneously they moved other peoples the vandals eventually settled in the north of africa the games in the northwest of the Iberian Peninsula and the GRB 2 in the southeast of france later the Anglos the tributes and the Saxons were installed in great Brittany and the Franks on the other side of ring while Italy was occupied by the ostrogoths first and then by the Lombards after all justinian ex would again have the limits of Byzantium however this reconquest was ephemeral and finally four kingdoms Germanic people set the Europe map Music the empire of Carlomagno survived little time to its founder after his death the so-called cast of verdúm sanctioned its division simultaneously over europe there was a new wave of investments the vikings stormed england and they descended by the coasts of france and of the Iberian Peninsula looting his step cities and coasts penetrated the Mediterranean moving up to Italy the Magyars occupied central areas of europe and they reached the peninsula italic For their part, the Muslims agreed to European coasts starting from the north of africa in the 10th century othón first would found a new empire from the duchy of saxony absorbing other duchies and kingdoms finally established the borders of the germanic roman empire Music between the 11th and 13th centuries they were consolidated the main kingdoms of europe in the the Iberian Peninsula. the advance of the Christian kingdoms led first to the border to the pit and later he reduced the territory Muslim to the kingdom of Granada while the other kingdoms were consolidated peninsular after the conquest of england by part of the Normans would take hold this kingdom that would also rule by heritage part of south-west France would incorporate after scotland and wales while in France from the axis paris orleans the monarchs capetos extended their domains in the empire the expansion of the Teutonic order from they will eat until estonia as for italy the south of the Peninsula was conquered by the Normans first and then by the wide finally sicilia would happen to form part of the crown of Aragon ga the war of 100 years resulted in a principle favorable to england that However, he ended up losing his possessions in france at that time there was also the extension of the Grand Duchy of Burgundy in the Iberian Peninsula, the expansion of the crown of Aragon with the conquests of Sardinia athens and neopatria and finally the Kingdom of Naples within the empire was observed in the 14th century the growth of the house of luxembourg that would occupy momentarily the kingdom of hungary that predominance was counteracted by the access of the habsburg house the Kingdom of Hungary would end take hold as a great state like that the one that resulted from the union of poland and lithuania on the other hand the Swiss cantons are Independence from the empire Music the expansion of Islam deprived Byzantium of Egypt Syria Cyprus and Crete Byzantium had to defend itself against the threat of Muslims and also of the Slavs and Bulgarians who would arrive to form a brief kingdom later the Byzantine Empire he managed to expand his frontiers although soon the Turks the chuky is would occupy much of anatolia the Turkish threat provoked the crusades the first one cross the continent until you get to Jerusalem the third was carried out by sea and ended in the conquest of San Juan de acre the fourth crusade that concluded with the assault on Constantinople divided Byzantium in a Latin empire and another Greek from which it would be achieved rebuild the old unit later finally the Byzantine Empire would succumb to the Ottoman invasion Music

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