A Brief History of Quebec


Quebec is a unique place. It’s a vast, densely populated French-speaking
province within a much larger predominantly English speaking country. The people of the province are amongst the
first Europeans to arrive in North America. It’s a province which voted not once but
twice on whether it should leave Canada, and both times it narrowly failed. With their national holiday coming up in a
few days, let’s talk about Quebec. Hi, I’m Tristan, and this is Step Back. Subscribe and hit the bell notification to
get history every week. This region which would become Quebec has
been lived upon in some form or another for well over 12,000 years. It’s vast territory occupied by a large
variety of societies from several diverse nations banded together in the Haudenosaunee,
called by the French the Iroquois Confederacy in the south to Inuit people living in Quebec’s
frozen north. At least ten indigenous nations we know about
lived in this region. What we know about this period comes from
a mix of archaeological evidence, and the oral traditions passed down through the nations
that lived here. The first people to arrive in Quebec came
around the year 11,000 BCE. The people who entered are still quite a mystery. Only a few pieces of archaeological evidence
shows they existed at all. They were palaeolithic people, direct ancestors
of some of the first souls to cross the bring strait land bridge from Siberia, give or take
a few centuries. The Quebec they called home would be alien
to us today. This was still the age of mammoths, giant
sloths and all that. Quebec, however, was still mostly covered
in glaciers in this period. It was not until they began to retreat about
10,000 years ago that the population would increase in a meaningful way. With the retreating of the glaciers, the climate
of Quebec started to become a bit more hospitable. We see this connected to a population increase
in the region. The Iroquois and Algonquin speaking peoples
began to show up in the province in this era. We find specialised tools such as fishing
hooks from this period. It wasn’t for many thousands of years before
farming came to Quebec. The first farms seemed to show up around 1,300
years ago, with significant crops made of beans, corn, marrow, and sunflowers. Sometime in the 12th century, legendary figures
Hiawatha and Deganawidah along with a partially unknown figure named Jigonsaseh formed an
alliance between five tribes, the Mohawk, Onondaga, Oneida, Cayuga, and Seneca. The full story of the founding of th e Haudenosaunee
Confederacy will be sidelined for this video, because it’s a bit more of an upstate New
York story, but also because I think it should be its own video. Comments if you want that! Now let’s talk about the first Europeans
to arrive in Quebec. Sometime shortly after the first voyage of
Christopher Columbus down in the Caribbean, a French sailor brought back several captured
indigenous people indicating there was land in the northern Atlantic. A French explorer named Jacques Cartier took
up this interest. Trust me, this is important, there’s a thousand
streets and buildings named after him in Quebec. On June 24 of 1534, he and his crew landed
in the modern-day Gaspe peninsula, and in a very European fashion claimed the entirety
of other people’s territory as the property of the King of France. The next year, he sailed to locations such
as modern-day Quebec City and Montreal, meeting the St Lawrence Iroquoian people living there. Over the next six years, the French government
didn’t do much, not seeing colonisation of the region a top priority. For a few years, it was just a place fishermen
would go for cod and whale oil. They would trade their metal goods with the
indigenous people of St Lawrence for fancy furs, which would renew interest in the region. Smelling profit, King Francois I gave a French
noble named *deep breath* Jean-Francois de la Rocque de Roberval the task of setting
up a colony in these lands he called New France. He failed at the job, and it wouldn’t be until
the year 1608 Quebec City would be founded by Samuel de Champlain, another person many
things are named after in Quebec. It was the first attempt to make a permanent
settlement. Now, this was not your typical colonisation
story at first. The juice of this colony would be the trade
for furs, especially beaver furs which were becoming all the rage back in Europe. Some of the most common people to operate
here were freelance traders and hunters called the coureur des bois. There wasn’t much official exploration,
but many of these freelancers did it themselves. That being said, its remote location and lack
of local knowledge made the first few years pretty deadly. A lot of the most valuable land taken by the
crown was passed on down to the Catholic Church. While many English people crossed the Atlantic
to get away from feudalism, in New France the church more or less transplanted it. It was a system of people working their land
under something called the seigneurial system. Because of this, for a lot of Quebecois history,
the Catholic Church would be extremely powerful. The colony had some… difficulties keeping
active. A war with England blocked supplies down the
St. Lawrence River, and they even lost the territory to the English for a few years before
peace could be restored. By the end of the 1600s, there were under
20,000 French settlers all the way from the Mississippi to Newfoundland. A little over half of them were farmers. Many came only for a few seasons to fish and
trade furs and then go back to France. Women rarely crossed, and those who did were
mostly nuns. It got so bad the King had to incentivise
and pay for around 800 young French women to go over, with hopes they’d get married
and convince people to stay in New France. There are a lot of legends about these girls,
and claiming lineage to these Filles du Roi or “the king’s daughters” is a small
part of having real French Canadian cred. Still, New France existed as a backwater place
only good for sending resources back to France. The story was different down south. By the mid-1700s, the British had grown their
North American colonies into pretty much its own country. New France had 10 times the size of those
13 colonies, but only about 1/10th the population. This was the situation when France and England
went to war in 1754. This global conflict called the Seven Years
War (or French and Indian War to Americans) would feature several significant battles
in Quebec. With control of the Atlantic, the British
were able to overpower the French in North America. It came to ahead with a massive siege of Quebec
City. The troops met in a climactic clash known
as the Battle of the Plains of Abraham. Both the leader of the French, Louis-Joseph
de Montcalm and the British General James Wolfe died in the battle. The British then proceeded to occupy New France,
and the people living there would never be part of the French Empire ever again. The War ended with the Treaty in Paris, which
ceded all of Canada to the British, and King George III set out to set up a government
there. This is a significant event in Quebecois history,
especially to Quebec nationalists. To them, the Planes of Abraham is when they
lost everything, and their oppression by the English began. The Planes are also now a park, there’s
music festivals there and stuff. Seriously, go to Quebec City if you haven’t,
it’s gorgeous. The British would rule over Quebec for the
next century. The Quebecois didn’t seem mind a whole lot
as long as they were allowed to speak French and practice Catholicism. They also to this day were allowed to keep
the French legal system. It was the first time any territory other
than Quebec city got the name Quebec. This all formalised in the 1774 Quebec Act. Another reason the Quebecois got so many concessions,
is because trouble was brewing down south. In 1775, the American Revolutionary War began,
and Quebec was in the crosshairs of the American military. Their goal was to “liberate” the French
from British rule. During the campaign in Quebec, the even managed
to get a few regiments of Quebecois troops to fight for them. The Americans conquered Montreal but were
defeated at Quebec city and forced to retreat. Don’t worry, they would try again in the
War of 1812. After the war, Quebec and the rest of Canada
became a landing place for many loyalist refugees. Most of them were settled where I am now,
in what would become southern Ontario. Since they were a sizeable English community
in a French-speaking province, they successfully broke off into what would eventually become
Ontario, but in this period called them lower and upper Canada. This also oddly resulted in the only elected
government in the colonial government in Lower Canada which would become Quebec. Within it, a nationalist liberal political
group called the Parti Canadien led rebellions in 1837 and 1838. The uprising was driven by an extreme group
of them known as the Parti Patriote. They didn’t succeed in much but the imposition
of martial law until 1840. It resulted in a lot of reforms, and tighter
control by the English colonial administration. This was also a period when many new immigrants
from the British Isles began to arrive in Quebec, creating a sizeable anglophone minority
that exists to this day. To further curb the power of French Canadians,
the High Commissioner of Canada Lord Durham united Upper and Lower Canada, with a single
governing body in Montreal, which then was moved to Toronto after a mob set that seat
of government on fire in 1849. Then we get to the big year 1867. After some negotiation, the colonial provinces
of New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, and Canada joined into a new country called the Dominion
of Canada. This was when Quebec finally got the name
of Quebec. Canada was now a country… kinda. It took care of its own affairs, but foreign
policy was still under the control of the United Kingdom. Quebec the Canadian province was dominated
mainly by the church. Most hospitals, charities, and French language
schools were run by it. The Quebecois people protested when they detected
Anti-French oppression in the execution of Louis Riel in the famous Metis rebellion in
Saskatchewan… a future video I’m sure… Quebec politics often was about trying to
gain autonomy for the French population and curb the centralisation of Canada. There was a lot of victories, as Canada is
a remarkably decentralised country today. Canada’s first French Canadian Prime Minister
was Wilfrid Laurier elected in 1896. He fought the influence of the church in Quebec
and dealt with French opposition to Canada’s participation in the Boer War. This would be even stronger when Quebec rioted
against conscription during the First World War. Hey, folks just wanna duck in for a second
to let you know Step Back grows through word of mouth, so if there’s a friend, family
member, teacher, or internet community you know who might like a Step Back video, be
sure to show them! Canada and Quebec also took a hard hit from
the great depression. Quebec saw a massive move to reactionary politics. Quebecois people doubled down on their loyalty
to the church, and Quebec nationalism became a traditionalist movement, trying to keep
the old ways against a changing world. The people of Quebec elected a man named Maurice
Duplessis for fifteen years who deepened church and state relations and fought with unions
and intellectuals. Because of his doubling down on traditionalist
values, Quebec was insular, abortion was illegal, and divorce would be outlawed until 1968. However, the baby boomer Quebecois would fight
this. During the 1960s, Quebec went through something
called the Quiet Revolution. During this period of reform, Quebec secularised,
liberalised, and tied these changes to a new Quebec identity. The province of Quebec signed an international
agreement with Paris, and the Quebecois people protested a visit from the Queen. And of course, with a spike in nationalism,
we get a spike in violence. In 1963, the Front de Liberation du Quebec
or the FLQ set off bombs in Montreal. This escalated until 1970 when the FLQ kidnapped
a cabinet minister and a British diplomat, killing the former. Prime-Minister Trudeau. Not him his dad, I thought we solved this
in the last Quebec video. Imposed martial law on Quebec and invoked
the war measures act. Nationalism, however, was still on the rise. A new ministry of culture was founded with
the goal of preserving French culture. In 1968, the nationalist Parti Quebecois was
established and still exists to this day. Support for more nationalism and separatist
ideas circulated throughout the late 60s and 70s, resulting in a failed referendum on separation
in 1980. In the early 80s, Canada brought home and
ratified its own constitution. All 9 provinces except for Quebec signed it. Whenever talks of the Canadian constitution
arose, Quebec’s status within Canada would become a central issue. In the 80s and early 90s, the Mulroney Progressive
Conservative government in Ottawa tried to bring Quebec into the fold with constitutional
accords in Meech Lake and Charlottetown, but these quickly broke down. In 1995, there was a second referendum, and
it only failed by the slimmest of margins. I have a whole video about this, so if you
want more info, go there. Indigenous people today live in small scattered
communities, focused primarily in rural areas around the province. Though this isn’t always the case. The Mohawk reserve of Kahnawake is pretty
much a suburb of Montreal. Like the rest of Canada, the treatment of
indigenous peoples is a horrific national shame which we should be pointing out at every
possible opportunity. For example, let’s talk about the Oka Crisis! In 1990 The city of Oka decided to expand
a golf course over a plot of disputed land which belonged to the Mohawk nation. This was done without a single environmental
study or attempt at historic preservation. Mohawk community members rallied to defend
their territory by blockading access to the land. The Quebec police responded with tear gas
and concussion grenades. A firefight broke out, and the Mohawk people
managed to drive back the police. The RCMP, our federal police were called in
and also overwhelmed. They even called in the military to make sure
that golf course on indigenous sovereign land could be built. A peace deal was eventually kinda reached. The golf course was cancelled, and the land
purchased by the federal government. This Oka Crisis made news around the country
and in a brief and in this country way too few and far between moment, we saw a little
bit of the horrible conditions and violations we inflict on our indigenous communities. Hey Justin, how you liking that oil pipeline? In more recent times, Quebec has lost a lot
of its support for separation. The federal government passed a motion declaring
the Quebecois the status of a nation within Canada. The Liberal government in Quebec tried to
raise tuition, which resulted in massive protests under the red square movement. I remember this well because I was IN student
government in Quebec at this time. It led to the separatist Parti Quebecois getting
elected, with the provinces first female premier Pauline Marois. I gotta put my cards on the table, I wasn’t
a fan, what with the trying to choke my small English university out of existence through
austerity, and blatantly racist islamophobic laws, but whatever. Her government only lasted a couple years
anyway. And so yeah, we come to today. Quebec is having issues dealing with a rise
in far-right groups, especially those of the neo-nazi and islamophobic variety. A white supremacist committed a mass shooting
of a mosque in 2017, and Quebec goes to the polls this year with an expected wave of right-wing
support. But yeah, for all it is, Quebec is a fantastic
part of Canada. It’s unique culture and place in the country
is core to what Canada is, and so I wanted to tell their story. If there’s another province I should do,
just ask in the comments. I wanna thank 12 tone for the theme song as
well as patrons Don and Kerry Johnson, Kolbeinn Mani, Scott Smith, Martin King, and Michael
Kirschner. Revenez la semaine prochaine pour plus de
Step Back.

Comments 100

  • Why not a history of Nova Scotia next time? Champlain was here too, and earlier. Mi'kmaq history, Acadian settlement, Louisbourg, the founding of Halifax, the Acadian Expulsion, Loyalist migration and the split of New Brunswick, the Trial of Joe Howe and freedom of the press, first Responsible Government in the Empire, the Halifax Explosion, and naval history make for a rich history.

  • J'adore la Canadie (mai mon francais est ne perfecte pas) et j'aime le unite de britannique et francais canadienes

  • VIVE LE QUÉBEC LIBRE!

  • Can French Canadians understand European French?

  • I'm a bit surprised you didn't mention Charles De Gaulle's "Vive le Québec libre!" speech.

  • Louisiana is the only state to use napoleonic law instead of common wealth law, like the other 49. So Quebec lawyers can speak the same legal jargain as them.

  • Funnily enough I just watched a video just a couple days ago that explained the Haudenosaunee confederacy on the channel Historia Civilis in great detail (Great video on my home province btw)

  • Do A Brief History of Acadia (L’Acadie)

  • Damn I just finished my Secondary history lesson on the history of Quebec this year! I liked this video more because it gave the same overview as the 9 months I spent in school in less than 20 minutes.

  • Canada, Fuck Yeah!

  • Great video. I've always wanted to visit Quebec. I met write a few and they're an interesting bunch. Don't seem to be super Canadian.

  • I'm torn on the Iroquois video. On one hand, it's great to see Indigenous history hilighted and taken seriously. On the other, when historical edutainment channels like yours do address Indigenous peoples in North America, they overwhelmingly focus on the Iroquois. I'd love to see a video highlighting a different Indigenous people.

  • Talk about all of them! I personally would like to hear more about the middle ones you never hear about!

  • This video reminds me of a few chapters in the book "American Nations: A History of the Eleven Rival Regional Cultures of North America" by Colin Woodard. Though Woodard's book focuses mostly on the United States it does talk a little about Canada and Mexico.

  • "A Brief History of Québec" Readying my torches and my forks

    [Edit:] To be honest, I usually like your videos, but I can't feel otherwise than you are talking a bit out of your ass each time you mention Quebec. You are definitively not objective on this subject, and you glaze over or are reductive about some important part of our history in this video. Someone should debate with you on this subject.

  • Real talk: Québecois barely sounds like French.

  • I would love to see a video on Manitoba. Especially Nellie McClung and the Mock Parliament of Women.

  • The Riel rebellion and execution took place in Manitoba around 1890, not in Saskatchewan, which did not exist until 1905, and was in reaction to the withdrawal of funding for French-language schools, mostly run by the Catholic Church, by a militantly-Protestant English-speaking provincial government. (I am from near Rochester, NY, USA, but have had a long-time interest in Canadian affairs, largely from having access here in western upstate NY to Canadian radio and television from across Lake Ontario.)

  • The land bridge theory is becoming less and less likely. It makes more sense now that the natives came by boat and settled around the coast before moving inland after the ice melted.

  • I would like to see a video about the Prince Edward Island's history, and about why they are a seperate province.
    And one about the territories and the reason why they aren't provinces instead.

  • Thanks for covering the OKA crisis!

  • Love that little shot at Trudeau's pipeline lol

  • Please do more videos on Québec! I’m a Texas raised Mexican American and it fascinates me, I’ve been 4 times but hard to find locals to talk to about their experiences living there. It’s so unknown to Americans.

  • comment if you want that!

    i do!

  • lost my virginity in Qubec !

  • Holy shit, i had no idea I stumbled through the site of the battle that lost the french Canada when I stumbled through that park drunk a few years ago during the Quebec 400 celebrations. This is why I don't drink anymore, I miss out on all the cool history of these places

  • Do PEI, everyone always forgets poor PEI.

  • Do BC or Alberta it’d be nice for someone back east to remember we exist and are part Canada as well

  • Vive le Québec libre!

  • Do videos on india and punjab

  • Since you were in student organisation I wonder what's your tough on G.N.D., Q.S. and the CLASSE (now ASSÉ)?

  • You should do a collab with jj mccullough

  • I know it's a 17 min video, but you missed so much important information and you gave more importance to minor importance.

  • YESS!!! Haudenosaunee history video!

  • Just to let you know, your video didn't show up in my subscription feed. I'm not taking notifications. My SUBSCRIPTION feed.

  • The English burned the parliament of United Canada in Montreal, because the British paid for the rebuilding after the patriots rebellion in 1837. Alter that they would more the capital between Kingston and Quebec city

  • The metis rebellion was mainly in Manitoba. They even created Manitoba for the French, after that it became British

  • Esti de tabarnack de calisse!! Quebec's independance day is approaching my friends!!

  • Great video please do Tamil nadu.

  • A nation within a nation? Could you explain how that works exactly? Are the other provinces alright with how much extra special treatment Quebec gets especially with Alberta and BC catching up economically to the powerhouses of Ontario and Quebec I fail to see how having such a massive concession to Quebec in the law helps with national unity or even legislatively.

  • Happy Saint Jean Baptiste Day!

  • That reminds me >>> The Crisis of the Third Century, Duplessis, the Antebellum South, the late Edo period, and now Paul Ryan and the disciples of Rand.

    When will politicians learn that a bigger work force is not the answer to losing your technological edge? Not only does it invite corruption and exploitation, it actually makes your economic disadvantage worse. After all, in a capitalist system wealth flows to the people putting up the capitol, not the workers. And wouldn't you know it? Whenever that happens, outside forces always come looking to drink your milkshake.

    Zero-sum thinking is stupid when you're playing an infinite game and operating in an open system. I mean for God's sake, read a David Weber novel once in a while. The dumbest thing you can do in government is assume that the only pieces in play are the ones you can see. You trying to "checkmate" someone is also the best way of marching yourself right under a bus.

  • Something often not mentioned is how Québec and the ROC are separated culturally. Most Québécois don't know who is Howie Mendel or Colin Mochrie. Likewise, most Canadians don't know who's Coeur de Pirate, Louis-Josée Houde or Bernard Derome. To a lot of Québécois, the English-Canadian culture is the same as the American culture. And for RO-Canadians, Québec culture is as foreign as Brazil's! So sometimes, the reaction to each other's action is super misunderstood, because we do not understand the point of view of values of each other. Look into the incidents like the "title" debate with Stephanie Carvin, the Commission Bouchard-Taylor or André Boisclair saying "slanting eyes".

  • Also How does Quebec being a nation within a nation conflict with first nations reserves which I assumed were also nations within nations…

  • I was looking for something like this to ELI5 the basic Quebec history.

  • La Nouvelle-Écosse

  • elvis gratton.

    "La porte est mal fermé"

  • What's with French speaking politics being infested with Fascist movements? You'd think they would be the first group of people to be resistant to that ideology.

  • Could you do a series of videos about the different provinces? Some of them I feel don't get talked about a lot when you're a non-canadian trying to find info on them. I'd especially like to see some videos on Alberta and Seskachuwan (apologises if I misspelled any names. 😅). Especially I'd find the indigenous peoples place in these provinces history to be fascinating to hear about. 🙂

  • Vive le Quebec libre

  • It's wierd, you focus details that are not that important and skip major details. Maybe it's because I'm more attached to the Quebec history than Canadian so what seems important for me is not that important for you?

  • Dang, how can you miss so many nails? Last minutes of your video are full of bullshit.
    Anglo-centrist video, what to expect!

  • Hello, did you study to bishop university ?

    From a quebecer, really good video

    I suggest to do ontario for the next province, historic quebec's rival.

  • I hate lord durham with all my heart. I think its the most accurate historical video of Quebec, but you missed some points that would make people understand our situation a little more. But overall, good video.

  • This will be the US south west of we are not careful

  • Your french, when you splell it, is very bad!

  • Damn i love the history of Quebec because it's the first north american colony ! It was called "New France" until the British took over and named it Bas-Canada or in English lower-Canada. But i think it's a good thing the British took over Since it made us more wealthy,we had a defense pact with them and they built a major part of our infrastructure. So unlike France that practically didn't gave a fuck about us except for the king since most of his advisers thought that we had no resources except the cod fishes and the beavers furs…They had a lot more interest in finding the road to Asia and South America for better resources like spices,jewels,tobacco and cane sugar.

  • support independent Quebec.

  • Im American and for some reason I want quebec to be independent.

  • Extremely disappointed in this video. The production quality is great, but there's just way too much historical revisionism. It's important to separate the historical "actors". You skipped through the opression of the québécois, and when it was slightly mentionned, you just cleared it off as what the nationalists say. A lot of important moments in Québec's history were just skipped and some of the most crucial moments were explained too quickly. La Grande Noirceur and La Révolution Tranquille should have been adressed in a more non-biased way and explained in more details. If anyone has questions concerning certain parts of what I said, in what way the video is wrong, or on Québec history in general, you can ask me and I'll respond. I'm extremely sad to see how my province's history is just brushed off as a couple of bullet points. Hopefully, future videos will have more research put into them.

  • Please do a video on Newfoundland. Which was it’s own country for several hundred years, and then illegally brought into Canada. While I am not against confederation, the manner it joined was sketchy at best. It required both prime ministers to sign the confederation agreement. Joey Smallwoods Only political office that he held it was as a member of the national convention. Smallwood did not have any authority to sign confederation papers. Unfortunately this story has not been told in Canada, and the paperwork to prove the story did not Become public until the last 10 years. Now that would be a video to see!

  • Glad you mentionned native nations, it's a deep shame what the europeans did to them, both French and British.

    For the record I was and still am against any perversion of nationalism by racist asshole and the rise of Islamophobia. I wasn't a big fan of Marois either. It's up to the point where I no longer call myself a nationalist, I just, f*** I just cannot stand those racist assholes. The newly elected CAQ (Coalition Avenir Québec, roughly translated to Coalition for Québec's Future or something) right wing party scares me a bit to be honest. I'm of those LGTBQ+ letters so… yeah, I'm slightly scared of them. (I dunno why but saying I'm a letter makes me laugh, can't explain it. )

    Anyway, It was kinda of a mistake to not mention that up to the quiet revolution, not speaking English barred you from any position of power in business and finances. Also, during colonial time, while not illegal to be catholic, it did barred you from office though.

    Another thing only racist dicks who think white people are superior brag about being a descended of the first French colonist or indeed, the filles du roi.

    To be fair, it's not that I'm opposed to any british royals coming here per se, it's the idea that we should pay for it. Nope, no, no, no, no, no, no, NO. It's not like they're poor now is it.

    Also the FLQ were a minority and the majority of people were against them. Imposing martial law was an overeaction made out of fear. I heard stories from my own mother and father about martial law. It was horrible. My mom had to pass soldiers on the street to go to school. There were military checkpoints and the like. Jesus effing christ, overeaction much?. I'm not saying what the FLQ did was justified in any way. They were barbarous violent terrorist assholes, but few. They did not represent the majority. They derserved to be put on trial and be in jail for commited murder, there is no doubt about that., What Trudeau senior did was insanely overreacting. Btw, that stupid ideas drove legions of people to the independist, to the surprise of no one.

    Overall though, that was a nice informed video. Despite my comments, I'm not mad or anything. But like any pendantic history nerds, there were a few things I wanted to point out.

  • Still waiting for that Métis video 😛

  • this really helped my uni studies my guy!
    Thanks so much

  • Yeah, did you ever make the Iroquois confederacy video?

  • The patriote révolution was about responsible government more than it was about Quebec independence as both English and French "Quebecers" lead and fought against British loyalists and Ontario saw a similar rebellion at the time. While Durham made it out to be a question of assimilation (which Papineau himself refuted) he recognized the importance of responsible government in his suggestions although the crown did not install a responsible government until ten years later. The resulting unification of the Canadas and ensuing democracy make these rebellions immeasurably important in the creation of Canada as it is today (and influenced the establishment of similar governments in Australia and New Zealand)

  • I've learned more about our history in this video than in all those years in high school.

  • This video is factual but unbalanced and the last comments are unwise and unknowledgable ROC propaganda garbage. I have no energy to correct so many bad assertions.

  • Cheeky reference to a pipeline. Let's hold our entire economy back because of BS speculation. K.

  • I have just come back from Montreal, Québec has such an interesting history

  • this helped me with my S.S. hw

  • The people who utter THAT tribalistic slogan courtesy of a bombastic non-Commonwealther either have never set foot in Quebec or are in cahoots with the SJBS. If it ain’t broke, don’t fix.

  • Esti de province de BS

  • Make a video about Thunder Bay and its history.

  • Not trou !! Is the GRC then pout the bombe in the mail box !!

  • If this video was far less animated junk than actually showing some information I would have like it!

  • I want from here in Quebec in the beginning of this video because I never knew they were oppressed to just being conflicted to hating them again but more informed again

  • The ethno-masochism is just way too much in this otherwise very interesting video.

  • Vive le Québec

  • My g-g-g grandmother was a Paquet-dit-Lavallee from Quebec in the 1850s

  • Why do french canadiens curse there  religion  and  then discriminate about other religions . ?

  • This is a bit strange.
    Partly objective, partly subjective.
    Are you really a historian?

  • No Louis Hebert?

  • I wish I were born in Quebec in the year nov 11, 1990.

  • Thank you for an unbiased Quebec History, in Quebec, the education book focuses mostly on the french and how the British always tried to "opress the french".

  • Fail twice but hystory prouve second time Fédéral fraud the référendum….

  • Step Back …It is abhorrent that you completely ignored to mention the 200+ years of Black enslavement of my people …descendants of Africa, the caribbean and America ..it happened on Quebec soil.

    Both the Anglo-Saxons and the Quebecois are both complicit.

  • What about Marie Angelique?

  • https://youtu.be/jEwyR-nvm3I

    The history of Quebec should not be a separate history from the history of Black people brought to Quebec.

    BLACK QUEBEC HISTORY…IS QUEBEC HISTORY.

    Black Quebeckers refuse to be erased from the history books.

    BE EXIST.

    WE ARE HERE.

    GET USED TO IT.

  • I hope one day and this might offend people but I hope one day Quebec does successfully secede. I'm not for Catalan or Basque or Gallinacean independence but Quebec, Welsh, Scottish, and Taiwan independence I'm for. anywho your a great historian and from one history buff to another keep up the great work!

  • I'm not sure I would describe the Quebec government to be right-wing per se. Maybe the most right leaning in Quebec. But to general standards they tend to be have centrist views and policies. They're probably more liberal than the american democratic standard of liberalism.

  • And the new prime minister was the most right of the candidates and recently said that there’s isn’t islamophobia in Quebec.

  • Poor little English Canadian:
    – In Quebec 70% of the English are bilingual and outside Quebec 90% of
    the French are bilingual, statistic Canada is saying that and English
    Canadian always asks to the french "Why
    we don't want to speak English", but what they mean "it's why we don't
    want to speak only English".
    – In Quebec 3 English university and in Ontario 0 french universities
    and there is the same amount of french minority than English minority
    living in the province of Quebec, everybody remembers The actual Prime
    Minister Doug Ford 2019 saying there is no money for a french university
    in Ontario.
    – The constitution is only recognized in English for constitution
    justice, the French language is not recognized in constitution justice
    matters.
    – Canada has never respected any treaties with the First Nation and
    never respect any constitution with Quebec.
    – The Canadian Security Intelligence Service, they burn every historical
    paper from the Canadian government past act, so nobody will know how
    crook and racist the past Canadian government have been, Their is no
    history truthfull book in Canada it’s to shamefull.
    – Since there is a commissioner of the two official languages, the
    French language has never been respect like it should, English is the
    only 100% coast to coast language who has been respected.
    – In 1980 Quebec held is first referendum to separate from Canada, so
    the government of Canada promises to ameliorate the constitution for the
    French Canadian, but in 1982 the government of Canada took away all our
    right from the constitution with only 7 signatures out of 10 prime
    ministers of all the 10 provinces (the other territories of Canada, were
    not there they were not invited), now to change the constitution, we
    need 100% of all the prime minister of each province with all their
    minister around 350 signatures, if only one minister or prime minister
    doesn’t sign the constitution there will be no change in the
    constitution.
    – A lot of political party who are in campaign, if they promise bad
    thing for the french, they have more chance to be elected or to stay in
    power, example: Doug Ford in is last campaign promise no university to
    the French in Ontario in 2019.

  • why r u a cartoon talking and not a person talking :/

  • FAKE NEWS

  • Interesting video, and well explained. I'm sad that Quebec islamophobs exists and are even supported by some people. I hope that we will be more open minded in few years, just like in the 60s/70s

  • makes no sense , we need less countries not more, we can never evolve if the world keeps breaking off into hundreds of little countries.
    The U.S understands that…. youd think the rest of the world would too , but noooo

  • Québec needs the rest of canada

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