Hello! I’m going to talk about the Victory Monument. But first, Please like and share this video, and click Subscribe to the Spokedark channel Don’t forget to click the Alarm Thank you. Before we get going on the topic, let me ask you a question. Do you know what does the victory monument commemorate? 1.Yes 2.No Or 3. All I know is traffic is heavy there. You’re probably familiar with the victory monument, even you’re not a Bangkokian. You might have been there to transfer buses, vans or the BTS But do you know what does this bayonet-inspired monument commemorate? The history of the victory monument is related to World War II. Huh? the monument we pass by every day is related to Hitler? to Britain? and to France? The victory monument was built in 1941, during the early stage of World War II. When France was being invaded by the Nazi in May 1940, and was occupied not long afterwards. France was divided into 2 zones. The north was dominated by Germany, and the South set up a new government in Vichy. It’s called “The Vichy France” which lasted only 2 years before being absorbed by the Nazi, and finally became the puppet government of Germany. At the time, Germany and Italy were in an advantageous position, since Britain was the only country that hadn’t been defeated. Others were attacked by Germany, Or else declared neutrality, such as the US. In Asia, Japan was fighting with Chiang Kai shek’ China to conquer Asia, and was extremely in advantage. Germany and Japan seemed to be Winning the war. If you were a leader of country, which side would you like to take part with? In Thailand, 7 years after the Siamese revolution of 1932, Or in 1939, Field Marshal Plaek Phibunsongkhram became a prime minister. His policy was to reinvent the nation state through a new narrative. In shorts, to formulate a new nationalism of the People’s Party (Khana Ratsadon). Field Marshal Plaek issued the 12 Cultural Mandates Eh? it sounds familiar! The mandates included changing the name Siam to Thailand; Prohibition of selling land to foreigners; Using the name ‘Thai’ to refer to all Thai people, without subdividing them into ethnic groups; Using Thai products; using the word “Sawasdee” for greetings , Thai people didn’t say “sawasdee” until the reign of Field Marshal Plaek; declaring a new Thai national anthem; and encourage people to build the nation. But what does “Nation” really mean? The definition was different in each period. According to Khana Ratsadon, nation means a territory where people live in. To protect the nation is to protect the territory and people from foreign aggression. Even Thailand has never lost independence, the country lost some territories and extraterritoriality. The foreigners were above the law. Unfair Trade treaty and tax system were imposed. A policy of Field Marshal Plaek and new nationalism was to regain territories taken by imperialists. It was the concept of creating a modern nation state. However, When France was weak, It’s a good time for Thailand to start a war With a French colony or French Indochina. Thai people were demanding to regain the territories that were ceded to France during King Rama V’s reign. Eventually, Thailand launched the attack. Historians call this period “The French Indochina War” The war of bombers and tanks went on for 2 months. One of the famous naval battles was the battle of Koh Chang. Thailand was not the only country that took advantage from the war, Japan also moved forward by forcing France to let Japanese troops station in the northern of Vietnam to fight with Chiang Kai shek’s army. Moreover, when Thai-Franco war started, Japan offered bombers to Thailand because the US refused to sell them. The US was neutral and didn’t want Thailand to invade France. As the war went on 2 Thai Navy battleships were destroyed. Japan stepped in to mediate the conflict between Thai and France. A general armistice was signed. It allowed Thailand to regain the territories in Cambodia and Lao. The remaining territory in Indochina was later occupied by Japan when the war was intensified. How generous Japan was! Japan was so supportive. Even though Thailand hadn’t yet been in allied with the axis powers. The territory Thailand regained became new 4 provinces: Phibunsongkhram, Battambang Nakhon Champassak and Lan Chang. Many of the districts in these provinces were named after Chief commanders and ministers. Such as Wan Waithayakon district, which was named after Prince Wan Waithayakorn, Chief of the Peace Delegation. To commemorate an occasion of regaining territories, the victory monument was erected. The thing is people living in those 4 provinces, whether Laos or Cambodian, received Thai nationality. The famous one was apparently Nuon Chea, the right-hand man of Pol Pot, and the deputy secretary of the Communist Party of Kampuchea, Or the Khmer Rouge. Nuon Chea was born in Battambang, which used to be a Province of Thailand He later went to study in Bangkok, from high school to University, and Served in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Thailand before joining the Communist Party of Kampuchea and becoming the deputy secretary. These are some facts. After World War ended Thailand could finally escaped the losing side, thanks to the Free Thai Movement. However, to join the United Nations, an organization of war winning countries, Thailand had to return 4 provinces to France, including Britain’s territories in Burma and Malaysia which Japan transferred to Thailand when Thailand was allied with the axis. All boundaries were just like they had been before the war. The new provinces lasted only 4 years To sum up, the victory monument was built up to ก็สร้างมาฉลองชัยชนะที่เรามีเหนือฝรั่งเศส
commemorate the victory of Thailand over France, which may be seen as a victory over western colonialists. On the other hand, It was the victory over France, the allies in World War II. At that time, Thai government was likely to team up with the Axis powers as they tended to win. However, though the victory lasted only 4 years, the names of Thai soldiers who sacrificed their lives in the war deserved to be inscribed on the monument to be honored and recognized, no matter how politics would shift and sway. That’s all about the victory monument. Now I’d like to know: How do you feel after you’ve learned about the victory monument? 1.Proud of the Victory. 2. It’s quite embarrassing. 3. I think the traffic is bad there. If you like Spokedark’s clips and click Subscribe to the Spokedark channel So you won’t miss out on our new uploads Please click. Please click.