Belize is a small neighboring country of Mexico that is almost never spoken is the only one in Central America where the official language is English. And it is not considered as part of Latin America however it is part of the Commonwealth A club where all the members were once colonies of the United Kingdom where this paradise and small nation came from if in the maps of the first Mexican empire it is not appreciated anywhere. The story goes back to the early years of the sixteenth century during the colonization of America. When the Spaniards arrived at the place in search of gold encountering an almost impenetrable jungle and highly hostile Mayas and since his explorations did not produce a shred of gold they decided not to spend long time in the region and better explore lands north and south of the continent where there were encouraging signs of precious metals Belize and in general the whole area fell into a complete abandonment and it was only until the discovery of “Logwood dye” also known as “Campeche” which was used as a red, black or blue dye for woolen garments the European interest returned to the peninsula because thanks to the tropical climate present all year this tree grew quickly and doesn´t require any care and the most important for the year of 1550 its price amounted to more than 100 pounds per ton being an important booty for the Spaniards who for their fortune had a monopoly throughout America The English at that time the enemy of the Spaniards began to finance pirate incursions in the area to affect Spanish profits and monopolize a part of the valuable ink market so a fortuitous way began to sneak into the marginalized areas of Campeche and Yucatan to cut down the Logwood dye by 1670 English settlements existed in several places in Mexico where they exclusively exploited the valuable tree although confrontations against the Spanish Navy were raised from time to time which incredibly managed to expel them from all over Mexico although elusively they returned to continental territory through was the Guatemalan coast and continued with the exploitation of the tree that year after year increased its value In 1713 both empires were aware of the immeasurable money represented by the Logwood dye while Spain wanted to defend the continental monopoly and its territorial positions England wanted to establish a permanent position in the valuable trade routes of the Caribbean and tired of facing each other for years they decided to sign the treaty of Utrecht with which Spain through a usufruct lent a small area south of Yucatan to Great Britain to exploit the Logwood dye Area that would later be known as British Honduras however, the border between Yucatán and Guatemala was too ambiguous at that time which it allowed the British could unilaterally expand the area provided by Spain without anyone noticing but by then chemical dyes had been discovered that were much more effective and cheaper than Logwood dye so its value plummeted and British interest in the area almost disappeared nevertheless a new fashion broke out in Europe Mahogany became the most popular material for making furniture in England and almost overnight British Honduras became the main supplier of Mahogany worldwide Of course, unlike the Logwood dye, Mahogany required too much care for its cultivation so thousands of people were brought from Africa to work in British Honduras ancestor of a large percentage of Belizeans nowadays Discreetly in 1789 the British appointed their first superintendent in British Honduras which formally belonged to Spain and in 1825 after Mexico got its independence and the Federal Republic of Central america separates Mexico achieved recognition of Britain as an independent country in exchange for the crown could continue exploitation of the flora of the British Honduras and the Mexicans will not claim the lands However, with Central America no agreement was reached and England continues to expand gradually to the south In 1829 a change of government in Guatemala caused that Central Americans finally claim the territories to British Honduras the claims unfortunately did not prosper Another revolution in Guatemala in 1840 caused the General Rafael Carrera took power with which the territorial claims to the British continued the outbreak of the Castan war in Yucatan and the presence of William Walker in Central America which by the way landed in Nicaragua and named it as one more state of the united states They pressed General Carrera to negotiate with the British the official recognition of the British Honduras and the session of Guatemalan territory in exchange for weapons, money and a road connecting the city of Guatemala with Belize that would be provided by the British agreements that were sealed in the Treaty of Wyke-Aycinena in 1859 In 1862 British Honduras was recognized for the first time in its history as a British colony arriving strong investment of English origin giving an important boost to the banana industry and mainly to the sugar cane At the end of the century, the government of Porfirio Díaz managed to define the border between Mexico and British Honduras by thirsting a bit of Mexican territory in exchange for the British ceasing to provide to the Mayas with weapons of the latest technology with which they fought in the Caste War which until now has been the longest war the country has faced with the turn of the century the bad news arrived for the British Honduras the sugar market collapsed and with it the main revenue for the Central American country the first world war sharpened its economic problem and with the arrival of the great depression in 1929 the country entered a terrible crisis to top it off a strong hurricane destroyed much of its infrastructure During the Second World War, the economy was given a break however, when everything ended in 1945, the economy was again stagnant due to inefficient British measures causing a strong sense of independence in the Caribbean country. another hurricane hit them in 1961 being so disastrous that the capital had to be moved to the city of Belmopán in 1973 the name of the country officially changed to Belize and the way for the independence was open although according to the British authorities Guatemala had already expressed the intention to annex the territory because the road that the British promised to build never appeared anywhere so the 1859 treaty was canceled and approximately 53% of the Belizean territory had to be returned to Guatemala in 1951 the independence of belize of the united kingdom was formalized although guatemala did not recognize the new country until 1992 and since then several territorial disputes have been raised between these 2 neighboring countries reaching an agreement recently to analyze their case in the international court of justice of the HAYA that will soon decide who is right The border between Mexico and Belize, Belizean side is a huge market declared as a free zone which means that any Mexican can enter without any type of document, even the passport is an interesting attraction for tourists while in the so-called adjacency zone where the 2 countries joint with Guatemala both Mexico and the Chapin country are perfectly defined while Belize shines by its absence This has been the story that you may not know about our southern neighbor country which by the way recognizes the Queen Elizabeth II as an authority who appears on their bills who do you think is right in the territorial dispute What do you think about it? For Main Watchers I am Snootyaaron We have an appointment every Thursday at Eight o’clock on this channel so subscribe and activate the notification bell to discover with us the secrets that history hides us thanks for watching what do you think about it?
who is right Belize or Guatemala? until next time