발해 History of Balhae (698~926)


Balhae was a Kingdom established by Refugees of Goguryeo and Mohe at Manchuria in late 7th Century. 698 Battlte of Tianmenling: Goguryeo-Mohe forces defeats Chinese army under Li Kaigu. 700 Balhae sent an envoy to Silla. 705 A peace made with Wu Zhou. 712 Dae Joyeong renames his empire to ‘Balhae’. 719 First King of Balhae, Go has died; Succession of Mu. 721 Due to concern of Balhae, Silla build a northern wall between Balhae and its common border. 725 Xue Tai (薛泰) of Andong Protectorate sent 2,000 of Cavalry and generals to Heishui Mohe against Balhae; establishment of Heishui Protectorate (黑水軍). 726 Dumakru was annexed. 728 Mu sent a mission to Japan, to threaten Silla from the southeast. 730 Balhae supported the Khitan-Kumo Xi against Tang. 732 Balhae-Sino Wars: Yantai was captured by Balhae navy. 733 Balhae-Sino Wars: Turk-Khitan-Balhae forces defeated a Chinese army near border and marched as far as Madu(馬都) Mountain. 736 Balhae sent a envoy to make a peace with China. A trade between route with Silla, called “Sillado” (신라도; 新羅道), was established in 8th Century. 755 Tang requested for 40,000 of cavalry to Balhae to supress the An Lushan, was refused. 755 Mun authorized the creation of the Jujagam (주자감; 胄子監), the national academy, based on the national academy of China. 760 Balhae and Japan plans to invasion of Silla, but it won’t happened. 785 Balhae moved its capital to Hunchun. 813 37 of men including Go Yejin sent and gifted the each Gold and Silver of Statue of Budda to China. 818 Annexation of Little Goguryeo. 819 Annexation of Heishui Mohe 820s Balhae conquers Northern regions near Silla. 859 104 of men including Wu Hyosin, sent to receive a calender called ‘장건선명력경(長慶宣明暦經)’ to Japan. 892~935 The nobility increasingly became independent and rebellions sprang up throughout the Silla. 897 Dae Wihae discussed with his retainers to conquer Silla but the plan has canceled. 907 Tang collapsed by several warlords. 918 Khitan invasion of Balhae begins. 923~24 Khitans captures few inhabitants; Balhae attacks Shenyang in responce. 925 Nong’an County captured by Khitans. 926 Khitans invasion of Balhae. Balhae falls and becomes Puppet Kingdom of Khitans as a ‘Dongdan(東丹國) Kingdom and Dan Gur.’

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