Empire of Dreams The Story of the Star Wars Trilogy

I’m Skywalker. I’m here to rescue you It is the most popular space adventure of all time Exciting it [ok] the word I would choose [it’s] one of the most groundbreaking stars in Hollywood history there’ll be no one to stop us this time it captured imaginations with an irresistible force [you’ve] taken your first step into a larger world and Catapulted three young performers to superstardom. I got him great [kid] Cocky My whole life was changed by the opportunities [that] gave to [me] through the [successive] star [Wars] It really is a wonderful morality tale. I’ll never to the dark side It’s George’s vision and and he truly is a visual man in a profound way But the star Wars trilogy didn’t just change the way we look at movies It changed the way that movies are made [you] rushed there. What [do] [that] [play]? There’s so many accomplishments that George has done That really has changed the business as we know it. We did it What began as a galactic fairy tale became a success story Beyond one man’s wildest dreams the Force will be [with] you Always so I expected not to ever make a hit movie. That wasn’t my agenda I certainly didn’t expect Star wars to be this giant hit But it became such a phenomena It’s hard to remember a time [before] Star Wars The world was different then the Windows [cellphones] [are] personal computers the Internet was years away Even home video had yet to catch on The space Race was over upon all for an Americans fell deeply mired in the present it was a time of economic inflation and rising oil prices and the [Nation] had grown cynical about its heroes and its leaders. Well, I’m not a [crop] in other countries watergate [torus] apart And then we have the Vietnam war on top of that which for dividing the nation like nothing else had it was a terrible decade of great storm and violence in our history on The big Screen Hollywood’s view was equally Grand The films of the early 1970s were gritty and often downbeat a reflection of America’s social and political upheaval Instead of old-fashioned heroes the screen was dominated by hard-nosed anti Heroes who broke all the rules [in] [the] late 60s the Warner’s those antics all the people that started the [studio’s] in the first place [were] retiring and they were Selling the students to corporations. They were beverage companies and all kinds of other they were in other businesses. They didn’t know [at] all how to run a movie studio all they know is if the marketing department said people want to see this and you make that so they started marketing pictures and studying the demographics and all these kinds of things and they realized that there was a market for films made [by] young [people] for young people because The young person was becoming a bigger part of their market the studio system that lasted for Decades had now collapsed and Hollywood executives desperate to connect with Younger audiences Turn to film schools to find the next Generation of movie Makers It was in this atmosphere [of] change that gifted directors like Francis Ford Coppola Brian [De] [Palma] Martin Scorsese and Steven Spielberg [brought] a more personal sensibility to the screen was a state of confusion and a lot of filmmakers got to make projects that they ordinarily wouldn’t have Gotten to make and I got caught right in the middle of it George was the kind of Maverick from Northern California [an] independent Filmmaker Who was always extremely [uh] proud that he had very few? attachments to Hollywood Born in Modesto, California George Lucas grew up reading adventure stories And watching movie serials on television But it wasn’t until college that his own dreams of filmmaking began to surface in 1963 he left, Modesto to attend film classes at the University of Southern California. I was teaching at USC, and George was in one of the seminars we talked about some of his early attempts at filmmaking And I’ll tell you right from the beginning George had a unique vision George was a [guide] [to] thought out of the box as you can certainly see by his student film thx 1138 And he shot a film there was 20 minutes long supposed to be [five] minutes But he got a great deal of recognition and [opened] the eyes of the [professors] the kids could do something out of the box Beyond what the restrictions were Lucas won Acclaim for his technical skills and imagination as a storyteller His interest in Mythology, and Philosophy [do] [his] work and added dimension Georgia Style was fantastic Incredible [I] Don’t care what he was doing it. Just looked more personal than some of the other work after graduating from USC Lucas joined his friend Francis Ford Coppola in San Francisco where in 1969 Coppola founded American Zoetrope an independent film Company I Came up with no intention of actually becoming successful, but I did have a very strong Feeling about being able to be in control of my work And not having people tamper with it in 1971 Lucas directed thx 1138 a theatrical feature based on his student film but when warner brothers executives saw the finished product they demanded Coppola returned the $300,000 the studio had advanced to the of thx and other projects The Fledgling company imploded and Lucas had to find work elsewhere He decided to take matters into his own hands and start his own company Lucasfilm limited For his first project under this new banner Lucas chose American graffiti an affectionate look at teenage cruising in the early 1960s Produced by Universal studios It was loosely based on his own experiences as a car enthusiast growing up in Modesto I Had gone from being extremely experimental and hard edged and then really taking up a challenge that [frances] gave me I Bet you can’t do it. Just a silly comedy. You [know] kind of warm and fuzzy comedies. Oh ok. I’ll try that The film was shot in just 28 days for under a million dollars [tow] [Producing] was another USC alumnus Gary, Kurtz Toward the end of the post production on American graffiti, we organized a screening at the North Pointe Cinema in San Francisco and We felt the reaction to the film was quite positive but Ned tannen from Universal was very upset [he] said we shouldn’t be showing it to an audience at this stage, and we were totally flabbergasted My first film I didn’t understand and they meddled with it after was all finished same thing with my second film the corporate entity came in and [Jerry-Rigged] with it cut five minutes out, but even before the release of American graffiti George Lucas’s imagination was pointed at the stars all during this time he was talking about the fact that you would like to do a flash Gordon kind of 1930s space Opera and he started working on that in earnest And people said all things to pick why in the world would you do that [I]? Said well you know it’s fun to make films for young people. It’s a chance to sort of make an impression on them I Want to do this with his galactic fairy tale [Lucas] hoped to reinvent a classic Genre Among his influences were the writings of scholar and educator joseph campbell in which he explored the origins of myth and world religions When Lucas was writing a script of Star wars he was heavily? interested in Joseph Campbell what Joseph Campbell was interested in was to see the connections between Myths the myths of different cultures to try to find out what were the thread that tied all these very disparate cultures together I? Did research [to] try to distill [everything] down into motifs that would be universal [I] attribute most of the success to the pSychological Underpinning which had been around for thousands of years and people still react the same way to the stories as they always have George is nothing if not a good reporter, and when he sets out [to] do his work he starts reporting from the best sources He can gather he brought campbell Into the process of looking at his work on Star wars and saying Is this right am [I] getting it down is this the right emphasis this the right character Joseph Campbell said to me? The Best Duty ever had was George Lucas Like such epics as the odyssey beowulf and the Legend of King Arthur Star Wars drew from a shared pool of Mythic archetypes you have the youth who’s on the adventure [that] you can identify with you have the Swashbucklers and You have the damsel she may not sort of have the reactions that are conventional however. She is in distress And you have the wise old Man who you go, and you find him and [you] have the funnier carriages? I mean it really adheres strictly to that form it’s the traditional Ritualistic coming-of-age story, and when I went into the mythological side of what I want to do, that’s a key factor with heroes by the summer of 1973 George Lucas had created a treatment that he felt was ready to shop [around] whether anyone would be interested that was another story most successful science fiction film at that point was 2001 and Successful then was that it made about [24] million dollars or something like that Most hits science fiction films would make about 16 million dollars which was the planet of the apes films and that sort of thing? but most science fiction films would make under 10 million dollars I mean, there’s no reason to think that it would do any different star wars was more space fantasy than science fiction But it’s galactic setting made it a tough sell in 1973 when I was pitching the film all I had was like a 14 page story treatment was very vague that it’s kind of a 1930s action-Adventure Saturday afternoon cereal based on the kind of flash board and buck Rogers kind of comic book future And that’s about all they knew about it In the seventies science fiction seemed to be all about apocalyptic societies and death and destruction Not very inspiring so we were fighting uphill battle with the science fiction project George Lucas brought star wars to universal and united artists both studios passed on the project But the ambitious young filmmaker was secretly relieved the last thing he wanted was to hand his dream project to the wrong people You didn’t care for the studio system. He used it because There was no other way [of] doing what he needed to do Undaunted Lucas presented Star wars to alan ladd Jr.. The new head of creative affairs at 20th Century Fox Ladd a former producer was able to recognize potential in the filmmaker it’s not necessarily the film we had a meeting and George so I didn’t think about this thing called Star Wars and Told me about it. I said that sounds terrific [I] mean the technology part of the whole thing was completely over my head But I just believed in him in his genius. I sort of recognized off American Graffiti that he really was a genius so I just Flew with it. He understood what talent was He’s respected talent, and he was able to say I think this guy’s talented I think we’re going to invest in him So I’ll my junior invested in me he did not invest in the movie and it paid off in 1973 Land Investment Lucas proved justified American Graffiti was finally released to rave reviews and became the third highest-grossing picture of the year It went on to earn more than 100 million dollars worldwide American Graffiti showed a very human [center] and a huge heart the gorge has always had by the way And I think that surprised a lot of people With a preliminary deal for Star Wars in place Lucas Began writing his screenplay in 1974 it proved more ambitious than he had first imagined the Filmmaker was able to distill his idea down to its essence an Epic Battle between a heroic Rebel Alliance and an evil galactic Empire The Chief villain Darth vader was there practically from the start But it took time to [come] [up] with star wars three main heroes a plucky young princess named Leia Organa [the] fearless [Karelian] Smuggler known as han solo and Most important an idealistic Farm boy whose original name was Luke Starkiller? Over the course of his adventure luke trains to become a Jedi knight deriving his power from a mystical [energy] known as the force but along the way the script went through radical changes at One point Luke was a 60-year old general and han solo [at] green skin and gills Even the concept of the Force had yet to be fully realized Instead there was the Kyber crystal a sort of galactic, [holy] [Grail]? the concept of the Force was an important one in the story and the Difficulty is Trying to create a religious spiritual concept that works in a very simple way without heavy Exposition or without it seeming to pull down the story it got to be a very fat script about 200 pages and the story had Gotten away from me so the only way I could Cope [with] it was to say I’ll take the first lured the first act I’ll make that into a movie, but I’d written always let’s [stop] [I] spent a [year] writing this story, and I said well. I’m [not] gonna. Just throw away 2/3 of my year and say this is all I can afford at this point. This is the only amount of money I’m going to get us to do this one movie So I put it on the shelf I said by Hook or by Crook I will finish this movie But star Wars wouldn’t be cheap to get the fox board of directors to approve the necessary budget Lucas needed something dramatic. He hired Ralph McQuarrie a conceptual design artist would work for boeing I’d [seams] [on] his paintings. I have I would really brilliant I said look I want you to do some paintings of these [scenes] that I’ve done so that the Studio can get a picture of what it is. I’m talking about When I turned in the script, I had about five or six drawings that I turned in with it also say This is what it’s going to look like he had a concept for a big spectacular Visual and it didn’t come [across] in the script, so I tried to give it scale juxtaposing the tiny little figures with the great Spectacular background George would say don’t worry about how we’re going to do it. We just wanted to see an impression of what the scene Looked like on the screen McQUarrie’s artwork one over the Fox board of directors who soon approved a budget of just over eight million dollars With only the first part of his star wars saga being made lucas also needed to think about the future But his prior dealings with major studios had taught him [to] be cautious when I made the deal for Star Wars Originally I made the deal before American graffiti to even come out because [I] [lad] [had] seen the film American graffiti He said I’ll make a deal but he made a very you know you’re going to make x number of dollars and this kind of thing and It was a very like [one-page] memo When it came up to doing the contract for the film which is about a year later I knew that what I really had to do was to protect the unwritten part the other two parts of the script All of a sudden graffiti comes out and it’s a big huge success so his Agent came back and said well hey look what this guy’s made this huge successful movie now Don’t you think we should get more with a couple hundred thousand dollars for writing directing and producing a movie I? Said yeah, I think you should get more I was very careful to say I don’t want more money. I don’t want more points I don’t want anything financial, but I do want the right to make these sequels I was working on the assumption [is] everybody filmmaker works on which is a film be a disaster and that [it] won’t be promoted and it lists die a horrible death and [really] very hard to get these next two [movies] made Sure, it said like a big slice of the merchandising up until that time merchandising had been Relatively unknown when I took over the licensing I simply said I’m going to be able to make t-shirts [I’m] going to be able to make posters And I’m going to be able to sell this movie [even] though the studio won’t so I managed to get control of pretty much everything was left over that the studio didn’t really care about George was enormous without cycles and the studio wasn’t because they didn’t know that the world was changing George Disney. World is gently maybe changed with his star Wars contract completed George Lucas now needed a rebel force up to the challenge of production in the summer of 1975 he founded the visual effects company industrial light and magic There was no special effects companies in those days and the [studio’s] special effects [department] had been disbanded part of that was because of the expense and Part of it was that the American taste the culture had gone toward very realistic-looking films we approached the visual effects as a grand experiment saying can we do this with a lot of people who work on architectural models and In commercials in and have never made feature films before We were kind of like a weird kind of fraternity of robotic Photography you do not see something like that. [I] mean this was a big movie for Fox. [we’re] doing commercials [we] all dreamed about doing a feature and this was like the dream come true so star Wars came along Just the perfect time for us We moved into a big empty warehouse in van nuys right near the van nuys airport and basically started [from] scratch And it was empty whoo early days used to park a car inside. There’s no camera equipment no rooms to speak of supervising at ilm was John Dykstra an effects cameraman would worked under Douglas Trumbull on films like silent running I it was essentially to be responsible for Doing the visual effects for the [film] we took the concept of motion control which is essentially an old? Concept of being able to duplicate camera motion through more [than] one pass so that you can generate multiple Elements of film and we made it production Savvy by tying it into a computer which was at that point Custom-Built micro processors there were no PCs hidden go down buying a PC we built them from scratch at the same time the camera system was being built another team began constructing model spaceships [I] Was one of the early hires they had a small art department and there were some concept models made out of cardboard and model kit pieces [there] were some storyboards and some concept illustrations that Joe Johnson had done There were some paintings that Ralph McQuarrie had done everything came either from my sketches or Ralph’s paintings and and drawings and Any input that George my hat you know it wasn’t a lot of outside influences on Star Wars Jordan wanted it to look like you could actually see the rivets so you can see the logic of how it was made [I] was originally hired to work on the [deathstar] the [40-foot] by What was at 40 by 80 feet or 40 by 60 feet or something like that? Nobody wanted to do the job because you had to spend a lot [of] time on your knees Everybody sort of could cross train and work in different Techniques that was different than the hollywood system that had very strict sort of union rules But there was no way that this work could be done that way or no [way] the Hollywood unions could understand what we were doing with pre-production gaining momentum Lucas necks began the process of casting his galactic opus. He shared the audition stage with his friend Brian De Palma who was seeking actors for the Stephen King Shocker Carrie [it] just happened We were both making these movies and casting at the same time so we decided to combine our efforts I’ve made movies with very young People that have no track record So I have to kind of go through and discover them Pick them and then test them and go through them have readings and so it takes a long [time] I spent probably six or seven months casting Star Wars and That’s a long process of sit in a little room and interview people and I interviewed thousands In casting the Male leads Luke Starkiller and han solo Lucas look for individual screen presence as well as chemistry between performers checks out again is an almost a You can’t find or Danam agent. I found it. It’s just not there. Oh, I found it. It’s just not there What’s left of it is contaminated? That’s it there? Look at those radiation right now. It’s impossible. I’ve never seen anything like it The entire must have gotten here first plant has been completely blown away For the pivotal role of Luke Lucas needed an actor who could project both intelligence and integrity Well, she’s part of the royal family they don’t get anything out. She knows the power of mind control She’s part of the royal family [they] will get any information from her. She knows the art of mind control 24 year old Mark Hamill was a familiar face on [television] a newcomer to films his wholesome Easygoing manner fit the part perfectly [I] can remember a line from the screen test Which I don’t think ever would leave me and luke says, but we can’t turn back [fears] their greatest defense I doubt if the actual security there is any greater than it was on apple I or sullust and what there is most likely directed towards a large-scale assault Here is their greatest defense? I doubt at the actual security there is much greater than on a fly or solace and what there is is most likely to record Which a large-scale assault and I read that line a time who talks [likely] so I just did it Sincerely well how many more systems have to get blown away before you have no place to hide your force to fight don’t you realize? What’s going on? Kid you take the glory and the good intentions. I’ll take the reward the role of han Solo needed someone older with a more cynical edge What’s that little droid carrying it so blasted important? What’s the little droid carrying that’s so important Harrison Ford had worked with Lucas on American graffiti, but because the director initially only wanted new faces. He was not allowed to audition Where’s the door stood up together little? Instead he was brought in to feed lines to the other actors I was given sides and asked if I would [help] read the other actors it became my task To explain to the other actors who were coming along just what it was that this these sides Were meant to be about they’re gonna follow us. They’ll destroy your hidden bases. They’ll destroy The whole system right I know the follow and they’ll bring the gun star to Lucas may have been reluctant to use ford at first, but the actor won him over by giving han a mix of mercenary swagger and world weariness Well, what was so clear was what the idea was [of] the character relationships? [Mark] was the callow youth and I was the smartass and we each had a clear section of turf to explore the planets totally blown away It would have taken a thousand ships with more firepower than I’ve ever seen to do that If the empire had a new weapon that could do this I’d know about it. I’d have heard something oh You know about it now the enemy is on the move we have much time what I brought you here now what? We’ve got [to] [find] the [rebels] what [we’re] [caring] belongs to them their faces are [very] well hidden [shunned] you The whole all the power of the Empire can’t find them. You know where they are Well, I’m not going to take an impossible Chase across the Galaxy virtually every young actress in Hollywood [tried] out for the part of Princess, Leia Although the character was the same age as luke as a leader of the rebellion Leia needed to project a confidence Beyond her years the plans and specifications To a battle station with enough firepower to destroy an entire system Our only hope in destroying it is to find its weakness which we will determine from the data stored in our to What our only hope and destroying it is to find its weakness which will do from the data stored on to okay, now we’ve captured the plans in a raid on the imperial ship here we fell under attack before I could get the data to Safety so I hid it in our tunics and a month when R2 has been safely delivered to my forces you get your award You have [my] guarantee? What’s the little droid carrying that so blessed and important? The plans and specifications to a battle station with enough firepower to destroy an entire system One actress in particular seemed tailor-made to play a princess as the daughter of actress Debbie Reynolds and singer Eddie fisher Carrie Fisher was the product of Hollywood Royalty She had no trouble conveying the self assurance needed for Leia organa I met with Brian Depalma and George and Brian did all the talking because George didn’t talk then There were incredible Actresses that were my age that [were] being considered for this role, so I I didn’t think I would get it But our only hope is to destroy it before it destroyed us but Hiding is useless now With the death Star’s I’ll continue to go on destroying Systems until they found it We have no alternative to process the information and use [it] while there’s still time [I] got it with the proviso that I went to [a] sat farm and Did I lose ten pounds and then I think they were hoping it was going to come [out] five here and 5 here My character was someone who is feisty and all of that, but I felt myself to be a bit of that, too So it would have been unlikely that I would be cast as a shrinking violet he cast us to type in a way Lucas’s decision to Hire unknowns went against the advice of his friend Francis Ford Coppola Who would cast the godfather with stage and screen Stars? 20th century Fox was also concerned about Lucas’s choice of actors They came and said these are [the] three unknown people. I want to go with [agreed] we’ve gone down this bar on the road. He knows what he’s doing I’d be lying if I said oh my God harris is perfect could [Kerry’s] perfect and mark is fantastic Now as very nervous about the cast For the important role of [agent] Jedi Master Obi-wan, Kenobi Lucas recognized that he needed an established star Sir alec Guinness was a veteran of over 40 films and had wanted Oscar in 1958 for his performance in [the] Bridge on the River KwAi the knighted actor had the pedigree and the persona the aleC Guinness role required a certain Stability and gravitas as a character which meant we needed a very very strong character actor to play that part? Signing guinness was a major coup, but more casting would be done in London where [star] [wars] would be principally produced Unlike Lucas’s home base of Northern California London provided access to the kind of massive sound stages needed for Star Wars and vicious sets the location also gave lucas access to Britain’s top production talents the character of Darth Vader Demanded someone of commanding physical stature to [fill] Vader’s boots Lucas cast Champion Bodybuilder David prowse whose resume included roles like frankenstein’s creature in Hammers popular horror movies as Vader’s Evil Accomplice governor Tarkin another Hammer alumnus was cast 63 year Old Peter cushing best known as the methodical professor van helsing and Dracula Cushing [was] the perfect choice to portray the death star’s I see Chief administrator For the part of Chewbacca han Solo’s towering wookiee co-pilot Lucas and Kurtz had to look outside normal casting channels But it’s seven feet [three] inches tall it was no stretch for peter mayhew. We’d been working as an orderly at a yorkshire hospital. [I] Sat down on one [of] the sofas waiting for George door opened and George walked in with Gary behind him So naturally, what did I do I amazed in England? Soon as someone [comes] in through the door. I stand up George goes hMM Virtually turned to gary and said I think we found him Finding the right performers to portray robots was even more of a challenge Production designers had constructed an assortment of robots and androids to populate the star [Wars] universe But it would take living breathing actors to give personality to the two main droids C-3Po and R2D2 To operate R2 lucas needed a performer small in stature, but with a big imagination Enter [three-foot] [five-inch] stage comedian Kenny baker I couldn’t find anyone that would sit inside this robot to make it move And they couldn’t use kids because it was called a heavy machine in others weight about 80 pounds one of our other expensive inside costumes and inside cats and dogs And goodness knows what else she [marked] so when I come into the robots You know you said look happy, so I go Inside [my] [analytics] [leader] my expressions obviously, but it just you have to do something to get the feel of the [thing] Actor Anthony Daniels, not only had the Slender build needed for C-3po But training as a mime artist. He be seeing people every five minutes [I] was there for a while, and thinking well nearly time [to] go I guess and then kind of over George’s shoulder I saw painting and The most extraordinary thing happened it just struck me because I I kind of looked at this face And the face looked back at me [and] we have this extraordinary eye contact you know he’s looking right out of the picture, and he seemed to be saying Come come be with me and the vulnerability in his face Made me want to help him. They’re not weird he just looks [asleep] on Google that painting Completely changed my attitude to the whole project Years later, I was able to go through [alka] quarry and say you will This is [all] your fault in March 1976 with casting completed George Lucas and company arrived in North Africa It was a strange Caravan of British and American Filmmakers Working in a french-speaking nation on a script few people believed in the overriding Thing for me really at that stage was the amount of work that we had to do the amount of stuff there was To achieve and we had grave doubts about getting it done in time But the Trial-By-fire had yet to begin it was now up to lucas to make his movie Just one day into filming the Sahara was pelted with its first Major rainfall in 50 years We were going out there to shoot on the [sol] flat I came out in the morning and the rain was going horizontally down the street this way oh my God I Just called a rest day on the crew. Tell them all to go back to bed because there was no way [they] were Gonna shoot on that The first two weeks of shooting we’d run into a lot of weather problems sets had blown down I didn’t get everything shot. It was a disaster at that point. I was pretty depressed saying boy I’ve got myself in way over my head. [I] don’t [know] what I’m going to do. It was do what you feel is right suppose With temperatures topping 100 degrees by mid-morning, Tunisia was anything but fun in the sun baking for hours in heavy costume even the film stunt coordinator Peter, Diamond found the conditions physically exhausting I was known as some person on the picture [introduced] [I] became a Tuscan raider for Sanford Not a sun merchant. [I] don’t like the sun. I just burn So I just died with the heat of it. I couldn’t stand it anymore It was so hot but there’s so many problems it just wasn’t not a good location We seem to be made to suffer. It’s our lot in life C-3po was finally put together for the very first time the day [before] we started shooting R2D2 didn’t really function that well he could run along in the three legged position, but he couldn’t turn his head at the same time [there] was everywhere and Their head was on a track [of] Colbert I said whenever I could clever Olaf and turn it physically that way in that way not very far Because I went to four other the waters would go around my neck and then they say cut right [play] for lunch And everybody just walk away and leave me and then they’d remember making us very Venturi, but that happened many times Was bad enough is putting on the costume for the first time and within two paces the left leg had shattered down onto the plastic of the left foot and was Gently but forcibly and persistently knifing it into the the soft part and pink foot So we took it off, and I limped to the set with one foot, and it was then I began to panic about the days to come as The actors and crew began to grumble about the adverse conditions. It was sir alec guinness who served as a role [model] of [professionalism] It was for me fascinating watch alec guinness. He was always prepared always Professional always very kind to the other actors he had very clear head about how to serve [this] story. He was the Person who sort of brought it some legitimacy, and I asked him why he wanted to do it He loved the idea of playing a mentor or a wizard in a morality play. Where good and evil so clearly defined Three or four seasons yet up for sale if you want them you don’t need to see his identification These aren’t the droids you’re looking for He can go about his business Lucas Meanwhile was up to his neck in malfunctioning props electronic breakdowns and other production woes Star Wars was already struggling to stay on schedule The only silver Lining was that after tunisia the production would be moving to a more controlled environment Elstree Studios outside London The stages of L street were among the largest in the world and the sets now finished after months of construction Were just as impressive and for the first time the entire Star wars cast was together That was almost like a whole separate movie. It was like getting a whole fresh start, and it was all new really We were all very [different] ages I was 19 Harrison was 33 And he was sort of the big man on campus and meeting him [he] sort of felt well, he’ll be [a] movie star costumes makeup robots and aliens were all ready to go I Put that mask on and chewie Transformed me I Transformed the attitude was different the walk was different chewie turned on do the sings Come back take the mask off Peter was backs Little man’s mouth instead of chewy Boy, where’d you dig up that old thoughtful? Then it’s a great man. Yeah great getting up into trouble. I didn’t hear you give any ideas but working at Elstree studios Didn’t mean the production was free from problems or strict British union regulations at 5:30 we had spot unless we were in the middle of a shot I could ask the crew for an extra 15 minutes But they always voted me down I’m opening down the British crew, but that was kind of attitude luck. What is this? It didn’t help that most of the crew thought star wars was just a children’s film At times even the actors were hard pressed to take the work seriously Didn’t get me any good whereas. I did another wasn’t business exchange And I can remember this rising land Boy is all this [about] [hating] [our] [colleagues] a lot of rubbish sugar, and we also did not even look episode go handles and it’s a princess with care and weird buns on the side and giant on A Monkey suit or something. I mean it was weird. It was very very weird It was tough dialogue to say so I think I got some governor talking. I thought I recognized your foul stench Which you know I don’t [know] about you, but I’m always talking like that I’m talking I should have expected to find you holding vader’s leash [I] recognized your foul stench when I was brought on board charming to the last We used to say you can type this stuff, but you can’t say George Didn’t really like being in london. I [suppose] the best way to say it. He doesn’t want to be away from home He’s not the most gregarious person in the world he had some clashes with the cameraman gil Taylor was a very Old school [cameraman] very crotchety George had coming out of low-budget filmmaking was used to Doing a lot [of] things himself so George would say things like well put the put a light here And gil took offense at that kind of thing. He says that’s not your job son You tell me what you want to see and I’ll do it the way I think is best to create what you want to see it was a clash of style of working [VG7] take fall We’re coming up on all Know I did feel healthy I can almost see [the] reward let’s go. I’m taking your first step into a larger world Lucas also became frustrated that the costumes sets and other production elements weren’t living up to his vision for Star Wars The compromises required due to the film’s budget plagued him on an almost daily basis What was disappointing would be the cantina sequence? It was really imaginative lee described and then you go in there, and it looks like the nutcracker suite [you] know there’s a frog guy and a mouth girl Giant Cricket at the bar is Disappointing, but you don’t charge this don’t worry. I’m going to [rena] fix all of it We didn’t see anything of what we’ve ended up on the screen. So you [know] when they blew my planet up I was looking at a guy going like this against a board with a circle on it I mean it was funny proceed [with] the operation you may fire when ready What dan towline is too remote to make an effective demonstration? We will deal with your rebel friends soon enough No George never talked it was sort of we felt He wanted [to] hit our marks and magically accommodate our dialogue, and he lost his voice at one point We didn’t know that for days, and we wanted to get him a little board where it said Faster and more intense that was his main [Direction] He just wanted us to speed through it George is notorious for saying after taking a do it again Faster more intensity She certainly said to me was terrific tonic and he did again faster, but I didn’t get more intensity [I] didn’t think three feeling for intensity would be bearable to you hmM. I? Said all systems have been alerted to your presence [the] main entrance seems to be the only way in or out We all had to fill in a lot of the blanks it was more a matter of if we did something He didn’t like he’d tell us rather than telling us what to do I think George likes people, I think George is a warm-Hearted person but yeah All impatient with the process of acting of finding something you know and he thinks it’s there It’s like there. I wrote it down. You know I Do that you know sometimes you can’t just do that and make [it] work he’s really focused on like trying to do and get everything right and smell fried and squids go off right and We’re just tossing him mercilessly [Carry] Mark Wicked [sense] [of] [Humors] [Carry] was very young Mark was very young so they were the junior division, and they were always lurking about center So it kept us in stitches. [I] got one outfit for the first movie and as George taught me There is no underwear in space instead of that there is Gaffer tape so I was taped down and I used to say we should just make up a contest on the call. Sheet is who’s going to rip it off? But we didn’t do that. We’re all goofing around and Trying to make George crack if he really looked like he was ready to burst into tears and you try and cheer him up Okay, shut it and hand The MiC was in picture. Oh sound Department I am That to him was really inappropriate humor at the time because I’m sure he’s in the zone and he’s seeing what he wants to do and we’re just like Actors trying to stave off boredom because you know we’ve been in the trash compactor All morning, hey, I should I Got a really bad feeling about this but [it] is amazing what you can do when you have a vision when you have an ambition and When you can bend other people’s will to your desire and the thing that kept it focused towards the ambitions was George’s Vision has passion for the idea Perhaps the most memorable stunt in Star [Wars] was actually performed by Mark Hamill and Carrie Fisher The Nick of time Escape of Luke and Leia across a yawning chasm in the death star Mark Hamill [wasn’t] [do] as much as he could himself other times were to keep him back He was too enthusiastic actually he could have got hurt princess Leia and Luke Skywalker had to [swing] over his boy We couldn’t afford stunt doubles, so I said to George well I can teach them to do this and be quite safe my buddy And I we put the harnesses on we put the wires on everyone down below cuz remember we are we’re about 20 meters up looking down [long] right and as you swung across there was a ton of tear and My buddy said to me Peter your harness is snapped at Marcus. I’m not going [in] that’s – it’s too dangerous [oh], this is where I discovered how to be a good liar. I said no, there’s nothing wrong with the harness [I] split my trousers as I landed. He said how I felt it was the harness I said mark I wouldn’t let you go on this if it was dangerous [you] [know] this is it as you know one take and that’s how [exotic] oh Really early on in the shoe When I was still worried about my weight And I thought that we’re going to miss and I hit the wall and they will say that still too Tubby Let’s bring in Jodie Foster Another of heater diamonds tasks was choreographing the dramatic lightsaber battle between Darth vader and Obi-wan Kenobi You can’t win does If my [blade] to fight his lot he [will] cease to exist And I warn you if you strike me [down]. I shall become more powerful than you can possibly imagine George [he] wanted a broadsword tiger fight with a touch of Japanese behind But instead of becoming samurai moves with one hand I kept it with two hands so all the moves were two hands Completely right there So soldier for bits of wood with the pump ejecting material wrapped around them now the hardest thing for me on the first fights Darth vader was [a] very heavy man obi-wan Kenobi was a gentleman [who]? Had done some fencing for in the theater I had to teach them if that [was] the sword to stop before the touch because the blades were breaking weblogs [rook] so many blades They just kept snapping across the Atlantic Foster’s [head] of [production] Alan Ladd Jr. Continued to offer Lucas’s main if not his only support from the studio Though there was a lot of problems. Yes, I made every board meeting I attended I mean the subject I well star Wars well [acosta] [rising] status is that With the move read drafts of scripts that make no sense to us in any way shape or form and it was really unpleasant The things that stick in my mind that made me laugh were like memos worried about whether or not the wookiee should have pants they’re looking at this thing and think couldn’t have some later hose and This great you know of all the [things] to worry about the Wiki has no parents I think we were like two weeks over schedule at that point the board of directors of Fox started to panic and Tell Alan ladd Jr.. That he had to shut that film down Regardless, and so he came to me and said look you’ve got to finish in the next week Because I got [another] board meeting, and I can’t go in there and say we’re still shooting [I] kept going on the phone to their production department saying this is insane if we put on a Second crew to do this it cost us more than going an extra week They said it doesn’t matter these the studio’s opinion Is that the day deadline is more important than the money you spent the final scenes were filmed at breakneck speed with Lucas frantically? Bicycling from One [Soundstage] to another [I] think George Suffered a lot more than I was aware of at the time that I was very focused on what I was doing Sisters are very busy media says non-Stop Toward us We did go over at the end and we split into three units right at the ends and gary directed the second unit And I have a distinction of directing the third unit of Star Wars My shots were things like [close-up] with art you do [seams] third. Foot going down Nothing too dramatic, but that’s how we finished it come on I’m up [alright]. Hope that old man got the tractor come out of commissioner. That’s gonna be a real [short] trip. Okay? Hey fox originally slated Star Wars for Christmas release in 1976 [but] the difficult shoot, [I’d] put the film severely behind schedule. We just leave this party just grow We haven’t well principal light seems, okay? We can get to it. It’s called the old man got the tractor beam on her mission No-go with barely six months to go there was almost no chance of [delivering] the project on Time [I] Just finished shooting the movie and it was exhausted basically, but I had to go right you know right [from] the shooting into the finishing Without a break I’m already anxious about meeting his deadline Lucas was shocked when he saw the first assembly of his edited film that spring that the [gruyter] does everything teller [all] right? I’ll get it the first cut of star wars was an unmitigated disaster [oh] Yeah I started to see things cut together. I wasn’t happy with it. [I] come in on weekends and recut the film on my own And I tried to get the editor cut up my way And he didn’t really want to and so I had to let the editor go so I had no editor I was behind schedule. [I] had to race to finish the movie 177 sec – Lucas realized his only hope was to start from scratch and I am Human-cyborg relations, and this is my counterpart [RTV], please hello To recut the movie he hired Paul hirsch and Richard [chiu] and for several months He was able to Borrow his wife [Marcia] who is editing, New York New York with Martin scorsese? A 250 take seven You must do what you feel is right to the coast Right [now] don’t feel too good on Star wars the Trio’s first Task was to give the film an energy and pace that was sorely lacking it was cut in a very traditional manner of just playing things out and Masters and then going into the coverage and let the actors Rhythm dictate the cuts rather than having the cuts kind of dry rhythm of the scenes Here let me take three guys Act up So they’re consequently there wasn’t any excitement in the footage the way that it had been put together Richard and I was sort of leapfrog. He was on one I would the real one I would grab real [two] and then when whoever finished that would grab real three and so forth We use shots [up] until the very last frame another Very often the very next frame would be the flash of the camera stop For instance there’s a shot of one of the sand people who knocks [lead] down And then he holds his weapon up over his head And he just did it once and we rocked it back and forth. So [he] did it a number of times The only things that are there is what’s presentable and everything behind the scenes [is] a mess With no chance of being ready by Christmas [a] new release [date] was set for summer 1977 some doubted that the movie would ever reach theaters But as bad [as] things had been with the editing the situation at ilm was even worse The Company was trying to create effects that had never been done before they knew what they wanted to [accomplish], but they had yet to create anything usable for the film they had spent half their budget and Ultimately, I had about four shots none [of] which I would accept they were just not good That was a pretty much of a low point I had no special effects, and I didn’t even know whether we were going to get the ships to work so it was a pretty desperate time and we’d spent half the budget you know building the Motion control cameras and setting the shop up, and it was a disaster [to] say the least The Factory has to be built before the first [canopy’s] can be sent to the supermarket And I think it was a year or more without any film coming out without Without one shot being finished because they were building optical printers. They were building cameras we were building models I know that George was disappointed in the work, and I’m and I’m disappointed that he was disappointed But there’s [a] certain subjectivity to some of that stuff I wish he had been happier, but I also think that ultimately the work did the job when worded the various post production problems reached the Fox board of directors they decided they’d had enough of George Lucas and that science movie I just Said that one executive to me was calling really cold. They just said sprays picture were right That end of the conversation [they] were afraid to Say well, you’re stupid you’re wrong who want you out of this building by five o’clock this afternoon so There’s some tense [moments] there With the dismal early cut of the film ilm and Chaos and growing pressure from the studio Lucas was facing almost unbearable battles on a daily basis after [an] especially tense trip to ilm Lucas felt sharp chest pains Fearing a heart attack the director checked into a Marin County hospital He was diagnosed with hypertension and exhaustion and was warned to reduce his stress. Level at that point. I really felt that I Got myself into a real mess, and I didn’t know whether I was gonna get out Lucas doubled his efforts to save Star Wars The situation at ilm required drastic measures to get the film’s crucial special effects back on track Lucas had no choice, but to step in personally we put a production department in the special effects company I went down there twice a week there was a certain amount of resentment at first because they They felt that there they were being challenged a bit on how they had they had been set it up We felt that there was a certain Quasi Hippie mentality that some of them had about the schedule ultimately, [we’re] I guess who known as a country club [I] think it looked to those guys that there needed to be a really strong production force in there that was going to Meet some sort of code With hundreds of shots left to be completed Ilm would have to do a year’s worth of work in just six months? But Lucas and Kurtz were determined to turn the situation around Gary was [a] gear so he could understand our problems and and George is a storyteller You know and so we have to serve his needs because he’s the one that’s telling the story, but we had to build these incredible Contraptions in order to do it George was our general where his soldiers and we’re all fighting the stinking battle to get this film out we’re going on the [frontlines] here and That gave us also kind of a feeling of being special and fighting this great battle to you know get this thing done. Whatever it To help inspire the effects team at ilm Lucas had spliced together aerial dogfights from Old war movies That would be like the first animatic which you do all in the computer now of course and we match frame to frame and the action on that as close as we could And that was hugely helpful I got him [trained] [tan] don’t get cocky To describe that abstract world of a battle is impossible storyboards don’t do it as far as the pacing the rhythms that he needed Thank you. It was a great time A small turn to winter star wars finally started to take shape. We did it. We did it working from the raw production tracks Sound Designer Ben Burtt would had a critical new layer to the film Burt had spent a year building a catalogue of sounds for things that didn’t exist in our Galaxy George introduced the idea of what he called an organic soundtrack George thought that Chewbacca might be made up from recordings of dogs or maybe even bears in addition I recorded some lions and tigers and even some walruses I Would begin editing them together and making little phrases out of the noises. I would take the recordings to edit the best pieces You know the bear might make a sound that sounded angry or they might make a sound it was cute Where a sound that sounded like a sentence? Oh wah wah walk into the center? [you] said it chewie The voice of R2 turned out to be the most difficult problem to solve in a sound design of the first movie because arts who had to act alongside of the other actors and the script Only said that R2 made a sound or maybe are too [beep] [I] had a small electronic Synthesizer And I did some patches with it and made up some electronic sounds but that didn’t sound alive at one point You could talk about art to his personality and he felt he was developing kind of as a as a toddler So I did a lot of baby recordings and eventually we found that we in the discussion of our two boys we were making the sentence ourselves a Few experiments, led to the combination of using my voice doing baby. Talk beeps and boop’s With the electronic synthesizer so R2 is sort of 50% machine and 50% organic Coming out of you know the performance of a person the breathing for Vader was recorded by putting a little tiny microphone down inside a regulator on a ScuBa tank [I] [breathed] through the the mask itself and it Breathed in and out and out of that came the various you know paces of vader breathing And that sound worked out pretty successfully Finding the right voice for Darth vader was another challenge Lucas had never intended [to] use the onset vocal performance of David prowse Playing the packages in [a] second I’ve looked in a life [I] can still hear David prowse is [scag] sent in the Darth vader Mask muffle because he would do the real [dialog] and trying to curse Carrie fisher [is] something A member of the imperial senate on a diplomatic you are part of the river alone as a quick Paper over it was [hilarious] and terrifying at the same time because we didn’t know what [Darth] sound like That was the first time we heard him. We’re like is that it there’s gonna be some Scottish guy, or what is this? [kraus] his voice would later be replaced with a more menacing performance provided by classically trained stage and film actor James Earl Jones George had hired David prowse, but he said he wanted a so-called Darker voice and not not in terms of ethnic but in terms of Tambor and the rumor is that he thought of Orson welles And then probably thought that orson might be too recognizable so what he ends up is picking like a voice that was born in Mississippi raised in Michigan and was a stutterer and That happened to be my voice. I want to know what happened to the plans they sent you. I don’t know what you’re talking about I’m a member of the imperial senate on a diplomatic mission to Alderaan you are part of the rebel alliance and a traitor taken away Gtos voice struck us all as you know well we got to do something about that steady for tech-free Seem to be made to suffer a lot in life It was mentioned a number of times that C-3po might sound like I used car salesmen not the English butler [title] I’m sorry said I’m not the current over and just came up with [this] voice of an over-the-top British Butler and British because that would be my natural note of thinking about that because that was his his role in life nervous because that was his feeling in life, and it came as C-3po Human-Cyborg relations And it is my counterpart are competing hello few people were brought in the record an Attempt was made to see how threepio would be with different kinds of voices. I bet he’s [thirty] actors coming It’s really quite impressive names Stan freberg and a few others were Auditioned apparently one of them was a major cartoon Amounted literally a thousand voices who eventually said you know something George. [Kontos] voices is pretty good for [the] character why didn’t he just use his voice and Eventually the discussion just quieted down and it was an excellent performance. It’s synchronized with his body motions It was a total character which he created. He was this track was left in the movie. Hey We don’t serve their kind here what your droids don’t have to get out [hi]. We don’t want them here That’s [why] I buy this beer. We don’t want any trouble I possibly agree, but you said For 2x excellent actor here. We go cut in the sublight engines At long last the editing sound and visual effects for taking shape But a private screening of the film for Lucas’s closest friends didn’t do much to bolster his confidence was an early stage now, sort of a Second or third cut I had a couple my friends come up to see it Brian [Depalma] was in town Steven came some other friends came to see it the human characters were there and the sets were there but of course all the spectacular you know you know the death star fight and battle inside the Trench and all that was just Not even there to be seen So the reaction was not a good one. [I] love the movie I was probably one the only four people in the audience liked the movie. Well my friends were very honest You know I don’t get it. It’s kind of what are you doing here? So that was [basically] the tenor of the whole thing? And on the other end of studio and laddie and and his little group saw the film they loved it It’s the first time I’ve actually shown a film Then one of the executives even cried at the screen. It was like very emotional for me I Set my family around the kitchen table in my house And I [said] the most extraordinary day of my life has just taken place I want you to remember this day [because] this is what I never dreamed, but or maybe I dreamed But I never thought would I would have a days experience like the day I’ve had today and seeing this film you know, and I couldn’t even believe it because I’m used to studios at that point I was used to studio a chief saying you know this is terrible You shouldn’t show this to audience embarrassing all kind of stuff so for me It was a very [rewarding] thing to show it to people even though. It’s in bad shape It didn’t help that one critical element in Star Wars was still missing The musical score that I’ll hold for a while quick pickup to get across why the petrovic [send] [a] bridge? I Remember well, bugging George [Milan] quickly here the score one can we hear the score for Korea’s score? Fortunately Lucas was able to recruit one of the industry’s most accomplished composers John Williams Williams had recently won an Oscar for Steven Spielberg’s Jaws and his resume included countless film and television scores including music for the original Lost in Space Television Series [I] do remember George talking about the fact that what we were going to see in the film represents worlds that we haven’t seen But that the music should give us some kind of an emotional anchor We heard a romantic melody for Princess, Leia we heard bellicose music for the battle scenes Some very heavy declamatory [things] [work] [dogs] later in March 1977 John Williams, Led the London Symphony [Orchestra] in the performance of the Star Wars soundtrack Recorded over 12 days. It was a sweeping symphonic masterpiece one of the few things to actually exceed Lucas’s expectation To hear Johnny play the music for the first time is a thrill Beyond and describe It was my first opportunity to work the London symphony orchestra. Which is a thrill to me Red five I’m going in like Star wars itself the music in the film defied conventional wisdom at a time when disco was burning up the charts Having a traditional symphonic soundtrack was another huge risk on Lucas’s part He really understood [as] onra that I was talking [about] it’s a group of composers [that] worked that well looked upon in the 70s there Was a different attitude toward the old fashioned symphonic and his scores, and I had a lot of music in the movie Somewhere in space this may all be happening right now Haga [Fox] said they wanted a trailer out for the Christmas films before the summer release We didn’t have any visual [effect] shots ready then so we said well that’s going to be limiting and what footage can be It’s a big sprawling space Saga of Rebellion and romance What was really cool about the trailer was that we were still working on the movie? It’s an epIc of heroes and Villains and Aliens from [a] [thousand] [worlds] It was more about the spirit of it can introduce a lot of different characters the robots one thing They did have was a couple of the very early lifesavers for Star Wars Of vision years in the making and it’s coming to your galaxy this summer It was fun Industry [insiders] had been predicting doom for Star Wars But a small army of fans had been building thanks to the foresight of Lucasfilm Charles Lippincott was brought in as a marketing director [he’s] a science fiction fan he had contacts with the fan base. That was critical we felt science fiction fans were going to be the big supporter of this film Regardless of its popularity with any other audience. So that was the key target audience to start with Aside from licensing posters and t-shirts there was little support outside of lucas films marketing efforts to promote star Wars Fortunately Charles Lippincott was able to secure a comic book deal with Stan Lee [and] Marvel comics He also convinced del rey to Publish a novelized version of George Lucas’s screenplay in November 1976 by February the next Year half a million Copies had completely sold out Fearing star wars would get crushed by other summer movies like smokey and the bandit fox moved its release to the Wednesday before Memorial day But fewer than 40 theaters agreed to show it Nobody wanted to book it that same summer of 1977 Fox released film called the other side of midnight Which was based on an enormous successful bestseller? It wasn’t a very good film But it was a very very much expected book and in order to exhibit the other side of midnight give him to exhibit Star Wars we sent out a beautiful book and [that] didn’t seem to make an impact on him at all he had very few bookings also. It wasn’t that There had been time renews week or any of that stuff preceding this Headsman screen and hadn’t Gotten the reviews On the eve of Star wars release 20th century Fox George Lucas and [McCasland] crew braced themselves for the worst One way or another may 25th? 1977 would be a day. They’d never forget Opening [shot] was one of the most important shots of the movie for the visual effects because if the audience bought that shot you had the combined chest of everybody just kind of [new] Air was sucked out of the place and then when the white [stratosphere] came overhead I Teared up. It was so powerful I had seen that scene, but without music without context it’s not the same thing We doomed Help me. I’ll be walking there was a sort of weird electric kind of reaction one has never seen anything like it Gonna make a jump like feet [I] Had never experienced special effects that were so real I was I was dazzled. I’m so I walk around here to rescue you Rescue I loved it because I love the story, and [I] love the characters somebody get this big walking carpet out of my way I Thought that it was revolutionary. This is a work of genius the force will be with you always We were in shock. I felt like we were blasted in the back of our seats man That was who worked on this I’m going in Use the cost [do] I have you now theater was jammed full of people right down to the front and there was a lot of hollering and cheering going on your Actor was over everyone was like on Cloud nine Just kind of shocked we had no clue what we were on It was Wonderful [I] Remember leaving the theater and having these kids asked us for autograph Didn’t know you don’t want our autograph [were] like model builders No, no, we want [you] yes, so we were thinking well this must mean something [people] [are] asking for our autograph [are] they standing up with a floppy we’re seeing this from my life, and I’ll never see it again He released. I think 37 theaters initially and broke 36 house [records]. [I] was completely shocked It got amazing response I used to drive by and [look] at the lines and think what I mean it was the [first] sort of Blockbuster George Lucas’s Star Wars lifted us out of our sort of depression [of] the 70s and into an awareness and a Focus on space and its possible future this movie stood by itself Timing is everything in art you bring out star wars too early, and it’s buck rogers you bring it out too late and It doesn’t fit our imagination bring it out. Just as the war in Vietnam is ending when America feels Uncertain of itself when the old stories have died and you bring it out of that time and suddenly within the game Also, it’s a lot of fun. It’s a lot of fun to watch Star [Wars] People started seeing the world in terms that star wars had laid down people would say may the force be with you It was a kind of code almost that proved that you were one of the people who had seen the film and you were connecting with other people who had seen the film Star Wars became like a kind of handshake in the wake of Star Wars Everyone’s Careers were changed overnight Mark Hamill Carrie fisher and Harrison Ford Had become household names I felt like this Great terrific not go to work now. I have an opportunity to take [advantage] of the success of this film and and Go to work and as much as life changed for us it change for George as well about [a] month after was released I said [okay], it’s a hit. [I] can now go [ahead]. I can make my other movies. I’m going to do this ironically the independent filmmaker who wanted nothing to do with corporate Hollywood was now credited with Reinvigorating it in three weeks Fox’s stock price doubled to a record high Bunch of the guys I remember at that point matt out [and] [bought] a bunch of stock in fox. Oh and smart enough the greatest profit that 20th century Fox had even made in a single year with 37 million dollars and in Nineteen whatever that Year’s 7778 whatever it was they made a profit of 79 million dollars that was Star Wars? The cultural impact of Lucas’s outer space story was greater than anything even he could have imagined Not just in the United States, but around the globe It wasn’t a story of cultures one story of nationalities, or one the story of geography it was a story of mankind Escaping his environment to a life which everybody expects to happen but George Lucas was able to illustrate for [us] This was what made it a success worldwide The movie did spectacular business across Europe, but when alan ladd Jr.. Attended the Premiere in Japan one year later He feared that the silence which followed the screen indicated that star wars would be a flop He was relieved when he later found out that silence was the greatest compliment a japanese audience could give a film he had the footprint ceremony in the Chinese theatre [Machu] [picchu] [for] Thousands of people showed up, so we were sure by then that there was much [more] to it than just the science fiction audience not surprisingly Star Wars greatest fans were children they thrilled to the fantasy [adventures] of Luke Skywalker han solo and princess Leia and they were eager to bring the experience of the movie home with them But little star wars merchandise was available for the first few months after its premiere To help promote the movie Lucas films charles Lippincott had tried to attract potential licensees before the film opened but prior to star wars there had been few successful motion picture licensing campaigns and Lippincott attempts, were flatly rejected Just one Company Kenner toys Signed on shortly before Star Wars opened Kenner didn’t believe the film would [be] a hit But they were interested [in] creating a modest line of colorful space toys When star wars became a smash they were caught completely off guard unable to produce toys in time for Christmas orders Kenner resorted to selling boxed vouchers for Star Wars action figures There wasn’t anything available when the film came out there wasn’t even anything available for the following Christmas of 77 [that] was the the infamous empty box campaign where The idea proposed by Kenner was that there’d be these wonderful boxes with all the star Wars Illustrations on them and the kid would get this for Christmas they opened it up And there’d be a little certificate in there saying you can get this toy in March the star wars earlybird certificate package [neru] from Kenner I lit up when I found out that they were going to make my face a mask on a box of cereal with Little dust where to cut my eyes out The idea me being on bubblegum cards. You know I thought you had to have athletic ability to be a bubblegum card so I enjoyed the Merchandising aspect of it. You [know] we signed away our likeness, so when I look in the mirror I have to pay George a couple of bucks You’re not really famous and until you repair dispenser, but you know you sort of realize I’m not really famous princess, Leia and I look like and you know George a couple of bucks for [Lucas] protecting the quality and integrity of his vision became as important as gaining his financial Independence from Hollywood studios Merchandising offered a means to an end one that helped fuel support for more star wars films as well as other important projects in The world of merchandising. Oh goodness gracious people came to us with ideas All the time every day day and night from all over the world for Star Wars merchandise We were the ones in those days to say no, sorry that doesn’t fit into our plan at the 1978 Academy Awards Star Wars earned an Impressive 10 Oscar nominations And took home 7 including statues for best visual effects sound editing and production design It was terrific. [I] don’t know It was great It was like a dream come true the American dream and while I’m winning the academy award for her star Wars before [I] even started Thinking about winning academy awards my goal was to get another job While it didn’t win for best picture [its] nomination was quite an achievement for George Lucas and his kids movie In addition to industry acclaim [Star] Wars earned more [money] than any movie in history After years of fighting uphill battles lucas could finally call his own shots with the studio’s when Fox approached him about doing the inevitable sequel it was the moment the filmmaker had long been waiting for This is [a] perfect opportunity to come independent of the hollywood system I didn’t mind releasing it through them, but it was really going to them for the money in them saying oh I like the script, but I want to change or the film is good, but we want to make these changes That’s the part I want to avoid I Decided I was going to finance the film myself. [I] was going to make it completely independently The rule in Hollywood has never put your own money in any film even [your] own film But George was self financing the Empire strikes back But he was doing it through the bank and we were talking about close to a 30 million dollar film at the time but because of the huge success of the first picture and of the revenues that were still rolling in and Merchandising was very strong. It was a gamble, but a gamble [that] he knew would pay off with his earnings from Star Wars Lucas was able to secure a bank loan for the Empire strikes back Empire’s original Budget was 25 million dollars more than twice that of the first film We would meet at Midway. Which was George’s San Francisco office and look at the illustrations while George was writing the script and gary curse would fly and occasionally from London and Ralph McQuarrie would send down drawings Conceptual designs as well as Joe Johnson The Empire Strikes back would reunite much of the star wars cast [he] would also move the story in new directions digging more deeply into the emotions of the characters [George] had been given Norma’s license by the success of Star Wars and So when he started talking to me [about] the empire scripts that didn’t exist He knew what had happened in the story. It was very dark stuff [I] was delighted that it was not going to be a rehash of Star Wars But in fact after having set the whole thing up and got enough rousing start You launch into the second act in which everything goes to hell And that’s usually the best act in a play Empire would also open the door to a romance between han solo and princess Leia but this time George Lucas wasn’t getting in the director’s chair. It was just too hard to set up a company Get the money Get the film made and also be down there on the set every day trying to direct it [so] I decided I’d hire our director. I Was asked by George to come to lunch at universal, and he said how would you like [to] do the second Star Wars? We have no title for it at that point and I said gee [Dori], I Don’t think so. It’s a phenomenal hit as a picture a second one can only be a Second one it can’t be as good because the first one is the breakthrough and I told my [agent] about the meeting and he said are you crazy do it There were approximately 64 sets on this picture. Which is much bigger than Star Wars George did the film has to be much better a much bigger a much more complex than Star Wars because If the second one doesn’t work, it’s the end of star wars if it does work Then I can continue making more of them as it doesn’t put me in a very comfortable position It’s a hell of a responsibility known for smaller Character-driven films like up to Sandbox and the eyes of Laura Mars Irvin Kershner had never directed a blockbuster But emphasis on character was just what this middle chapter needed the story Line was much more difficult I Felt I needed humor in the picture and yet, I couldn’t have gags I Felt I needed a love story and yet I couldn’t have a lot of smooching and kissing and all that stuff and it had to all be more Implied I knew I needed something powerful going on inside Luke Sol, and He really carries the picture of course so I didn’t know quite how [I] was going to do this In the years since the release of the first star Wars now dubbed episode 4 a new hope Ilm had come a long way the company was no longer a fledgling operation struggling to get by at the end of Star Wars George invited The core group to Northern California start to hold a new facility there were 10 of us, and I was the only one that immediately Came up. I said you know. What are you kidding stay here in van nuys [in] this crummy part of town In this dumpy building you know that Was inadequate from the very beginning or moved to Marin County [I] have a new building and have a new Film to work on in this great environment. It was like a no-brainer Well, I married George saying well this time. We got some money And so that was kind of nice. We’ve talked about you know should we top ourselves, or are we going to top ourselves? and I think [it] was going [that] you know let’s just make it look cool I have some fun with it and in George came to some great story stuff We started on the walker But we also had to build the probot which is the the probe that is sent down by Darth vader that lands on the snow? Surface that then goes and looks for human life-forms Joe had already Drawn the drawings George liked them But they were going to go to Norway to shoot all those scenes, and they needed a prop they needed one That was like 9 feet [tall] or something like that in scale can have out in the distance The making of Empire was a whole set of problems that we didn’t anticipate that the picture was much bigger undertaking than originally conceived and the Budget was quite a bit more Everybody who dealt with visual effects said never do snow because you can’t maintain the color We ignored all those warnings and decided to shoot and snow anyway But it was very time-consuming process and again just like indonesia. We were in Norway shooting on this glacier, and We had the worst winter in Scandinavia then they had had in 50 years 20 below Zero 18 feet of snow It was a miserable location because we will cross this frozen thing up on this glacier But these tracked vehicles to get there We had sort of like steaks like big twigs almost in the ground about every [6] feet Because if it started snowing you get a whiteout you can’t tell where you’re going and it did one night I drove the track vehicles without these I never would have found my way back we get to it norway and I couldn’t get out of the hotel to shoot Because there was a wall of snow that was blown in that night so we put the camera in the doorway of the hotel going out the back door [the] [crew] [is] all inside Toasty warm and Mark Had [to] go out into the snow and go running away from the ice creature, and we never left the doorway And he froze the dead that we were flying We finally shot all the scenes Knowing where the special effects where this thing would come down the the foot would come down and [all] this stuff was? Really Tricky stuff Animating these things on snowy set so Initially I think that the intent was to to try and set up scenes that would be blue screen Compton to a background place of a shot on location, but This kid showed up at Island who is this? Amazing painter and so most of the work of the snow walkers in the [tontons] were done against these These painted backdrops that mike made I like the snow walkers. I think that’s just a great [idea] and I think that the The compositing got a lot better, [but] it was it was better than it was in Star Wars And so it’s a little bit more believable The cast and Crew of [the] Empire strikes back were determined to make the second installment of Star Wars [worth] three years of waiting by fans excellensation locked up and [brought] away [boy] t tied down Luke I have no approach vector. Not set Teddy Jack attack Pattern Delta [go] down as With the first film principal photography for the Empire strikes back was done at Elstree studios in London Here members of the original cast would be introduced to a new principal character Lando Calrissian played by Billy Dee Williams You got a lot of guts coming here after what you pulled? Is doing your pirate so good decision? We’re very friendly yeah Very friendly, it’s always interesting to create a character that has To you know it’s a sort of dual character. You know you’re not quite sure about him especially [if] he’s cute I was really kind cute. Hello. What have we here? Welcome. I’m Lando calrissian. I’m the administrator of this facility And who might you be? Leia Welcome Leia [oh] the old Smoothy the Empire strikes back Also, introduced a new villain to the Saga the calculating cold-blooded Bounty Hunter Boba fett What’s Gonna? but You can put into carbon freeze But if he doesn’t survive he’s went a lot to me the empire will compensate you if he dies But I mean we look at the scene Where han solo goes into the freezing chamber? George had scripted an exchange between princess Leia and han solo Which went like this she said I love you, and han solo said I love you too, and It kind of seemed to me that we weren’t taking advantage of the character that we established per han solo we try take if to take and to take nothing satisfied me and Finally I said Harrison Don’t think [about] it. Don’t think about let’s do it. Okay action. I love you No And and he dropped them and I say cut is he down it’s a great line. That’s han solo Ironically the most talked about new character wasn’t a human at all but a two foot tall puppet called yoda designed by stuart Freeborn and operated by muppet Ear Frank Oz The tiny creature was a fully realized character and a unique achievement in movie puppetry don’t share me a few original sketches and I Thought well that’s interesting but I want something in more depth you see and so I Looked in the mirror. I hope well Something is perhaps a [little] bit amusing about my face so I modeled something of myself Now I’ve got to make him look intelligent. I got this photograph of my sight and put the Einstein wrinkles in all around I Did a lot of thinking about it and because he’s got to be full of subtle action and movements Especially in the face and the body and I put it all in what was necessary in vinyl air or work, [I]? Remember [stuart] was under the gun. [it] was very tense very tense Had to get this thing done. We’ve got to start shooting with yoda [and] so While we’re talking to him, I just had to go does head, and I was just playing with it, and I drop in the crank So here. We are you know this is trend, and then stuart said I need a drink money So it’s terrible because here. We’re pressing so much And I’m the one who screwed it up in order to shoot the puppet moving the set Had to be built about five feet above the floor of the stage And we would put holes or ridges where it would stand on top of it and he? [could] move it along in a certain direction, [so] it had to be predetermined on top of the stage were trees Rocks caves everything now. They couldn’t hear above and [mark] couldn’t hear Frank, oz. How do you do a scene? You can’t hear each other I give mark a lot of credit for this I Can remember he actually this little voice called over to me Norman Norman he said that is I actually I Actually blushed because it seems So real it’s weird weird little thing there was tremendously difficult physical work all fours about three and a half four feet high so [I] could be underneath the floor and then I would hold my hand up and Through hole or whatever, and I remember Kirsch was talking to me But he was talking to me sometimes talk to yoda I’m saying curse. I can’t hear him down here under the floor Get away But the pressure was extreme Because I was taking too much time and the reason I was taking too much time as the first time has ever been done You know I had somebody doing the cables for the ears And somebody else is doing the cables for the eyes and somebody is doing on the lefthand So I had you know me and three [other] people trying to bring one character to life senticles eyes, but yeah, just one second That’s good. Graham. Okay. We’ll go back into that ready [I] Followed my feeling you are reckless so was I if you remember Yes – oh Yes – [old] to begin the training. I’m not afraid oh You will be you will [be] sorry Friday that was like a real leap because of that puppet had not worked The whole film would have been down the tubes it just had been a disaster If it had been a silly little muppet it had been kermit [riding] around in that movie [whole] movie would have collapsed under the weight of it before te take to aim be cameras While many individuals helped bring Yoda to life it was mark Hamill’s believable performance that made audiences [except] the character is the dark side stronger [no] Is your boss back ian? But how am I to know the good sides are the bad you will know? When you are calm like this for Hamill playing a Jedi in training It was more than just a physical challenge. It was also an emotional one. I Was the only human being on the call sheet for months It would say actor Mark Hamill apart luke props Snakes Lizards Robots smoke machines gila Monsters if you choose the quick and easy path as vader did you will become an agent of evil and the [Galaxy] will be plunged deeper into the [abyss] of hate and despair Are you standing out from the light? Yeah? Did me bite me? He just goes it was a little love nip Frank Oz and his crew were there, but they could bury down Underneath [the] ground I had an earpiece where I could hear grow many years over And then if you turned your head the wrong way You’d pick up [radio] 1 it was the [rolling] [stone] singing fool to cry. I remember I Reacted to that. I would hey I got the stones and Kirsten Trust, God And he’s way across the bog saying you know if that happens again. Just pretend like you don’t hear it because With all the elements of that set the smoke is [the] smoke good. You know [it’s] the snake poke the sink It’s a snake to move you know you just in there, so you felt You let’s get our priorities straight because I’m concerned about how did I come off from the scene? They were looking at everything but me I Have to say was you wouldn’t want to fall in [that] pool by the time you finished, [shoot] if it’s all sort of wildlife and bug it was absolutely foul after all those weeks of being in essence stagnant water [I] Believe Mac is why you fail? as Elaborately detailed as the sets were at Elstree studios Equally impressive was the work done in California Ilm who is able to produce special effects that would light years ahead of those seen in the first star Wars? If you look at star wars you’re either kind of in space, and they’re all and maybe the [death] [Star’s] back there Maybe it isn’t and you have a number of shots on on different planets if you look at Empire and its broad You’ve got a speeder sequence and two or three big dogfights. You’ve got the cloud city and all the interiors of different Landscapes that are way Beyond [what] we’ve done before so [was] the breadth of the work that I think differentiates that from the first show and each one of those sequences require different problem-solving skills We did this Incredible chase through the asteroid field designing Asteroids not as easy as you think and I remember many of us [in] the model shop tried and tried to come up with Something that would look good and I think for some of the very far ones we had [huge] potato The biggest problem. I had is just wasn’t going fast enough, and I was running out of money [herb] [incursean] [is] extremely good director But the film went over budget went over schedule and all of my at EsSAouira was committed to this film plus more We shot several scenes in Empire over again. There’s a scene in Cloud [City] where han solo character is kind of pacing up and down and Princess leia comes in and He reacts to the way she looks because she’s dressed differently than she has in the entire rest of the film You look beautiful You should wear girls clothes all the time We looked at the dailies, and we weren’t happy with anything really the attitude of the actors was too obvious sit down Come on. Talk to me, and then we could have let that go, but it just didn’t feel right. It’s retaking I Hope Luke made it to the fleet all right I’m sure he’s fine Probably sitting I’m wondering what we’re up to right now You know your friend landers very charming, but I don’t trust him trust It’s an old friend of mine It’s late, so we shot it in a slightly more subtle fashion. Which is the way it’s in the film now [I] don’t trust lando. Well. I don’t trust him either. Here’s my friend Psy soon be Then you’re as good as gone although most production challenges had been anticipated and expectations were understandably high when Empire went over budget by 10 million dollars Lucasfilm suddenly found itself in a fiscal crisis The Force is with you young Skywalker but you all know the Jedi and free the top executives of [Bankamerica] entertainment welcome to my office saying we have to pull you alone. [I] said, how can the largest bank in the entertainment business? With the sequels of most successful movies ever out be wanting to pull my loan They said well we have a new credit manager And he just has a rule budget doubles because well one of the bankers quit over it They knew it was a big mistake, but you know I was stuck trying to make a million dollar payroll that Friday Release your anger [your] [hate] [glad] you can destroy me That was the big difference [between] the studio system and the independent view filmmaking studio has a large resource to drawn for what they do and and [then] [dependents] don’t so it’s a much tighter situation I Was just hoping the bank to allow me to finish without going back to 20th century-Fox and giving away. All my rights Because that’s ultimately what my other would choice was was to just simply let them own it and lose my independence But I wanted my independence so badly We managed to do it in a way that I paid them does a little bit more money but they didn’t get any of the Licensing and getting the sequel’s and that’s what I was trying to hold on to if I had to pay a few extra points in Order to get them to guarantee a loan at the bank I could do that And I think fox was just as concerned that the movie get finished as we were while Empire’s budget may have been tight Security during the [production] was even tighter only Lucas Kershner and the Film’s Producers knew the real story At the time I knew that Mark had a father and that it was dark later But this was not in the script there was a false page Inserted and I had the knowledge The actors didn’t even have it. No one had it it was a total secret Script was under lock and key the models were under lock and key ilm was under lock [and] key and Shrouded from the rest of the world the story line of the movie was under lock and key People it is useless we used the film’s Shocking Climax in Which Darth Vader reveals Luke Skywalker’s true parentage was kept a secret from nearly everyone even David prowse and Mark Hamill Hamill [was] told privately just moments before the cameras rolled [I] met with Mark and said you know the dark [page] is your father ah [they] had taken me aside, and said this is what he’s really going to say and we’re going to do the scene and Darth vader will be saying stuff [that] Doesn’t count forget it use your own rhythm compared to what he’s doing There is no escape Don’t make me destroy you [we] did a few takes And he finally got into it join me, and I will complete you a tree and here is Darth vader Who had this dialogue by the way and he’s speaking the dialogue? He thinks it’s being recorded his say it’s not being record What’s being recorded as this this this? He said you don’t know the truth ObI-wan killed your father and then of course we recorded everything I’m never doing you if you only knew the power of the [docs] When I first saw the [dialogue] that [said] luke, I am your father I said himself He’s lying and when how they’re Gonna play that liar Obi-wan, never told you [what] happened father he told me enough equal to YouTube [milk] I Can blow pop ice cream? No just as it was meant to be? Join me and together. We can rule the [Galaxy] as father and son I think that it went Beyond stores [you’ve] got to know the characters a little better you had some humor laugh it up fuzzball [I] thought of the film as [the] second movement of a symphony that’s why I wanted some of the things slower and It it ends in a way that you can’t wait to see to hear The Vivace the next move the [Allegretto]. I didn’t have a climax up here. I had an emotional Climax His Empire’s Premiere date approached the Producers once again held their collective breath When the Empire strikes back finally opened on may 21st 1980 it didn’t meet expectations It surpassed them within three months George Lucas had recovered his 33 million dollar investment [there] was something about empire that just immediately just clicked when I [saw] [it] I didn’t know how all that romance was going to work and the adventuring is a [too] serious and all the sort of stuff But it really came together until its premiere Cases of Lightning striking twice were rare in Hollywood sequels were almost always a letdown, but in the star wars universe Different laws applied in George Lucas the world’s most successful independent filmmaker was fast becoming a law unto himself In a radical move by Hollywood standards. He shared Empire’s profits with every one [of] his employees hanging out over five million dollars in bonuses in 1980 The profits from the two star Wars films also helped fuel Lucas’s rapidly expanding business enterprises He did have some money, but it was still a startup company. We could have messed it up as much as [we] did it right? But his ability to make successful movies is what drove the financial success in the company But how we use those funds to grow the company and why he’s has a net worth the way he does He was smart enough to understand all the right sort of ancillary By financing the Empire strikes back with his own money George Lucas had bet the farm and [won] In fact he was in a position to build his own kind of farm Skywalker Ranch in Marin [County], California Lucas had long imagined a visually inspiring setting where his employees could work in a creative atmosphere And were friends like Steven Spielberg Robert Redford and Francis Ford Coppola could enjoy working at a state-of-the-art facility George was debating on two different parcels of land one was on Lucas Valley Road I said well, that’s the one you have to pick the company structure supported Multi movies in four areas merchandising special effects and [stories] and So all the little companies had to be started and operated and have all these systems put in place lucasarts Thx Skywalker sound industrial light and Magic Each subsidiary of Lucasfilm would serve George Lucas’s creative vision in turn they revolutionized the film industry at it for too long been plagued by complacency it was an idea of one person and successfully implemented George is one of the More successful companies in the world, and you can’t measure it just by size Because he doesn’t need the size of a fox or a juana’s to accomplish the same thing. He’s accomplishing and putting out his films at the sole owner of the most successful franchise in movie history Lucas had gained the financial means and the creative freedom [to] produce anything he wanted George’s greatest strengths as a filmmaker is that he’s a great storyteller George has a vision there are filmmakers down through history like Capra and John Ford and They made John Ford pictures and Frank Capra pictures and they made [and] hitchcock made hitchcock films and George Lucas makes George Lucas pictures George Lucas had helped turn [the] tide of Hollywood’s downbeat realism and brought back a sense of fantasy and wonder movies were fun again But in the wake of empire the filmmaker found himself [in] expectedly mired in colouring with politics To preserve the dramatic opening sequences of his films lucas wanted the screen credits to come at the end of the movies It was a highly unusual choice and for the first star wars the [writers] [guild] and directors guild had allowed it but when lucas did the same for the sequel they find him over a quarter of a million dollars and Even attempted to pull Empire from theaters Next the dGA went after Irvin Kershner To protect his director Lucas paid all the fines to the [guild’s], but the situation left him feeling frustrated and persecuted Lucas was so upset that he dropped out of the directors guild the writers Guild and the motion picture association Another unfortunate casualty in the wake of Empire was Alan, Ladd Jr. Lucas’s most vocal supporter at 20th Century Fox The Criticism over the deal is would Into my tenure at Fox really because people were very angry and irritated even though they made millions of [dollars] off it and Had a big fight stomped out of the boardroom Select but that was a [20th] Century-Fox Ultimately paid a heavy price for lads departure with his longtime ally gone from the studio Lucas decided to go to paramount with his latest movie idea an action-Adventure Yarn called Raiders of the Lost ark George Lucas had fought and won the battle to gain his independence as a filmmaker But the war between his rebel alliance and the galactic Empire was far from over And he began production on the final chapter [of] a star wars saga He knew expectations among fans and critics would be greater than ever before The project was a high-stakes gamble with Lucas once again putting up every dollar himself Nothing about the film not even the smallest detail could be taken for granted George came to me [and] said the title of [episode] six is return of the Jedi and I said I Think it’s a weak title and he came back one or two days later, and he says we’re calling it a [revenge] of the Jedi Choosing the film’s title was just the beginning Jedi would require thousands of production decisions on both sides of the globe We were constructing really in two places in California Shooting at ilm. That’s Three and Of course working and shooting in London at the same time as [lucas] discovered independence was a double-edged sword [quitting] the [directors] [guild] made it impossible for him [to] hire his first choice Steven Spielberg instead Lucas chose Welshman Richard Marquand best known for the world War II thriller I of the needle as the two met with Lawrence Kasdan to discuss Jedi Script A Key issue is whether Harrison Ford who is now equally famous for the role of Indiana Jones? Would return as han solo the [other] actors After Star Wars had signed on to do two more because I wanted to finish the whole thing Harrison did not get the idea Why don’t you kill him off? [why’d] you kill him off? I Thought on sola should die I thought he oughta sacrifice himself for the other two characters [I] Also felt someone had to go You know I felt Someone had to die. I said he’s got no mamas [got] no Papa. He’s got no future he has no Story Responsibilities at this point let’s allow him to commit self sacrifice And I thought it should happen very early in the last act so you would begin to worry about everybody we should sacrifice somebody and George was against in George knew what he [wanted] and he got what he wanted hey It’s me Once production began Lucas was determined not to let the budget escalate as it had on empire. Good luck You’re gonna need it. It wasn’t easy given that the rest of the world assumed money was no object [anytime] you would go in try and negotiate for Production facilities people would say oh well that’ll cost two dollars one might normally cost a dollar So I had the suggestion that we change the name of the picture It was called blue harvest and sub line behind it was horror Beyond imagination Camera the idea behind it was supposed to come up with a title that would Instill absolutely no interest whatsoever and what you were doing. It was like. What is blue harvest? It’s like well who cares [it] worked until han and luke and leah showed up to come to work and everybody went oh I guess this really isn’t hard beyond imagination. I guess this is really the next star Wars movie [revenge] of the Jedi would again reunite the Star Wars cast and crew Who after six years and two [record] [breaking] motion pictures had formed a lasting bond we [were] the same? crew for all three films for the most part So it was you know a family I’m walking along by myself rehearsing getting something like [them] Lando calrissian never returned from this awful place and so on so Lando Calrissian and poor Chewbacca never returned from this awful place thing and suddenly I hear BB pPPp ppPp And I turn around and and George is George is now crouched behind me waddling along Solder on his haunches going BBBBb it was a joyous Like its predecessor Jedi continued to expand the cast of characters [in] the Star Wars Saga one of the biggest [with] intergalactic gangster Jabba the hutt George said I need something does you know alien and grotesque? That’s like um like Sydney greenstreet Okay, when I had Kind of Gotten this idea down to this big Slug light thing that is just as [plain] pulsating mass of Flesh and one point did put I put a head of fez on one of the characters like Sydney greenstreet and then stuart Freeborn in England his job was to fabricate the thing and that was operated like [the] one puppeteer for Each arm two puppeteers for the arms another guy doing the head another guy radio-control the guy doing the eyes There’s a couple little people and it’s not pulling things to make the tail move around it was quite a thing I Had my little dwarf sitting inside. I had a little seat made for him in the tail here and he operated it all and he was sitting there quite a few days doing this and if he Operated the first one it made whichever way he pulled it the wood other lifted upwards or sideways you see says he could make that move in any direct and action Lost Master Luke’s come to rescue I must be a lot to speak and I must be a ghost Cool Cool You will bring captain Solo and the wookiee to me Java has to pull the rug out from under luke and he falls into the pit, and there’s this big rancor pit monster George was really adamant that we were going to do it as a Man in a suit was going to be like a really cool Godzilla [Tony] McVeigh one of the sculptures fabricated this big rank or suit and based on my design [I] Designed [the] [same] [exact] I call it kind of a cross between a bear [and] a potato. It’s just this [this] big dumb thing But it never looked that great And then what we did so at some point George at [ant] know if you know let’s do it You know some other way and so yeah dennis thought well. Let’s let’s try and do it as [you] [know] high speed. You know topic we designed the skeleton for [rain] for Santa mon and Dave Saul and I am puppeteer thing it was a crazy in a way of working because This thing has to you’ll walk into a room and turn around and roar and it’s like a four second shot And you’re shooting at 90 frames a second. You’ve got a second to shoot it I LmS creatures might have been puppets, but they could still elicit an emotional reaction from their human co-stars one even triggered a panic attack [I] Got claustrophobia once and it was I didn’t even have the whole suit on I was lying on the floor the cameras about that far away from me Salacious crumb the wonderful salacious crumb animated by Tim Rose wow and he’s pulling [out] my I got Alright late – I am beat Something went in my mind. I didn’t catch a breath or something and I suddenly could feel panic just absorbing into my body and I I think getting up coming up coming up get me out get me and I just kept [repeating] it until they managed to Whiz the head off? Daniels may have lost his head as 3PL, but when it came to risking life and limb The production now had a team of trained stunt professionals The execution scene on Jabba’s barge stunt performers dropped in on the most ravenous monster yet the sarlacc It wasn’t edited that way, but I was the first guy to come off the skiff Into the pit because I had to make [sure] it would work and it was you’re going to be [alright] [but] [a] lot of sound coming on top of me And I was able to say to the guys If you go in shut your eyes keep your mouths closed right put some cotton wool up your nose all the way we [did] some sniffing ups and This we feel whinnying one of the other So one within the called about the other one went in the pool there must have mean what was happening down below There’s a comedy film others [own] those things but these are the things the public don’t see well, I was hanging on a rope with [a] [Handsaw] and he was trying to save me one of the squids went right to my tote and I’m screaming to depend they’ll stop stop. He’s so busy acting Yeah, I’m like yeah. [I’m] insane and all of a sudden you realize that I get Me you as well [Zack] is the gaze [reagan] Maybe gets into what he’s going to so he was really into [it] for Carrie fisher, it needs the role of layout this time and fitting into a skimpy slave girl costume [I] Got to kill Jabba the hutt But I was still much more concerned about the slave girl outfit and what I was going to do about Exercise One [City-type] – I am paid cameras all around And then George Lucas said [oh] instead of a attacking Java from the front we getting angry with him and waiting I won’t carry fish to jump on his back and then she got the high heeled shoes on and it happened to be that my little fellow inside it was only foam rubber and It went right into his head, and it screamed a little so with the stopcock Or they could do this again I had to build a little firm bit over the [top] of his head so she could get up there Free my God I am breaking [my] panic go That was a great relief. He was not a pleasant Thing was a hmong in the corner of the mouth, and I never really liked that Let’s go don’t forget the Joy For the veteran cast members bringing something fresh to their characters was often difficult another challenge on the set was Richard marquand relative inexperience with special effects It’s a difficult thing to do you know work on The one hand with you know the special effects and on the other hand with a storyline with actors You know and making those two things [Mary] I Hadn’t realized that you know ultimately It’s probably easier for me in these things into farming now because it was even [more] complex than the last one I really did have to end up being there every [day] on a set and working very closely with Richard and shooting [second-unit] And there was really more work than I thought it was going to be Under Lucas’s supervision the production moved to the redwood forests of Northern California a jammer They are they photographed one of the film’s most exhilarating action sequences the speeder Bike Chase Make Jam their comlink better quick I got the idea [of] using a steadicam and we do the test in local park here of walking through the woods on a path that [we] kind of disguise and He shot with a camera that shot one frame of film every second So when you projected back 24 frames a second that’s going 24 times faster And we figured he walked about five miles an hour [keno] to about 100 miles an hour and look great Gen-I surprised audiences with its imaginative scope both large and small it introduced a tiny but valiant new ally to the rebellion [a] race of pint-sized warriors Known as he walks and action hey Point that thing someplace else just consider similar where he’s just [go] [to] experience Hey, [Aah] don’t move you’re Joining the cast was warwick Davis who was just a youngster at the time? But also a die-hard star wars fan. [I] was an 11 year old boy at school and my grandmother happened to hear a radio commercial on the London radio station and They were putting out a call for Short people to be in this new Star wars movie. [I] don’t think anybody on the movie was quite as excited as I was You know being an 11 year old on the star was set though There was no stopping me in the role of wicked Davis became the film’s most prominently featured he was But only after Kenny baker was suddenly taken ill I had this same with carrying the speeder bikes in California in the redwoods redwoods And all the keyboard to this other one [that] gary’s nice. I like working with Kerri Come the morning of the shoot Kenny was very ill in bed with what I believe was food poisoning hours it seriously in Campaign and them then [we] got to do it because [it] got Carrie fisher, and we’ve got the scenes set up So work took over 70 to [80] take two. I am be cameras don’t forget and They called me in to play the scene instead I Had a dog at the time, and I remember whenever he would hear a strange noise. He would tilt his head from side to side To look inquisitive, and I took those kind of movements and used them in the character So whenever you see something or hears a strange sound he would you know tilt his head? One 15f, take three a camera mark. What did you say about that? I like you all And I think they’re in there to really show that you don’t need technology You need the will and the belief to to take you through anything And the fact that you know the ewoks were able to defeat the empire and using ropes and rocks I think that said something about them as a race of preacher Right upcoming. It doesn’t matter how much machinery is here It’s the will of the people for strong. They will always win you failed your highness I’m a Jedi like my father before me and action as filming on revenge of the Jedi drew closer to completion emotions ran high And saying goodbye [would] be difficult We’re finishing the third one. We really had the sense of it was the end they’re going to tie up all the loose ends and There was a kind of clearing your locker out at the end of the semester feel to it all So part of me was saying oh, I’m so glad to put this behind me and the other aspect was Well, what about all the adventures that Luke could have? For a moment George Lucas was totally focused on completing his epic trilogy He weighed every decision including a change in Jedis title just weeks before it opened Just before it got to the theaters George came back, and he said I want to go back to Return of the Jedi now the logic behind that was the Jedi does not take revenge return of the Jedi opened on Wednesday may 25th 1983 exactly six years from the day that star wars made its debut on its first day the film took in 6.2 million dollars making [it] the biggest opening day box office in history by nearly a million dollars but [for] George Lucas Completing the trilogy involved personal sacrifice the success of Jedi would be bittersweet [at] best The challenge is always trying to do something. [that’s] all consuming with having a private life and I had made the decision after Star Wars That I had certain goals in my private life one was to be independent of Hollywood the other one ultimately doesn’t have a family They finished return of the Jedi [I] figured that was the end of it for me. I figured well. I’ve done it I finished my trilogy. You know this is what I started out to do This is I was determined to get finished and it was overwhelming and difficult but fate has a way of stepping in I ended up getting divorced right as the film Jedi was finished and I was left to raise my daughter Did the prophesy mace in the star wars movies [and] Merchandise? George Lucas was able [to] keep funding his dream [of] pushing the boundaries of film and audio technology For the next two decades he continued to create new and exciting Innovations and in the process [he] fundamentally changed filmmaking for the better in 1984 Lucasfilm revolutionized motion picture editing with Edit [Royde] and sound Droid the world’s first Nonlinear digital editing systems for the first time Filmmakers could instantly access any frame or audio track at the touch of a button In 1985 Lucas films computer division invented the pixar computer helping generate a new form of animation characterized by three-dimensional realism The division was later sold and became pixar animation studios the creator of such instant Classics as toy story, the [digital] breakthroughs that lucas himself had ushered in would eventually lead him back full circle to Star Wars in 1993 after helping create ilm s groundbreaking effects in Steven Spielberg’s Jurassic Park Lucas concluded that digital technology had finally caught up to his original vision in 1997 he would revisit and perfect his galactic Saga at last with the star [Wars] Trilogy special edition For an entire generation people have experienced star wars the only way it’s been possible But if you’ve only seen it this way, you haven’t seen it her own Things I couldn’t afford to do at the time Things that I had to give up on because I just didn’t have the time or money Or the power to do it. I was able to go in complete the felons way originally intended them [to] be And have it be pretty much the way. I want them [to] be In 1999 22 years after the original Premiere Lucas introduced [episode] [one] [the] Phantom Menace The film marked the beginning of another Trilogy for a new generation It also allowed lucas to continue his pioneering use of digital technology. I’m Finishing this for the love of star wars [I] like star wars. [I] want to see the whole thing thing for more than three decades George Lucas’s passion and dedication to the star wars Saga has brought its share of rewards, but like the force itself Success also has its dark side What I was trying [to] do is stay independent So I could make the movies. I wanted to make but at the same time I was sort of fighting the corporate system Which I didn’t like and I’m not happy with the fact that corporations have taken over the film industry But now I found myself being they have a corporation So there’s a certain irony there is that I have become the very thing that I was trying to Avoid [which] is basically what part of star wars is about the circuit of Mountain Peak? And at you I was but [again] now. I am the master. That is Darth vader He becomes the very thing that he’s trying to protect himself against But at the same time I feel good that I’m able to make my movies the way I want them [to] be Well George Lucas has remained true to his own vision It’s been audiences everywhere who graped the rewards ever since may 1977 when Moviegoers first caught sight of that Galaxy far far away The themes that George is dealing with are so strong so primordial the conflicts between children and their parents Luke Skywalker was George growing up George facing Conflict and need to prove himself Much young one and he did powerfully [fine] [a] full of surprises George was somehow able to put the good guys and the [bad] guys and mythology in a Package that somehow touched us. I don’t know how I guess if you know how it would be doing it true, or do not There is no [try]. I am so pleased to be a part of that full legend even as an observer, and I am definitely the most impressive He’s created people that everyone in the world knows any authors that could create such memorable characters would be a very happy person indeed laugh it up fuzzball He really established the independent [film] Orca his films changed epic productions He changed storytelling. He created what Hollywood is today. I’m out of it for a little while Everybody gets delusions of grandeur George was creating a new world for Hollywood and we were lucky enough to be a part of it. Come on He’s not just the creator and director now. He is the student he can make exactly [the] [movie] that he wants to make will be one Test taught you well one of the things that George Lucas has done in Star [wars] is to Communicate in fact with the younger self that resides somewhere inside even the oldest person Good shot red 2. I think our cultural imagination has been Transformed by Lucas’s films by taking us back to Stories that make us all feel that. We share in the heroic journey of the human species on this earth The Force will be with you always George Lucas moved us into a new place in space a new time in the future Which which no one else had created up to that time [star] [wars] [are] a tremendous impact on the young people? As well [as] adults for that matter I Committed myself to making these movies. [I] believe in a movie I think they’re very entertaining And I think if I can get a [roomful] of people, and they enjoy it, and I’ve done whatever I hope to do for George Lucas what began [as] a quest for creative freedom became a philosophy a cultural Phenomenon and an empire of drains you you And may the force go with you you

Comments 100

  • Ah, the good old days. When Star Wars was good.

  • May the force be with you George.
    God bless you.

  • she was groomed !!! She is MUCH more edgy in the film !!! Her addition suxed. IMO

  • Just proves to me … It is the one that controls the work NOT those to DO the work.

  • I always said sound is 50% of the film

  • It's ironic, Star Wars was originally slated for a Christmas release, 20 years later its synonymous with Christmas

  • Damn, Star Wars is dead after a 40 year run… it was nice knowing you. RIP.

  • 54:00. Who the hell is this editor he fired!?!!? That dude must feel terrible 😂

  • Wish The Last Jedi never happened

  • just think. if fox did what they always do nowdays and made the worst decision possible at the time and canceled production due to all the problems they were having we would not have some of the greatest works in the history of entertainment. i mean to be fair we also would not have the last jedi but to this day i think the good movies significantly out weigh the bad.

  • you know its amazing because alot of the stuff they talk about here is relevant today. like back then we as a people have lost faith in our institutions and we have lost hope in the future. and that is very much represented in the movies being released. in fact one of the reasons i hate the new trilogy so much is because whilst the old trilogy was about having hope in a galaxy that seemed hopeless and using that hope to change it the new trilogy is more about a galaxy that had hope slowly loosing it. i think this is a result of the times we live in and whilst starwars gave audiences what they needed back then which was an escape from how they were feeling about their society the new trilogy instead is trying to be a reflection and critique on our current society. this is why i think the old movies are so revered whilst the new ones are so hated. nobody wants to go to see a movie and feel worse when they leave. and thats what happened to manny people including myself after seeing the newer movies.

  • Movie is seeing one live,treasure one,all good knowledge good living for do all together seeing person and produce all apart of people,movie see for teach young boy time see to teach no knew eng time bs like,know time read very acient movie.

  • Man how did we get from a Filmmaker that was investing himself wholly into his visionary project to the last Jedi. Done by people that couldn’t care less about what Star Wars is about, pushing their agendas instead, treating true fans like crap and insulting anyone that dares criticizing them. Unbelievable

  • wow, almost every person interviewed is dead.

  • 1:31:00 I felt I needed humor but not gags….god why wasnt this video a required viewing for Disney before making the sequels

  • Wait so Blue Harvest was the first time movies used pseudo code names ?

  • rip carrie fisher

  • I have watched this documentary and cried ! Cried not because of the beauty of Star Wars And the Great Empire Strikes Back, I cried because of the camera angles, the fight to have Great Cinematography, the props the sets, and the Exuberant writing. I took a film course at BAM and got a certificate for field production. I have a few YouTube Videos and I believe in art and music.( I also was in the extension division of Juilliard )

    This is a Great documentary that every film student should watch………..twice.
    All the Best
    Shaun of NYC

  • I dare u name one other movie
    That changed cinema forever

  • 45:43 you can tell he's remembering times this really happened on set and getting slightly pissed still lol

  • Moral of the story: Star Wars created hella jobs for dwarfs

  • Star Wars was a rehash of old Flash Gordon 1930 serials and Run of the mill at that time. Same with India Jones…. There is noting special about these guys.. They just took what happened to work and made new again. And It happened to work. Its all that is!! Star Wars was new at that time?…. Please… Get F'n real!!!
    What i will say is that yes… George and his cronies did invent a new way of telling a sci- fi story. But it was already made back in the f'n 30's… DOnt believe me?.. Look at the F'n deleted scene of "a new hope" which it was not even called back then! It shows clearly a totally different aspect to "Star Wars"… ugh..:!!!

  • The writers guild and directors guild should've gone and f**Ked themselves because they were the definition of a-dult man-babies (LOL) They deserved all of the hate mail they received in the fallowing years. Serves them right.

  • This all goes to show just how much of a genius and true visionary George Lucas is he gets alot of undeserved hate for the prequels which haters should apologies for because even though I like the prequels I can understand things people hate but still no Lucas, no Star Wars no Indiana Jones, no special effects of the 20th century or early 2000's no Pixar, no movies like Titanic, Alien, Terminator, The Abyss, Harry Potter, Jurassic Park non of these movies would've been made with the amazing effects and work that they did without Lucas. Those people who say that George Lucas's opinion on new Star Wars films doesn't matter should be ashamed of themselves because whether or not you agree with him his opinion is the most important because Star Wars is his creation. If we were to have the Mt. Rushmore of Filmmakers he would definitely be on it, also the reason I'd know that is because the academy would decide and they do focus more on the posative than the negative and top of that most celebrities like the prequels or at least most don't hate or really dislike them. Besides much of Hollywood is what is what it is today because of him.

  • George Lucas, a true visionary.

    Rian Johnson, the manchild of the 21st century

  • Music was simply a masterpiece, will be remembered forever along with the Movie, great doco

  • Hugh hefner Stan Lee and George Lucas those 3 are not replaceable and are responsible for giving us the 3 best items America has to offer star wars super hero's and playboy a huge thank you to them

  • 24:43 This is probably a major reason why the prequels didn't live up to the originals. George was never good at writing dialogue. When his colleagues moved on or stopped critiquing him, the dialogue and flow of the movie suffered. So, we got prequels that were as badly received as they thought "A New Hope" was going to be. But, with "A New Hope", they had the noob mindset. They were scared of failure. They worked hard not to fail. With the prequels, they didn't have that fear, and so, they got sloppy and forgot what made the 1977 to 1983 trilogy so great.

  • Was 3 years old in a drive in theater when I first saw Star Wars in 77. I had so many of the original toys that if I kept them I'd be pretty well off. Sadly George Lucas should never have done the Trilogy. He added too much computer animation that took away what was Star Wars. Then when the Phantom Menace came out I was disappointed. CGI took over and destroyed my child's eye to the point I never saw episode 2 or 3. December of this year the new and last Star Wars will hit the screen. I've seen Rogue One, Solo, The Force Awakens and The last jedi. I enjoyed most due to the story line but The Last Jedi was a joke. Luke throwing away the light saber started the downward spiral. I hope to see the new episode but I certainly won't rush.

  • …WAS a phenomenon.

  • I love Star Wars. Its the best

  • 16:51 looks alot like Thundar The Barbarian light sword from the 80's cartoon lol

  • Iam 68,5 yr old and was invited to see Star Wars in 1977 not knowing what it was …
    Oh My Gawd, I’ve been a huge Wookiee ever since… thank you for this!!!

  • Carrie Fisher is so beautiful. And George and his assembled team of sound guys, editors, ILM, artists etc. Are just geniuses

  • Those films were so much better than the shit we have now.

  • Revenge of the Jedi?

  • Such a well made documentary it recharges my Star Wars battery every time I watch it.

  • Too bad his vision wasn’t tempered with enough morality to keep him from stealing from a seven year old child back in 1974.

  • And now the film industry is plagued by yet another round of complacency and creative bankruptcy, and I don't think anyone can bring it out of this death spiral.

  • why did i just watch this?

  • Hear that Star Wars fans in 97 he finally got to make the movies the way he wanted to from day 1 that is what I tell people who complain about the add-ons it is his movies he wanted to do many things but didnt have the money or time or technology!

  • It's done well.

  • Man. This is a real shot in the arm in terms of artistic determination.

  • Han Solo probably should have died in Return of the Jedi. Would've been a hell of a lot more impactful than his death in The Last Jedi.

  • May the Force Be with You

  • This documentary is better than TLJ. But bantha poodoo is better than TLJ…so it ain't saying much

  • I just woke up and I have no idea why I'm watching this

  • 1:53:16 – Even James Earl Jones thinks it's "Luke, I am your father"….that's how strong this Mandela Effect is.

  • I fell asleep for 2 hours of this

  • The last Jedi was a total piece of shit compared to the original movies. The original movies had real stories with heart. The special effects were second to the script. Empire strikes back was my favorite. It had real suspense, excitement and tragedy.

  • Is it bad that I almost like to watch this documentary as much as the movies themselves.

  • Anyone else miss LucasArts?


  • But only 2 of the 3 main characters really appreciate the fame and fans they got from it, Harrison Ford hates Han Solo and prefers Indiana Jones over Han

  • and Disney ruined it with their Mary Sue and SJW agenda .

  • Ha lol that's it!!

    THAT'S what the new trilogy is lacking!

    Severed limbs.

    Someone should lose at least one appendage per movie.

    Especially the main characters! When there is so much lightsaber action going on everywhere, arms, hands, no extremity is safe in the original and prequel trilogy.

    Star Wars just feels incomplete without a good, healthy amount of body parts getting chopped off lol it's a huge mistake to deprive the fans of such a FUNDAMENTAL element of Star Wars!

    And, they only have one film left to make up for it! Fingers CROSSED, people! 😂

  • "a sweeping symphonic masterpiece," indeed. 👍😂

  • This is an incredable documentary! I was fifteen when Star Wars first hit the theatres and, at times, this documentary evoked the feeling of seeing it for the very first time. What makes this documentary so special is, I never watched it.I put onheadphones,closed my eyes and listened to it. THe entire two hours plus. A wonderful experience. Thank you for putting it up on Youtube.

  • There's a vast number of tools who need to watch this in order to realise how much George Lucas actually did so they can finally stop spreading their 'hater' myths such as that Marcia Lucas 'saved Star Wars' or that Lucas can't write. Assholes.

  • George has Gods voice

  • @I-Deni-I idk what ur talking about but luke is a fucking sky walker how is he going to just bitch out and recluse to an island for so long and just turn his back on everything that would literally delete the meaning of “a new hope” he’s the mf new hope shithead hes supposed to keep it going regardless of his failure otherwise that’s nots the Luke we were shown in the original trilogy

  • george lucas is a real legend, i have a lot of hate for the prequels, but as i get older i see that it has its moments, tfa and tlj did not give me any emotions, except r2d2 and luke meeting again

  • JJ abhrams and Rian Johnson shouldve watched this

  • Zionist Walt Disney fuck up tea Star Wars totally zionist jews can.t make a good film

  • Excellent documentary Star Wars was magical.

  • Too bad you sold Star Wars to Disney George.

  • I had this on the DVD set and then it got nicked my some grumkin. Been looking for it on the tubes for years then today YouTube suggests it whilst watching something as far away from Start Wars as you could imagine. Love those YouTube Algs.

  • oh and lawrence kasdan sounds like a stoned surfer dude

  • George lucas has fallen to the dark side. He sold it to disney. Need i say more?

  • When "Star Wars" was Star Wars…

  • 01:13:12 what's that logo from?

  • Flash Gordon is not impressed. 2:17 But this is amazing!

  • 1:58:48  <<<<<< and THIS is the problem with HOLLYWOOD.    PEA BRAINS always messing with big minds.
    2:00:57  <<<<<< and THIS is where George went wrong with the Prequels.   Attention to DETAILS and  CGI.

  • Star Wars was an Empire of Dreams – The dream of a visionary… Whose creation would go on to be ruined by a greedy-ass corporation.

  • In the beginning George Talks about how unprofessional movie industries are, 2012 he sells his life's work to those devils…ironic…and sad.

  • Star wars with disco. Ring my bell🎵

  • 1:59:39 Alan Ladd, Jr. quits.

  • To say i love Star wars is a understatement. I actually watched Empire and Jedi last night. Never gets old.

  • The studio executives are almost ALWAYS wrong about what audiences want to see.

  • Oh my God chewie speaking in English is amazing lol

  • Jesus Christ I feel kind of betrayed that George sold his baby

  • Then Disney destroyed Star Wars forever.

  • Watching the old casting things make me feel happy

  • 2:11:22 "I can see a lot better".. argh, Lucas, why?

  • Star Wars is the greatest movie ever made.

  • Take a shot for everyone they mention or show that is no longer alive.

  • I think the OT was better because everything Lucas did was questioned he had a limited budget and didn't get everything he wanted.. The PT he got whatever he wanted, that's why it's so goofy, cartoonish, and not as "real" as the OT was. Now with Disney… it's just "let's crank out formulaic, politically woke, garbage slap "Star Wars" on it and watch the money roll in" I mean "The Force Awakens" was just "A New Hope" remade with a feminist Mary Sue as Luke. And "The Last Jedi" was just God awful! Oh we're out of gas and have to pursue at a distance? WTF was that crap? And how do you drop bombs in space? Oh and now Luke can project a force hologram across the whole damn universe? Just… ugh… what complete crap!

  • Thanks (Y) (Y)

  • What if, it were true?

  • Before the dark times, before the Empire, before Disney there was the Original Trilogy; thank you George Lucas!

  • Man I miss those days. Before the current attempted massacre on the heart, soul and point of the best trilogy of all time by those doing the current 'Star Wars'. Their 'Rise of Skywalker' will have to do SOME turnaround for the current 3 to stand up to even "Solo: A Star Wars Story", let alone the original 6 movies. (7, if you very understandably include Rogue One)….

  • Carrie was so jaded

  • Harrison is a turd…unlike Mark

  • Ford finally got his wish for Han Solo in tfa

  • …And then Disney v_v

    The End.

  • I'm starting to notice a pattern with star wars and whether. Every time star wars films at a location they have the most extreme weather in a long time.

  • George Lucas ABSOLUTE GENIUS!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

  • Han shot first… And I miss our princess Leah…

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *