A Brief History of South Africa, with Dave Steward


One of the things that’s very important to
understand about South Africa is that it is like so many other African countries an artificial
entity created by the Brits. The South Africa that we know in its present borders is only
104 years old. And in 1990 when we went through our transition it was only 80 years old. It
was the creation of the British Empire. Britain acquired possession of most of the territories
of Southern Africa in the nineteenth century in what one historian referred to as a fit
of absentmindedness. At the beginning of the century it found itself in possession with
a rag bag of territories which were difficult to manage and very expensive. The whole of
the nineteenth century had been about the British conquest of Southern Africa. First
of the Xhosa people in nine wars of the axe that finally led to in 1856 to a national
suicide by the Xhosa people where they decided that they would kill their cattle and destroy
their crops on the advice of a prophetess who said that if they did this the British
would be driven into the sea. But of course they weren’t. And tens of thousands of Xhosa people died.
The second major people who were conquered in the nineteenth century by the Brits were
the Zulus. The Zulus had been the dominant tribe in Southeastern Africa after the foundation
of their nation by their great King Shaka. The British settled what is now the Natal
Province of South Africa and they brought in white settlers and Indians to work on sugar
farms. But they were very nervous about this powerful Zulu kingdom to the north of them
the Tugela River. And so they found a reason to declare war against the Zulus. And to their
enormous surprise at the Battle of Isandlwana in 1878 a whole British army was wiped out,
1500 men. This was just a few years after the Little Bighorn but it’s five times as
big. And the Zulus wiped out a whole British army. Of course the Brits sent more troops
and they were — they defeated the King Cetshwayo by the next year in 1879. The third people
that the Brits conquered were the Afrikaners or the Boers who had been settled in South
Africa since 1652. They didn’t like British rule so in the nineteenth century they trekked
into the interior. They founded two republics, the Republic of the Orange Free State and
the Republic of The Transvaal. But then the people in the Free State made
the big mistake of discovering the biggest diamond load in history at Kimberley. So the
Brits annexed that. And then in the 1880s the Transvaal Republic made the huge mistake
of discovering the biggest gold bearing body in the world, the famous Johannesburg reef.
And the result of this was that the British again sought a pretext for war with these
two republics. And that led to the Anglo-Boer War in 1899. Now the Anglo-Boer War was the
biggest war that the British fought between the Napoleonic Wars and the First World War.
They deployed over 438,000 imperial troops in South Africa. They conquered the two territories
and then having taken them over at the beginning of the twentieth century they didn’t know
what to do with them. So they looked around the empire and said oh well look, in Canada
we had this dominion. We had a federation there and that’s worked very well. We did
it in Australia and in different states. We created a federation there. Why don’t we do
that in Southern Africa. So they did. But they decided to keep some territories
in and some territories out. They included the Zulus and the Xhosas of the new society
but they gave control of the new country, the Union of South Africa which was established
in 1910 to the whites. Because at that time black people in Africa throughout the world
didn’t really have political rights. So for most of the twentieth century the big question
in South Africa was not the relationship between whites and blacks but the relationship between
English speaking whites and Afrikaans speaking whites. And the Afrikaans speaking whites
wanted to reestablish their republics. That was the driving force behind the National
Party which came to power in 1948. Now they then instituted or they — not racial segregation.
They gave it a new name — apartheid. And it was straightforward racial domination.
But before we become too morally self-righteous, that is what was happening in the rest of
Africa, unacceptable indefensible. It was what was happening in the South in the United
States at the time. Undefensible, unacceptable. But it wasn’t unusual. Then Africa started
moving toward independence with Ghana in 1957. A new prime minister came to power in 1958
called Hendrik Frensch Verwoerd and he thought, okay, right. The British and the French are
decolonizing in Africa. We’ll do the same here. This country’s only 60 years old so
we’ll give the Zulu bits back to the Zulus. We’ll give the Xhosa bits back to the Xhosas
and the other national groups. And he had this great idea of unscrambling this South
African omelet. That was called separate development. Everybody would be able to develop to the
top level in their own societies. And this way whites would be able to retain a right
to national self-determination that they’d always had. Unfortunately he was a sociologist
and you never, never put a sociologist in charge of countries because they will do social
engineering. And this is a really good example of the negative
effects of social engineering. The idea was okay, we’ve got too many blacks here. Let’s
move them over here, you know. They don’t want to but you can’t make an omelet without
breaking eggs. And that was, I think, where a lot of the hardship in South Africa under
apartheid came from. But it was an illusion. There was no way that you were gonna unscramble
this omelet and unscramble the eggs. Economic growth was bringing more and more South Africans
together in the economy in the so called white areas. So it was a delusion and Verwoerd was
assassinated in 1966. His successor John Foster continued with this delusion for the next
10 years, 12 years until he was replaced by a guy called P.W. Botha. P.W. Botha said look,
this isn’t working. We’re going to have to reform this. So he was a reformer. By 1986
he’d abolished a hundred apartheid laws including some of the most repulsive mixed marriages,
legislation limiting the ability of black South Africans to move from one place to the
other. He looked at the political rights of the Coloured and Indian minorities and adopted
a new constitution in 1983 in terms of which Coloureds and Indians were brought into the
same party as whites. But of course all of this raised the question
and focused the question on the right of black South Africans to political self-determination.
So at the beginning of the 1980s white South Africans found themselves riding a tiger.
The tiger was an increasingly articulate and increasingly economically aware black population.
The rest of the world was shouting at South Africa — get off the tiger. The problem with
riding a tiger is actually how you dismount it because the audience isn’t really concerned
whether you’re gonna get eaten or not. And white South Africans had concerns. They were
concerned about the fact that they had had a right to self-determination. The Afrikaners
had for 100, 200 years striven to rule themselves. They didn’t want to rule anybody else. The
question was how would they be able to maintain their right to national self-determination
and a one man, one vote dispensation in South Africa. The second problem was the fact that democracy,
one man, one vote elections hadn’t worked very well in the rest of Africa at that stage.
I think by the mid-1980s there’d been more than 90 coups d’états in the rest of Africa.
So a lot of whites were worried — look yeah, the rest of the world tells us to get off
the tiger but if we do that we have one election and then we have chaos. And then a third great
concern was the role of the South African Communist Party within the ANC. During the
1970s and 1980s virtually all of the members of the ANCs National Executive Committee were
also members of the South African Communist Party. And we knew that the communist party
had adopted a two phase revolutionary process. And this was a classic Soviet model throughout
the world. First phase of the process is called national liberation and it takes place under
the egress of the national liberation movement which unites all factions in society opposed
to the regime. It leads society to the national liberation. And at that stage the communist
party takes over as the vanguard of the process and leads on toward the establishment of a
communist state. Now we weren’t too keen about this. It wasn’t
just a question of Reds under beds. The Soviet Union was really interested in expanding its
influence in Southern Africa. In the cold war the main theater of activity was proxy
wars as sponsored by the Soviet Union in third world countries. So we had the problem of
50,000 Cuban troops to the north of us in Angola. We had on the east a Mozambique Communist
government very closely allied to the Soviet Union. So we were very worried about the Communist
dimension in all of this. But then as he progressed P.W. Botha found out that it wasn’t going
to be possible to reform apartheid. He couldn’t really bring himself to accept that a new
South Africa would have to be on a one man, one vote basis. That it would not be possible
for whites to maintain any kind of sovereignty within the new South Africa because they were
nowhere close to being in the majority. But this is something that he couldn’t really
accept. During this period however, a huge debate was taking place in the ruling national
party. And by the mid-1980s, by 1987, 1988 it had
been accepted that we really needed transformation rather than reform. And P.W. Botha I don’t
think was a student of Tocqueville. He didn’t realize that revolutions take place in situations
of rising expectations. That it’s when states begin to reform that they really take the
lid off the pressure cooker. And that’s what had happened in South Africa so we had widespread
unrest and protests in 1984 and 1985. We had a state of emergency in 1986 which put the
lid back on. But the national party leadership then realized that look there was not gonna
be any way of doing this without transformation. And that’s when de Klerk became the leader
of the National Party in February 1989 after P.W. Botha had suffered from a stroke. De
Klerk in his first speech said we need a totally changed South Africa. When he became president
in September 1989 he immediately moved toward normalizing the situation. He allowed protests in the streets much to
the delight of Archbishop Tutu. He released the — all of the remaining high profile ANC
prisoners except Mandela. He held talks with Mandela. And then on the second of February,
1990, he made a speech in parliament in which he opened the way to negotiations. He put
it all on the table at once. This was very important because he surpassed expectations
and it meant that we could get the ball rolling in terms of a negotiation process. The ANC
was taken unawares. On the, I think the ninth of February de Klerk had a meeting with Mr.
Mandela who was then a prisoner but under raised favorable circumstances he had his
own house and so forth. And he said, “Mr. Mandela, we’re releasing you on Sunday in
two days.” And Mr. Mandela’s response was, “No, you can’t possibly do that. We do not
have enough time to make arrangements.” And de Klerk said, “Look, we have to do it then
but you can choose where you want to be released in Johannesburg or Capetown.” And that was
the first of many, many compromises that were made in the subsequent negotiations. The factors that made the negotiations possible
included the following. First of all by 1987 all sides to the conflict had accepted that
there would not be an armed solution. Our own security forces which were very powerful
realized that you could not maintain the situation through armed force forever. We could have
kept on for another two or three decades but under really negative circumstances. The ANC
realized there wasn’t going to be a revolutionary outcome. And it’s only when parties accepted
there will not be an armed outcome that you can have genuine negotiations. Something that
hasn’t happened yet, for example, in the Middle East. So that was the first green traffic
light. Then in 1988, in fact in September 1987 our armed forces were involved in very
severe conflict, in battles with Cuban and Russian led forces in Southern Angola. The
Battle of the Lumber River was probably the biggest set-piece battle in Africa since the
Second World War. More than 5,000 Angolan troops died in that battle, hardly covered
at all in the international media. But what it meant was that the Russians got tired of
trying to find an armed solution in Southern Africa. Gorbachev was more interested in Perestroika
and Glasnost and that was the turning of the tide. So in 1988 there was an international agreement
between the Angolans, Cubans and the Americans regarding the withdrawal of the 50,000 Cuban
troops from Angola. This opened the way for the independence of Namibia, immediately to
the south of Angola that South Africa had ruled since 1915 under a league of nations
mandate. The elections were supervised by the U.N. They worked well. What it proved
was that positive outcomes should — could be achieved in negotiations even with one’s
bitterest enemies provided there’s a proper constitutional framework. So that was traffic
light two and three turning green. Underlying all of this there had been huge shifts in
economic relationships, social relationships in the 70s and 80s. In 1970 black South Africans
share of personal disposable income in South Africa was only about 20 percent. Whites share
was 72 percent. The rest was Coloured and Asian. But by 1994 the whites share had fallen
to under 50 percent. Black share was up around 38 percent. Coloureds and Asians the rest. And this meant that relationships had changed
also quite dramatically. The economy could not be run on the basis of the white workers
alone. The end of the 1970s we had to make our first really big reforms and they were
labor reforms and they gave genuine trade union rights to black South Africans. But
that also increased the bargaining power of black South Africans, incomes rose and the
economy became much more integrated and you had more and more black kids coming into the
economy at higher and higher levels. So in your average bank you would have had black
tellers and white tellers doing the same jobs working beside one another. There’s no way
they’re gonna go to segregated dining rooms. There’s no way ultimately they’re gonna go
to segregated places of entertainment. So it was a question of economic forces changing
social relationships putting unbearable pressure on outmoded constitutional relationships.
And that, in fact, has been the process of development throughout the world.

Comments 100

  • This is so ridiculous, it makes the English sound like they didn't do any of this stuff on purpose. Very short sighted

  • Im a Xhosa

  • And today South Africa is a hell hole…..

  • Nice try white man. Artificial entity created by the Brits MY ASS. White men want recognition and name bearing to ANY and EVERYthing that is successful.

  • Rhodesia was better as the Dutch were not there

  • Gotta admit, a bit monotone, yes, but incredibly soothing to listen to. (also the fact that he probably didn't read off of a paper behind the camera filming him is quite extraordinary considering his old age).

  • "Never put sociologists in charge of countries because they will do social engineering."

    Interesting 🤔

  • This is an informative history of South Africa, although there's quite an emphasis here on the Apartheid period and the Cold War.

  • Boohoo – you can't govern yourselves!

  • great place to live if you like getting gang-raped and murdered!

  • 11 seconds in 'Executive Director, FW de Klerk Foundation'. Yeah credible unbiased source. SMH

  • The Rhodesians fought a long term war against all odds including the colonial government yet the big mouths dutch gave South Africa away without a squeak.

  • "Steward is the former Chief of Staff to South African President FW de Klerk and Executive Director of the FW de Klerk Foundation."
    wasn't de klerk seen as a sellout, basically their version of our RINO on the right, or basically any democrat in the US: pro minority to the detriment of own white constituency[?]
    his tongue click reminded me of liberals here who try to sound hispanic such as saying "latino" with tongue pasted to roof of mouth on the "t". You can also hear this when they say "Ecuador", the "d" is a "dth" with tongue pasted behind front upper teeth.

  • White men came in with their devilish tactics forced tribes to fight against one another and slowly stole the land from the people of Africa while killing and raping many..the same thing that is happening now..Their is the short story..instead of sitting through this sugar coded B.S.

  • No mention of the Dutch??? Yes he said "Afrikaans" but most people unfamiliar with the region would assume an African tribe, not Europeans. The Dutch colonized South Africa in the 1600s and still have a large presence in their population.

  • FUCK ALL YOU WHITES! WHEN AFRICANS FIGURE OUT WHAT YOUVE DONE, 1994 RWANDA GONNA LOOK LIKE A BOY SCOUT MEETING! SOME OF US ALREADY FIGURED OUR WHAT YOUVE DONE!
    Africa for Africans! Africans First!

  • Saying that Apartheid is "straightforward racial domination" is utter, gross dishonesty. It had no racial quality to it whatsoever but rather was seeking to reestablish and affirm their own society, which they had built by their own hand, for they themselves, and not subject to racial and cultural conflict. They build the society, why should they not enjoy it? Apartheid had nothing whatsoever to do with the "separate but equal" in the south, and it is a false and dishonest equivalence.

    What we have later is the ANC wanting to "unscramble this omelette", to turn South Africa into a country and society controlled by blacks, when they had nothing whatsoever to do with its creation and rise. In fact the Omelette was (and is) being so forcibly "unscrambled" that it is creating social and economic collapse. The narrator, Dave Steward, rejects social engineering when done by others for stability, but then goes on to embrace social engineering when by others, to suit his views, even turning a blind eye to murder, rape, mayhem and starvation.

    You only have to look at the negative changes to South Africa since De Klerk's changes, As a result of the Marxist social engineering policies by the South African government circa 2008, forcing white farm owners to sell to the government which turned large white-run farms into many small black-run farms, and South Africa became a food-importer, rather than a exporter, despite its enormous agricultural potential.

  • I remember way back in the '70s there was a contingency of South Africans who came to North America to make their case to the world only to be stopped from speaking at the University of British Columbia by mobs of plackard weilding leftists screaming "Apartheid out!". It was at that moment that I began my journey from the political left to the political right because I believe in freedom of speech and I believe in the power of the "truth" and I could see that the left supported neither of those values and were lying about it when they said they did. The left is and always have been fascists and liars – wolves in sheep's clothing…

  • It's interesting to know that this lad studied political science at Stellenbosch University.

  • the englisch stole Zuid Afrika, from the nederlander people and their descendents; and the country was began, developped, a civilisation, culture, created, > than 200 years before the englisch, by these same, the land stolen from no-one at that time, nor for ~ 200 years – until more of the black tribes began to come down to profit( the few that were there, were exceedingly primitive, and nearly exterminated themselves, by killing cattle … and destroying their own farmlands[none of which they had, before the advent of the European…] in the belief this would drive the Afrikaaner into the sea! > than 200 years after they had civilisation there created …! too bad for black africa, the white man's burden is a fact in all manner of the sense of the poem, more so to-day than after it was written…) So,the englisch used the ensuing conflict, black tribes amongst themselves, black africans against the Afrikaner …, to nick the country, as was their particularly egregious habit in empire creating … hence "the Boer war", hence apartheid …; try to be objective, and try to find objective book on subject; is too much here to write (as if people who want to believe the not truth, the not fact, for howsoever "reason", would make time or effort to do this …)The Afrikaaner are the sole moral/ethical rightfull citizens of the country, (of associated republics) they created from a cold, empty wildness, but is too much evident: in this world, right makes not might … too sad, good-bye … Zuid Afrika, and all capable of reason and empathy, heathen folly has brought all effort to worse than nought … and as is custom here in 2018, there is no cry against the disaster, and no regard for the schlecht und immer schlimmer, denn es alles zu nicht "politik korrekt" menschen geschehen ist …

  • Well create some more land you lying, murderous sob. History is in every library and google is our friend. So while you stealing in Africa. The American Indians were also getting their land stole. Devil y’all ain’t shit

  • Apartheid was a godsend for the Blacks compared to Black rule. Why is that so hard to figure out.

  • He keeps talking about the wonderful success of Apartheid , yet he seems to be against Apartheid with 38 % of the economy owned by Blacks and growing. Why would anyone want to dismantle a system that was doing so well for Blacks?

  • He should have gone back to the 1600’s well before all the history which followed decades later. What he says is so, but the reasons it cam3 about are not adequately introduced. When the boers came into South Africa in the 1600’s Sa was an empty land never forget that

  • Now the ANC has run S Africa into the ground and are ethnically cleansing the whites I bet he wish they held in longer. I will not weep when S Africa consumes itself, stupid f#cking communists!

  • Very illuminating. Thanks

  • Lies lies and more white lies … tell your history and stop treating this story like a fairytale. Give me a break … where are more historians …. no group of people commit suicide- he said that so they can easily take their land … man sit down with these lies … men will always fight – that's their nature. Man …. why did god create evil people …. this has to be hell for black People / a man who has colonize a county and you let him tell the story ….. why didn't they have political rights? Wow .. I can't listen to lies … I'm out …

  • Did he just click correctly?

  • The analogy for Apartheid "You can't make an omelet without breaking eggs" WHAT?!?!

  • More revisionist history by the folks who brought you apartheid.

  • History from your point of veiw.?.. the true history should be given by true native south africans.. not settlers.. or Europeans..

  • Fuck the Brits. In the end the Vierkleur will fly again. Leftist British cucks, just like Jews, are only causing trouble. The Boers/Afrikaners built S.A. from the ground up.

  • Lo msunu uteta amasimba

  • Q: Why did the white man go to the moon?
    A: He heard the Indians had some land there…

    (Native comedian who took the mike at a jam up in Whitehorse…)

  • Very good overview. At last a sober explanation from the side of the white minority. Apparently whites are split like two tribes, the Afrikaans who are former Dutch settlers and the other group who are former British colonisers. Wow… who knew!!

  • Very good overview. At last a sober explanation from the side of the white minority. Apparently whites are split like two tribes, the Afrikaans who are former Dutch settlers and the other group who are former British colonisers. Wow… who knew!!

  • South Africa will never get rid of the problem with Marxist. They have no education system now ! They soon will have no farmers. you have to have a border in order to protect the good people of South Africa It does not matter what race they are, or how many races. Everybody has the same need food water shelter safety for all. You have to establish these thing in order to have a country the people who are in charge of the government will not do the right thing you have to establish a government for all the people no one gets left behind. That means you need a government made up of the people by the people. No one is better than the other people have to learn to work together the money that is generated has to go back to the working class people in order to build the countries resources the poor people have to be educated and taken care of until they can enter the work force the government people work for expenses and donate their intelligence to the people. King Corneilus is an indigenous South African with an exceptionally good plan. He is very wise man. With a new country without political parties. Everyone is equal no one gets left behind all the people work with each other If this could be put into place. The people would share everything no one would get left behind the profit and production would be equally shared. You need a country not a Dictator in the USA Rollo 34

  • This man is a washout. After Germany is done with you they will assist the boer take back South Africa. No more trouble makers black and white. God Bless Germany.

  • One of the best summaries I have come across – brilliant!

  • Will Safrica become the next Zimbabwe?

  • South Africa sits with too many monuments and too many small shops. South Africa have many shops that cost the public money, but it isn't making any money for the public in large scale. South Africa depends on the buildings they already have and they use the same methods over and over again and it is not working and they can't employ everyone. The only way for South Africa to get out of trouble is to build a hospital and a consulting buildings next to each other in open fields with 1000's of parking. This will ensure everyone have jobs. Health ,wealth happiness. No crime, no murder, better control, disease control better solutions etc. It is that EASY.

  • why there are 'click' sound everytime he said the word Xhosa ?

  • From an outsider's perspective, the racial tensions in this video's comment section is truly disturbing. I truly hope you guys won't give in to bitterness and resentment or the future will truly be grim for South Africa.

  • South Africa need JESUS

  • Everybody fighting about shit that already happened! This land belongs to us all, guess where you go when you die?

  • My family was here first. My ancestors name is on a skinpaper from 130 BC. I have proof. So SA belongs to ME!!!

  • I wouldn’t frame Botha as such a benign reformist though. The dismantling of “petty” apartheid always seemed to be a largely cosmetic revision to appease the international community in opinion. However, I was born post-1994, so my sense of history is vastly different to Steward.

  • This video was amazing. Very informative and very detailed. Next time you make a video, could you explain the early stages of the nation's history (anglo – zulu war and king cetshwayo ). Overall great though.

  • A BUNCH OF ILLEGAL ALIENS.

  • Fok FW de Klerk

  • Fact is South Africa was uninhabited when the Dutch (Boers) arrived in the 1600's, black Africans arrived AFTER white Europeans when the Zulu drove other tribes down to South Africa. The Zulu massacred millions and they forced the qhosa to move farther south into Boer territory and that created all the problems. The British invaded later after gold and diamonds were discovered.

    Today whites are persecuted and are having their land stolen from them in S. Africa because blacks have complete control and the black population can't take care of itself.

  • A Brief White History of South Africa, with Dave Steward.

  • Revisionist, he make sit sound like what white people did in SA was not bad, but how they conducted was bad. "They Could Have Done It Better". Piece of shit.

  • Thanks. I just wonder why all whites in 75 nations around the world are blamed for this? It was a ruling class from england.

  • I LOVED THIS ,,

  • To all those Boertjies crying about the current fate of South Africa: You sowed the storm of Apartheid, now you're reaping the whirlwind.
    Even if the British left you the legacy of Separate Development, for decades you Afrikaners had the opportunity to change things for the better. Instead you chose to make it even worse, especially under that Dutch bastard, Verwoerd. He deserved to be assassinated, may he rot in hell.

  • We need another Apartheid

  • youre a (((liar,)))

  • Wow. Great video. I never really went deep into the dynamics here but this gentleman really put the SA story to perspective.

  • All we teach about SA in British schools now is that apartheid = bad and racist and that Nelson Mandela is simply a hero who freed his people when clearly there is more to the story than that. Could there be a political agenda at play here?

  • First video I have seen that explains the whole thing clearly, succinctly, and matter of fact. The narrator can speak clear and proper English which makes things a whole more easier to hear and enjoy.

  • thank you for this insightful lecture.. he pronounced the Xhosa click wrong, he pronounced it as Qhosa 🙂 xxx God bless

  • Early bird gets the worm but the 2nd mouse gets the cheese.

  • you helped me so much on history homework

  • Those who don't want to hear the truth prefer to introduce a diversion tactic to avoid hearing the truth.

  • Despite his concilliatory, "PC" language, his ingrained, endemic racism shows itself in unquestioned assumptions. I suppose that is inevitable, to some degree. Now, many white Afrikaners are crying out that they are the victims of a rising racism which threatens their language and their culture, and denies them a fair and equal opportunity. Much of this discontent actually stems from the loss of white privilege. When you take your privilege for granted, over time, it becomes invisible to you, and you believe it is fair. Then when your privilege begins to erode, you feel as if you are being treated unfairly, when actually your position in the society is simply moving towards one that reflects greater fairness and reciprocity.

  • The anc is a communist parasite , and will suck the life out of South Africa, give some men a pile of bricks and they will build a city, give others a country and they will turn it into a pile of bricks!!!!

  • South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa (RSA), is the southernmost country in Africa.

    It is bounded to the south by 2,798 kilometres (1,739 mi) of coastline of Southern Africa stretching along the South Atlantic and Indian Oceans; to the north by the neighbouring countries of Namibia, Botswana, and Zimbabwe; and to the east and northeast by Mozambique and Swaziland (Eswatini); and it surrounds the kingdom of Lesotho.

    South Africa is the largest country in Southern Africa and the 25th-largest country in the world by land area and, with close to 56 million people, is the world's 24th-most populous nation.

    It is the southernmost country on the mainland of the Old World or the Eastern Hemisphere.

    About 80 percent of South Africans are of Sub-Saharan African ancestry, divided among a variety of ethnic groups speaking different African languages, nine of which have official status.

    The remaining population consists of Africa's largest communities of European (White), Asian (Indian), and multiracial (Coloured) ancestry.

    South Africa is a multi-ethnic society encompassing a wide variety of cultures, languages, and religions.

    Its pluralistic makeup is reflected in the constitution's recognition of 11 official languages, which is the fourth highest number in the world.

    Two of these languages are of European origin: Afrikaans developed from Dutch and serves as the first language of most coloured and white South Africans; English reflects the legacy of British colonialism, and is commonly used in public and commercial life, though it is fourth-ranked as a spoken first language.

    The country is one of the few in Africa never to have had a coup d'état, and regular elections have been held for almost a century.

    However, the vast majority of black South Africans were not enfranchised until 1994.

    During the 20th century, the black majority sought to recover its rights from the dominant white minority, with this struggle playing a large role in the country's recent history and politics.

    The National Party imposed apartheid in 1948, institutionalising previous racial segregation.

    After a long and sometimes violent struggle by the African National Congress and other anti-apartheid activists both inside and outside the country, the repeal of discriminatory laws began in 1990.

    Since 1994, all ethnic and linguistic groups have held political representation in the country's democracy, which comprises a parliamentary republic and nine provinces.

    South Africa is often referred to as the "rainbow nation" to describe the country's multicultural diversity, especially in the wake of apartheid.

    The World Bank classifies South Africa as an upper-middle-income economy, and a newly industrialised country.

    Its economy is the second-largest in Africa, and the 34th-largest in the world.

    In terms of purchasing power parity, South Africa has the seventh-highest per capita income in Africa.

    However, poverty and inequality remain widespread, with about a quarter of the population unemployed and living on less than US$1.25 a day.

    Nevertheless, South Africa has been identified as a middle power in international affairs, and maintains significant regional influence.

  • I must say what irks me something tremendously is how he calls the murder of 20 000 Afrikaners’ and 20 000 Africans’ woman and children a “Miscalculation” !!!

    The English have no shame or comprehension of their crimes in this regard.

    Ironically today the Afrikaners are the prosecutes ones again white the globalist English sit and watch from the sideline stirring the whole thing on!

  • I love satafrika

  • There is some truths in what you are saying andsome very polished statements. You couldn't have gone for the decades fighting each other because of the sanctions imposed on apartheid. You made a big mistake by negotiating with one man. That wasn't fair to the country. Why did you go to Angola to fight.Lastly you buried your heads in the sand avoiding the land distribution and inequality.

  • Unsurprisingly a very well narrated whitewash of De Klerk's legacy. Only him comes out squicky clean.

  • Apartheid was necessary.

  • In suid-afrika the British stuffed up the boers and the bantu. It's always been the illuminati plan called the new world order. During the anglo-boer war the brits imprisoned boers and bantu in concentration camps and exiled many to St Helena, ceylon and chagos. After the Anglo-boer war in anticipation of world war 1 & 2 according to the blue print of the illuminati headed by the queen of England introduced thousands of liberal middle class ashkenazi Jews into suid-afrika who were sponsored to become captains of industry in suid-afrika and these ashkenazi Jews had to commercialise the massive bantu population hence a boom in bantu population from the 60s onwards, in order for cooperate suid-afrika to grow bigger and for the ashkenazi Jews to enrich themselves too, and hence ending apartheid. It was always the script of the illuminati, De klerk and Mandela had nothing to do with it, they are just actors on the stage. Apartheid was totally wrong and the illuminati using the British as a proxy created apartheid and it was them again who ended it

  • Being a South African feeling offended but realizes he's pretty correct and drowns sorrows in Anime and coke

  • Why is he choosing to ignore the damage done by the first dutch settlers in the country

  • Anyone else wants an omelette right now?

  • I just think there was a better way to get of the tiger. Could we not have the country divided up again like it was before the Union of South Africa. Or a system similar to the Swiss political system? Whites got the short end of the stick in 1990. More that a million already immigrated. BEE, EWC, Farm murders, white poverty, etc.

  • WHITE PEOPLE MADE SOUTH AFRICA

  • https://youtu.be/f4D9T7OG9rg

  • A brief romanticized white history of South Africa

  • NO ONE cares about you, if you are white, the Boers and the suffering they have faced is of no important to these so called intellectuals because they are too ignorant to acknowledge that the negroes and mutual cohabitation between them is the worst fate they could face.

  • White people are psychotic partly the blame is being born out of incest and eating raw meat but god bless everyone

  • Black and brown people will never get their due.They justify their greed with lies and denial of human rights.Apartheid was an evil rape of the country.Black people are talking murder now.Those people could has coexisted with some fairness empathy and love.Chickens are coming home to roost!😳😈🔫🔑🔓🌍😉#TRUTH!!!

  • + inclusion won't work because whites want to dominate!Some are incapable of FAIR minded THINKING!!!😳😎✌💛💪✋

  • ALL WHITES NEED TO RETURN TO EUROPE…

    You've spread greed and war where there was Peace and self sustenance.. even the Famine in Ethiopia was cause by Europe in the form of Italian Nerve and mustard gasses…

    Leave other peoples lands and return to your own. Simple as that.

  • Hey my family background is South African but I know literally nothing my family doesn’t talk about it and I want to know more and etc so yh if u can help dm me Instagram: _l.r.d.l
    (Those are two L’s)

  • I'm from Southeast Asia, & never fully understood why there are a lot of white people in South Africa. 😅

  • This guy is annoying…"miscalculation? Does "big mistake" in this context mean advancing your country's economy through discovery when you aren't white?

  • the amount of white washing and downplaying in this video is ridiculous, very sad.

  • His wording is political and obviously very diplomatic. He is of course plastering over his parties atrocities and how seriously vile it was but maybe this is how he saw it ? It’s just one perception from one viewpoint but the history isn’t bad listen and he is skimming!. He is very very nice about it, like a talking to a GCSE student.
    Remember it’s not just white people who can and are racist and not just white people with power who rape and pillage….never forget that, hate breeds hate.
    The past can be indefensible but it’s a evolving learning game and evolutionary thinking is forever the future and always constructed by past. Love and understand. South African history is fascinating.

  • He (PW Boertta) couldn’t ‘Reform’ apartheid. What the fk would reform have been like? Not abolish, reform.

  • Hendrik Verwoerd: oh we can have each group separated to created their own societies. We'll put the whites here, the zulus here, the xhosas here, and the Coloured here. This will work out perfectly

    Random aide: uhh sir, it looks like you gave the whites 89% of the land.

    Verwoerd: hmmm……… I don't see a problem here. Right, let's implement this plan.

    And thus apartheid was born. (at least that's what I got from what this guy was saying)

  • This moron fails to mention that when the Dutch settled South Africa,it was basically uninhabited,mostly desert and unproductive wasteland. After the Dutch transformed it,then the savages decided they had a right to it. As for the British,they have caused more catastrophes in the world than any country in history.

  • Very good video!!

  • So we're just gonna ignore the death camps invented by the Brits to rape the Afrikaners and bantu of their humanity? Hitler's forces even credited the Brits with the design of Auschwitz and other camps

  • Oh yes yes my ancestors were put in concentration camps by the British people but funny enough we have some British DNA in our gene pool. Mostly netherlands. But some British. And yes.south africa is now a country on it's own. Whoooo hoo. Ek praat afrikaans en sal altyd afrikaans praat. Lekker trou!

  • He talks crap

  • this man is so biased i dont the things he says

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