Fallschirmjäger FJR3 Monte Cassino – Présentation d’uniforme


Hello everyone and welcome to this new uniform presentation video. Today I am going to present the uniform worn by an Unterfelwebel integrated into the 3rd Fallschirmjäger Regiment during the Battle of Monte Cassino. But first of all, I have to warn you of some points, as usual. First of all, this video is only a base that will be used to build your uniform, it’s not a bible that will spare you any research on the Internet, in books or specialized magazines. Then you are about to see the presentation of a uniform with uncensored badges. It’s voluntary, I choose not to hide by historical fidelity, this video is not political. You can easily contradict me with vintage photos, but we must not forget that it’s not because there is no picture of something that it has never existed, and not because there is a photo that it was regulatory. As long as there is no anachronism with the object, everything is fine! If you have any comments, then you probably know more than me about it, feel free to comment at the bottom of this video. You will find the complete list of elements that make up the outfit that I will present in the description of this video, with the corresponding timing. HISTORY of Battle of Monte Cassino After the various Allied landings in Sicily and Italy, the Italian front is no longer moving forward. Despite a reduced German army, it’s not difficult to defend the Italian boot, which is relatively narrow. Italy having surrendered, she theoretically joined the allies, but most of the Italian troops were disarmed or disabled by the Germans. The Italian peninsula is fiercely defended by a series of fortifications, using natural reliefs in addition to minefields and barbed wire grids. The most formidable of these lines of fortifications to protect Rome is the Gustave line, which is based on the mountainous region whose lock is made up of the fortified massif of “Mont Cassin”. Or “Monte Cassino” in the original language, which I will use. The Allies originally engaged an armored division and six infantry divisions, and subsequently three armored divisions and thirteen infantry divisions, or 300,000 men. The Germans initially had four divisions of Panzers and five infantry divisions, to which was added a division of Panzergrenadiere and five infantry divisions, or 100,000 men. The height on which is the monastery (516m) is the key of the German defensive device. The 1st Fallschirmjäger Elite Parachute Division supported by infantry battalions and the 14th Panzerkorps are responsible for its defense. On January 15, 1944, the 2nd American Corps of General Keyes took Mount Trocchio with the support of the French Expeditionary Corps (CEF). This CEF was essentially composed of troops of the African army, commanded by General Juin, engaged on the Italian front alongside the Americans since December 1943. January 17 begins the first engagement of Monte Cassino, which ended in a failure of the allies, the fight being harder than expected. The 34th US Infantry Division was on the point of reaching the monastery, the key to the device, being only 300m from the target. This won field will be reconquered by the Germans in early February. In parallel, a landing in Anzio could be done, but the US troops are quickly immobilized. As for it, the CEF couldn’t seize its objective of the mount Santa Croce and the Carella. Despite this, it was able to record many successes on a particularly difficult terrain, allowing a 15km advance in the lines in some places and capturing nearly 1200 Germans. The CEF, with its North African skirmishers, was the only one, in January 1944, to seriously threaten the Gustave line. Success noticed by General De Gaulle, but neglected by the Anglo-American staff, persistent on Monte Cassino. The second battle of Monte Cassino took place from February 15 to 18, 1944. It began with the bombing of the monastery, which was razed, mistakenly thinking that the German observers were on the roofs. Serious mistake: this allowed the Germans to make a real fortress. The bad weather stopped all progression on February 18th, then on March 14th, to end up getting bogged down again, the New Zealand corps having to withdraw once again. From May 11 to 19, the third and fourth battles of Monte Cassino take place simultaneously: the battle of the French and that of the Poles. The allies are preparing a new offensive by redeploying the British 8th Army and the French Expeditionary Corps in secret. Indeed, General Juin managed to impose his plan on the Anglo-American staff, especially since the defenses of Monte Cassino were reinforced. It’s therefore by the mountain that the danger will arrive: through the Aurunci mountains, 25km southwest of Cassino, considered by the Germans as “impenetrable to weapons”. The 8th Army is composed of Polish, Canadian, British. The 5th Army is composed of the French corps and Americans, and these 2 armies must allow to cut the rear positions of the enemy, to wrap the entire line Gustave. The French had to overflow thanks to the aptitude to fight in assembly of the skirmishers and goumiers of the general Guillaume. The general offensive began on the evening of May 11, 1944, much to the surprise of the Germans. The Moroccans of the CEF distinguished themselves by taking several mountains in a row, giving the British a lesson of daring. Overall, the entire CEF begins the German defense of the Gustave line, facilitating the progression of the British and Americans. Kesselring, the German defender of Monte Cassino, orders his troops to leave Cassino aside, afraid of being overwhelmed by the French. It’s the Poles who will seize the ruins of the monastery of Monte Cassino on May 18, 1944. Landed in Sicily in July 1943, 50,000 soldiers from the 2nd Polish corps took part in the Italian campaign, and took part in one of the toughest battles in the entire European campaign. In the end, 115,000 allies were killed or wounded. The Germans lost a priori 60,000 men. General Kesselring wrote: “The French and especially the Moroccans fought furiously and exploited each success by immediately concentrating all the available forces on the weakening points” UNIFORM The uniform you are going to discover has elements mainly recovered from the African front, the Fallschirmjäger of the 3rd regiment having been able to recover equipment from the Hermann Göring division in Sicily, especially the FJR5, which was engaged in North Africa before joining Sicily. Arrived on site, the FJR 3 quickly realized that the woolen uniforms were not adapted to hot climates like Sicily and Italy, hence the troubleshooting probably operated at the level of summer equipment. The pants M41 appeared at the opening of the African front, it was obvious that the classic pants M38 was not usable by arid temperatures. So it was decided to take cotton pants, on which a pocket was added on the left thigh. Side pockets and buttocks are always available to hold small personal equipment. It closes with an integrated belt that will tighten by a loop and passersby, but it won’t be possible to wear a belt in addition, loop being absent at the hip for this use. It will be possible to wear suspenders with, but they were only little used, or even not at all. The bottom of the pants can be tightened to either flatten the pants in the jump boots, or tighten it over to prevent the sand from getting into the boots. There are two types of boots specifically designed for paratroopers. The most common model is the 2nd type, the first type being specific for the beginning of the war. This latter had a lateral lacing, when the 2nd type presented here has a frontal lacing with 2 pairs of 12 eyelets. The second type presented here was developed in 1939, although we can find 1st types throughout the conflict depending on the flow of stocks. The second type had the main drawback of having completely smooth soles, making their use difficult on some grounds like wet grass. Some parachutists used field methods to avoid this inconvenience, but here I present regulatory effects. The tropical shirt M41 appeared at the same time as the M41 pants for warm environments. There were two models of shirts: one like here closing with 4 buttons on the top of the torso, copied on the tropical shirt of the Heer, and the other tropical shirt was buttoned on the whole of the front. The last button couldn’t be closed because our soldier doesn’t wear a tie or an iron cross. Two pockets are placed on the chest to carry a soldbuch, a wallet and small personal equipment. This type of shirts could be worn without necessarily having a jacket over, hence the presence of passers-by to put on the shoulder. On the right breast will be sewn a Luftwaffe’s chest eagle, on a triangular background, which encroaches more or less on the pocket. The shoulder boards will reveal the Waffenfarbe (here in yellow for the hunters) and the rank of the soldier, here Unterfeldwebel, or sergeant-chef. Our soldier will have bought a Luftwaffe watch with his pay to be able to coordinate the actions to be carried out with his men. Appeared in 1942 in this form, the jump smocke type 3 was worn in North Africa, Sicily, then Italy, as here. The M38 smocke is also called 1st type, the M40 2nd and the M42 presented here is the third type, camouflaged here in Splinter. It differs from the two previous types by the separation of the shorts at the bottom, to incorporate snaps to allow to wear the smocke along the legs. It has 4 pockets at the front: 2 at the shoulders, 2 at the hips, which close with a zip closure. At the rear, a location for a rocket launcher and a passerby to place the shovel will be available. On the sleeves, two layers and snaps will be available to close the gown to the maximum for the parachute jump. But our soldier chose not to tie them up to allow as much air as possible to enter the smocke. It closes at the front with 6 buttons but only 5 will be used, the top one remaining open. A chest eagle on a blue background will be stitched, but it may also have a camouflaged background, or gray. The cap M43 appeared after the use of the tropical cap in North Africa since 1941: thus, it was decided to convert the cap in wool cap version by adding a visor. The soldiers could protect themselves from the sun and also protect their ears when they put the flap on the face. The buttons on the front could lock the flap on both the cap and the mouth. Two models were available within the Luftwaffe for the M43 cap: one with a single button, and here with two buttons. The Luftwaffe eagle will overcome the national tricolor cockade on the top of the cap. Appearing from 1941, the specific tropical side cap for the Luftwaffe is here a remnant of North Africa. It allowed to cover the head in cantonment or at rest. The national cockade is sewn on the front, topped with a badge with a specific eagle for the Luftwaffe. This type of side cap will be worn by men of the troop and NCOs, officers having their own type of tropical side cap. The Fallschirmhelm is the helmet created especially for German paratroopers. It’s an adapted version of the M35 helmet of the Wehrmacht, thus giving the M38 helmet. The flaps of the M35 were cut, so as not to catch in the lines of the parachute during the jump. The interior has also been modified to avoid to the maximum the risk of injury and will be strengthened. Reinforced chin strap will be installed for better support. The basic color of the helmet is blue-gray, it will be completed here with a camouflage net. Some helmets even had a concrete shell to remove glare. The bottom of the liner has been intentionally opened so that the helmet is further pressed on the head. Our helmet always includes the two decals of the beginning of the war, all the paratroopers who didn’t remove their tricolor crest during the new directive of 1940, these being relatively free to manage their equipment. EQUIPMENT The German paratrooper was equipped with enough lightly, but the least efficient. Each soldier will be able to have his specialization and thus particular material according to his rank, his specialty and his weapon. Our soldier here inherited a canvas belt fitted with a specific buckle for the Luftwaffe freshly repainted in green. No charger carrier is transported yet, you will see them later. Our soldier being a non-commissioned officer, he was therefore entitled to carry a handgun. We find a black leather holster on the left flank. Here, a Walther P38 will be transported, pistol replacing the aging Luger P08. Each soldier could perceive a Mauser bayonet, to put at the end of his rifle, or to use as a weapon. The folding shovel appeared to replace the right shovel, considered complicated to carry on the lashing. The bread bag here is a blue model used by the Luftwaffe since its inception. It has two rings and two passers to be able to fix here the gourd on the right side. A 1 liter bottle is here surrounded by a brown felt cover. A quarter Bakelite is placed on the top, held by a webbing strap, itself connected to the cap, which allows to fix the gourd on the bread bag with a hook. A classic gourd is 75cl, this is a special model, also used by alpine nurses and hunters. The 6-compartment magazine pouches were the first cartridge cases manufactured for the Luftwaffe for the MP38, which was developed for vehicle crews and paratroopers. These load carriers were easier to implement for paratroopers, who were dropped without their armament, because a strap allowed to pass the equipment over the shoulder. However, this equipment was only rarely seen in combat, it’s relatively restrictive and decreasing the mobility of the soldier. This is a reproduction that has been bleached and then refurbished in blue jeans to give a more realistic color than the original navy blue. Various models were available for this equipment, and models with canvas straps seem to have been made. The traditional magazine-holders were the 2 compartments of 3 compartments, of which one of the sides will have a small pouch for the magazine. The Luftwaffe has perceived load-bearing blue color, but we will also find classic models in brown or beige canvas. Legs with hooks can be hung on a possible binding, but our soldier has chosen not to wear it. The charger holder will be used here to transport the Italian Beretta M1938a chargers, which has chargers of the same size as the MP40 chargers. The Beretta M1938a submachine gun is the evolution of the Beretta M1938, and is the first Italian submachine gun to have emerged in 1938. Distributed in small quantities during the second war, it was reputed to be reliable and precise, its low rate allowing it to be handled automatically, with in addition a slight decline because of its weight:5kg once loaded. Its charger has a capacity of 40 cartridges of 9mm, double column, and it has two detents:the front is for shooting semi-automatic; the one at the back allows you to shoot automatically. The Beretta M1938a was a simplified version of 1938, adding a slotted compensator and removing the bayonet post and was distributed to about 15,000 copies. This is a replica airsoft brand Snow Wolf redone by me, you can find the link of the review in the description of this video. If the battle of Crete was the symbol of the airborne assault, the battle of Monte Cassino was the symbol of the defense of the German paratroopers of the 1st division of Fallschirmjäger, which includes the 3rd Regiment. The Beretta M1938a Italian was derived after in 3 variants:Beretta 38/42, 38/43 and 38/44, becoming more and more simplified over the versions. But version 38/44 was not used by the Wehrmacht during the Second World War, Italy having changed sides in the meantime. However, it was much more common to see the 1938a version, more widely distributed during the conflict. Of course, our Fallschirmjäger was able to wear more material such as light knit, whether it’s canvas or black leather, or a gas mask case, whether iron or canvas. A bowl and a Sturmgepäck can also be transported but our soldier has chosen here to transport only the bare minimum, the rest remained at cantonment. As the FG42 had bulky chargers, some paras saw it more judicious to have only one charger, and to have the shoulder strap reserved for the Mauser to transport the blades-loaders of 5 cartridges, also compatible for the FG42. In this way, the weight carried was less important. But this significantly reduced the number of cartridges available. There were several models of bandoliers for Mauser for Fallschirmjäger, here you have the Splinter version or big shine, with a tear-loader with neutralized cartridges. However, the Paras German could also have the bandolier shoulder strap specific to FG42. The FG42 bandoliers could hold 8 FG42 chargers. This allowed you to quickly reload the weapon, unlike the use of blades loaders, a little more laborious to use. However, this configuration resulted in a very important weight to carry. The pockets are closed by two snaps, and the chargers are stored horizontally. When making your uniform, be sure to fill your pockets:empty compartments make an effect ugly. So, use wooden dummy chargers if you can not have FG42 chargers in reproduction. The bandoliers are held glued to the belt thanks to a fixing lug, closed thanks to a snap button. The FallschirmGewehr 42 has been studied and produced specifically for the Fallschirmjäger. This weapon had to be multi-role, that is to say, to be able to replace the rifles, the machine guns and the light machine guns, while remaining light for the parachute jump. The FG42 was built and deployed in small quantities from 1943 until the end of the war. The FG42 type E that you see here is a quasi-weapon made by the Japanese manufacturer Shoei, you will find the link of the complete review in the description. The FG42 was equipped with a bayonet copied on the French MAS 36, and a bipod allowed to improve its stability. However, firing in bursts was not advisable with the bipod, it’s not strong enough to withstand the brutal shock developed by too much hindsight for this weapon. It’s quite common to think that FG42 bandoliers were rare in the field, but there are many photos showing the opposite. It was also used in Italy with a mix of continental and tropical effects as shown here. However, FG42 type G has never been used in Italy, as it appeared too late. Note that there is no picture of the FG42 with the specially developed telescope for:the ZFG42. Some German parachutists could recover Italian equipment, Heer material, even Waffen SS material, but it was not at all legal, hence the lack of mention here. ABSTRACT Appeared in 1939 but developed on a large scale after the spring campaign of 1940, the 2nd type jumper boots were much appreciated by airborne troops, although the smooth sole could cause problems on some slippery floors. The shoe is made of leather that can be smooth, but other leathers could be used. They were used throughout the conflict because they were much better suited to the terrain than the walking boots of the rest of the German army. They will be worn with a pair of gray socks, the number of white bands determining the size of the sock. The tropical pants M41 appeared as soon as the Luftwaffe arrived in North Africa to avoid using the wool effects, too restrictive to wear in an arid environment. So, canvas pants with a large pocket on the left thigh were designed It has an integrated belt, which closes with a loop. A strap on the bottom of each sleeve makes it possible to block the trousers against the calf when squeezing your jumping boots, and thus blousing the trousers, or blocking it over the boot, to prevent the sand from getting into it. This type of effect was commonly used in Italy, which has a still warm enough climate, especially in summer, to avoid wool. The tropical shirt M41 was designed to come under an M41 tunic, but was quite capable of being worn alone, hence the presence of loops and buttons to accommodate shoulder straps. The collar tabs, however, were not worn on this type of shirt. This shirt existed in two models:a model like this, which opens partially on the front, and another model will open completely, model more widely distributed. On the right chest, we find the legal eagle Luftwaffe, embroidered on a triangular background, specially designed for this type of shirt. The shoulder legs identify the rank, Unterfeldwebel, and the army corps, here hunter, with a yellow border. The braid of the grade will be different from the model of the Heer, the braiding varying slightly. Two pockets on the chest can carry small equipment. A Luftwaffe watch will be worn by our soldier, non-regulatory, as it’s a personal effect. Set up in 1938, the jump smocke was specific to German paratroopers. It allowed the equipment to be tackled against the soldier during the jump to protect him. But over the course of training, the paratroopers preferred to put the equipment over the smocke, and keep it, allowing them to be easily identifiable with other German army troops, in addition to having extra pockets. The M38 smocke is passed M40, then M42 once the built-in shorts have been removed. Thus we have a smocke with 4 pockets closed by zip, snaps are present at the location of the old shorts to eventually put it back, and are also present at the end of the sleeves to prevent the wind from entering the smocke during the jump. Despite the lack of jump since the Merkur operation in Crete, the paratroopers kept their blouses throughout the war, hence the presence on our soldier of the FJR3 here in Italy. A Luftwaffe specific chest eagle on a gray-blue background will be placed on the right chest. Different hairstyles were available for the Fallschirmjäger in 1944 in Italy, depending on the stocks and tastes of each. The tropical Luftwaffe cap is a remnant of North Africa, where the canvas cap replaced the cap in wool. It features a Luftwaffe eagle at its summit and the national cockade is at the front of the cap. The cap M43 came to replace the cap from 1943, but the soldiers often had both hairstyles available, having chosen to keep their caps. The Luftwaffe-specific M43 cap could have one or two buttons on the front flap, and it features an embroidered eagle on a gray-blue background, placed at the top of the cap, under which a tricolor cockade will be placed. The M38 helmet is the Fallschirmjäger’s specific helmet throughout the war. It will be painted in gray-blue, and will have 2 decals, then only one in 1940, then no more in 1942. However, existing decals couldn’t be removed, as paratroopers were freer than other corps in customizing their equipment. However, the presence of both decals in Italy was quite rare. A camouflage net will be placed over it to break the shape of the helmet, and also allow to put branches against the helmet. Our Fallschirmjäger chose to be lightweight, and thus avoid having an extra light weight. A braided canvas belt used by soldiers in North Africa will accommodate different equipment. Our soldier being a non-commissioned officer, he can carry a handgun, and chose the P38, carried in a soft black leather holster. This holster can carry an extra charger. The Walther P38 was a weapon ahead of its time. Commissioned in 1938, it will be distributed massively from 1942 to replace the aging Luger P08. This is an airsoft replica of the WE brand with small home improvements. Each soldier could perceive a Mauser bayonet. The folding shovel appeared to replace the right shovel, considered complicated to carry on the lashing. An M31 bread bag in Luftwaffe version will be placed at the right rear of the lining, which will carry a ration of food, even personal effects. A tropical gourd will be placed on the right hook. It differs from the classic model by its strap that is made of canvas, to avoid leather in arid environment. This is a 1L can, unlike the usual 75cl, capacity more suitable for hot terrain. Our soldier traded his MP40 against a Beretta M1938a recovered from the Italian army before it changed sides to join the allies. The Beretta M1938a used 40-column double-cartridge loaders, which could be transported in specific magazine holders, but also in German-supplied magazine holders. Thus, the MP38 charger holder was designed to carry 6 chargers at once. They could even be delivered in pairs, but this made the soldier very mobile. The 3-compartment MP40 battery chargers will be used extensively by the German army, and a blue version was available for the Luftwaffe. The Beretta M1938a was an evolution of the Beretta M1938, developed by the engineer Tulio Marengoni and was very appreciated by all the users of this weapon, this one being precise, the shot-by-shot and semi-automatic mode was developed, unlike the MP40, and it used the 9mm parabellum ammunition, like many German weapons of the time. This is a replica of airsoft from Snow Wolf reworked. The Fallschirmgewehr 42 was a lot compared to the BAR in its configuration, but the BAR was a support weapon, while we are here on an individual weapon, ahead of its time. 2000 copies of this weapon were manufactured before passing on a version G which only saw the fight. It used 20 cartridge chargers, stored in chargers developed for the occasion. They could carry 8 chargers, 160 cartridges, when the Mauser magazine holder only allowed to carry 100 cartridges. In return, the FG42 loader carrier was much heavier to transport. This is why some paratroopers took only one charger to carry only the blades of Mauser 98K, the FG42 taking the same ammunition. The FG42 was effective at long range in shot-by-shot, and on its bipod as a support, but it was absolutely not recommended to use the bipod for shooting burst, it’s fragile and unstable . The stick had a damper system to limit recoil, but it was not enough when the pace was too high. The handle of the first model was also not practical at all, it was replaced by a wooden handle on the G model, just as the metal stock was made of wood to avoid freezing the shooter’s cheek in cold climates, or burning it in arid climates. The Fallschirmjäger being an elite unit, they were relatively free to choose their equipment according to their desires, even if the chief of section could give more restrictive instructions. The FJR3 was engaged on many fronts, but our Unterfeldwebel doesn’t adorn any decoration on it, having chosen not to take Fliegerbluse, or tropical Vest M41. But if he participated on all fronts, no doubt he must have a nice hunting board. Here is what concludes this uniform presentation video, I hope it will have you more. As usual, do not hesitate to leave a blue thumb, a comment, to subscribe and share this video. I thank SWIT Airsoft for its support, if you also want to support me, do not hesitate to take a tour on my pages Tipeee and MyTips to help me, whether on the form or on the bottom of my videos. As for me, I’ll see you soon for a next presentation video replica of airsoft, replica Denix, uniform or VIP! Hello ! Directed by Neo035 With the support of SWIT Airsoft and Epic Militaria Thanks to Sonia for the photos Thanks to my Tipeurs… Yes hello? 5 pints yes. I am a Fallschirmjäger, so I have a good run.

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