a ashley Music e we want to continue getting closer to roma its presence in Spain through different perspectives of life real-life everyday for this we are going to observe the theater in first place still today in places as Mérida works are represented classic with its logical accommodation temporary in the case that we see an Oedipus King has adapted by Miguel Murillo and directed by denis rafter the work of Sophocles continues to amaze the public 2,500 years later the slabs so the Roman theater starts with spontaneous representations fundamentally humorous and grotesque is established as a show ruled by Greek tradition though some researchers believe that the Turkish culture also had a clear influence on him especially in the music that was incorporated into the works Titus Livio gives most of the information about it (applause] in the Romans after the end of the First Punic War on the 240 before Christ the beginnings representations of dramatic works greek this tradition went on for long in the West until the final decades of the Roman Empire I had a business time um and another leisure the um lot during the first one prevailed war and politics during the second the amusements there were circus games and games scenic the first were the territory of charioteers labors and tamers of beasts seconds of dramatists and actors in the roma de marco antonio came to be more than 130 days of light public shows in one year these great celebrations were promoted by political power were a solvency demonstration and a way to win over the people the archaeological record of the theater Roman is very rich in our country besides the great public works of the big venues have been preserved epigraphic details masks and other items in different Roman theaters of our country like córdoba that is partially excavated under the museum Cartagena or segóbriga archaeological explain to visitors thanks to several audiovisuals with worked the great Roman theater machine in addition to the respective stories of each location for the most profane the number of mills needed to move stages and stages the theater it was a great production with great scenographic effects There came a time when it was so big the spectacular nature of the works represented that he himself did more traditional complained about the cavalry and the weapons used on a horse of Troy did not see any beauty in it we have visited several of the great peninsular enclosures undoubtedly the best known but one of they located about 15 kilometers from round may be less familiar to all of us its great stage is a visual pole between the rugged hills of the sierra acinipo Roman city that was once iberá constitutes one of those cases to which you have to pay attention for your originality and by his state of current conservation here it differs from acinipo to ronda old when you talk about before rome after roma round the old one in a town that begins its journey in time prehistoric concretely in the chalcolithic that took hold especially in the bronze and that becomes later in an Iberian oppidum in around the third second millennium before christ and above all what is known by here as an orientalizing time to lose the first mini approximately consolidates as an Iberian pilot fortified which is what the Romans would later become the city of acinipo although the place name is still indigenous remains the Iberian city ​​allows according to the data that we have us around the seventh century after christ in acinipo the urbanism begins to implement the classical latin humanism roman from the first century but what first thing they do is let’s say between Expropriation quotes old area Iberian room said ancient Iberian house to found elements typical of Latin culture such as the forum like everything said that in the square public the theater cultural elements and of social representation and the terma the theatre it seems that a first tried next to one of the main doors of access to the city it’s the natural place it’s own because in addition the visitor when I entered the city the first thing you see in a large public building but without However, due to a technical failure of the own rock structure from that of the round table the old one have to take it to the most extreme place where the stratum of rock in thick mom and you allows to build as a guarantee that is the reason that explains that although the round table the old one has 32 this area is to 32 hectares are not occupied the theater is not inside the city it’s outside the city itself though within it from the same table it is transiting by the bética we found our next focus of attraction the roman villas the villa of the ring in almedinilla córdoba moves to the late imperial era in this time the cities of steadily and the citizens more well-off people develop their lives in these large rural properties the excavation of this village has given great fruits within the zone residential of the Roman villa of the Arena this is the room maybe more important in the room of reception of representation where I would express all the luxury all the power of the owner’s domain and it’s the most original part of the Roman villa of the ring because it is rare find this structure that is in the that does the times of declined to say of table where you ate reclining you have to imagine the mattress colony of cushions and recumbent comedy in this space that is a space in turn that It has a fountain with an overflow and whose water came as the structure from the bottom that is an ife an ugly place of the nymphs of the goddesses of the waters then in a very surprising space for the visits because it would also be decorated with thank you very much tattoos have found in the villa would be in this space among them, the group of prisoners and andromeda that possibly presided over the ninfeo in the space that occupies there are between the two columns and the own sculpture of the God of the dream of God or mus that was also found in this space that undoubtedly decorated is this place that was the main one of the serious the image of this god and pine trees us shows that religious practice inside homes it was very usual in fact in Merida you can visit a great domes a great house that many authors consider as a sanctuary of god miter for his extraordinary musicians with cosmological elements this one I bring is one of the places most interesting of meriga and supposes a challenge for researchers but there is a place where they have worried about recreating with rigor the environment of one of these domus in July oblige cantabria very close to reigns built the village of the morillos government the distribution of the original which is a few meters away we have an area that just coincides with the thistle the street that gives north-south orientation that of the area of middle class we have houses come in around a area of ​​1 608 800 meters that a of those houses that took their total which is good typical of the high empire we have it also rebuilt completely in the domus of julióbriga that went on today all the world can visit for a little knowing the lifestyles of the Roman era of the Roman family inside there is a kitchen Roman with all his tiraje a geek niun or dining room recreated according to the great Roman patterns and some rooms the altar to the gods is not missing homey the evils we continue our trip jumping from south to north of the Cantabrian Sea to the strait from Gibraltar We are going to visit a unique city to the investigation since on it no other constructions have been superimposed it’s about baelo claudia in rate cavif and we are going to approach the world of Fishing in Roman times we will meet baelo claudia a city Roman ship linked to maritime traffic fishing for salted fish and especially to the ghab the great jewel of the Roman gastronomy in front of the other side of the scarce 14 kilometers of Strait of Gibraltar is the tanger bay known in the antiquity like tim phillips with which danced Claudia kept an intense Comercial activity estrabón already signed in the first century that baelo claudia lived from commerce and passenger traffic with tim hill and of intense exploitation of fisheries Roman era claudio was a great city the narrow a port city and a important city for the production of salted fish for the Romans the exploitation of marine resources it was a very important source of wealth and on the coasts of the current Andalusia They found one of the fishing grounds most important and they will establish their trap that unite their origin in our public Phoenician past perhaps the most famous products in the empire were the tuna in salting what the Romans called mint sauce and clear of the famous garum that had here one of his main factories came was a liquid a liquid result of that thought that depending on the ingredients with which we would have we made the preparation as well it was of one kind or another the most important award according to us say the ancient authors was the garr a gaditano the garum from the Strait of Gibraltar for any roman rome of the terna’s own Alexandria of the great cities of empire to the gaditanos they did not see how the oil producers in the valley of the guadalquivir and on the coast as tuna producers praised in these coasts also hunt whales and other cetaceans or piano narrates in a treated the capture technique and floating of these sea giants in Roman times in Baelo Claudia can see a vertebra that was used as cutting table the city was founded during the public Phoenician period but it would reach its peak during the height Roman empire despite its small size baelo Claudia is considered a perfect example of imperial urbanism I would dare to say that he danced Claudia is one of the Roman cities of all the Mediterranean that better we know as regards its urbanism within the city ​​the investigations from the era of pierre country at the beginning of the 20th century they focused on the part Important monuments so that whatever is exhumed about everything is the great public square of the city the forum that we have behind us totally paved around the which are the public buildings that every city necessarily had than having the court of justice the basilica presided over by the statue in this case of the emperor trajan on the other hand the tabularium the file necessary to save all contracts and all the daily activity the curia where the local magistrates the temples of the Capitoline triad that are behind us on top of those podiums that are preserved and then also we have evidence that the market is subject that what is one of the few of hispania that are preserved complete besides the hot springs and in addition to a temple that is especially unique in baelo claudia who is the nyse hum el temple dedicated to isis besides this this city has that great southern neighborhood that is approximately 20 percent of the total area of ​​the city in which they have alternated the salting factory with houses and possibly other buildings that have not yet been discovered as full Monica as e let’s say laundry dry cleaners like termo paul and as bars places let’s say to consume the drink and food in public and as a whole series of elements that are still waiting the development of the investigations to be issued Music e everyday life and religious faith are they intertwine in a singular case documented in the temple of isis in one of the wells that we have in front of us when the excavations appeared a fiction a curse a little tablet of lead in which a ball in being a citizen of the first century degree one curse to ask isis murillo encourages in one of its invocations of this divinity that would end the life of the thieves that in his case had snatched the bedding is not a singular detail but it shows how the religiosity in ancient times and affected all aspects of life everyday at the end of the third century a terrible earthquake ravaged baelo claudia caused him some damage so severe that he was not able to recover began a slow decline that would last until the century seventh ended the story of a city that made the garum its main source of lavish wealth the delicate the Roman world with had all the ingredients of our its great longevity makes it impossible to give still photos of it in this sequential analysis we will return Rome and its huge presence in Spain I know. the Latin expression terra sigilata de fini a type of bright red pottery literally means ceramics or sealed ground as it is marked with a seal some of these ceramics emulate more expensive metal objects the red varnish that covers them is non-stick Music the Belgian engineer louis siret is one of the pioneers of archeology Spanish that has had the most impact on this discipline thanks to their extraordinary discoveries jobs in mining gave him a privileged position to unearth unknown cultures like the thousands and the argar as an engineer even to a work is making him bring the arrival in the waters of the lagoon played almanzora in large part of his research he was accompanied by his brother Enrique, who had already informed him rich archaeological heritage of southeast peninsular before his arrival his foreman pedro flowers was key to understanding their productivity when digging to know well so dead you have to go to almeria to the lonely gorges that shelter the thousands or to murcia to the cyclopean wall of labastida the most important of the chaos he finds is that they are going to help when they for 89 years he is taking out more nothing less than 3 thousand tombs of cap blanc it was a city of about a thousand militants that for such a time ancient was a very big city right now it is being interpreted long as the capital of an empire along with the bastide a two-headed empire with the head but they did not find it with the city ​​told his fort is everything so also boss and he stays so shocked that he had to go united to spain pictorial decided to paralyze the 8000 (publication) As a result of the discovery I looked at it because I wanted to be before something outside of serie It is an urban civilization in the West but much more than a thousand years more old what do you do when football Gallic fundamentally of the whole part of the grave did not object to the style and about all because they are wolf mothers so that the study or other archeologists that are going to visit your house especially starting from Year 3 he always cared about the influences orientals in the peninsula detected from very old material elements that led him to think that the people of prehistory that they exchange products and therefore influences on their work the almost teri of if the empire colonial of the Phoenicians approaches the problematic in depth the start to any oriental being of the block the next east of the area leave egypt the Phoenician mobility all those theses and Orientalists are demonstrating that are real or the dalai lama has commented to say that he found him in his excavations for example as the with ivory tamo tusks from elephant that can not come but from the Nile river tried to visit Troy with sliman but the death of his great reference prevented it and since he read the sleman books but in love with archeology and had as a garbage a German teacher or as soon as he published in his book then he sent it and the chosen day a letter of Grace and such they could not know a congress with germany the year 88 as well as other scientists where what they put in the cloud because you see that has a promising future that has contributed nothing and could be expected in Western so advanced use as long as it put the West at same level as that oriented not only once and does not have several times arise here he worked with material of decides of evoke protector after a story rocambolesca plagued by deceptions pirate digs and illegal sales and Luis Siret returned one of the great Iberian ladies the galley lady to the Spanish state a example of what should not be said a lot on this subject is the first piece that go to the Spanish state in the wood the moment that he wants is put date to the old enciso restructure the whole chronology of the Spanish history in the museum National archaeological contemplate part of the collection that donated siret was the great initiator of the archeology of the southeast that is in the Olympus of the pioneers as our next protagonist the great art paleolithic peninsular north the call for decades frank art Cantabrian of several of its most important discoveries to a man that has usually been little recognized hermilio mayor of the river the caves of the castle or the pasiega they were the scene of their great adventure today we know a little more about the man who so much effort devoted to unveiling the past from the north of the peninsula for same local river was originally from Villamediana of Valencia but very short already moved to torrelavega and all the study is linked to torrelavega has a central role in that world the discoveries about devices and embodies I think the amateur is usually conscious romantic but in turn with the feet on the ground that try that try to develop beyond the mere fact of finding by case of a cave because he looks for it in a more or less regular starting in the world of research and evidently the only the fact of having discovered deposits like covalanas castle furnaces of the rock a place is placed a central place in the in prehistory and friends I think it’s a very long period interesting because it reflects that change also that there was from the acceptance of paleolithic art and start to systematic research her and professional of these deposits when it is seen that it was done in a previous world more related to antique dealers and fans were being replaced in many areas throughout the world the professional person version it tarnishes the figure and the quality of work river mayor 1903 the battery and returns to altamira do some regions and practice a tasting in which the deposit the entrance to the cave and in later years mayor of the river continues so regulate those statements to the times precisely because of that early relationship he had with català that bale and with the altamira wedding the drawing very properly I had than having more caves with paintings of that guy in the region in cantabria then the beginning in those years a a systematic search ghana was the first discovery that came from a cave with palaeolithic art after the also mayor of Lyon or not for which evidently with the discovery of big and lasa he followed on his own in October of that same year he discovered the engraved paintings of another large another big one of the caves the politician Cantabrico the one of furnaces of the rock in pens of buelna and the following month in November 1903 and he was the one who really it was his great great discovery that was the one that castilla of the castle that already it was known was there was data from people who visits for the inside of the cave of the end castle of the 19th century but nobody had repaired until mayor of the river began to recognize in the paintings and extraordinary engravings of cooked and in your field that also it was the first one that are from the site what which castilla mayor of the river was nominally the director of the excavation of the castle cave but the reality was very different when he started digging castle 1910 the one in charge of studying art rock falls on him the director of the excavation his home mayer and his team and in fact the greatest in the fossil man does not even mention mayor of the river as part of the team Instututes in principle it is very significant that both brazil and obermaier were Jesuits and who will order the vision evolutionary of the prehistory of that has been written quite and there’s work very interesting about Santander especially the group of manuel gonzález morals because they have seen that truly breil seems to be a model of the Catholic church to control the possible materialism that there was in the prehistory our pioneer established a fruitful though little known relationship with the Prince of Monaco the signing of a contract between prince of monaco and mayor of the river for somehow and the rights that passes to al Prince of Monaco of the discoveries of mayor of the river with views of its publication along with other authors like that is going to be the germ of what in 1811 was the caverns of the Cantabrian region and whose nominal authors hunger the mayor of the river the father emerges the investigation of the great tests Cantabrians would not have been the same no river mayor the history of the south peninsular It also owes a lot to our next protagonist pelayo quintero is son of the Castilian high bourgeoisie of the century 19 grandson of civil governor grandson of judge military togado destined in Cuba and is son of landowners of the nineteenth century in the province of cuenca was predestined to have a very life ordered in fact his male brothers one military and another was diplomatic and he was going to be the family lawyer but he resisted and could more his vocation him as they said in uclés 1867 and study begins his study of right madrid but against the family will abandon them first for the fine arts and then for philosophy and letters that then another name came but they were of history studies has passed to the posterity for his peculiar relationship with the female sarcophagus of Cádiz they say that he dreamed of the lady and in the end the lady appeared under his house has speculated a lot about a possible prior excavation of quintero is a theme that has had a lot of literature even he is given the circumstance that arrives in Cádiz a few years after rodríguez de berlanga the Malaga archaeologist public the first sarcophagus and leaves before the second sarcophagus is discovered coincidentally where he lived appeared in the year 80 the second sarcophagus is maybe the archaeological empirical data or No. then there has been a lot of literature legend and if it were true that man lived above the sarcophagus pelayo quintero atauri began its work in basin concretely in segóbriga is his uncle román garcía soria who is going to facilitate first through the field of the fine arts and then through his facet as a student of the history of the archeology the first works in the deposit archeological of segóbriga in the province of cuenca the municipality of saélices then known as head of the Greek the very very significantly and start helping his uncle Garcia Soria as a draftsman archaeological for what I will spend very early in adolescence the 18 or 19 years to start developing work of field helping tell the historical Savior of Segovia this emblematic site of hispania It was partially excavated by Pelayo He worked a lot in the area of ​​the hot springs although it was not very clear the purpose of the construction after passing through cities as málaga in which he exercised as drawing teacher came to Cádiz where he developed most of his career but soon arrives Andalusia arrives probably around one thousand 893 of the hand of archeology with a commission of the Royal Academy of the History of father appointment to make traces and drawings of archaeological material and send them to madrid ap archeological gaditano and North African but it will be his facet as professor of fine arts who definitely install in andalusia first in granada málaga and then definitely the Cadiz not forgetting Your way through Italy by Seville with a scholarship to study the mosaics of that Roman city the ray is going to be a little man atypical because he’s going to be a man of conformation and with concerns interdisciplinary is going to try worry about reconstructions geographical neighborhood will work with a professor of medicine of Seville for the for the reconstruction of burials and the physical study of those buried in the necropolis of Cadiz even clue and advances in underwater archeology he knew he was in the city more ancient of the west only had clear but he was also director of the excavations director of the excavations since 10 and from 16 until the 34th and therefore I do believe that there to claim now that the issues of Cádiz and the Cádiz started resurged with great interest because it is one of the great pioneers that the great pioneer the for example it is a precursor to the idea of narrow circle clearly speaks of the relationships because he sees that there Neanderthal and Cro-Magnon as spoken at the time and the connects with North Africa a theme very current and that not many realized that it was president of the cadiz rotary club for more than 20 years also secretary the headquarters was in the museum of Cádiz dissolve before the war civil because a society that that could have problems I believe that clearly envy envy not he was the president of the academy Hispanic American of beautiful letters he was the director of the museum he occupied many charges its liberal character attached to its distancing of large families gaditanas during the civil war caused his ostracism when I was over 70 years old though Pelayo continued working in the protectorate it is clear that the establishment in the emerging society then it was clearly The family theme of the city of Cádiz in the immediate postwar period it did not fit and you see in the hatred that you have martínez santa olalla that’s why it’s very curious to see then Pelayo for his more than 70 years starting a new life a third stage in his life scratching between moved to the best the archeology allowed him to forget at least tacitly this geopolitical moment which was very complex for our country and that he must have suffered first hand your own meats it’s more than justice puts on the table that his work is currently topical and that he developed an exemplary work for two years which between 40 and 46 was intended we would say today in the lands that you to me is where you could develop the last part of his career research. he was a person does not affect the regime and therefore had to have let’s say feet of lead at the time of developing and writing and and do intellectual activity concretely he decides to work in a site that had discovered the Spaniards two decades ago practically in the year 1921 health of Montalbán and discovered a deposit in the peri-urban area of ​​Tetouan which is the birth of tamuda every excavation who wrote a memorandum and that memory got them published annually cyclically during the period in which he was doing archaeological excavations and in front from the archeological museum of tetouan I personally do not know in Spain many similar examples by say that you could count on the fingers of the hand Music The cans

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