Fallschirmjäger FJR7 Brest – Présentation d’uniforme


Hello everyone and welcome to this new uniform presentation video. Today I am going to present the uniform worn by a Gefreiter integrated in the 7th Fallschirmjäger Regiment during the Battle of Brest First of all, I have to clarify certain points, as usual. First of all, this video is only a base that will be used to build your uniform, and you won’t have to spare any research on the Internet, in books or specialized magazines. Then you are about to see the presentation of a uniform with uncensored insignia. This by historical fidelity. No politics in my videos, but it doesn’t mean that I don’t condemn the horrible acts committed by the 3rd Reich during the WW2. But if I want to present you a uniform closer to reality, I must, alas, keep these insignia. You can easily contradict me with photos of time, but we must not forget that it’s not because an object was photographed that it was regulatory; and the opposite is not because there is no photo that this object didn’t exist. As long as there is no anachronism. I will present you an outfit worn in Brittany in 1944, but it can also be worn from 1943 to 1945 without major modification. You will find the complete list of elements that constitute up the outfit that I will present in the description of this video, with the corresponding timing. History of the FJR 7 The 7th Fallschirmjäger Regiment was established in February 1943 in France in the 2nd Fallschirmjäger Division under the command of Colonel Ludwig Straub. At the beginning of June 1943, the regiment settled with the 2nd Division in the south of France, in the barracks of Uzès, in the region of Nîmes and Alès. The regiment trains at Orange Airfield, north of Avignon, at take-off and landing with the DFS 230 glider. In late July / early August 1943, the regiment moved by air to Italy in the Pontine Marsh area southeast of Rome. Due to the capitulation of Italy in early September 1943, there are clashes between Italian and German troops in several places. To prevent possible hostilities in the Italian capital region, the 2nd Parachute Division confronted the Italian forces stationed around Rome on September 8, 1943 and disarmed them. September 12, 1943 took place the operation Eiche. A FJR7 company takes off from the Pratica di Mare aerodrome near Rome and lands with DFS230 gliders on the “Gran Sasso” massif in Aquilla and frees the former Italian leader Mussolini. The merit was awarded to SS Otto Skorzeny, who led the operation, but most of the action was led by the Fallschirmjäger. The 3rd Battalion of the FJR7 seized the island of Elba on September 17, 1943. After the disarming of the Italian forces in the Rome region, the 2nd Parachute Division became, from September 1943, a law enforcement force on the West Coast, on either side of Rome. The 2nd Division, which includes the FJR 7, was then sent to Ukraine, west of Kiev, to counter the Russian offensive in late autumn 1943. There followed a succession of battles, sometimes successful, but often defeated, from November 1943 to May 1944. She is then repatriated to Germany for rest and reinforcement in the Cologne-Wahn region. In May 1944, the FJR6 is transferred to Normandy. I have already been able to present this regiment in a previous video. On June 12, 1944, the division was transferred to Brest, with a strength of 6631 men out of 11 119 men at the start. The lack of equipment was felt, it was expected that they are supplied and re-equipped, but this was never the case. After the breakthrough of the Allies in Avranches on August 1, 1944, Brittany is cut in two, the 3rd army of Patton having cut to the South. The stuck German troops therefore decided to retreat to all the ports, transforming them into fortresses, like Brest, Lorient and St Nazaire. Violent fighting took place in Huelgoat and in the Monts d’Arrée. The remains of the division were forced into the Brest Fortress. Some FJR7 troops attempted counter-attacks to break the encirclement initiated by the Allies, particularly northwards, towards Gouesnou on August 9, 1944. On September 12, 1944, General Ramcke, a veteran of the Afrika Korps, received a proposal for surrender, which he laconically refused by saying “I must decline your proposal.” The division was finally destroyed on September 20, 1944, after a month and a half of siege, and the survivors were taken prisoner. But not without having sabotaged all the port facilities, which couldn’t be restored before the end of the war. In October 1944, the Luftwaffe High Command ordered the redeployment of the 2nd Division, ie the 7th FJR in the Oldenburg area, using units from Dresden and Halberstadt. The 2nd Division of Fallschirmjäger and the FJR7 moved to Holland in December 1944 to continue the training of their new recruits. His baptism of fire intervened on December 20, 1944 near Arnhem. The regiment suffered numerous losses throughout January 1945, mainly due to lack of equipment and training. The FJR7 was sent north-west of Uedem in mid-February 1945 until February 21 and was then engaged in violent clashes against Americans. The 1st Battalion of the FJR7 distinguished itself by preventing a massive armor breakthrough between Weeze and Kervenheim. New battles forced the FJR7 to retreat, finally passing on the right bank of the Rhine on March 8, 1945, where the division was charged with building a new defensive front. But the absence of large troops prevented the achievement of this goal. The regiment was placed between Walsum and Duisburg on March 16, 1945, where it was able to maintain its positions during the US offensive of March 24, 1945. But the Americans having crossed the Rhine on other points, the division had to abandon its positions to avoid a new encirclement. After multiple battles, all ending in retreat, the FJR7 was captured along with the remnants of the 2nd Division on April 16, 1945 south of Hattingen. Uniform The 7th Fallschirmjäger Regiment, at the Battle of Brest, had just emerged from a period of rest and reinforcement in Cologne-Wahn. Thus, the old equipment used during the clashes on the Eastern Front could be changed, and new uniforms could be distributed, such as the tan and water camouflage smock, made from 1943, but that couldn’t be distributed to the FJR 7 before, the one being fiercely engaged on the Russian front. The battle has not started yet, the equipment is still relatively new. Pants specially designed for German paratroopers in 1938, the M38 pants were used throughout the war. It has 4 pockets: 2 on the front and 2 on the back; and a small pocket will be located at the right front of the pants, traditionally used for a pocket watch. A belt can be used, as well as braces, and I urge you to provide it. Martingales will be placed on the flanks to make a first tightening at the waist. Two openings, closed by snaps, allowed to place kneepads first type for parachute jumps before 1940, but the paratroopers used more knee pads to put on top, and these knee pads stopped being distributed after the last parachute jumps in 1941. A drawstring makes it possible to tie a knot under the foot to ensure that the pants stay in the boots; or to tighten the pants at the ankle, so that the pants are correctly come over the boots’ top. The 2nd option is here privileged. The pants are made of gray-green wool, and all pockets are kept closed by snaps for faster access than conventional buttons. The back pockets will rarely have this feature, classic buttons being more often seen. At the end of 1940, it was decided to release a new pair of boots, that of the first type with lateral lacing being not very practical to use. Thus, boots with frontal lacing, also called “2nd type”, were distributed from 1941, until the end of the war. Designed entirely in leather, they have a leather sole and a wooden heel, designed to accommodate skis. Nails will be placed on the flat sole, but they won’t stand out as we can find on the classic boots of the time. Thus, paratroopers had to use special skids to avoid slipping on the plane. Then, on the ground, all means were good to avoid slipping when braking a bit rough on wet grass for example. They are closed by a lace passing in two pairs of 12 eyelets. This is a pair recently perceived by our soldier, but nevertheless already used and well maintained. The pants will be passed over the boots thanks to the previously mentioned tightening lace. Developed in 1943, the M43 shirt was inspired by the Luftwaffe blue M35 shirt, which itself inspired the Afrika Korps’ M41 shirt. The Heer wanted his shirt to replace the collarless sweater that was in use before that date, forcing the soldiers to wear a collar. Once this shirt was distributed, the Luftwaffe personnel, including the parachutists, preferred to recover for combat rather than using their blue shirt, which they intended for the outfit or cantonment. It has 2 chest pockets to carry a Soldbuch and a wallet, for example, and closes with 4 buttons on the front. Here, only 3 will be used, to keep the collar open, our soldier doesn’t wear a tie to go to fight. Our gefreiter has a watch available mainly in the Luftwaffe, especially for pilots, but it was able to buy with its own money. You had to be able to synchronize with a watch, and the watches were personal items that you had to have. Introduced from December 1940, the Fliegerbluse M40 can be called 2nd type, the first type being a Fliegerbluse M35. The M40 had pockets on the sides, closed by pimpled buttons, evolution requested after the lack found on the M35 tunic. It’s made of gray-blue wool, like most of the effects of the Luftwaffe. It was used from Crete until the end of the war. It has 2 hooks to help wearing the belt, hooks that will unfortunately be useless if a smock is worn over it. It closes with 5 buttons but only 4 will be used, the last being open, habit that took the paras in 1935 to unveil a tie on the blue shirt. The pockets could be used to carry small items such as boxes of cartridges, a lighter, or even treats. But if you wear a smock on top, don’t put anything vital in these pockets, they will be hard to reach once the smock and belt worn. On his Fliegerbluse, several insignias are notable. First of all, the shoulder boards are classic, in gray-blue wool too, with a yellow border, corresponding to the hunters in the Luftwaffe. The collar legs with 2 seagulls, for Gefreiter, will be arranged on the ends of the collar. Also on a yellow background, this being the Waffenfarbe. An eagle chest for the troop of the Luftwaffe will be placed on the right chest of our soldier, woven on a blue background. On the left sleeve, halfway between the elbow and the shoulder, will be sewn the rank of Gefreiter. And finally, on the front left side of the jacket will be placed two badges: a paratrooper badge, worn by many Fallschirmjäger; and a “wounded” badge in silver, for 3 or 4 wounds. Appeared from 1943, the Sumpftmuster smock is based on the M42 smock scheme camouflaged in Splinter, but with a new blurred camouflage, or “tan and water”. The smock closes with 5 bakelite buttons on the front, but only 4 will be used, the last remaining open. Snaps will be placed on the arms to keep the smock tight for a possible parachute jump (although the paratroopers have not jumped since 1941), and snaps will also be arranged on the bottom, to be able to find the configuration “short” of models M38 and M40. But these were never used because not practical. A troop chest eagle for the Luftwaffe will be placed on the right chest, next to one of the 4 zipper pockets available on the front of the smock. A GP35 magazine will be stored in one of the pockets, as our soldier doesn’t have a holster or specific magazine pouch for this pistol. The ranks could be sewn on the sleeves, but this wasn’t seen on this type of jump smock, except perhaps for senior officers. This is a Chinese reproduction on which I applied a “mustard” dye color to get as close to the right shade. Since the design of the M43 cap, two Luftwaffe versions have been developed: one version had two buttons, the other had one like this, reproducing the model worn by the alpine hunters of the Waffen SS, so an elite troop. An eagle will be placed on the top of the cap, and the national cockade will be placed just below. The cap M43 was designed to replace the side cap, not suitable for cold or sun. The M38 helmet, called Fallschirmhelm in German, was designed in 1938 from a reworked M35 helmet: the edges were cut to prevent the lines of the parachutes from rubbing against it, and the interior was reinforced. Here, the interior will have been deliberately opened to allow to best sink the bomb of the helmet on the head. The theory will be that the decal of the 3 colors shield won’t be affixed after 1940, and the eagle will disappear after 1942, but the paratroopers had a relative freedom in their equipment. Thus, double decals helmets can be found until the end of the war. Our soldier chose to keep the badges of the helmet that he perceived, but he will use a Splinter helmet cover, or big shine, to improve the camouflage of the helmet, and break the shape and its more or less satin aspect. The helmet cover clings by means of metal hooks, affixed directly to the bomb. If you have an original helmet with a helmet cover, don’t separate them, as this may damage the hooks, the helmet cover and the paint, as the tension of the fabric is relatively high. Equipment The German Parachutist’s webbing of the end of the war will have nothing to do with the beginning of the war. Indeed, the effects of the Luftwaffe have changed from brown to black, standard color equipment of the Wehrmacht. Our soldier being Gefreiter and wearing a Gewehr 43, he must have the appropriate ammunition and magazine rack. The black leather belt is the basis of our soldier’s webbing. It will have a belt buckle typical of the Luftwaffe. A Gewehr 43 loader pouch will be placed on the left front of the webbing, allowing to carry two Gewehr 43 loaders. These may contain 10 cartridges of 7.92, German regulatory caliber. A bayonet of Mauser 98K will be placed in a specific scabbard and frog, just next to the folding shovel, created in 1938 to replace the right shovel, considered less convenient to carry. On the right rear side of the webbing, we find an M31 bread bag, here a generic color for the whole Wehrmacht. A mess kit covered in 2 colors will be placed on the left side of the bread bag, when a 75cl canteen, slipped in a felt bag and completed by a bakelite cup will be placed on the right side. On the right front of the belt, we find a Mauser 98K pouch, to carry 6 stripper clips of 5 cartridges, or 30 cartridges. The stripper clips could be used with both a 98K and a G41 or G43, in order to save a reloading time that can be vital. An M39 egggranate can be transported under a cartridge belt, to make it quickly accessible. Its top made it possible to determine the length of the wick. If you find a grenade with a gray cap, don’t touch it, it’s a trap designed to explode instantly. All equipment will be supported by a light black leather Y-strap, specific for the Fallschirmjäger. The back will be directly attached to the belt when the front will be attached to the pouches. A passer can be added in case of absence of one of these accessories to fix the hook of the light Y-straps. The M38 gas mask was used by the entire German army throughout the war. However, it was rarely used to protect itself from the gas, but more to protect the face from the cold on the Russian front, sand on the African front, or propulsions when firing a rocket Panzerschreck. But the soldiers could also carry other things in this iron case. In 1944, it was possible to find cases from the Heer, as here, but it could also remain some specific gas mask cases for the FJ. Here, the airsoft material specific to the Gewehr 43 will be stored in the case, which will protect the contents of shocks. Be careful though, this hard object can damage your back in case of uncontrolled fall. The Browning Hi-Power, or GP35 for High Power Model 35, is the latest pistol developed by the American John Moses Browning, who died in 1926. It was in 1935 that the company FN Herstal was finally able to produce this pistol, which was then used by both sides during the second war, the Belgians had to continue producing during the war for the Germans. Two types of rear sight have been developed, here you have an adjustable sight like a rifle. Namely, this version could also have a notch to put a stock and improve its accuracy. The allies will have pre-1940 versions, and then canadian versions after 1940. This is one of the first guns to have had a double-column magazine, storing 15 rounds of 9mm. This is an airsoft gun from WE, version with marking that I was able to cold blue with adaptation of wooden grips. The Gewehr 43 is a rifle designed by Walther to replace the Gewehr 41, the first German semi-automatic rifle that had too many defects, itself inspired by the Soviet SVT-40 rifle. The G43 was operated by a gas-borrowing system, and the G41’s magazine was replaced by removable magazines, without having removed the stripper clips refill system for 7.92 cartridges. It has a laminated stock and has a wrap-around buttock, to avoid damaging the stock when resting the rifle on the ground during the drill, evolution made on the Mauser some time ago. The G43’s sights will be elevated for instinctive shooting, and a rail will be placed on the right side for a ZF4 scope. This is a manufacture of 1944, so newly perceived by our Gefreiter during the reformation of the Regiment before June 1944. You have before you an airsoft gun from Shoei, you can find the link of the review in the description. The outfit presented here is just one of many other configurations encountered in the field. Regarding the positioning of the pouches, you will wonder why I chose to carry the magazine pouch on the left and the Mauser pouch on the right? Because, you can leave a magazine with the left hand, and a stripper clip with the right hand to introduce it in the magazine, if you are right-handed. You will be able to note the difference of wear between certain equipments, due to the various replenishments which the Regiment has been able to benefit over the years. The equipment at the time could be new as well as tired, everything depended on stocks at the stewardship and the personal choice of the soldier. The pistol won’t be kept in a holster to serve very quickly, in addition to the fact that, since it’s not regulatory for our Gefreiter, it will be easier to hide in case of a visit of a senior. Summary The 2nd type jump boots appeared in 1941 to equip all German airborne troops. They are the result of a development to correct the defects of jumping boots 1st type, deemed impractical to put on and take off. They are made of black leather, which is here smooth, although other types of leathers could be used. A smooth leather sole will be placed underneath, studded to the shoe with spikes, but without raised heads, which could cause problems on slippery terrain. The heel will be reinforced with a wooden pad to also accommodate skis. You have before you a pair that has experienced a few tens of kilometers of walking and field, but the quality of the leather has prevented them from being damaged. American parachutists were able to develop their own jumping boots in parallel, with the same basis but not the same achievement. The German regulatory socks were made of blue gray wool. The white bands at the top indicate the size of the sock. Here, a size 3 gives the maximum size. The post-war socks have not changed, as is the case here. The M38 pants, created in 1938 for the FJ, was used throughout the war. With 4 pockets that carry small personal equipment, it’s made of gray-green wool. It was used throughout the conflict and will be much appreciated by German paratroopers, who will only replace it with a possible tropical pants. Don’t forget the straps for better comfort, and possibly a belt. The M43 shirt was very popular among the entire German army as soon as it was put into service in 1943, because it made it possible to avoid the wearing of the false collar to limit the friction of the wool in the neck of the soldier. It has 2 pockets on the chest, and buttons and loops will be placed on the shoulders to put on the shoulders. The buttons are present here, but they can be removed for a better comfort with the straps and a possible webbing. It closes with 4 buttons at the front, but only 3 will be used here, our soldier doesn’t have a tie or iron cross to wear. Our soldier being a member of the Luftwaffe, he is entitled to acquire, with his own money, a watch from this army corps. The blue shirt M35 will be preferred for dress outfit. Made of thick gray-blue wool, the Fliegerbluse was the regulatory jacket for all Luftwaffe personnel. Here of the 2nd type, or M40, it has several insignias specific to a German parachutist. His rank of Gefreiter will be evoked by legs of collar with 2 seagulls. They have a yellow Waffenfarbe, like the border of the shoulder boards, here basic for EM. A Luftwaffe chest eagle will be placed on the right side, when two decorations are placed lower, on the left flap, with the patent of jump, and a “wounded” silver badge. On the left sleeve, halfway between the elbow and the shoulder, will be placed the rank of Gefreiter, symbolized by a specific braid of the Luftwaffe embroidered chevron on a gray-blue wool base. The Fliegerbluse was worn by all Luftwaffe personnel from December 1940 until the end of the war. The M42 smock tan & water camouflage, or also called Sumpftmuster, was developed from 1943. The smock has 5 bakelite buttons to close the front, and snaps will be placed on the arms and legs to limit air intake during the jump. A Luftwaffe-specific eagle on a gray background will be placed on the right side. The smock is worn over the Fliegerbluse, and the collar tabs could however exceed, even if the regulation said to stow the neck to avoid that these 2 yellow squares could be too visible. An additional GP35 magazine will be carried in one of the pockets, our soldier having no other alternatives, he has not taken the holster with the Browning. The grades were only rarely worn, or not at all, on the sleeves of our smock. Thus, it becomes the same for every soldier, regardless of rank. Obviously, our soldier will have other equipment to carry in his pockets, but for personal material, it will be according to your choice and your needs. Different caps could be chosen by the German paratroopers. The helmet was reserved for combat when the cap was reserved for rest and calm phases. After each parachutist had the choice depending on stocks, and a side cap can also be considered. But the cap M43, appeared in 1943, was intended to replace the side cap, considered impractical to protect from the sun and the wind. An eagle and a cockade stand at the front, here specific for the troop. The M38 helmet has not changed shape since the beginning of the war and will keep the same until the end. The paratroopers didn’t hesitate to wear it, its shape being so characteristic that it allowed to be distinguished from the troop with the classic helmet. It has a splinter helmet cover, which has side loops to make it easier to attach branches to improve camouflage. The webbing worn by the Fallschirmjäger first met the requirements of the section chief, then the needs of the soldier to provide a brief and intense action, or longer in time. Our man being an EM, he won’t carry a handgun in a regulatory manner, and will be equipped with a rifle. A Gewehr 43 pouch will be placed on the left side of the belt, allowing to hold 2 magazines of 10 cartridges. The magazine shown here is an airsoft version from Shoei. A Mauser 98K bayonet will be placed next to the folding shovel. No need to have a Mauser rifle to dispose of it, it was a formidable weapon for melee. A bread bag is placed on the right rear of the belt. It may be blue in color, but here will be the Heer model, with the FJ very often recovering regular army equipment. A mess kit camouflaged by hand and an M31 canteen, equipped with his Bakelite cup, will be placed on the bread bag. Boxes of Sho-ka-kola can be transported in the bag. The entire belt will be supported by a light black Y-Strap, specific for the staff of the Luftwaffe. A 98K Mauser pouch will be placed on the right side to hold loader blades to load the G43 loaders. On the pouch will be placed an M39 egggranate, more easily transportable than bag grenades. A black leather belt will be closed by a specific loop for the Luftwaffe. The gas mask was regulatory throughout the war, although it was little used to actually protect the gas. Our soldier has been provided with a case of the Heer, the specific equipment for the Fallschirmjäger being less and less available as the conflict. It will be great for carrying ammo, provisions or even airsoft BB’s. The Browning GP35 or Hi-Power for high power, was manufactured by both the allies but also by the Germans once the conquest of Belgium done. Thus, FN Herstal had to manufacture for Germany, which encouraged, according to the legend, the workers to make passive resistance by impoverishing the quality of the metal to favor breaks in the fight. It’s an airsoft pistol reworked, with great fidelity. Appeared in 1943, hence its name, the rifle Walther Gewehr 43 was a semi-automatic weapon known within the German army, having a greater carrying capacity than the Mauser, can use magazines, and shoot at a higher rate than the classic Mauser. It was thus possible to reach 30 shots per minute, which is twice as much as the 98K. It was equipped with a side rail allowing it to receive a possible ZF4 scope, rail that was modified in 1944 to have a locking notch. It’s inspired by the Soviet SVT 40 by its system of gases, and was produced more than 400 000 copies. The Gewehr 43 was renamed Karabiner 43 in 1944 because it was 2cm shorter than the Karabiner 98k, so it wasn’t consistent to call it “Rifle”. Here is what concludes this uniform presentation video, I hope you enjoyed. If so, don’t hesitate to leave a blue thumb, a comment, to subscribe and share this video. I want to thank Shoei for supporting me in my project, you will find a link where you can get the G43 in the description of this video. Don’t forget the associated code to get a discount! If it’s still available when you watch this video, of course. Feel free to take a tour on my page Tipeee to help me, whether on the form or on the content of my videos. As for me, I’ll see you soon for a next airsoft gun video review, Denix replica review, uniform or VIP presentation! Bye! Directed by Neo035 Thanks to Shoei for support Thanks to Mireille (photos) and Den’s (text). Thanks to my Tipeurs Philippe, Bilkouille, DJ Staline, Florian, DerpyH, Tommy and Chun

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